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What’s Hot* What’s Not Vocabulary! *popular, in demand, sought-after, in favor; fashionable, in vogue, all the rage; informal big, in, now, hip, trendy, cool. What’s Hot, What’s Not Preconference 2 nd Annual Literacy Summit; 14 th Annual TAMU-CC Reading Conference April 15, 2010

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What’s Hot* What’s NotVocabulary!*popular, in demand, sought-after, in favor; fashionable, in vogue, all the rage; informal big, in, now, hip, trendy, cool

What’s Hot, What’s Not Preconference

2nd Annual Literacy Summit; 14th Annual TAMU-CC Reading Conference

April 15, 2010

Dr. Sherrye Dee Garrett

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi

handbook of reading research iii 2000
Handbook of Reading Research III(2000)
  • Giving students a list of words to look up and memorize does not lead to real understanding.
  • Students should be active in developing their understanding of words.
  • Students should personalize word meaning.
  • Students should be immersed in words.
  • Students should build on multiple sources of information to learn words through repeated exposures.
national reading panel 2000
National Reading Panel(2000)
  • Combined vocabulary with comprehension
  • Based on 50 research studies
  • Vocabulary can be taught directly and indirectly
  • Students can learn incidentally through wide reading
  • Students should be actively involved in reading
general agreement blachowicz fisher and ogle 2006
General agreement(Blachowicz, Fisher and Ogle, 2006)
  • Vocabulary predicts comprehension
  • Gap in vocabulary between economically disadvantaged and advantaged children persists through school
  • Critical factor in success of English-learners
  • Affects comprehension differently in different kinds of texts
more recent research
More recent research
  • Flynt and Brozo (2008) cite studies
    • Scott, Jamieson-Noel/Asselin (2003)
      • 6% of school time centered on vocabulary instruction
      • 1.4% of instruction directed to developing vocabulary knowledge
    • Dunn, Bonner, Huskee (2007)
      • Comprehension percentile scores increased by 30 points with meaningful vocabulary instruction (from 50th percentile)
definition and assessment
Definition and Assessment
  • Beck, McKeown, and Kucan (2002)
    • Tier 1: High frequency words that don’t need to be taught
    • Tier 2: Words used by mature readers and writers
    • Tier 3: Rare words specific to a particular content area
naep reading framework 2009
NAEP Reading Framework 2009
  • “Meaning of many key words in a passage depends on an interaction of word meaning and passage meaning.”
  • “Measurement of word meaning by NAEP should be integrated with the measurement of passage comprehension.”

(p. 32)

naep considerations for selection vocabulary items
NAEP Considerations for selection vocabulary items
  • Follow Beck, McKeown, & Kucan (2002) Tier 2 Words:
    • Characterize vocabulary of mature language users; written, not oral
    • Label generally familiar and broadly understood concepts
    • Necessary for understanding local part of context and linked to central ideas
    • Found in grade-level materials

(p. 34)

areas of vocabulary instruction
Areas of vocabulary instruction
  • Word meaning
  • Word study
  • Word consciousness
  • Wide reading
word study
Word study
  • Context
  • Structural analysis
    • Roots and affixes (prefixes and suffixes)
  • References
    • Dictionary
    • Thesaurus
some word meaning and word study strategies
Some word meaning and word study strategies
  • Knowledge rating scale
  • Four square
  • Webbing
  • Concept of definition map
  • Semantic continuum

eight legs



lives in the southwest

concept of definition map
Concept of definition map

What group is it?

What is it like?


eight legs

What is it not?

spins webs



two body parts


black widow


What are examples?

concept of definition map words for the center circle

Concept of Definition MapWords for the center circle…







Novel (literature)



Grocery store

concept of definition map22
Concept of definition map

What group is it?

What is it like?

What is it not?

What are examples?

semantic continuum
Semantic continuum











you try your midpoint word is
You try…Your midpoint word is
  • Say
  • Think
  • Want (verb)
  • Like (verb)
  • Nice
  • Interesting
  • Intelligent
  • Happy
  • Walk
  • Pretty
semantic continuum25
Semantic continuum

Midpoint Word

content vocabulary
Content vocabulary….
  • New words for familiar concepts


  • New words for unfamiliar concepts


  • Meanings for words central to instruction


  • Words that are required for later instruction


roots and affixes activities that make sense
Roots and Affixes –Activities that make sense!
  • Target word expansion
  • “Daffy” Dictionary
  • Source-based vocabulary
target word phototropism
Target word: Phototropism


tropism - an involuntary orienting response; positive or negative reaction to a stimulus source

reaction, response — a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent; "a bad reaction to the medicine"; "his responses have slowed with age”

  • ergotropism - an affinity for work
  • geotropism - an orienting response to gravity
  • heliotropism - an orienting response to the sun
  • (source:
target word expansion cont
Target word expansion, cont.
  • meteortropism- an effect of climate on biological processes (as the effect on joint pains etc.)
  • neurotropism- an affinity for neural tissues(viruses invade tissues)
  • phototropism - an orienting response to light
  • trophotropism- an orienting response to food
  • (source:
daffy dictionary how does it work
Daffy Dictionary: How does it work?
  • Pick a prefix, a root, and a suffix
  • Put together to make a new work
  • KEY: don’t try to recreate known words; making up new words is a low-anxiety activity
source based vocabulary
Source-based Vocabulary
  • Select words with Latin roots from a text the students are reading
  • Prepare activities that use the roots in a variety of forms
  • Have students work in groups to discuss (and hear) the words.
word consciousness ideas
Word consciousness ideas
  • Word puzzles
    • Crossword puzzles
    • Word search
    • Word wackies
  • Figurative language
    • Idiomatic expressions
fun with words
Fun with words!
  • Clipped words
  • Portmanteau words
  • Eponyms
  • Toponyms
  • Flower words
  • Animal words
  • Phobia words
  • “Killing” words
clipped words
Clipped words
  • Bus
    • Omnibus
  • Cab
    • Cabriolet
  • Iron
    • Flatiron
  • Movie
    • Moving picture
  • Wig
    • Periwig
portmanteau words blended large suitcase that opens into two equal parts
Portmanteau words: Blended(large suitcase that opens into two equal parts)
  • Break + lunch
    • Brunch
  • Chuckle + snort
    • Chortle
  • Fourteen nights
    • Fortnight
  • Motor + hotel
    • Motel
  • Television + marathon
    • Telethon
eponyms from individuals names
Eponyms: From individuals’ names
  • America
    • Amerigo Vespucci, Italian merchant came shortly after Columbus
  • Diesel
    • Rudolf Diesel, German auto engineer
  • Frisbee
    • Wm. Frisbie, pie company owner. Yale students threw tin pans
  • Leotard
    • Jules Leotard, French acrobat designed it as trapeze costume
  • Maverick
    • Samuel Maverick, Texan didn’t brand his cattle
  • Saxophone
    • Anton Sax, Belgian instrument maker. Combined clarinet reed and oboe fingering
toponyms words from place names
Toponyms: Words from place names
  • Bedlam - St. Mary of Bethlehem, England, psychiatric asylum
  • Cashmere - Kashmir, India
  • Cologne - Cologne, Germany
  • Denim - Nimes, France (serge de Nimes)
  • Jeans - Genoa
  • Tangerine - Tangier, Morocco
flowers from individual names
Flowers from individual names
  • Begonia - Michel Begon, Gov. of Santo Domingo
  • Camelia - George Kamel, European Jesuit missionary
  • Dahlia - Andreas Dahl, Swedish botanist
  • Magnolia - Pierre Magnol, French botanist
  • Wisteria
    • Caspar Wistar, American anatomist
  • Zinnia
    • J.G. Zinn, German botanist
animal words
Animal words
  • Canine
  • Feline
  • Equine
  • Bovine
  • Ovine
  • Porcine
  • Lupine
  • Vulpine
  • Ursine
  • Piscine
phobia words fear of
Phobia words: “fear of”
  • Heights
    • Acrophobia
  • Spiders
    • Arachnophobia
  • Ideas
    • Ideophobia
  • Birds
    • Ornithophobia
  • The number 13
    • Triskaidekaphobia
killing words
“Killing” words
  • Homicide
  • Matricide
  • Fratricide
  • Regicide
  • Pesticide
  • Fungicide
  • Hosticide
  • Avicide
where do you find great vocabulary

Where do you find great vocabulary?

In lots and lots of books!