Investigation 3 Multiplication Patterns / Area / Squares and Square Roots

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Investigation 3 Multiplication Patterns / Area / Squares and Square Roots. One model of multiplication is a rectangular array . . * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *. This array has 3 rows and 5 columns . Refer to this array to answer questions 1 - 4.

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## Investigation 3 Multiplication Patterns / Area / Squares and Square Roots

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Presentation Transcript

Investigation 3 Multiplication Patterns / Area /

Squares and Square Roots

One model of multiplication is a rectangular array.

* * * * *

* * * * *

* * * * *

This array has

3 rows and

5 columns.

Refer to this array to answer

questions 1 - 4.

* * * * *

* * * * *

* * * * *

1. How many rows are in the array?

2. How many columns are in the array?

3. How many X’s are in the array?

What multiplication fact is shown by

they array?

Some numbers can be arranged in more than one array.

In problems 5 - 7 we will work with an array of 12 X’s.

It will be different from the array with 10 X’s.

5. Draw an array of 12 X’s arranged in two rows.

X X X X X X

X X X X X X

6. How many columns of X’s are in the array?

7. What multiplication fact is shown by the array you drew?

X X X X X

X X X X X

8. Which two factors of 10 are shown by this array?

Can you draw an array of ten X’s with three rows?

10. Can you draw an array of ten X’s with four rows?

Can you draw an array of ten X’s with five rows?

Draw an array of X’s arranged in three rows and

six columns. Write the multiplication fact shown

by the array.

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

x x x x x x

The chairs in a room were arranged in six rows,

with four chairs in each row. Draw an array that shows

this arrangement and write the multiplication fact it

shows.

Use your grid paper to make area models.

This model shows

4 x 6 = 24

Use your grid paper to work problems 14 - 16 and 23 - 25.

Outline a 4 cm by 6 cm rectangle like the one you just

saw. How many small squares are in the rectangle?

Outline a 3 cm by 8 cm rectangle. How many small

squares are in the rectangle? What multiplication fact

is shown by the rectangle?

Outline another rectangle that is made up of 24

squares. Make this rectangle 2 cm wide. How long

is the rectangle? What multiplication fact is shown?

When you cover your

hand over the object,

you are covering the

area.

When you draw around an object,

you are drawing the perimeter.

We measure the area of a shape by counting the number of

squares of a certain size that are needed to cover its surface.

1 cm

This is a 1 cm square. It is also called

“a square centimeter”.

1 cm

How many square centimeters

cover the area of this rectangle?

On your grid paper, outline a

4 cm by 3 cm rectangle. What is the

area of the rectangle?

1 inch

1 inch

One square inch

(1 sq. in.)

How many square inches are needed

to cover the rectangle here?

2 in.

2 in.

Use your ruler to draw a rectangle 3 in. long and 3 in.

wide. What is the area of the rectangle?

Some rectangles are squares. A square is a rectangle

whose length and width are equal.

On your grid paper, outline four squares:

1 by 1

2 by 2

3 by 3

4 by 4

Label each square with the multiplication fact that goes with it.

We say that we “square a number” when we multiply a

number by itself. If we square 3, we get 9 because

3 x 3 = 9. Likewise, 4 squared is 16 because 4 x 4 = 16.

What number do we get if we square 6? Outline a square

on grid paper to show the result.

What number equals 7 squared? Outline a square

on grid paper to show the answer.

The numbers 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, and so on form a sequence of

square numbers or perfect squares. The increase from one

number to the next is a sequence of odd numbers.

+3

+5

+7

+9

Find the next five terms in the sequence of square numbers

above.

Look at a multiplication table. What pattern do the

square numbers make?

The square root of a number is the number you multiply by

it’s self to get a square number.

Example: 5 is the square root of 25 because 5 x 5 = 25.

= 5

a) What number equals 9 squared?

b) What is the square root of 9?

Find each square root:

a) b) c)

If the area of a square is 49 square centimeters,

how long is each side of the square?