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KD 6.4. APLIKASI TURUNAN cari model math  susun  selesaikan !

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1. KD 6.4. APLIKASI TURUNANcari model math  susun  selesaikan ! Jadwal Ulangan KD 6.4 (terakhir) 11 IPA 1 : Kamis, 19 Mei 2011 11 IPA 2 : Jumat, 20 Mei 2011 11 IPA 3 : Jumat, 20 Mei 2011

2. Turunan I dapat dipakai untuk optimasi fungsi,  untuk menentukan nilai maks atau min fungsi. Misal kedua bil. itu x dan y x + y = 8  y = 8 – x Contoh 1: hal. 355 bawah Jumlah 2 bilangan adalah 8. Tentukan kedua bil. itu agar jumlah kuadrat keduanya menjadi minimum. Jawab: Jumlah kuadrat: J = x2 + y2 J = x2+ (8 – x)2 = 2x2 – 16x + 64 Agar minimum  JI = 0  4x – 16 = 0  x = 4  4 + y = 8  y = 4 Jadi, kedua bil. itu adalah 4 dan 4 

3. 4 – 2x x 4 – 2x 3x Contoh 2: hal. 356 Seutas kawat (16 cm) dipotong mjd 2 bagian. Potongan I (8x cm) dibuat segi4 ukuran 3x dan x, potongan II dibuat persegi. Tentukan total luas minimum keduanya. Jawab: Sisi persegi = (16 – 8x) / 4 = 4 – 2x Total panjang segi4 = 8x  sisa kawat = 16 – 8x Luas total: L = 3x . x + (4 – 2x)2 = 7x2 – 16x + 16 LI = 0  14x – 16 = 0  x = 8/7

4. h1 – h2 r2  h1 h1– h2 h2 r2 h2 r1 r1 Contoh 3: hal. 357 Sebuah tabung (radius r2, tinggi h2) dimasukkan kedalam kerucut (radius r1, tinggi h1). Tentukan vol. maks tabung itu. Jawab: Pakai perbandingan tangent :

5. PROBLEMS from internet 1. Find two non negative numbers whose sum is 9 and so that the product of one number and the square of the other number is a maximum. 2. Build a rectangular pen with three parallel partitions using 500 cm of fencing. What dimensions will maximize the total area of the pen ? 3. An open rectangular box with square base is to be made from 48 dm2 of material. What dimensions will result in a box with the largest possible volume ? 4. A container in the shape of a right circular cylinder with no top has surface area 3 dm2. What height h and base radius r will maximize the volume of the cylinder ? 5. A sheet of cardboard 3 dm by 4 dm. will be made into a box by cutting equal-sized squares from each corner and folding up the four edges. What will be the dimensions of the box with largest volume ?

6. 7. Find the point (x, y) on the graph of nearest the point (4, 0). 6. Consider all triangles formed by lines passing through the point (8/9, 3) and both the x- and y-axes. Find the dimensions of the triangle with the shortest hypotenuse. 8. A cylindrical can is to hold 20 m3. The material for the top and bottom costs Rp 10.000/m2 and material for the side costs Rp 8.000/m2. Find the radius r and height h of the most economical can. 9. Find the dimensions (radius r and height h) of the cone of maximum volume which can be inscribed in a sphere of radius 2. 10. What angle between two edges of length 3 will result in an isosceles triangle with the largest area ? segitiga samakaki 11. Car B is 30 km directly east of car A and begins moving west at speed 90 km/h. At the same moment car A begins moving north at 60 km/h. What will be the minimum distance between the cars and at what time t does the minimum distance occur ?

7. 12. A rectangular piece of paper is 12 cm high and 6 cm wide. The lower right tbootom-hand corner is folded over so as to reach the leftmost edge of the paper. 13. What positive number added to its reciprocal gives the minimum sum? 14. The sum of two numbers is k. Find the minimum value of the sum of their squares. 15. The sum of two numbers is p. Find the minimum value of the sum of their cubes. 16. The sum of two positive numbers is 4. Find the smallest value possible for the sum of the cube of one number and the square of the other. 17. Find two numbers whose sum is a, if the product of one to the square of the other is to be a minimum. 18. Find two numbers whose sum is a, if the product of the square of one by the cube of the other is to be a maximum.

8. 20. A rectangular field of fixed area is to be enclosed and divided into three lots by parallels to one of the sides. What should be the relative dimensions of the field to make the amount of fencing minimum? 21. A box is to be made of a piece of cardboard 9 cm square by cutting equal squares out of the corners and turning up the sides. Find the volume of the largest box that can be made in this way. 22. Find the volume of the largest box that can be made by cutting equal squares out of the corners of a piece of cardboard of dimensions 15 x 24 cm, and then turning up the sides. 19. A rectangular field of given area is to be fenced off along the bank of a river. If no fence is needed along the river, what is the shape of the rectangle requiring the least amount of fencing?

9. 24. Find the most economical proportions for a box with an open top and a square base. 25. Find the dimension of the largest rectangular building that can be placed on a right-triangular lot, facing one of the perpendicular sides. 26. A lot has the form of a right triangle, with perpendicular sides 60 and 80 cm long. Find the length and width of the largest rectangular building that can be erected, facing the hypotenuse of the triangle.          23. The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is p cm. Find its maximum area.

10. 28. Two posts, one 8 feet high and the other 12 feet high, stand 15 ft apart. They are to be supported by wires attached to a single stake at ground level. The wires running to the tops of the posts. Where should the stake be placed, to use the least amount of wire? 27. A page is to contain 24 cm2 of print. The margins at top and bottom are 1.5 cm, at the sides 1 cm. Find the most economical dimensions of the page.

11. 29. A ship lies 6 miles from shore, and opposite a point 10 miles farther along the shore another ship lies 18 miles offshore. A boat from the first ship is to land a passenger and then proceed to the other ship. What is the least distance the boat can travel? 30. Find the point on the curve: a2 y = x3 that is nearest the point (4a, 0).      31. Find the shortest distance from the point (5, 0) to the curve 2y2 = x3

12. 22. Find the circular cone of minimum volume circumscribed about a sphere of radius a.       32. Inscribe a circular cylinder of maximum convex surface area in a given circular cone. 33. Find the circular cone of maximum volume inscribed in a sphere of radius a.