Legal Basis for Assessment Procedures - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Legal Basis for Assessment Procedures

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  1. Legal Basis for Assessment Procedures

  2. Public Law 94-142-1975 • Education for all handicapped children act • Mandated provision of services for all school age children with disabilities • Facilitated provision of services for young children in some states

  3. Public Law 99-457 • Amended 94-142 • Required states to provide education for children with disabilities 3-5 • Assessment regulation made to apply to preschool children • Part H established incentives for assessing children birth -3.

  4. Categories (1996-1997 school year) • Specific learning disabilities 51.1% • Speech/language impairments 20.1% • Mental retardation 11.4 • Emotional disturbance 8.6 • OHI 3.1 • Multiple disabilities 1.9 • Hearing impairments 1.3 • Orthopedic impairments 1.3 • Autism 0.7 • Visual impairments 0.5 • Traumatic brain injury 0.2 • Deaf-blindness <0.1

  5. Public Law 102-119 • Reauthorized Part H • Amended section 619

  6. Public Law 105-17- IDEA 97 • Part A: General provisions • Part B: Requirements for providing special education 3-21 • Part C: Requirement for providing services for infants and toddlers –birth to 3– old Part H • Part D: Provisions for federal funding for discretionary programs

  7. Part C and Section 619 • Part C pertains to infants and toddlers • Section 619 pertains to preschool age children 3-6 • State agencies may be different for the two populations

  8. Differences between Part B and Part C • Part C—Children are not a service client apart from the family • Section 619 –has been a downward extension of services for school age children • Usually administered by Department of Education

  9. Differences between Part B and Part C • Differs from state to state • Regulation driven • IFSP may be written for either group • IEP may be written for 3-6 age group

  10. Eligibility • Three groups • Measurable developmental disability in one or more areas • Diagnosed condition that may result in a developmental delay • At risk of having a delay

  11. Quantifying a delay • Difference in months of chronological age and performance age • Delay in certain number of months below chronological age • Delay as expressed in standard deviations • Some states can only use a qualitative definition

  12. IDEA 97 • Extended the option of using a category of developmental delay • Through age 9 • 5 areas • Physical • Cognitive • Social or emotional • Communicative • Adaptive

  13. Part C regulations for assessment • Assessment: • on going procedures • Used by appropriate personnel • Identify strengths and needs • Identify resources, prioritiesn and concerns of the family • Identify supports and services needed

  14. Part C assessment (con’t) • Evaluation • Appropriate personnel • To determine eligibility • To determine status in each developmental area

  15. Assessment • Conducted by appropriate personnel • Based on informed clinical opinion • Native language • Non discriminatory • More than one source

  16. IFSP • Information about status including present level of functioning • Statement of family resources • Statement of major outcomes expected • Statement of specific early childhood services

  17. IFSP • State of the natural environments • Projected dates • Identification of service coordinator • Transition plans

  18. IEP • Statement of present level of performance • Statement of measurable annual goals • Statement of special education services needed • Explanation of amount of time spent without peers without labels

  19. IEP • Statement of individual modification • Projected dates • Statement of measurement procedures