United Nations Millennium Development Goals What are the UN Millennium Development Goals? Why they are important, and how you can help. Robert Ford World Academy Facilitator
Agenda • What is the United Nations (UN) and what is its purpose? • What are the UN Millennium Development Goals? • What progress has been made? • Why are the UN Millennium Development Goals important? • How can you help?
United Nations (UN) • The United Nations was formed in 1945 • It now has 193 Member States (China was one of the original 51 Member States) • The organization has 4 main purposes • Peace and Security • Development • Human Rights • Harmonizing the relationships and actions of nations
UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • In 2000, all member states signed the Millennium Declaration. • The Millennium Development Goals are designed to improve the lives of the world's poorest people. • The MDGs each have measurable targets and clear deadlines. • All member states committed to achieving the goals by 2015.
UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • The UN MDGs are big, audacious 15-year goals, designed to help the world make progress towards an envisioned future. • They were designed to: • Be clear and compelling • Be a unifying focal point • Catalyze team spirit • Have a clear finish line
Other Big Audacious Goals 8 years later “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth” ~ President John F. Kennedy May 25, 1961 “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” ~ Commander Neil Armstrong July 20, 1969
Other Big Audacious Goals The Human Genome Project – 15 year effort to identify all 15,000-20,000 genes in human DNA, completed in just 10 years. OLPC - 6 year effort to provide educational opportunities for the world's most isolated and poorest children by giving each child a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop Beijing 2008 – 8 year effort to prepare and host the biggest and best Olympic games ever
Goal #1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger • Targets: • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than 8 Yuan ($1.25) a day. • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people. • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
Goal #2 – Achieve Universal Primary Education • Targets: • Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
Goal #3 – Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women • Targets: • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
Goal #4 – ReduceChild Mortality • Targets: • Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
Goal #5 – ImproveMaternal Health • Targets: • Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio. • Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health.
Goal #6 – Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases • Targets: • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. • Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it. • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
Goal #7 – Ensure Environmental Sustainability • Targets: • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources. • Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss. • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. • By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
Goal #8 – Develop a Global Partnership for Development • Targets: • Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. • Address the special needs of the least developed countries. • Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States. • Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries . • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries. • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.
What progress has been made? • Let’s take a look at what progress has been made so far. • Remember, we have just over three years left to accomplish these goals.
What progress has been made? • The target of reducing extreme poverty by half was met in 2010, five years ahead of the deadline. • The proportion of people lacking dependable access to improved sources of drinking water was halved by 2010. • There has been a significant improvement in the lives of over 200 million slum dwellers (double the 100 million target). • Primary school enrolment of girls now equals that of boys.
What progress has been made? • Many countries facing the greatest challenges have made significant progress towards universal primary education. • Child survival progress is gaining momentum. • Access to treatment for people living with HIV increased in all regions. • The world is on track to achieve the target of halting and beginning to reverse the spread of tuberculosis. • Global malaria deaths have declined.
What progress has been made? • Vulnerable employment has decreased only marginally over twenty years. • Decreases in maternal mortality are far from the 2015 target. • Use of improved sources of water remains lower in rural areas. • Hunger remains a global challenge. • The number of people living in slums continues to grow.
What can we learn from the UN MDGs? • S.M.A.R.T. goals work!
What can we learn from the UN MDGs? • The MDGs are interlinked — progress in one goal supports progress in others. • Gender equality and women’s empowerment have large multiplier effects on other MDGs. • Education also underpins the entire set of MDGs. • Eliminating major diseases improves child and maternal health, while contributing to higher productivity.
By using a holistic approach, leverage points are identified, where you can maximize impact for each unit of effort.
What can we learn from the UN MDGs? • Environmental sustainability is needed both to achieve the MDGs and sustain progress. • Investing in techniques that enhance agricultural productivity reduces hunger and improves the health and education status of households. • Promoting employment-intensive growth positively impacts on many of the MDGs.
What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “Our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this planet. We all breathe the same air. We all cherish our children's future. And we are all mortal. “ ~ President John F. Kennedy
What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “This is the moment when we must come together to save this planet. Let us resolve that we will not leave our children a world where the oceans rise and famine spreads and terrible storms devastate our lands.” ~ President Barack Obama
What do the UN MDGs mean to us? We need to think of the future and the planet we are going to leave to our children and their children. ~ Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan
What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “The Earth is not a gift from our parents, it is a loan from our children” ~ Kenyan Proverb By all of us being part of the solution, we can together overcome some of society’s greatest challenges before the global population grows to 9 billion.
What can you do? • A lot of things are already happening on the Sias campus. • All World Academy for the Future of Women members work on projects designed to advance the UN Millennium Goals. • Learn more about their projects by visiting the World Academy office in the Administration Building. • Help make a difference by joining one of their project teams.
Summary With all of your help, the Millenium Development Goals can be achieved by 2015. Be part of the solution to some of the world’s Most pressing problems. Learn more about how you can make a difference by visiting the World Academy Office in the Administration Building. Robert Ford firstname.lastname@example.org www/linkedin.com/in/fordrm www.facebook.com/RobertMFord Fordrm 2653462978