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- newmanlib.ibri.org -. The Gospel of John. Robert C. Newman. Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks. - newmanlib.ibri.org -. Recent Criticism of John. John is more strenuously questioned by liberals than are the Synoptics. Many who are not liberal are influenced: General public Muslims

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the gospel of john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

The Gospel of John

Robert C. Newman

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

recent criticism of john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Recent Criticism of John
  • John is more strenuously questioned by liberals than are the Synoptics.
  • Many who are not liberal are influenced:
    • General public
    • Muslims
    • New-Agers
    • Conservatives in liberal denominations

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

objections to john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Objections to John
  • Differences in content vs Synoptics
  • Explicit indications of Jesus' deity
  • Alleged Hellenistic features in John
  • Gospel's claim to be from closest disciple

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

differences in content

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Differences in Content
  • Unique Material
    • 92% of John not found elsewhere
  • Detailed Chronology
    • Jesus' ministry in John clearly 3+ years
  • Different Themes
    • Not in John:
      • Kingdom, demons, repentance, prayer
    • New in John:
      • Truth, life, world, abiding, witness
    • Shared:
      • Father, Son of Man, faith, love, sending

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

explicit on jesus deity

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Explicit on Jesus' Deity
  • Clearer in John, but implied in Synoptics
    • Speech, forgiving sin, raising dead, commanding weather
  • Jesus' own statements more cryptic than those of narrrator

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

hellenisms in john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Hellenisms in John
  • Logos-λóγος
    • Greek philosophical background
    • But also in Philo
    • And Aramaic equivalent in Targums
  • Other words with philosophical or pagan dualistic meanings
    • Light/dark, truth/error
    • These found in Dead Sea Scrolls

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

from closest apostle

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

From Closest Apostle?
  • This is only (canonical) Gospel to make such a claim directly.
  • But common in later, heretical Gospels:
    • Gospel of Peter
    • Gospel of Thomas
    • Gospel of Barnabas

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

resulting attitudes toward john

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Resulting Attitudes toward John
  • Bultmann
    • Contains 3+ sources, 2 editors
    • Completed AD 80-120
  • Brown
    • By Johannine school, completed c AD 100
  • Hengel
    • By John the Elder, completed c AD 110

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

attestation and authorship

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Attestation and Authorship
  • Internal Evidence
    • Indirect
    • Direct
  • External Evidence
    • Allusions
    • Statements

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

westcott s arguments

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Westcott's Arguments
  • Religious knowledge  Jew
  • Geographic knowledge  Palestinian
  • Standpoint of the narrative  eyewitness, apostle, one of inner 3

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

direct internal evidence

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Direct Internal Evidence
  • John 1:14 "we beheld" author was beholder, eyewitness
  • John 1:6,15,19, etc. Calls John the Baptist just "John"
  • John 21:24-25 "this is the disciple… who wrote these things"

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

external evidence

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

External Evidence
  • 1 Clement (c 95) does not mention
  • Ignatius to Philadelphians (c 115)
  • Pseudo-Barnabas (c 135)
  • Justin Martyr (c150)
  • Tatian, Diatessaron (c 170)
  • Muratorian Canon (c 170)
  • Irenaeus (c 170)

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

ignatius philadelphians ch 7

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Ignatius, Philadelphians ch 7

"For even though certain persons desired to deceive me after the flesh, yet the spirit is not deceived, being from God; for 'it knoweth whence it cometh and where it goeth,' [John 3:8] and it searcheth out the hidden things."

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

pseudo barnabas sect 11

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Pseudo-Barnabas, sect. 11

In the midst of a somewhat allegorical exegesis of several OT passages, quotes John 6:51:

"And whosoever shall eat of these shall live forever."

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

justin martyr

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Justin Martyr
  • Mentions the "memoirs of the apostles, called Gospels"
  • Calls Jesus "the Logos" in Dialogue with Trypho, 127-28.
  • Cites John 3:5 in Apology 61:
    • "Except ye be born again, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven"
  • In Dialogue 91, explains serpent as Jesus does in John 3:14.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

john the man

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John the Man
  • Background
  • Jesus' Disciple in Palestine
  • Jesus' Disciple Elsewhere

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

john s background

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John's Background
  • Family
    • Zebedee, Salome, James
  • Fishermen
  • Connection with Jerusalem?
    • Known to high priest
    • Have a home there?
  • Disciple of John the Baptist?

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

jesus disciple in palestine

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Jesus' Disciple in Palestine
  • Involved in many incidents in Gospels
    • One of "inner three"
    • Present at transfiguration, cross
    • Races Peter to tomb
  • Recedes into background in Acts
  • Important figure in church of Jerusalem
    • Called "pillar" in Gal 2:9

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

jesus disciple outside palestine

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Jesus' Disciple outside Palestine
  • Presumably left before AD 70
  • Settled in Ephesus
  • Exiled to Patmos about 95
  • Lived very long life, dying about AD 100 or shortly thereafter.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

date of john s gospel

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Date of John's Gospel
  • Variety of Datings
    • Narrower range now than earlier
    • Liberals – early 2nd century
    • Conservatives – end 1st century
    • Early dating – before AD 70

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

date of john s gospel1

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Date of John's Gospel
  • Not after Ignatius (107-115)
  • John already old (John 21)
    • After death of Peter (c 68)
    • No textual support to put ch 21 later
  • Most conservatives put in 90s
  • A few (even liberals) put earlier

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

purpose of gospel

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Purpose of Gospel
  • Stated by author John 20:30-31
    • That readers believe in Jesus
    • That they have eternal life
  • Supplement other Gospels?
  • Refute Jewish opposition?
  • Teaching about life in church?
  • Refute Gnosticism?

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

characteristics techniques

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Characteristics & Techniques
  • Distinctive Vocabulary
  • Explanatory Notes
  • Misunderstandings
  • Irony
  • Double Meaning
  • Inverted Parallelism (Chiasm)
  • Variation

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

characteristics techniques1

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Characteristics & Techniques
  • OT Allusions
  • Symbolism
  • Dualism
  • Hyperbole
  • Inclusion (Inclusio)
  • Repetition
  • Apparent Contradiction

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

john s theology ih marshall

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

John's Theology (IH Marshall)
  • John as Revelation
  • Signs & Witnesses
  • Person of Jesus
  • Work of Jesus
  • The New Life
  • The People of God
  • Eschatology

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

john as revelation

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John as Revelation
  • To reveal Jesus' glory as Son of God
    • Shared w/ Father before incarnation
    • Demonstrated by signs
    • Supreme glory in passion
  • To reveal truth
    • Jesus brings truth
    • Is true bread for souls of men

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

signs and witnesses

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Signs and Witnesses
  • Jesus' miracles as signs
  • Jesus' word-signs
  • Jesus' glory attested by witnesses
    • Jesus
    • John Baptist
    • Disciples
    • Scriptures
    • Father

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

person of jesus in john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Person of Jesus in John
  • Word
  • Messiah
  • Son of Man
  • Son of God
  • God

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

work of jesus in john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Work of Jesus in John
  • Life
  • Light
  • Way
  • Good Shepherd

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

the new life in john

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The New Life in John
  • Savior
  • New Birth
  • Faith
  • Knowledge
  • Love
  • Abide, in

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

the people of god in john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

The People of God in John
  • "Church" does not appear
  • Flock
  • Vine
  • Love/unity
  • Sending

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

eschatology in john

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Eschatology in John
  • Continuing life of the church
  • Spirit as replacement for Jesus
  • "Already" eschatology
  • "Not yet" eschatology

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

the end

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

The End

… but the beginning of a lifetime of study of the Gospel of John

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks