Anatomical Words and Word Roots (Greek & Latin)
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Anatomical Words and Word Roots (Greek & Latin) a - azyg A a(n)- without ab- away from - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Anatomical Words and Word Roots (Greek & Latin) a - azyg A a(n)- without ab- away from abduc- lead from acanth- prickle acer- without horns acetabul- vinegar cup aceto- acid achille =vulnerable acin- cluster of grapes acri- acrid, sharp acro- summit, top acous =hear, heard

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Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

  • a - azyg

  • A

  • a(n)- without

  • ab- away from

  • abduc- lead from

  • acanth- prickle

  • acer- without horns

  • acetabul- vinegar cup

  • aceto- acid

  • achille =vulnerable

  • acin- cluster of grapes

  • acri- acrid, sharp

  • acro- summit, top

  • acous =hear, heard

  • acrom =tip, pt of shoulder

  • blade

  • actin- ray

  • acust- of hearing

  • ad- towards

  • aden - gland

  • adipo- fat

  • adventit- coming to

  • aegopod- goat-foot

  • aeol = shifting, quick moving

  • aestiv- summer

  • affer- carrying to

  • agrest- rural, wild

  • agro(st)- field

  • al(i)- wing

  • alb- white

  • allant- sausage

    • allium garlic

    • alopec- fox

    • altissim- tall

    • alve- pit, socket

    • ambly- blunt

    • ambul- walk

    • ammo- sand

    • amnio- fetal envelope

    • amoeb- change

    • amphi- both

    • amplex- clasping

    • ampulla- flask

    • amygdala- almond shaped organ

    • amyl- starch

    • an- without

    • ana- up, back, again

    • anatol- east

    • anchus- bend, bay

    • anconeus =elbow

    • andr- male

    • anemo- wind

    • aneurysm =widening

    • angi- vessel

    • angina =choked, quinzy

    • angul- angle

    • angusti- narrow

    • ankylo- stiff jointed

    • annu- annual

    • anomo- lawless, irregular

    • anser- geese

    • ante- before

    • antho- flower

    • anthro- human

    • anti- against, opposite

    • antr- cave

    • anu =ring

    • apo- separate, from

    • append = hang to

    • aqua- water

    • aqueduct = water canal

    • aguilin- eagle-beaked

    • arach- spider

    • arbor- tree

    • arc- arch

    • arch(ae/i)- ancient

    • arct(i/o)- north, bear

    • are- space

    • areni- sandy

    • arg(en/lyr)- silver

    • arrector =upright

    • arthro- joint

    • artic- jointed

    • artio- even-numbered

    • aryten =ladle, pitcher

    • arundin- reed-like

    • asc- sac

    • asper- rough

    • aspid- shield

    • asthma =pant, gasp

    • ast(e)r- star

    • astrag- dice (originally a knuckle bone)

    • ater, atra- black

    • Atlas= giant supported the world on his shoulders

    • atr(ium)- vestibule

    • auscult =to listen

    • aur- ear, gold

    • auricle =ear

    • austral- southern

    • auto- self

    • aux- grow

    • avi- bird

    • axi- axis

    • axilla- = armpit

    • azyg- unpaired, unmarried

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    baca - bursa


    baca- small berry

    baccatus- berried

    baena- walking

    balan- acorn

    barb- beard

    basi / basil - at the bottom, base / royal

    bat(is) skate, ray

    bdella- sucker

    bell- pretty

    bi- two

    bi(ola)- life

    blast- germ

    bore- north

    botry- small bunch of grapes

    bov- ox

    brachi- arm

    brachy- short

    brady- slow

    branch- gill

    brevi- short

    brizo- to nod

    bromo- oats, broom, shadow

    bronch- windpipe

    brunne = brawn

    bucca- mouth cavity

    bulb = a bulb

    bulbos- bulbous

    bulla- bubble, flask

    bullat- wrinkled

    buno- hill

    bursa- a hide; purse, pouch

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    caduci - cyst


    caduci- temporary

    caec- blind

    caespit- tufted

    calat =inserted

    calam- reed, aspen

    calc- stone

    calcan =heel

    calli- beautiful

    callo = harden

    callos callous

    callosum =harden

    calor- heat

    calyx cup, chalice

    camp- field

    cani- dog

    cannula = reed

    cap(it)- head

    capill- hair

    capit =head

    card- heart

    carin- keel

    cam- flesh

    capsul = a little box

    carcin - cancer

    carotid- producing stupor

    carn =flesh

    cartilag = gristle

    carp- seed, wrist

    caruncl =bit of flesh

    cary- nut

    cata- down

    cauda- tail

    cav- hollow

    cavern = a cave, chamber

    cec = blind

    cecum =blind

    -cele = hernia

    celi =abdominal

    centi- hundred

    ceph(al)- head

    cera(s)(t)- horn

    cerc- horns, lobes, short tail

    cerebro- brain

    cerumen = wax

    cerv- neck

    chaet- bristle

    chamae- on ground

    chel- turtle

    cheno- goose

    chiasm- cross,crossing

    chias =crossing

    chil- lip

    chlamy- outer garment

    chlor- green

    choan- funnel

    chole - bile

    chondr- cartilage

    chor =chorus, dance, place

    chord- cord

    chorion, choroid = membrane

    chrom- colour

    chrys- golden

    chyl- fluid

    chym- juice

    cili- eyelash

    cilia =hair

    ciner- ashen, grey

    cipit- head

    circum- around

    cirr- tentacle

    cistern = reservior or well

    clad- branch

    clast- broken

    clav- key

    cleid- key

    cleithr- bar, key

    clin- bed, recline

    cloaca sewer

    clito =closed

    coccus berry, grain

    cochl- snail, shell

    coel- hollow

    coit = coming together

    col(on) large intestine

    coll- neck

    colli =hill

    collat- borne together

    columella little column

    colp = vagina

    com- with

    commis- united, sent out

    communis- colonial

    commutat- changed

    compact- compact

    compress- flattened

    con- with

    conch- shell

    condyl- knuckle

    conjunctivum = join

    cono- cone

    contra- opposite

    convolvo- to entwine

    convolution = a turn, a folding

    copro- dung

    corb- basket

    cord- heart

    colo = colon; a limb; maimed

    commis = united

    con = with, together

    condyle =knuckle, knob

    cora =crow, raven

    corn- horn, horny

    coron- crown

    corp- body

    corpusc = a little body

    cort- bark

    cost- rib

    cotyl- cup

    cox = hip

    crani- skull

    crass- thick

    cremaster =suspender

    crep- shoe

    cribi- sieve

    cric- ring, circle

    crispus curled

    crist- crest

    crosso- fringe, tassel

    cru(rals)- shank

    cruci- cross-like

    crus = the leg, shank

    crypt- hidden, concealed

    cten- comb

    cubitus - elbow, forearm

    cum = a wave

    cumul = a heap, mass, stalk


    curv = curved

    cusp- lance, point

    cuti- skin

    cyan- blue

    cycl- circular

    cyno- dog

    cyst- bladder, sac capsule,

    cyt- cell

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    dactyl - furc


    dactyl- finger

    dasy- shaggy

    deci- ten

    decid- falling off

    decuss- crossing banding

    deka- ten

    delph- uterus, womb

    delphis- dolphin

    demi- half

    dendr- tree

    dent- tooth

    derm- skin

    dero- persisting

    desmo- band

    deut- second

    dextro- right

    di(a)- two

    dia- through

    didym- twin

    digit- finger

    dino- terrible

    disc = a round plate

    dist = stand apart, be distant

    drom- quick running

    dubi- doubtful

    duc = lead

    dulci- sweet

    duo- two

    duoden = twelve each

    dur- hard


    echino- spiny exo- outside

    echis- viper extens- draw out

    eco- house extra- beyond

    ecto- outside extern = outside, outer

    - ectomy = removal extrins- coming from

    effer- carrying away

    effusus- loosely spreading

    ejacul- throw out

    elasmo- plate, flat

    elat- tall

    -ell- diminutive

    embio- living

    emia = blood

    embol- thrown in

    endo- inside within, inner

    engy- narrow

    ensi- sword

    entolenter- inside

    eo- dawn, east

    epi- upon

    epiplo = a thin membrane

    equi- horse, equal

    erect- upright

    erythr- red

    esculent- edible

    eso = within, inward

    ethm- sieve

    eu- well, very

    eury- wide

    ex- out of

    exiguus- slender


    falx- sickle-shaped

    fallax- false

    fasc(ic)- bundle, a band

    fatuus- foolish, useless

    feli- cat

    fem =thigh

    fer- carry

    ficar- fig-like

    fil- thread

    fili = a son or daughter

    fimbri = a fringe, fibers

    fistul- hollow, tube

    flacc- flabby

    flatu =wind, blow, breeze, fan

    flav- yellow

    flexu- wavy,winding

    flocculus- lock of wool

    fluitans- floating

    foen- hay

    foetid- foul smelling

    foli- leaf

    fontan- fountain

    foramen- opening

    forn- an arch, vault, a brothel

    fossa =ditch, trench

    fovea- pit, shallow round depression

    fren =bridle

    fruticans- shrubby

    fund- a sling, bottom, to pour

    fung = fung

    furc(ul)- fork

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    gal - hystero


    gal- milk

    gale- weasel

    gall- galli=chicken, cock,

    of France

    gangli- knot on a string

    gano- shining

    gast(e)r- stomach, belly

    gemin- twins

    gemm- bud

    genu- knee, joint

    genicul=elbow, knee

    genit= beget

    - genic = source, origin

    ger = bear, carry

    gera = old man

    geranium- crane

    gerro- shield


    glans =acorn

    gladi- sword

    glen- pit, socket

    glia- glue

    glom(er)- ball of yarn; a ball

    glo(ss/tt)- tongue

    glut- rump

    gl(uly)c- sweet

    glypt- carved, engraved

    gnaph- wool

    gnath- jaw

    goni- angle

    gono- seed

    gracil- slender


    haem- blood

    hagi = sacred

    hal- salty

    hallu(x/ci)- big toe, great toe

    ham =hook, hooked

    haplo- single, simple

    hasta(t)- spear-tip shape

    haust = draw up, suck

    hect- hundred

    heira- hawk

    helios- sun

    helminth- worm

    helo- wart

    hem = blood

    hemi- half

    hepa(r/t)- liver

    hepta- seven

    hetero- different

    hex- six

    hibem- winter

    hilus -um = depression or pit

    hippo- horse

    hirsut- hairy

    hispid- bristly

    hist = tissue, web

    histri- actor

    holo- complete, whole

    homo- man, same

    homal- flat

    hormon- that which excites

    hortens- of gardens

    humus- ground

    gram- of grass

    gymn- naked

    gyn- woman

    gyr- turning

    humer = shoulder

    hyal- glassy, glass, transparent

    hydr- water

    hyemal- winter

    hymen =marriage, membrane

    hyo- U-shaped

    hyper- above

    hypo- beneath

    hyoid =under, beneath, u shaped

    hystero- uterus

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    icthy - lysis


    ichthy- fish

    -ida- like

    -idae- ending of zoological

    family names

    ileum- twisted , roll

    ilia = the flank

    impar- unequal, unpaired

    in- in, not

    -in- diminutive

    incarnat- flesh coloured

    infarct =filled in, stuffed

    incis- cutting in

    incus- anvil

    inermis- unarmed

    inflexis- rigid

    infra- under low/underneath

    infundibul = funnel

    insular = island

    inter- between

    intra- within

    iod- violet

    -iola- diminutive

    iris- rainbow

    ischi =hip

    iso- equal

    iter- passage

    - it is = inflammation


    jugul =yoke, throat, collarbone

    jug- yoked together

    jungoljunc- to bind

    juxta = near to


    ket- ketone

    kilo- thousand


    labi- lips

    labyrinth- tortuous passage

    lacer- mangle, torn

    lacrim- tears

    lacr=tears, weep

    lact- milk

    lacuna- space

    laevo- left

    lagena- flask

    lambdoidal=like the letter lambda

    lamella- leaf, layer

    lan(at)- wool

    lanceol(at)- lance-shaped

    laryn= the gullet, larynx

    lata =beaver; a drop of wine

    lati- wide

    lecith- egg yolk

    lemm- sheath, peel, husk

    lens- lentil, bean

    leo(n)- lion

    lepid- scale

    lepto- slender

    leuc- white

    leva= raise, lift up

    levator- lifter

    lign- wood

    ligul- strap-shaped

    lin- line

    lingu- tongue lith- stone

    liv = ashen, bluish

    log(y)- discourse

    loph- crest

    luci=clear, light

    lumen- cavity

    luna- moon

    lupus wolf

    lute- yellow mud-colored

    lymph- clear water

    lysis- loosen

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    macr - nutans


    macr- large

    macula- spot

    magn- great, large

    maj- larger, greater

    mala- cheek

    malle- hammer, mallet

    mamma- breast

    mandib- lower jaw

    manubrium = handle

    manu- hand

    maritim- of the sea

    marsupium- pouch

    masseter- chewer

    mast- breast, nipple

    mat(e)ri- mother

    matu = ripe, ripen

    maxi- large

    maxill- jaw

    maxim- greatest

    meatus- passage

    medi- medium, middle

    medull- marrow, pith

    mega- large

    - megaly = enlarged

    mel(l)i- honey

    melan- black

    menin(x,g)- membrane

    menisci =crescent

    meno- moon

    mer- part

    meso- middle

    meta- after

    metr = measure; uterus, womb

    micro- small

    milli- thousand

    min- smaller

    minim- smallest

    mirabile- wonderful

    miss- sent

    mito- thread

    mitr=cap, turban

    mixi- mingle

    moll- soft

    monil- string of beads

    mono- one

    montan- of mountains

    morph- form

    motor- mover

    multi- many

    mural- walls

    muri- mouse

    myo- muscle, mouse

    myri- countless

    mysi =closing of lips / eyes

    myx- mucous

    myz- sucker


    na(rls)- nose

    navicul =a little ship

    necro- dead

    necto- swimming

    nema- hair

    nemoral- in woods

    neo- new

    nephr- kidney

    neur- nerve

    nictitat- winking

    nigr- black

    non- not

    nona- nine

    noth- spurious

    notho- southern

    noto- back, south

    nu(clx)- nut

    nuero = sinew, cord

    nuch- back of neck

    nucle- little nut

    nud- naked

    nulli- none

    nutans- nodding

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    obtect - porta


    obtect- concealed

    obturat- closed, stop up

    obtusi- blunt

    occiden- Western

    occip- back of head

    oct- eight

    odont- tooth

    odor- fragrant

    oecious- house of

    oed- swollen

    oen- wine

    oesoph- gullet

    officinal- used in medicine

    -oid- like

    olecran- elbow

    oleo- oily

    olfact- smelling

    oligo- few

    oliva- olive

    - oma = tumor

    omaso- paunch

    oment- fat skin

    omm- eye

    omo- shoulder, unripen

    omphalo- navel

    onto- existing

    onychium, =nail, claw

    oo- egg

    oophor = an ovary

    op(t)- eye

    operculum- little cover

    ophi- snake

    ophthalmo- eye

    opistho- behind

    opoter- either

    or- ori = the mouth, a mountain

    orbi- circle

    orch- testicle

    oriental- Eastern

    ornith- bird

    ortho- straight

    - osis = disease, condition

    os(ti)- mouth

    os(s/t)- bone

    ostrac shell

    - ostomy = surgical opening

    ot- ear

    - otomy = incision

    ovi- sheep

    ovo- egg

    oxys, oxus- sharp, pointed


    pala- = shovel/spade

    palae- old

    palat = roof of the mouth

    papill = nipple

    pallid- pale

    parie- wall

    parot = beside the ear

    - pathy = disease

    pinnat- feather-shaped

    pisi/um- pea

    pisc- fish

    pituit = secretion of mucus

    plac- plate, tablet

    plagio- oblique

    plan- flat

    planta =sole of foot

    platy- flat, broad

    plec(o/t)- twist, pluck

    plesio- near

    pleth- full

    pleur- side, rib

    plex- interwoven, network

    plica- fold

    plum- feather

    pneu(mo/st)- air, lung

    pod- foot

    pogo- beard

    poie = make, produce

    polio- grey

    polit- polished

    poll(ex)- thumb

    poly- many

    pons- bridge

    poplit =back of the knee

    porc- pig

    porphyr- purple

    port = carry, gate, door, harbor

    porta- gate

    patella- little dish

    patens- spreading

    part -birth, labour

    pect(or)- chest

    pecti- comb-like

    pedunc=little foot

    pellucid- transparent, shining through

    pelv = a basin

    pene- almost

    peni = penis

    - penia = deficiency

    pent- five

    per(i)- through, beyond

    peri- around

    peron =brooch; the fibula

    petr- rock, stone

    perineum =near the ring

    phag- eat

    phil- love

    phloe- tree bark

    phor- carry

    pho(s/to)- light

    phragm- fence

    phren- diaphragm, mind

    phyl- tribe

    phyll- leaf

    physa- bladder

    physio- nature

    phyto - plant

    pil- hair

    pinea- pine cone

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    post - soma

    post- after

    potam- river

    potero- drinking cup

    praeco- early

    pratens- in meadows

    pre- before

    prepuce = conspicuous, visible

    prim- first

    pro- in front of

    proct- anus

    procumbens- lying flat

    profund- deep

    proliger- bear offspring

    prom- first

    proli = offspring

    prominen = projecting

    pron =bent forward

    proso- front

    prostat = the prostate gland

    prostratus- lying flat

    prot- first

    proxim = nearest

    prunus- plum

    psamma- sand pseud- false

    psoa = a muscle of the loin

    psycho- mind

    psuedo = false

    psychro- cold

    pter- wing, fern

    ptern = wing/feather/fin

    ptyg = folded, fold

    ptyal- sahva

    pubescens- downy

    scalene- uneven

    scaph- bowl, boat

    schizo- split

    scler- hard

    scop- gaze, small owl, broom, shadow

    scopo-, -scope = to see; look; examine

    scut- shield

    scyph- cup

    scrot = a pouch

    seba- grease, tallow, wax

    sect- cut

    segetum- in cornfields

    selen- moon

    sella- saddle, seat, stool

    semin = seed, sperm, semen

    semi- half

    sept- wall, fence

    ser(olu)- any body fluid

    serot- late

    serrat- saw-toothed

    sesamoid = sesame

    set- hair

    sex- six

    sigm = letter “S”; S - shaped

    simi- monkey

    sinu = fold; hollow; bend, wind

    sinus- hollow, bay

    sipho- tube

    smegm = soapy secretion

    sol- sun

    sole =sandal; a kind of fish

    soma- body

    rhabd- rod

    rhach- spine

    rhage- tear, rent

    rhin- nose, snout

    rhiz- root

    rhodo- red

    rhynch- snout

    -rrh- flow

    rode- gnaw

    rogos- wrinkled

    rostr- beak, prow

    rota- tum, wheel

    rotundum =round

    rub(e)r- red

    rug = a wrinkle, fold

    rumen- throat


    sacchar- sugar

    saccul- little sac

    sacr- sacred

    sagitta- arrow

    sal- salt

    saliv = spittle

    salpingo - tube

    sanguini- bloody

    saphen = clear

    sapon- soapy

    sarc- flesh

    sativus- cultivated

    sartori = tailor

    saur- lizard

    scala- ladder

    pubi- sexually mature

    pulmo- lung

    pungens- pungent

    pusill- very small

    pygo- rump

    pyl- gate

    pyo- pus

    pyr = pear, fire, wheat

    pyro- heat, fire

    pyram = pyramid

    pyrus- pear


    quadr- four

    quarter- four

    quin(t/que)- five


    rach- spine

    radi- a spoke, ray, radius, root

    ram- branch, branching

    ran- frog

    rapa- turnip

    raph- seam

    rect- straight

    reflex- bent back

    ren- kidney

    repens- crawling

    reptans- crawling

    retic- network

    retina- little net

    retro- behind, backward

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    sommi - veris


    uliginosus- in marshes

    -ul- diminutive

    ulo- wooly

    ultra- above

    umbilic- navel

    un- one

    unc- hook

    ungui- nail, claw

    ungul- hoof, claw

    urens- bum

    uro- tail

    urs- of bears

    uter = womb, uterus, wander

    - uria = urine

    urin = urine, dive

    utricle = bag

    utricul- little leather skin bag

    uv(ela)- grapes

    uvul = the palate, uvula


    vagina- sheath

    Vagus, vago-, - wandering

    vari = change

    vas- vessel, duct

    vast =laid waste; empty

    vellus = wool

    velum- veil

    ven- vein

    ventr- belly

    verd- green

    veris- true

    somni- sleep

    specios- showy

    sperm- seed

    sphen- wedge

    sphinct- squeeze, strangle. closing

    spinos- spiny

    spondyl- vertebra

    squalid- squalid

    squam- scale

    squarros- spreading at tips

    stae(rlt)- fat

    stao (silt)- standing, place

    steg- covering

    stell- star

    steno- narrow

    stereo- solid

    steril- sterile

    stern- breastbone

    stom- mouth

    strat- layer

    strept- twisted

    strictus- upright, stiff

    strigos- having stiff bristles

    stroph- turning

    styl- pillar, stake, column

    sub- under, below

    sucr- sugar

    sulc- furrow

    super- beyond

    supin- lying back

    supra- above

    sutur- seam, groove, trench

    sym- with

    syn- with

    synap =falling together, a union

    syrin(glx)- pipe

    sys- with

    thero- breast, mammal

    thromb = clot

    thyro- large shield

    tinctori- of dyes

    torn- cut

    tomentos- densely woolly

    torpe- numb

    toxo- arrow, dart

    trab- beam

    trachy- rough

    trache = the windpipe

    trago- goat

    trans- across

    tract =drawn

    trapez- four sided, table

    trema- hole

    tremulans- trembling

    tret = perforated

    tri- three

    trich- hair

    trigon = a triangle; triangular

    trivialis- trivial

    troch- wheel

    trochanter =runner

    trochlea = pully, wheel

    trop- turning

    troph- feed

    tussi- cough

    tuber =knot, knob, swelling

    tubul = a little pipe

    tunic = a covering, cloak

    turc = turkish

    tympan = drum


    tachy- fast

    tact- touch

    taenia- band, ribbon

    talus- ankle

    tapetum- carpet

    tard- late

    tarsus- ankle

    tect- covered

    tegmen- covering

    tel (e/o)- far, end

    teleo- complete

    temno- cut

    tenacul- holding

    tentor- spread like a tent

    tenuis- slender

    ter(ti)- three

    teres- round

    tetr- four

    testi = witness; a testicle

    textilis- of textiles

    thalam- chamber, inner room, bed

    thalass- sea

    theca- case, box, chest

    thel- nipple, female

    therm- heat

    Anatomical words and word roots greek latin a azyg a a n without ab away from

    verm - zyg

    verm- worm

    vern- spring

    versi- various

    vesic- blister

    vesicul = a little bladder

    vesper- evening, western

    vestibul = porch

    vigil - to be awake, watch

    vill- shaggy hair, velvet

    virens- green

    visc- organs of body cavity

    vita- life

    vitell- yolk

    vitr- glass

    voc = a voice

    volut = roll, turn

    vora- devour

    vulgaris- common

    vulp- fox


    xanth- yellow

    xen- stranger

    xer- dry

    xiphi- sword

    xyl- wood


    zo- animal

    zon- a belt, girdle

    zyg- yoke