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International Association of Electronics Recyclers® Presidents Report Peter R. Muscanelli Double Tree Valley Resort Scottsdale Arizona May 13, 2004 A Vision for the Future “ After transformation- Let’s Soar!” Observations Increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry

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international association of electronics recyclers presidents report peter r muscanelli

International Association of Electronics Recyclers®Presidents ReportPeter R. Muscanelli

Double Tree Valley Resort

Scottsdale Arizona

May 13, 2004

observations
Observations
  • Increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry
  • More recyclers with increasing capacity-world wide market
  • No generally accepted standards or certification process in place
  • Potential for industry to receive negative PR
  • 50 different states/50 different laws
  • Increased regulation/Increased expense
  • Need for continual improvement
  • Industry issues
  • Electronics recyclers or scrap recyclers
increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry
Increased awareness of the electronics recycling industry
  • The public
  • The business sector
  • Communities, municipalities, Governmental agencies
  • Entrepreneurs
more recyclers with increasing capacity worldwide market
More recyclers with increasing capacity worldwide market
  • More competition
  • Decreasing margins
  • Increased inefficiencies
  • No standards for monitoring start-ups
no generally accepted standards or certification process in place
No generally accepted standards or certification process in place
  • IAER Certification
  • ISO Certification
  • OEM supplier qualifications
  • Government procurement guidelines
  • NGO checklists
  • Federal & State regulations
potential for industry to receive negative pr
Potential for industry to receive negative PR
  • Without standards, or good EMS, will electronics recycling facilities become our next brown fields?
  • Warehouses of collected material by unregulated recyclers
  • Exporting to unsupervised markets (where will the next video come from?)
50 different states 50 different laws
50 Different states/50 different laws
  • Without a Federal law, each state may enact a different version
  • ARF/recycling fee
  • What equipment will be covered by what law?
  • Increased regulation means increased expense and mistakes (KISS)
  • Regionalization will cause further expense
industry regulation increased expense
Industry regulation/Increased expense
  • Regulation increases paperwork, which increases time, which increases labor, which will increase expense overall to the recycler
  • Potential for misunderstanding different regulations with different requirements
  • Maintaining current understanding of different regulations will further add to the electronics recyclers liability and expense
need for continual improvement
Need for continual improvement
  • Electronics recyclers need to buy into the fact that as a growing and emerging industry the industries that they service are continually evaluating their efficiencies and overall improvement of their system
  • The need for continuous improvement must be achieved by raising the industry standards. Without industry standards regulation is inevitable
  • Continuing education of industry employees is essential to achieving this goal
electronics recyclers or scrap recyclers
Electronics recyclers or Scrap recyclers
  • They are related industries with similar goals with different strategy and tactics
  • Currently work together
  • Different levels of expertise in the fields
  • Different ways of processing materials
  • Different logistics and infrastructure
  • Similar customer base
  • Opportunity to maximize returns to both parties
industry issues
Industry Issues
  • Awareness
  • Standards and best practices
  • Export
  • Labor (private, prison, export)
  • Legislative
potential solutions
Potential solutions
  • Strong EMS standards & certification

accountability (downstream), with third party verification

  • Alliances within the industry
  • Strategic alliances with OEM’s
  • Continuing education through The International Electronics Recyclers Institute® (IERI)
  • Accurate industry data (bench mark how well we are meeting our goals)
slide14
IAER
  • Recognized industry trade association, 100+ members in 15 countries
  • Industry database (website – 60+ K hits/month)
  • Certification program, industry specific, third party audit
  • 2003 Industry Report - updated industry data
  • Electronics Recycling Summit®
  • IERI offering continuing educational opportunities
  • ERCN- Electronics Recycling Collaboration Network
slide16

ELECTRONICS RECYCLING

INDUSTRY REPORT

International Association

of Electronics Recyclers

Revised May 2004

slide17

For more information – including ordering, go to the web page at:

http://www.iaer.org/communications/indreport.htm

contents of the iaer industry report
CONTENTS of the IAER INDUSTRY REPORT
  • Industry Overview
  • Industry Study
    • IAER Industry Survey
    • IAER Research
  • IAER Overview
  • IAER Resources
  • Guide to Services & Programs
  • Industry Directory
slide19

ELECTRONICS RECYCLING INDUSTRY PROCESS MODEL

  • SOURCES/GENERATORS
    • Field Returns
    • Surplus
    • Trade-Ins
    • Obsolete/EOL

OEMs USERS LEASCOs

TRIAGE

  • ELECTRONICS RECYCLING
  • INDUSTRY SEGMENTS/OPERATIONS
    • Asset Management
    • Broker
    • Re-Use
    • De-Manufacturing
    • Parts Recovery
    • Materials Recovery
    • Materials Processing

As-Is

Repair

Refurbish

RESALE

Scrap Equipment

Disassembly

Recover Parts

Separate Materials

RESALE

Materials

Shred, Grind, Separate

Refine, Smelt, Melt, Pelletize

Metals, Glass, Plastics

Primary Materials Processors

slide20

ELECTRONICS RECYCLING PROCESSES

Incoming computer equipment

Disassembly operation

Parts stocking

Chip removal

Photos courtesy of Fox Electronics

slide21

Electronics Shredding Operation

Photos courtesy of United Recycling Industries

slide22

Metals Refining and Sampling Process

Photos courtesy of Metech International

respondents to iaer survey
Respondents to IAER Survey

NFPs

OEMs

Electronics

Recyclers

number of employees involved in electronics recycling operations
Number of EmployeesInvolved in Electronics Recycling Operations

>100

51-100

<10

21-50

10-20

Number of employees

electronics recycling revenue
Electronics Recycling Revenue

Annual US$ (millions)

>$10M

<$1M

$5-10M

$1-5M

total volume of electronics processed
Total Volume of Electronics Processed

Annual Volume in Pounds (millions)

>20M

<1M

10-20M

1-2M

5-10M

2-5M

electronics recyclers in the usa
ELECTRONICS RECYCLERS in the USA

(data from IAER database)

Number

of Recyclers

Not including OEMs & NFPs

highlights from iaer survey
HIGHLIGHTS from IAER SURVEY
  • Electronics recycling companies in the USA: over 400
  • Employees: over 7000
  • Annual Revenue: over $US 700 million
  • Annual Volumes processed:
    • over 1.5 billion pounds (750K tons)
    • including more than 40 million units of computer equipment
    • electronics recycling process yielded approximately 900 million pounds of recyclable materials
challenges facing your electronics recycling operations from iaer industry survey
CHALLENGESfacing YOUR electronics recycling operations(from IAER Industry Survey)
  • Cost of operations
  • Markets for outputs
  • Sources of equipment
  • Prices for materials & parts
  • Capacity
  • Other
challenges facing the electronics recycling industry from iaer industry survey
CHALLENGESfacing the electronics recycling INDUSTRY(from IAER Industry Survey)
  • Legislation/regulations
  • Consumer/residential electronics
  • Plastics recycling

Logistics/transportation

  • Product take-back programs
  • Recycling technology
  • Other
total computers shipped in the usa
TOTAL COMPUTERS SHIPPED in the USA

(data from ITIC 4)

Units –

Millions

consumer electronics shipped to us retailers
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SHIPPED TO US RETAILERS

Units-

Millions

(data from EPA 5)

life spans of consumer electronics
LIFE SPANS OF CONSUMER ELECTRONICS

(from EPA 5)

Years-

range

consumer electronics outlook
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS OUTLOOK

10

Cumulative Volume –

Billions of units

Electronics scrapped by consumers

2

Electronics products owned by consumers

2010

2003

computer equipment outlook
COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OUTLOOK

2.0

Cumulative Volume –

Billions of units

1.5

Computer products scrapped

1.0

0.5

Computer products installed

2010

2003

highlights from iaer research outlook to 2010
HIGHLIGHTS from IAER RESEARCHOutlook to 2010
  • Consumer electronics:
    • About 3 billion units will be scrapped
    • or an average of about 400 million units/year
  • Computer Equipment (from all sectors):
    • about one billion units will become potential scrap
    • or an average of more than 100 million units/year
  • Electronics Recycling Industry
    • to grow its capacity by a factor of 4 or 5
recent waste stream data
RECENT WASTE STREAM DATA

FEDERAL DATA

(EPA/Franklin Associates – 2001)

  • Total generation of consumer electronics waste in the U.S. municipal waste stream
    • Over 2 million tons per year
    • ~1.3% of total municipal waste stream
    • Less than 10% recovered for recycling

STATE DATA

(MN, PA, WI, OR, VT Studies: 2000-2002)

  • Consumer electronics represents an average of 1.7% of municipal waste stream
items collected in municipal programs
ITEMS COLLECTED in MUNICIPAL PROGRAMS

(data from EPA 11)

% by number of items

material composition of consumer electronics in municipal waste stream
Material Composition of Consumer Electronics in Municipal Waste Stream

(data from EPA 5)

% by weight

composition of demanufactured computer equipment
Composition of Demanufactured Computer Equipment

(data from UMass19)

Plastics &

Trash

Wire

Parts/Asm.

cost elements of recycling
COST ELEMENTS of RECYCLING

(data from Minnesota 12)

% of total costs

reuse of electronics
Reuse of Electronics

TVs

Laptops

Monitors

Keyboards

CPUs

NERC Study - 2003

observations47
OBSERVATIONS
  • Electronics Recycling Industry has been driven by commercial sector
  • Consumer electronics have not been a factor in the market due to costs, value & logistics
  • Computer equipment comprises most of volumes currently recycled
  • Electronics recycling costs money - but also recovers value in products, parts & materials
  • Industry still emerging - fragmented, small Co’s, limited process technology & capital
slide48

IAER

Web Site - http://www.iaer.org

Email - Info@iaer.org