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Introduction to Wicca. Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain 2003. Introduction to Wicca. Course & workbook designed by Lycia Gryphon for. The Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain 2003. Introduction to the Wiccan Religion description, history and evolution.

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introduction to wicca
Introduction to Wicca

Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain 2003

introduction to wicca2
Introduction to Wicca

Course & workbook designed by Lycia Gryphon for

The Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain 2003

introduction to the wiccan religion description history and evolution

Introduction to the Wiccan Religiondescription, history and evolution

Created by Lycia for the Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain, 2001. All rights reserved.

topics
Topics
  • What is Wicca?
  • What do Wiccans Believe?
  • What do Wiccans do?
what is wicca
What is Wicca?
  • a reconstruction of the Nature worship of tribal Western Europe, influenced by the living spiritual traditions of other parts of the world, combined with traditional ceremonial practices, and informed by the mythologies of our ancestors.
what is wicca6
What is Wicca?
  • According to the Institute for the Study of American Religion, Wicca, or Witchcraft, is the fastest growing religion in the United States.
overview
Overview
  • Wicca is a variety of Paganism. There is a great deal of variation within Wicca and within Paganism.
  • Pagan traditions are characterized by earth- centered/nature-centered spirituality.
  • Paganism is also referred to as Neo-Paganism to emphasize its connections to as well as differences from pre-Christian religions.
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Witch – one who worships the Goddess, and sometimes also Her Consort, the God; practices magic; and considers her/himself to be following the spiritual path of Witchcraft
  • Magic (or Magick) -- a conscious direction of will to accomplish a goal
  • Coven  -- a congregation of Witches, usually limited to 13 members or less. 

* From Covenant of the Goddess website www.cog.org

historical development sources
Historical Development: Sources
  • Pagan traditions of Nature worship from tribal Western Europe
  • Mythologies and images from the ancient world
  • Remnants of pre-Christian practices and folk tradition
  • Living Nature-worship traditions of extant tribal traditions around the world
  • Observing the workings of nature itself
  • Practices of ceremonial magic (Hermetic Tradition)
  • Nineteenth- and early twentieth-century writers
    • Charles Leland
    • Margaret Murray
    • Robert Graves
historical development
Historical Development

Establishing Tradition

  • Gerald Gardner (Gardnerian Tradition)
  • Doreen Valiente (Gardnerian)
  • Alex Sanders (Alexandrian Tradition)
  • Stewart & Janet Farrar (Alexandrian)
  • Raymond and Rosemary Buckland
historical development11
Historical Development

Re-thinking Tradition

  • Starhawk

The Spiral Dance

  • Scott Cunningham

Wicca for the Solitary Practitioner

  • Silver RavenWolfe

To Ride a Silver Broomstick, Teen Witch

historical development12
Historical Development

Living Tradition

  • Wicca exists today in a variety of forms and traditions and continues to grow and evolve.
  • Creativity is our greatest resource.
what do wiccans believe
What do Wiccans believe?
  • Disclaimer:

Wiccans recognize no central authority.

We have no authoritative scripture or dogma.

We have no common creed.

And we like it this way.

  • No one voice speaks for all of us.
validity of individual insight
Validity of Individual Insight
  • Wicca is a mystical tradition recognizing the ability of each individual to experience the Divine.
  • Each individual may experience the Divine in a singular, personal way. And each experience is as valid, and as sacred, as any other.
validity of multiple paths
Validity of Multiple Paths
  • “We gaze up at the stars, the sky covers us all, the same universe encompasses us. What does it matter what practical system we adopt in our search for the truth? Not by one avenue only can we arrive at so tremendous a secret.”

-- Symmacchus the Prefect (384 C.E.)

council of american witches

Council of American Witches

Principles of Belief

principles of belief
Principles of Belief
  • 1. We practice rites to attune ourselves with the natural rhythm of life forces marked by the phases of the Moon and the seasonal quarters and cross-quarters.
principles of belief18
Principles of Belief
  • 2. We recognize that our intelligence gives us a unique responsibility toward our environment. We seek to live in harmony with Nature, in ecological balance offering fulfillment to life and consciousness within an evolutionary concept.
principles of belief19
Principles of Belief
  • 3. We acknowledge a depth of power far greater than is apparent to the average person. Because it is far greater than ordinary, it is sometimes called 'supernatural,' but we see it as lying within that which is naturally potential to all.
principles of belief20
Principles of Belief
  • 4. We conceive of the Creative Power in the Universe as manifesting through polarity-as masculine and feminine-and that this same creative Power lives in all people, and functions through the interaction of the masculine and feminine. We value neither above the other, knowing each to be supportive of the other. We value sexuality as pleasure, as the symbol and embodiment of Life, and as one of the sources of energies used in magickal practice and religious worship.
principles of belief21
Principles of Belief
  • 5. We recognize both outer worlds and inner, or psychological worlds-sometimes known as the Spiritual World, the Collective Unconscious, the Inner Planes, etc.-and we see in the interaction of these two dimensions the basis for paranormal phenomena and magickal exercises. We neglect neither dimension for the other, seeing both as necessary for our fulfillment.
principles of belief22
Principles of Belief
  • 6. We do not recognize any authoritarian hierarchy, but do honor those who teach, respect those who share their greater knowledge and wisdom, and acknowledge those who have courageously given of themselves in leadership.
principles of belief23
Principles of Belief
  • 7. We see religion, magick, and wisdom-in-living as being united in the way one views the world and lives within it-a world view and philosophy of life, which we identify as Witchcraft or the Wiccan Way.
principles of belief24
Principles of Belief
  • 8. Calling oneself 'Witch' does not make a Witch-but neither does heredity itself, or the collecting of titles, degrees, and initiations. A Witch seeks to control the forces within him/herself that make life possible in order to live wisely and well, without harm to others, and in harmony with Nature.
principles of belief25
Principles of Belief
  • 9. We acknowledge that it is the affirmation and fulfillment of life, in a continuation of evolution and development of consciousness, that gives meaning to the Universe we know, and to our personal role within it.
principles of belief26
Principles of Belief
  • 10. Our only animosity toward Christianity, or toward any other religion or philosophy-of-life, is to the extent that its institutions have claimed to be "the one true right and only way" and have sought to deny freedom to others and to suppress other ways of religious practices and belief.
principles of belief27
Principles of Belief
  • 11. As American Witches, we are not threatened by debates on the history of the Craft, the origins of various terms, the legitimacy of various aspects of different traditions. We are concerned with our present, and our future.
principles of belief28
Principles of Belief
  • 12. We do not accept the concept of 'absolute evil,' nor do we worship any entity known as 'Satan' or 'the Devil' as defined by Christian Traditions. We do not seek power through the suffering of others, nor do we accept the concept that personal benefits can only be derived by denial to another.
principles of belief29
Principles of Belief
  • 13. We work within Nature for that which is contributory to our health and well-being."
ethical system the witch s golden rule
Ethical System: The Witch’s Golden Rule
  • The Wiccan Rede:

“An ye harm none, do what ye will”

  • Personal freedom
  • Personal responsibility
  • Law of Karmic Return (Rule of Three)
what do witches do
What do Witches Do?
  • Witchcraft -- the sum total of all a Witch's practices, including but not limited to: spellcasting, divination, meditation, herbalism, ritual and ritual drama, singing and dancing to raise energy, healing, psychic work, creative mythology, etc.

* From Covenant of the Goddess website www.cog.org

what do wiccans do
What do Wiccans do?
  • Performing religious ceremonies
  • Teaching
  • Counseling
  • Studying our religion and our craft
what do wiccans do33
What Do Wiccans Do?
  • Religious ceremonies may include:
    • group chanting, singing and/or dancing
    • recitation of myth or liturgy / storytelling
    • ritual drama / acts of honor
    • sharing of food and drink
    • meditation
    • works of magic
    • divination
slide34

What Do Wiccans Do?

  • Magic (or Magick)

-- a conscious direction of will to accomplish a goal in accordance with the natural order of the universe

wiccan rituals
Wiccan Rituals
  • Sabbats
  • Esbats
  • Wiccanings
  • Handfastings (weddings)
  • Passing into Summerland (funerals)
  • Special rituals for specific events or needs
what do wiccans do36
What do Wiccans do?
  • Witches celebrate the eight holidays of the Wheel of the Year to attune ourselves to the cycles of nature and the rhythms of the universe.
holidays

Holidays

The Wheel of the Year

wheel of the year
Wheel of the Year
  • The solar year is a cycle, a circle.
  • The eight Wiccan holidays mark turning points in the course of that cycle.
slide39

Winter Solstice

Solar Year

Autumnal Equinox

Vernal Equinox

Summer Solstice

slide40

Yule

Lesser Sabbats

Mabon

Ostara

Litha

slide41

Yule

Mabon

Ostara

Litha

wheel of the year42
Wheel of the Year
  • The Greater Sabbats bisect the quarters mentioned above, and are also known as cross-quarter days.
  • The Greater Sabbats divide the year into quarters marking the change of seasons.
slide43

Winter

Fall

Spring

Summer

slide44

Wheel of the Year

Yule

Samhain

Imbolc

Winter Half

Spring

Mabon

Ostara

Summer Half

Autumn

Lughnasa

Beltaine

Litha

yule winter solstice dec 21st
Yule/Winter Solstice – Dec. 21st
  • At this time we celebrate the birth of light, as the Great Mother brings forth the newborn Sun God.
imbolc feb 2nd
Imbolc - Feb. 2nd
  • Traditionally this time marks both the first stirrings of Spring in Mother Earth's womb and the coming into milk of the ewes in lambing season.
  • This day is sacred to the beloved Irish Goddess Brigit, triple solar goddess of smithcraft, inspiration, and healing.
  • This time is associated with beginning growth and initiation.
ostara march 21
Ostara – March 21
  • The traditional name associated with the festival celebrated on the vernal equinox full moon derives from the Teutonic Moon-Maiden Goddess Eostre, whose symbols were the bunny and the egg.
  • This is the seed time.
beltaine may 1st
Beltaine - May 1st
  • On this day, we recognize the ripening of Nature and celebrate the fires of passion.
  • Like the maypole, this time marks an unabashed celebration of sexuality and fertility.
midsummers eve litha summer solstice june 21st
Midsummers Eve/Litha/ Summer Solstice - June 21st -
  • On the longest day of the year, the Sun God reaches the peak of his power and the Bright Lady's abundance overflows.
  • Herbs are gathered now, at their peak of strength.
  • No other day is so strongly associated with the Faerie in folk tradition as Midsummer's Eve (as Shakespeare well knew).
lughnasa august 1st
Lughnasa - August 1st
  • This is the first of the Harvest festivals, celebrating the first fruits of the harvest. The power of the waning sun flows into the grain.
  • This Sabbat derives its name from the great Celtic Sun God Lugh, who also is called King of the Faerie.
  • We bake loaves from the first harvests in honor of the Lord of the Grain and the Corn Mother.
mabon harvest home autumn equinox september 21st
Mabon/Harvest Home/Autumn Equinox - September 21st -
  • This is the time of the last harvest, when we celebrate the Divine Sacrifice of the grain to sustain us through the cold winter.
  • This is the second of the Harvest festivals.
samhain halloween oct 31st
Samhain/Halloween – Oct. 31st
  • The Great Sabbat, Samhain means “Summer's End.”
  • The age-old traditions of honoring the dead and divining the future still run true in the lore of Halloween.
  • Poised between the death of the old year and the birth of the new, Samhain touches all at once on past and future, summer and winter, creation and chaos. The walls between the worlds fade, and the dead walk with us.
patterns of practice
Patterns of Practice
  • Solitary
  • Circle of Solitaries
  • Coven
  • Church
  • Networking Organizations
slide54

Summary: What Wicca is NOT

  • Wicca is NOT Devil Worship.
    • Wiccans don’t believe in the Devil. This is a Christian concept not shared by Wiccans.
  • Wicca is NOT harmful.
  • Wicca is NOT evangelical.
  • Wicca is NOT for everybody.
slide55

Summary: What is Wicca?

  • Five features of modern pagan witchcraft*
    • It aims to draw out and enhance the divinity within human beings.
    • It abolishes the traditional Western distinction between religion and magic.
    • It is a mystery religion (or set of mystery religions).
    • Its essence lies in the creative performance of ritual.
    • It is eclectic and protean.

*Ronald Hutton. The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft (Oxford University Press, 1999.)

summary what is wicca
Summary: What is Wicca?
  • Wicca is the worship of the Divine as imminent in Nature, manifesting as Goddess and God, Mother Earth and Father Sky.
  • Wicca is a philosophy of active participation in the workings of the universe.
  • Wicca is ceremonial tree-hugging.
  • Wicca is viewing cooking as a sacred act, sex as a sacrament, and littering as sacrilege.
  • Wicca is recognizing the Sacred in each of us and in the world around us.
how do i find out more
How do I find out more?
  • Recommended Reading List
    • The Spiral Dance by Starhawk
    • Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitionerby Scott Cunningham
    • Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler
    • The Triumph of the Moon: A History of Modern Pagan Witchcraft by Ronald Hutton
  • Please see our website or feel free to contact us at the email address below.
    • http://www.theecrm.org
    • eclecticcoven@hotmail.com
mythology

Theology

Mythology

Lycia

Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain

introduction
Introduction
  • theology - the study of religious faith, practice and experience, esp. the study of God[/dess] and his[/her] relation to the world
  • mythology – interpretation of myths ; also, a body of myths
  • myth - a usu. traditional story of ostensibly historical events that serves to unfold part of the world view of a people or explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon

-- Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (9th ed.)

introduction61
Introduction
  • MYTHOLOGY, n. The body of a primitive people's beliefs concerning its origin, early history, heroes, deities and so forth, as distinguished from the true accounts which it invents later.

-- Ambrose Bierce

in The Devil's Dictionary

overview62
Overview
  • Mythology/theology - the interpretation of myth as a guide to understanding the Divine and its relation to the world
interpretations of mythology
Interpretations of Mythology
  • revelation of the Divine to his children (The Church )
  • a primitive attempt to explain the world of nature (Frazer)
  • prehistoric fantasy stories, misunderstood by later generations (Muller)
  • a group dream, symptomatic of archetypal urges within the depths of the human psyche (Jung)
  • the traditional vehicle of profound metaphysical insights (Coomaraswamy)
topics64
Topics
  • Wiccan World View
  • Understanding Goddess
  • Understanding God
  • Interpreting Mythic Cycles
  • Understanding Ourselves
wiccan world view in the beginning
Wiccan World View:In the Beginning

Creation Myths – 2 basic models

  • The universe is born. (primary creation)
    • Apsu & Tiamat
    • Cosmic Egg
    • Big Bang
      • Heaven & Earth created, life comes from their union
  • The chaos dragon is killed and reshaped – re-creation.
      • Marduk vs. Tiamat (secondary creation)
      • Yahweh vs. Leviathan “civilization”
      • Apollo vs. Python
      • Perseus vs. Medusa
wiccan world view basic theological concepts
Wiccan World View:Basic Theological Concepts
  • Imminence.

Deity is imminent in nature.

The Universe itself is Sacred.

We are sacred.

wiccan world view basic theological concepts67
Wiccan World View:Basic Theological Concepts
  • Polarity.

The Divine manifests as both female and male, Goddess and God.

All that we understand scientifically and intuitively about our world tells us that both male and female are necessary to create life.

wiccan world view theological concepts polarity
Wiccan World View:Theological Concepts: Polarity

Female Male

Life-Force Death-Force

Chaos (Tiamat) Order (Marduk)

Each principle balances and completes the other. Each is necessary and valued. Each principle contains the other. We accept both.

wiccan world view basic theological concepts69
Wiccan World View:Basic Theological Concepts
  • Connectivity.

The cosmic web: The universe is interconnected and we are a part of it.

Mi taku oyasin / We are all related.

slide70

All things are connected

like the blood which unites one family.

All things are connected.

Whatever befalls the Earth befalls the sons of the Earth.

Man did not weave the web of life - he is merely a strand in it.

Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself.

goddess
Goddess
  • Goddess as Earth
  • Goddess as Sky
  • Goddess as Ocean
  • Goddess as Moon
goddess as earth
Goddess as Earth
  • Gaia

She is both the personification of the Earth and the Earth itself. Our bodies are formed from her substance.

  • Demeter/Persephone

The dual nature of the Earth goddess: She is life-giver and life-taker, mother and reaper, womb and grave.

The Earth is our Mother.

goddess as earth73
Goddess as Earth

Teach your children what we have taught our children,

that the Earth is our mother.

Whatever befalls the Earth befalls the sons of the Earth.

If men spit upon the ground,

they spit upon themselves.

goddess as sky
Goddess as Sky
  • Nut or Nuit

She is the Milky Way

arching across the horizon,

consuming and giving birth

to the sun – the great cosmic mother.

  • Arianrhod - “Silver Wheel” Her palace was called Caer Arianrhod (Aurora Borealis). Arianrhod was honored at the full moon.
  • The sky goddess concept is reflected in the title “Queen of Heaven” applied to Inanna/Ishtar, to Isis, and later to the Virgin Mary.
goddess as ocean
Goddess as Ocean
  • Miria/Miriam/Mari
  • Yemaya/Iamanja
  • Sedna
  • Tiamat

All life on this planet began in the primordial ocean, the cosmic womb.

It is from a word meaning “bitter,” referring to the salt-sea that the name “Mary” is derived. The French terms for the ocean, “la mer,” and for mother “la mere” derive from the same root.

Joanna Powell Colbert

Isis, Ishtar, Venus, Aphrodite and the Virgin Mary were all known by the Latin title Stella Maris (“Star of the Sea”).

goddess as moon the changing one
Goddess as Moon: The Changing One
  • Artemis/Diana Waxing Crescent - Maiden
  • Selene/Luna Full Moon - Mother
  • Inanna/Ishtar Waning/Dark Moon - Crone

There are 3 nights of the full moon and 3 nights of the new moon. There are 13 lunar months in a solar year.

Triple Goddess

goddess as moon descent of the goddess
Goddess as Moon:Descent of the Goddess
  • The central myth of witchcraft:
    • Gardner: “The Myth of the Goddess”
    • Farrar: “The Legend of the Descent of the Goddess into the Underworld”
    • Starhawk: “Goddess in the Kingdom of Death”
    • Sumerian Text ca. 1750 BCE (discovered 1899-1900 CE):

“The Descent of Inanna”

goddess as moon descent of the goddess78
Goddess as Moon:Descent of the Goddess

From the Great Above she opened her ear to the Great Below

From the Great Above the Goddess opened her ear to the Great Below

From the Great Above Inanna opened her ear to the Great Below

slide79
God
  • Divine Son/Consort
  • The Dying God
  • The Horned God
  • The Double God
divine son consort god of love
Divine Son/Consort:God of Love
  • Eros
  • Krishna
  • Enki

. . . the Blue God, the gentle, laughing God of love . . .

divine consort divine king
The Divine King is understood to be the consort of the Goddess. This is the Sacred Marriage.

His well-being is connected to the well-being of the land.

The Grail King or Fisher King is wounded but cannot die. The Grail is the only thing that can restore him.

Divine Consort: Divine King
the dying god

. . . The Green One, vine-covered, rooted in the earth, the spirit of all growing things . . .

The Dying God
  • The Dying God Motif
    • Death – directly or indirectly caused by Goddess.
    • Mourning
    • Restoration/Rebirth
  • Concept of Divine Sacrifice
    • Hunt & Harvest
    • Sacrifice freely given
    • Necessity of death

for renewal

Inanna/Dumuzi

Ishtar/Tammuz

Kybele/Attis

Anat/Baal

Aphrodite/Adonis

Isis/Osiris

the horned one
The Horned One
  • Pan
  • Cernunnos

He is Lord of the Wild, both the hunter and the hunted. And he is the lover of the Goddess. He is the Great All.

. . . the Horned God, the Hunter whose face is the ruddy sun and yet dark as Death . . .

the double god rival twins
The Double God: Rival Twins
  • Lord of the Waxing Year

vs. Lord of the Waning Year

    • Holly King and Oak King– The Holly King rules one half of the year, and the Oak King rules the other Half.

Sometimes this is seen as a battle or trading of blows (Sir Gawain & the Green Night). Sometimes it’s merely trading places (Castor & Pollux, Pwyll & Arawn).

slide86

Battle of Rivals

WaxingYear

Holly King

Winter Solstice

Solar Year

Autumnal Equinox

Vernal Equinox

SummerSolstice

Waning Year

Oak King

Battle of Rivals

the double god rival twins87
The Double God: Rival Twins
  • Life Cycle of the Sun God
    • The Rival Twins
      • Light Twin
      • Night Twin
cycles
Cycles

Mother

initiation

consummation

Peak

Queen

Initiatrix

Birth

Coronation/Marriage

Decline

Otherworld

Puberty

Yule

Samhain

Imbolc

conquest

conquest

Maturity

Defeat

Lover

Lover

Maturity

Ostara

Transformation

Defeat

Mabon

Beltaine

Lughnasa

Coronation/Marriage

Repose

Litha

Otherworld

Puberty

Peak

Queen

Initiatrix

Birth

initiation

Mother

consummation

slide89

Mother

WaxingYear

initiation

consummation

Peak

Queen

Initiatrix

Cycles

Birth

Coronation

Decline

Otherworld

Puberty

Yule

Samhain

Imbolc

conquest

conquest

Maturity

Defeat

Lover

Lover

Maturity

Ostara

Transformation

Defeat

Mabon

Beltaine

Lughnasa

Coronation

Decline

Litha

Otherworld

Puberty

Peak

Queen

Initiatrix

Birth

Waning Year

initiation

Mother

consummation

relationship of goddess to god
Mother

– both the womb and the grave as cosmic womb

Initiatrix

– both the milk-mother and the wisewoman/crone

Lover

– both the virtuous lady and the seductress/betrayer

Queen

– both the Queen of May and the Queen of Shadows

Relationship of Goddess to God
the hero s journey
TheHero’sJourney
  • The Monomyth
    • Separation
    • Initiation
    • Return
slide92

The Hero’s Journey

initiation

consummation

The Call

To Adventure

Master of Two Worlds

Elixer

Freedom to Live

Supernatural Aid/ Mentor

Birth

Otherworld

Puberty

Yule

Samhain

Imbolc

Return

Threshhold

Resurrection

conquest

conquest

First Threshold

Challenge of

Threshold Guardian

Maturity

Ostara

Transformation

Defeat

Mabon

Beltaine

Lughnasa

Coronation/Marriage

Repose

Litha

Magic Flight

Refusal of Call

Rescue from without

Encounter with Goddess

Peak

Ultimate Task

Father At-one-ment

Apotheosis

initiation

consummation

slide93

Transformations of the Hero

Hero & the Human:

Virgin Birth

Childhood of Human Hero:

Infant Exile

Departure of Hero

Birth

Otherworld

Puberty

Yule

Samhain

Imbolc

Hero as

Saint

Renunciation

Hero as Warrior

conquest

Maturity

Ostara

Transformation

Defeat

Mabon

Beltaine

Lughnasa

Coronation/Marriage

Repose

Litha

Hero as

World

Redeemer

Peak

Hero as Lover

Hero as Emperor/Tyrant

initiation

consummation

slide94

Cycle of Wiccan Ritual

Preparation

Ground the power

Clear Circle

Creation of Sacred Space

Birth

Otherworld

Puberty

Yule

Samhain

Imbolc

Return Threshold

First Threshold

Thanks &

Farewells

Maturity

Invocations

To Goddess & God

Ostara

Transformation

Defeat

Mabon

Beltaine

Lughnasa

Coronation/Marriage

Repose

Litha

Statement of Purpose

Cakes &

Wine

Peak

Energy Raising/

Celebration

initiation

consummation

relationship of the divine to us understanding ourselves
Relationship of the Divine to Us:Understanding Ourselves
  • For whatever we lose (like a you or a me)it's always ourselves we find in the sea

The images we see reflected in our myths tell us much about ourselves – what we want, what we fear, what we love, how we relate to each other, what we need to survive. This is who we are. Studying mythology informs us about ourselves.

- e. e. cummings

relationship of the divine to us understanding ourselves96
Relationship of the Divine to Us:Understanding Ourselves
  • Krishna (in the Bhagavad Gita):

“I am the Self, seated in the hearts of all creatures. I am the beginning, the middle, and the end of all beings.”

understanding ourselves woman as goddess
Understanding Ourselves:Woman as Goddess
  • Every Woman is a face of the Goddess.
  • Every woman is connected to Her.
  • Every Woman is Holy.
  • Every Woman as Goddess connects to God.
understanding ourselves man as god
Understanding Ourselves:Man as God
  • Every Man is a face of the God.
  • Every Man is connected to Him.
  • Every Man is Holy.
  • Every Man as God connects to Goddess.
understanding ourselves
Understanding Ourselves
  • The Universe is Sacred and we are a part of it. We participate in it.
  • Sex is the union of the Female and Male Principles. Sexuality is Sacred.
  • Theology is anthropology.
understanding ourselves100
Understanding Ourselves

. . .

And you who seek to know me,know that the seeking and yearningwill avail you not, unless you know the Mystery:for if that which you seek,you find not within yourself,you will never find it without.

. . .

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Ending/Beginning

All began in love

all seeks to return in love

magic the basics

Magic: The Basics

By Lycia for the Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain, 2003

ethics of magic
Ethics of Magic

As in all things, we are guided by the Rede.

What NOT to do:

  • No spells to cause harm.
  • No spells that may cause harm under certain circumstances.
  • No spells that manipulate or interfere with free will.
common sense guidelines
Common Sense Guidelines
  • If it doesn’t feel right to you, don’t do it.
  • If you don’t completely understand what you’re doing and why, don’t do it.
  • If you haven’t fully considered all the possible ramifications, don’t do it.
  • You are responsible for the results of your magic, so BE RESPONSIBLE!
when something goes wrong
When something goes wrong . . .

Responsibility includes cleaning up your own mess.

  • Cancel the spell.
  • Make amends, if possible.
  • If it’s not possible, do what you can to balance the scales.)
  • LEARN from the experience! Make something good come out of it.
what is magic
What is magic?
  • Magic is the art of changing consciousness at will.
  • Magic is the projection of natural energies to produce needed effects.

~ Dion Fortune

~ Scott Cunningham

the nature of magic
The Nature of Magic
  • Magic is real.
  • Magic is natural.
  • Magic works because of the interconnected nature of the universe.
  • Magic works in accordance with the natural order, not against it.
the projection of
. . . the projection of . . .

Directing energy requires focus and control.

Energy is directed by means of:

  • Intent
  • Visualization
  • Symbolic systems
natural energies
. . . natural energies . . .
  • Personal power
  • Power drawn from earth and sky
  • Shared power
to produce needed effects
. . . to produce needed effects . . .
  • Be careful what you wish for . . .
  • Think it through thoroughly. Be sure of what you really want.
  • Be SPECIFIC.
how does magic work
How does magic work?
  • Sympathetic magic – like produces like
  • Microcosm & macrocosm – “As above, so below.”
  • Symbolic systems utilizing correspondences of elements (the 4 traditional magical elements of earth, air, fire and water), colors, stones, herbs, moon phases, planets, etc.
the four elements
The Four Elements
  • Earth – the physical world, stability, fertility, wealth, the body
  • Air – thought, vision, intelligence, inspiration, breath
  • Fire – passion, creativity, energy, change, the spirit
  • Water – flow, emotion, intuition, love, the ocean as cosmic womb, blood, tears
the magic circle
The Magic Circle
  • Contains and focuses energy, provides protection, takes us outside the bounds of the mundane world; symbolizes unity, wholeness, and the world as our temple
  • How do we cast it?
    • Personal purification
    • Purification of space
    • Defining the circle
    • Casting the circle
traditional magical tools
Traditional Magical Tools

The Athame

  • used for directing energy
  • traditionally a double-edged, black-handled knife, but they come in all shapes and sizes
  • Never used for cutting
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Traditional Magical Tools
  • Cauldron – cooking pot, associated with Goddess, wisdom, water, the womb, nourishment, and brewing potions
  • Chalice/cup – same symbolism as cauldron, used for holding water for cleansing, and/or wine for simple feast
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Traditional Magical Tools
  • Bolline - white-handled knife (used for cutting)
  • Wand – typically wooden, but may be crystal or metal; used for directing energy
  • Besom – broom, typically used for cleansing (and jumping)
  • Censer – used to burn incense
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Traditional Magical Tools
  • Pentacle – disc inscribed with a pentagram, a 5-pointed star
    • As an altar tool, associated with earth.

Symbolism: In Wicca, the pentagram is often enclosed in a circle to represent unity and wholeness.  The five points traditionally symbolize the elements of earth, air, fire, water, and spirit.  And, as a geometrical pattern inherent in organic forms (in apple seeds and the human hand), the pentagram is also a symbol of life.  The five points also represent the five senses through which we gain knowledge of the world around us, and so the pentacle becomes a symbol of our quest for wisdom, understanding and truth. 

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Traditional Magical Tools

The most important tool is your mind.

  • Projection of power
  • Focus of will
  • Visualization

The power is within you, not your tools and spells.

ritual design and construction

Ritual Design and Construction

Lycia

Eclectic Coven of Red Mountain

overview the wiccan ritual

Invocations

Preparation

Casting Circle

Celebration

Spellwork

Stating the Purpose

Clear Circle

Cakes and Wine

Thanks and Farewell

Overview: The Wiccan Ritual
  • Preparation
  • Creation of Sacred Space
  • Invocations
  • Statement of Purpose
  • Sabbat Celebration/

Spellwork

  • Cakes and Wine
  • Thanks and Farewells
  • Clear Circle
preparation
Preparation
  • Planning
  • Set-up
  • Personal Purification

N

W

E

S

creation of sacred space
Creation of Sacred Space
  • Casting the Circle
    • Cleansing
      • Asperging – purifying with salt water
      • Saging – purifying with sage
    • Calling the

Quarters

Earth

N

Air

Water

W

E

S

Fire

invocations
Invocations
  • Invoking the Goddess
  • Invoking the God

Essentially, an invocation is a prayer. Literally it means calling on the Divine.

Invocations may take the form of a simple statement, or may be performed more elaborately in poetry or song.

statement of purpose
Statement of Purpose
  • This also may be simply or elaborately done.
    • “We are gathered here today to join this man and woman in holy matrimony . . .” is a statement of purpose.
celebration spellwork
Celebration/Spellwork
  • This is the heart of the ritual.
  • It may involve an act of honor and/or energy raising and/or workings of magic.
cakes and wine
Cakes and Wine
  • Blessing of food and drink
  • Sharing of food and drink
  • Storytelling/entertainment/conversation
thanks and farewell
Thanks and Farewell
  • To Goddess
  • To God
  • To Elementals
clear circle
Clear Circle
  • Open Circle
  • Clean-up
  • Grounding
ecrm standard rite
ECRM Standard Rite
  • Creation of Sacred Space

Draw circle with athame or staff (outside candles).

Drop 3 athame tips of salt into chalice of water, stir 3 times doesil, say:

In the name of the Lord and Lady, I take this consecrated salt water and purify this area.

Starting and ending with East, sprinkle salt water around circle, repeating invocation at each quarter.

 Light sage, saying:

In the name of the Lord and Lady, I take this sage and flame and purify this area.

Starting and ending with East, proceed around circle with sage,

repeating invocation at each quarter.

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ECRM Standard Rite

Hail to the Guardian Element of the North

Thy name is Earth

Eternal stability weathering

Chaotic seas of change

Fill us with your essence

We summon thee

We summon thee

We summon thee

  • Quarter Calls by Spirithawk

Earth

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ECRM Standard Rite

  • Quarter Calls
  • Air

Hail to the Guardian Element of the East

Thy name is Air

Morning’s early breeze

Bringing the first rays of dawn

Fill us with your essence

We summon thee

We summon thee

We summon thee

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ECRM Standard Rite

  • Quarter Calls
  • Fire

Hail to the Guardian Element of the South

Thy name is Fire

Will focused within light

Of cleansing and change

Fill us with your essence

We summon thee

We summon thee

We summon thee

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ECRM Standard Rite

  • Quarter Calls
  • Water

Hail to the Guardian Element of the West

Thy name is Water

Life-giving flow, quenching

The eternal thirst

Fill us with your essence

We summon thee

We summon thee

We summon thee

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ECRM Standard Rite

  • Quarter Calls
  • Center

In this place between the worlds

The meeting of four purities

Forms a nexus that is transcendent

Of both time and space

The die is cast

The ritual begun

The circle is now cast,

None but love shall enter,

None but love shall leave from within.

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ECRM Standard Rite
  • Spiral Dance Reading

(For our Sabbat rituals, this is traditionally used as the “Statement of Purpose.”)

  • Varies with Sabbat
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ECRM Standard Rite
  • Celebration/Spellwork

Fill in the blank.

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ECRM Standard Rite
  • Cakes and Wine

Blessing

Take of Lady’s bounty and know that you are one with her and all living beings.

Drink of the fruit of the God and know that you are one with him and all living beings.

This food is the blessing of the Lady and the Lord given freely to us. As freely as we have received, may we also give food for the body, mind, and spirit to those who seek such of us.

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ECRM Standard Rite
  • Thanks and Farewell

I give thanks for the presence of the Lady, the guidance and learning, go in peace Lady

I give thanks for the presence of the Lord, the guidance and learning, go in peace Lord

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ECRM Standard Rite

  • Thanks and Farewell

Guardian Element of the North, powers of Earth, we thank you for your presence here. If go you must, we say: hail and farewell.

Hail and farewell.

Guardian Element of the East, powers of Air, we thank you for your presence here. If go you must, we say: hail and farewell.

Hail and farewell.

Guardian Element of the South, powers of Fire, we thank you for your presence here. If go you must, we say: hail and farewell.

Hail and farewell.

Guardian Element of the West, powers of Water, we thank you for your presence here. If go you must, we say: hail and farewell.

Hail and farewell.

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ECRM Standard Rite
  • Clear Circle

The circle is open, but never broken;

Merry meet, merry part and merry meet again.

how to write your own
How to Write Your Own
  • Outline
  • ECRM Standard Rite
  • Research
where to get more information and examples
Where to Get More Information and Examples
  • Published rituals in books
  • Previous ECRM rituals on file
  • Internet resources
  • Researching the Sabbat
  • Your own imagination