NFHS Bat Standard Rationale • Rule 1-3-2 through 1-3-5 was rewritten to create a rule that kept the intent and spirit of the previous rule but, but more closely met advances in technology. • This addition was made to better detail the bat construction and the requirements of each bat component (knob, handle, taper, barrel, end cap). • The key rule changes focused on managing bat performance to maintain the important balance between offense and defense, minimize player risk, and provide the elements for an exciting game for players and spectators. • There are three types of bats that are determined by the composition of their barrel: • Aluminum • Composite (made of two or more materials) • Wood
1-3-2 Bat Standard for 2011 Season • For the 2011 season: • Through December 31, 2011, each aluminum bat shall meet the BESR performance standard and be labeled with a permanent certification mark. • Composite bats shall be illegal unless they meet the standards for the 2012 season.
1-3-2 Bat Standard for 2012 Season • Beginning January 1, 2012 all bats not made of a single piece of wood must: • Meet the Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution (BBCOR) performance standard, • Be labeled with a permanent certification mark that is rectangular and a minimum of half inch no each side, located on the barrel in a contrasting color to the barrel, • Aluminum and composite bats shall additionally be labeled as approved tamper evident and be marked as to being aluminum or composite. These markings shall meet the requirements for the BBCOR certification mark. • Bats with composite handles and tapers are legal. The stricter language applies to the barrel of the bat. • Non-wood bats specifications still require a bat to have a maximum length of 36”, a -3 or less weight to length differential, and a maximum diameter of 2 5/8”.
1-3-2 Bat Standard Key Points • Aluminum bats that are BESR certified and labeled as such are legal for play in the 2011 season. • Any aluminum bat that meets the 2012 standard is legal for play in the 2011 season. • Any composite bat that meets the 2012 standard is legal for play in the 2011 season. • If a composite bat is not 2012 compliant (labeled as BBCOR and tamper evident), it is illegal for play in the 2011 season. • The BBCOR performance standard positions the performance of non-wood bats to the high end of wood bat performance. • Composite Bat BBCOR standard requires compliance with Accelerated Break In (ABI) testing; i.e., the bat remains within the performance limits throughout its life. Current composite bats exceed the top performance limit with use. • Tamper evident technology is required to be able to detect bats that have been altered (rolled or shaved) to illegally improve performance beyond the accepted limits. This will enable officials to detect bats that have been tampered with or altered and create a higher risk to participants and an advantage to the offense that is illegal and not intended by rule.