Learning to identify Key Ideas. Reading strategies for The analysis of discourse : S peeches & articles (journals/commentaries/excerpts ). What’s the Big Idea?. Look at the headline or title - This often broadly summarizes the main topic of a news, magazine or journal article .
Reading strategies for The analysis of discourse:
Speeches & articles
A paragraph is a group of sentences that develops one main idea
Paragraphs tend to go from a main idea to specific details or evidence.
The main idea within the paragraph (usually embodied by the Topic Sentence) is very often located at the beginning of a paragraph.
What is the Author’s Intention?
How does this Paragraph Support the Thesis?
Does this Paragraph relate to the Previous Paragraph?
If this is done for Every Paragraph – you will have an idea of :
HOW each paragraph supports the writers’ thesis
HOW the writer connects information across paragraphs.
Identifying Key Meaning Relations:
Claims – General Statements (Problem/Solution, Reason/Result, Cause/Effect, Comparison/Contrast).
Counter Claims – (But, On the other hand, However).
Elaboration – Evidence (Factual), Supporting Ideas, Examples, Explanation.
Conclusion – Comment, Resolution, Evaluation, Re-statement, Problem/Question.