"The War To End All Wars.". The Great War 1914-1918. World War I. 1914-1918 “The Great War” “The war to end all wars” 1 st global war New weapons technology poison gas, machine guns, airplanes, new artillery, trench warfare. 1. Nationalism.
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The Great War 1914-1918
“The Great War”
“The war to end all wars”
1st global war
New weapons technology
poison gas, machine guns, airplanes, new artillery, trench warfare
“powder keg” ready to
World War I
Key events that led to
U.S. involvement in The
On the first of February, we intend to begin unrestricted submarine warfare. In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and make peace together. We shall give generous financial support, and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The details of settlement are left to you. You are instructed to inform the President [of Mexico] of the above in the greatest confidence as soon as it is certain that there will be an outbreak of war with the United States and suggest that the President, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence with this plan; at the same time, offer to mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call to the attention of the President that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England to make peace in a few months.
“The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.”
Selective Service Act….draft of young men for military service
2.8 mill drafted out of 4.8 mill served
Economy changed from peacetime to wartime
War Industries Board....took charge of industry
Liberty Bonds….bonds sold by the govt. Pd for 2/3 of the war
“Only a tranquil Europe can be a stable Europe….[There] must be a peace without victory….Victory would mean peace forced upon the loser, a victor’s terms imposed upon the vanquished. It would be accepted in humiliation…and would leave a sting, a resentment, a bitter memory upon which terms of peace would rest, not permanently, but only as upon quicksand.”
Lloyd George - Prime Minister of Great Britain, Vittorio Orlando - President of Italy, Georges Clemenceau - President of France, Woodrow Wilson - President of the United States of America