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Chabot Engineering. Study Skills For College Students. Bruce Mayer, PE Licensed Electrical & Mechanical Engineer BMayer@ChabotCollege.edu. From CareerBuilder.com Apr08. CHICAGO, April 2008 - CareerBuilder.com's annual survey.

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slide1

Chabot Engineering

Study SkillsFor

College Students

Bruce Mayer, PE

Licensed Electrical & Mechanical EngineerBMayer@ChabotCollege.edu

from careerbuilder com apr08
From CareerBuilder.com Apr08
  • CHICAGO, April 2008 - CareerBuilder.com's annual survey.
  • Survey of 3147 Human Resource Professionals and Hiring Managers
  • When asked about minimum GPA requirements:
    • 31% of the hiring managers surveyed said they require a 3.0 and above
    • 11% require a 3.5 and above
robert irwin on jpl gpa
Robert Irwin on JPL GPA
  • Mr. Irwin Studied Engineering at Chabot & UCBerkeley
    • He Now Works as Test Engineer for NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory at CalTech
  • His Comments on JPL’s GPA policy: JPL has a 3.0 minimum GPA for interns and full time hires. It is a very strict policy.
    • >>> Robert Irwin <robertirwin22@uu.vv> 8/27/2012 7:41 PM >>>
job offers circa jan 1979
Job Offers Circa Jan 1979

Thank You UC Berkeley Placement Center

~$70k in 2013-$

learning goal
Learning Goal
  • Hopefully this Lecture will Help Students to Develop the Skills, Techniques, and Methods to allow Each Student to…

Study Like aCollege Student

rule 1 be responsible
Rule-1: Be Responsible
  • You want to be a Professional; Professionals are Expected to Assume PERSONAL Responsibility for their Actions
  • At the University This Means
    • Attend EVERY Regular Class/Lab meeting
    • Be On Time, Be Courteous
    • Complete and Turn-in All Assignments as Scheduled
    • Ask for few “Special Case” exceptions
      • Professors Appreciate “SERIOUS” Students
rule 2 mind connected to hand
Rule-2: Mind Connected to Hand
  • Unlike some Other Disciplines Bachelors-Degree Math and Science Education Tends to be
    • Linear - a course will build as the Term Progresses; courses build upon each other
      • Early Work is Required for Later Work
    • Precise and Quantitative
      • At Universities Most Math & Sci Courses Entail the Determination of a NUMERICAL Result
        • There are Objectively RIGHT & WRONG Answers
rule 2 cont
Rule-2 Cont.
  • Math & Science Education Provides Tools to Solve Problems
    • Becoming Proficient with the Tools Requires PRACTICE, PRACTICE, & more PRACTICE
  • Study with a Pencil-and-Paper
    • If the Instructor Follows a Text, then
      • READ carefully, Taking Notes in YOUR OWN HAND
      • Work all the EXAMPLES until you UNDERSTAND them
rule 2 cont1
Rule-2 Cont.
    • To study for exams, Work problems for which the text provides answers
  • If Solutions Are Provided to Homework or Exams, then REWORK All problems that you got Wrong Until you Understand them
  • Neatness & Thoroughness helps
    • A problem you solved early in the term may be needed late in the term
      • If it’s Neat & Complete you can Use it more quickly
rule 2 summarized
Rule-2 Summarized

Don’t justREAD the Text; WORK the Text

notes from ee 113 at stanford
Notes from EE-113 at Stanford

Text Book Notes

Class Notes

HomeWork & Exams

Go Card!

rule 2 personal story
Rule-2 Personal Story
  • BMayer Learned Rule-2 in Ted Bowen’s Physics Class At Cabrillo Community College in 1974
    • This TRANSFORMED My Academic Performance; leading to Results after Transfer to UCBerkeley (Go Bears)
      • 3.8 GPA (95%)
      • 12 Job Offers
  • Transformed an Atty I know well from a Medium Student to 3rd out of 245 in her SCU Law School Graduating Class
rule 3 worship the textbook
Rule-3 Worship the TextBook
  • Instructor and Class-Time provides a FRAMEWORK for Learning a College/University Skill
  • The Text, Or HandOuts/Notes, Provides the SUBSTANCE
  • Very Few People LearnPerformance Skills by Listening to a lecture
    • Lectures Tell you WHAT to Study
    • The Text & Exercises DEVELOP Skills
rule 4 listen to the instructor
Rule-4 Listen to the Instructor
  • The Obvious Reason → To Learn the Material
  • The Subtle Reason → To Learn What is IMPORTANT to the Instructor
    • What the Instructor Says in Class Gives Clues about His/Her Priorities
      • Since you Have Finite Study Time (168 hrs per week) you need to PRIORITIZE
      • Typically What the instructor COVERS IN CLASS will likely appear on the TESTS
rule 5 mind your math english
Rule-5 Mind your Math & English
  • Math and English form the FOUNDATION for College, and for Landing a good Working Position
    • Almost all Well Compensated (i.e. Good Paying) Jobs require that the Employee be able to CALCULATE & COMMUNICATE
      • A GOOD Employee will use ALGEBRA; a GREAT Employee will use CALCULUS
      • A GOOD Employee will be able to READ & UNDERSTAND a written report; a GREATEmployee will WRITE the Report
rule 5 cont
Rule-5 Cont.
  • Math & English form the BASIS for ANY Professional & Practice; c.f.
    • Required Courses for Engineering Degrees
    • Required Courses for Nursing Degrees
    • Required Courses for Business Degrees
  • Almost All Significant PROFESSIONS in the USA Depend written Math & English
    • Doctor, Lawyer, Engineer, Business Person, Company Manager, Police Officer, etc.
rule 6 be creative
Rule-6 Be Creative
  • CREATING Something is MUCH Harder than USING Something
    • e.g.; The difference between READING a story, and WRITING a story
  • In the Professional World Creativity Leads to very VALUABLE outputs
    • NEW products and/or Services
    • Competitive ADVANTAGE
    • SOLVED Problems
rule 6 cont
Rule-6 Cont.
  • CREATIVITY and PRODUCTIVITY are Closely Related
    • Both Require Getting Something DONE
  • Develop Your Creativity Thru Practice
    • Draw Pictures
    • Write Stories
    • Build Things
    • Solve Puzzles

TV & VIDEO GAMES are NOT on The Creativity List

rule 7 draw diagrams for math
Rule-7 Draw Diagrams for Math
  • Science, Math & Engrng Have a HUGE Advantage Over the Written Language Disciplines – The use of Graphics
  • If you have difficulty with a problem
    • Chart it
    • Graph it
    • Sketch it
    • Flow Chart it
    • Diagram it
rule 8 don t sell your books
Rule-8 DON’T Sell Your Books
  • If you follow Rule-2; then you will Build a LIBRARY of PERSONAL Reference material
    • Since Math & Sci Education Builds, Your Text and The Study Materials associated with it are VALUABLE References
  • Many of the Underlying Laws of Science Cross Discipline Boundaries
  • Odds are you WILL use Your Texts as PROFESSIONAL References
book seller shortsightedness
Book Seller ShortSightedNess
  • A TextBook Seller unconsciously says this to Her/Him Self:
  • This attitude is a SELF-FULLING PROPHECY
    • Of Couse if a person DISCARDS a TOOL, then he/she will never use it!!!

I DON’T NEEDTHIS Anymore…

sell books i don t think so
Sell Books? I don’t think so…
  • From The Journal Thin Solid Films
tsf textbook refs
TSF TextBook Refs

Chabot CHEM-1A/B Text

sell books i don t think so1
Sell Books? I don’t think so…
  • From The Journal IEEE TSM
textbook refs for ieee transactions on semiconductor manufacturing
TextBook Refs for: IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing

MTH1 TextBook from Cabrillo College

sell books i don t think so2
Sell Books? I don’t think so…
  • From The Journal APS/AVS JVST
rule 9 cont
Rule-9 cont.
  • From the Chart on the Previous Slide, the MINIMUM Study Hours per week
    • 6 Hours for a 3 unit Chabot Course
    • 10 Hours for a 5 unit Chabot Course
    • 9 Hours for a 3 unit SJSU or CSU-EB or UCBerkeley Bachelor’s Level Course
    • 12 Hours for a 3 unit CalPoly or UCDavis or UCBerkeley Master’s Level Course
    • Even MORE for Ph.D or MD Level Course
r9 clueless vs cluefilled
R9: clueLESSvsclueFILLED
  • Request from a ClueLESS Student

I don’t have time to Study…Tell me how get an “A” AnyWay

  • Observation by a ClueFILLED Student

There is No Substitute for Personally Struggling with the Course Material

r9 you think it s tough at chabot
R9: You think it’s tough at Chabot…
  • Consider this Sp10 advice from UCBerkeley Prof. Bernhard Boser to his 2nd Year, 4-Unit EE40 class
    • “Effort: You are expected to spend approximately 12 to 16 hours each week on this course, broken down as follows:
      • 3 hours of lecture
      • 1 hour of discussion
      • 3-4 hours reading (book & notes)
      • 3-5 hours homework
      • 3 hours labs and project”

B. E. Boser

http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/~boser/courses/40/index.html

rule 10 study extra for exams
Rule-10 Study EXTRA for Exams
  • Preparing for Exams or Quizzes requires ADDED study time beyond the 6 Hrs/Wk for a 3 unit Chabot Course
  • Exam Study/Prep Time Guideline

3 Hours StudyTime Per 1 Hour of ExamTime

rule 10 cont
Rule-10 cont.
  • Exam Week Study-Time Example → Chabot 5 Unit Math or Science Course
    • 1 Hour Midterm Exam = 13 hours total
      • 10 Hours Normal Study Time
      • 3 Hours Exam Prep Study Time
    • 2 Hour Final Exam = 6 hours Final-Exam Prep Time
      • At the University Level Final Exams are 3 Hours long, which requires NINE (9) hours of Final-Exam Study time
rule 11 get every point
Rule-11 Get EVERY Point
  • If the Instructor/Professor offer the OPPORTUNITY to earn Grading Points, then TAKE IT
    • Do EVERY Assignment
    • Do NOT incur LATE Penalties
    • Do Any & All EXTRA CREDIT Offerings
    • Learn how to Earn PARTIAL CREDIT and then DO IT
      • e.g., if SHOWING WORK earns Partial Credit, then Show your work
rule 12 join form a study group
Rule-12 Join/Form a Study Group
  • LEARNING a subject is one thing, TEACHING a subject is Another
  • The depth of Knowledge required to TEACH a Subject is much Greater than that needed to LEARN the same Subject
  • In a good Study Group ALL Students will be BOTH Learner and Teacher
  • Study Groups need NOT be Large; two people can make an effective group
rule 13 officehrs do s don ts
Rule-13 OfficeHrs Do’s & Don’ts
  • DO Use Instructor OfficeHours; the RIGHT Way
    • DON’T: Walk into the Office and say: “Teach me the SAME THING that you discussed during the class I MISSED”
    • DO: PREPARE for the Office Hour as you might for a meeting with your SUPERVISOR to make
      • The Visit Efficient & Effective for BOTH Parties
      • a GOOD IMPRESSION on the Instructor
        • Helps for subsequent Letters of Recommendation
rule 13 officehrs do s don ts1
Rule-13 OfficeHrs Do’s & Don’ts
  • Office Hour Visit Game Plan
    • Work HARD on the Problem/Issue until you get STUCK
    • Bring with you: TextBook, Paper & Pencil, Calculator or Computer
    • THEN go to Office Hours and talk to the instructor saying something along the lines:
      • This is what I have DONE so Far…Can you help me make the NEXT STEP
rule 14 learn all you can
Rule-14: LEARN All You Can
  • A Four-Year Degree offers the Opportunity to Learn at a Level of DEPTH & DETAIL that will Likely NOT be Available LATER in Life
  • Higher Education In California is EXCELLENT – Take Advantage of it
    • Study Hard; Party Later
    • Learn Everything you Can
  • You will NEVER regret having done WELL at the University Level
1960 ca master plan for higher ed
1960 CA Master Plan for Higher Ed
  • California Public four-year Universities allow for seamless CC transfer as provided for by the 1960 California Master Plan for Higher Education. An excerpt from this plan:
    • “The transfer function is an essential component of the commitment to access. UC and CSU are to establish a lower division to upper division ratio of 40:60 to provide transfer opportunities to the upper division for Community College students, and eligible California Community College transfer students are to be given PRIORITY in the admissions process.”
uc csu engineering programs
UC & CSU Engineering Programs
  • UC Programs
  • CSU Programs
    • Does NOT IncludeCompSci
learn it use it on the job
LEARN it USE it (on the Job)
  • Virtually EVERY TECHNICAL (and ENGLISH Composition) CLASS I took I actually USED On The Job during by 24+ Year Engineering Practice Career
    • See Previous slides on TextBook Refs
  • The Deeper you Learn SomeThing in the Technical & English Classes at Chabot and the University the More Likely you are to APPLY IT when you join a Math/Sci/Engineering Profession
learn it return on investment
LEARN it  Return on Investment
  • Students are (or should be) PAYING for Their College/University Education
  • NOT Learning DEEPLY is like Paying for a Gym membership, and then doing “Mickey Mouse” WorkOuts
  • To Get a RETURN on his/her Educational investment the student should LEARN the Course Content

NoEffort NoGain

learn it return on investment1
LEARN it  Return on Investment
  • A excellent Perspective on RoI → “When I was a senior [in college], one of my professors asked wonderingly, ‘Why is it that you guys spend so much time trying to get as LITTLE AS POSSIBLE for your money?’”
    • M. McArdle, “Is College a Lousy Investment”, Newsweek, Vol. CLX, No. 12 (17Sep2012)
case study clueless cluefilled
Case Study: ClueLessClueFilled
  • Consider the Test Performance Data For Electrical Circuits & Devices (ENGR43) Student
  • The student did about 3-times BETTER on the Exam that was about 3-times HARDER!!!
  • What PRODUCED this tremendous Improvement from MidTerm-1 to the Final Exam?
case study clueless cluefilled1
Case Study: ClueLessClueFilled
  • When ASKED about the Improvement the Student Replied:

>>> Robbie Sweetman <rs@zzzzzzz.com> 05/31/11 11:52 AM >>>

Hey Mr. Mayer, thanks! I think I finally realized that understanding the concepts and actually being able to analyze different problems were two different things. About a week and a half before the final I started doing problem after problem after problem. I think the only way that I was able to improve in that class was by seeing a lot of different problems and FINALLY PUTTING IN MORE TIME. And to me the final [exam] was the EASIEST of all three tests SIMPLY BECAUSE I HAD DONE SO MANY PROBLEMS that I UNDERSTOOD how a circuit worked. I knew the concepts AND how they actually applied and I think that made the difference. On the other tests I knew the general concepts, but DIDN'T SPEND ENOUGH TIME applying them to actual circuits.

Thanks again Mr Mayer! I think your classes have helped me REALIZE HOW MUCH TIME I have to spend when I transfer [to UCDavis in AeroSpace Engineering].

- Robbie Sweetman

case study sac state bsce
Case Study: “Sac State” BSCE

>>> Robert Curry 03/14/08 4:00 PM

…I do have to tell you , my time at Chabot was VERY HELPFUL IN PREPARING ME to go on to Sac State. I think that ALL THE ADVICE you gave us, and the TYPE OF WORK YOU HAD US do put me in a GOOD POSITION TO DO WELL.

During my first semester at Sac State, I saw a lot of OTHER STUDENTS STRUGGLING with things that I found to be familiar. Not necessarily the material, but the WORK that was required AND THE METHOD to go about learning the material. I've seen that everything that you are doing to help your students will PAY OFF for them if they choose to use it. Thank you very much Mr. Mayer. Without your help over the previous three years I don't think I would be in such a good position to succeed in my goals.

  • Robert Curry – Chabot Transfer Student to CSU Sacramento in Civil Engineering
    • BSCE in Dec2009
    • SacState GPA 3.95
    • Now a Civil Engineer with the California Department of Water Resources (DWR)
comments from former student
Comments from Former Student
  • Mr. Nicolas Celeste transferred from Chabot to San Francisco State University; majoring in Mechanical Engineering.
  • He eventually became the PRESIDENT of the SFSU American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Student Section
  • What Follows are some of his comments from a Guest Lecture he Made at Chabot about his Transfer Experience
guest lecture by ucb m e
Guest Lecture by UCB M.E.

Excerpts from a Guest Lecture to the Chabot ENGR10 Class made by Chabot Engineering Transfer Student (Now Mechanical Engineer) Robert Moore

ms zhang notes on life in chabot
Ms. Zhang notes on “Life in Chabot”
  • Take every class seriously, especially these basic science classes like math. at the beginning, you may not see the connections between different subjects. Your goal is NOT to get an A in the class, but to LEARN something. Lecture is very important, you want your study to be efficient.
  • THINK INDEPENDENTLY. Group study is great, but I encourage you to do the homework independently, and then you can discuss-with and compare-to classmates. Because, in group study sometimes will avoid you from knowing where you need to improve.
  • Start early. There are a lot of advantage of starting the homework early, you have plenty of time to think, and you will have time to go to Office Hour, (OH is important in UC), you don’t need to stay up late at night and fall asleep in the other morning. For the career, I highly recommend you to look for some part-time job in the industrial sector, may be too challenging to be engineer, but try operator that require minimum course work. From your work, you can build up the network, keep good reference, update your resume. The truth is, for 2-year program, you only have one summer to look for internship.
  • Be a tutor; it helps your UC application. Solidifies your class material.
  • Classes completion. Because the class load would be very heavy in UC, and you need to apply principles from these basic classes in your major classes. And also, in UC, the lower division classes are lectured in huge class size, may up tp 600 ppl
comments from engr transfers
Comments from ENGR Transfers

>>> Evan Manrique <evanmanrique@yahoo.com> 10/24/2012 10:53 AM >>>Hello Mr. Mayer,   I just wanted to thank you for the preparation you have provided me during my time at Chabot College. Getting though the first round of midterms at Cal Poly, I found myself in both of my EE classes, receiving the highest grade on the midterms. The work ethic that I had to acquire in taking your classes at Chabot has truly made me a more confident and stronger student. I hope everything is going well for you this semester and thank you again for all your help and guidance.Evan Manrique (CalPoly-SLO Electrical Engineering Student)

******************************************************

>>> dadaspeaking <dadaspeaking@hotmail.com> 10/28/12 9:50 PM >>>

Mr. Mayer,

It is super nice to hear from you again!! How have you been? I am using the method you taught me to study every course at Cal. I totally survived in the first round of midterms with all A's!! : ) I very very appreciate for it and again, thank you so much.

Best Regards, Weida Yin (UCBerkeley Civil Engineering Student)

*************************************************************************

>>> Andrew Koth <snlkoth@gmail.com> 10/28/12 6:41 PM >>>

Mr. Mayor,

Your tests really prepared me for the rigor of my current classes. I thought the study skills packet was particularly helpful. I hope everything is going well for you.

Andrew (UCBerkeley Electrical Engineering student)

comments from engr transfers1
Comments from ENGR Transfers

>>> LormiSioson <lormisioson@yahoo.com> 04/18/13 8:56 AM >>>

Dear Mr. Mayer,

…stay in touch with the only engineering professor that has established a good foundation of not only the material needed in the engineering field, but also preparing me for the hard work ahead.

Just to update you, I was able to pass all my classes last semester andabout to finish another one. Unfortunately, due to budget cuts, one our two classes here at SJSU require more prerequisites to get in and they are limited in enrollment, which has pushed me back as far as whatmy previous education plan was. Which is why the education plan assignment you had us do in Engineering 10 was helpful. The rigorous work required to pass my classes comes to me so naturally now because your classes have prepared me for it. I didn’t know that then and almost found it torturous, but now, I'm glad to have gone through it and it has helped me make it this far.

I wanted to take the opportunity to thank you for pushing me to become a better engineer. Sincerely, Lormi

comments from engr transfers2
Comments from ENGR Transfers

March 28, 2013

Professor Bruce Mayer

Chabot College

Dear Mr. Mayer:

As you know, this is the first year I have taken a job as a engineeringintern with Gallo Wines and this step would not have been possible without your guidance and support. I find myself often using the advice youhave given and skills you have taught in your engineering classes in my internship. Your "Rule-5: learn to Communicate" I use daily. I am required every day at Gallo to be able to communicate what I need done succinctly and precisely to my supervisors, the maintenance technicians and the machine operators.

Your study skills have also been useful, especially your "Rule-2: Mind Connected to Hand." If I were to give any advice to prospective engineering majors, I would tell them take fewer units so that you have the time to work the problems out on paper. Even in my internship I have a legal pad out on my desk so that I can write out problems or brainstorm. I often use pen and paper before I use the computer.

In case you were wondering, my job as a production engineering intern is to investigate and fix major problems with the bottling lines based on data. The lines I manage produce the sparkling wines (aka champagne) under the brands Andre, Barefoot Bubbly, Delicia, and Wyclef. My lines also produce the dessert wines Boones Farm, Night Train, Thunderbird, and Gallo vermouth and boxed wines Peter Vella and Carlo Rossi

Sincerely,

Branden Andersen

i m just not at good at math sci
I’m Just Not at Good at Math/Sci
  • Have you ever said “I’m just Not at good at Math (or something similar)?”
      • If So, Please change you mind, and read below
  • …But the truth is that everyone can become smarter at math [or sci/engr] if they practice in the right way. If a weight lifter watched other people exercise all day long, he wouldn’t get any stronger. And if someone tried to learn how to juggle by just reading a book about juggling, they wouldn’t learn. You actually have to practice the right way — and usually that means the hard way — to get better at something. In fact, scientists have found that the brain grows more when you learn something new, and less when you practice things you already know… • (See appendix for full text)

http://seattlecentral.edu/faculty/jwright/math91/Assignments/due_10_03/YouCanGrowYourBrainArticle.pdf

all done for today
All Done for Today

Study

Groupscan Help

  • But Remember YOU take the TEST; NOT the Study-Group
book seller shortsightedness1
Book Seller ShortSightedNess
  • A Book Seller (BSer) unconsciously says this to Her/Him Self:
  • This attitude is a SELF-FULLING PROPHECY
    • Of Couse if a person DISCARDS a TOOL, then he/she will never use it!!!

I’ll NEVER NEEDThis Again…