Introduction Bacteriuria: the presence of bacteria in the urine Significant bacteriuria: 10 5 organism or more per milliliter Pyuria: the presence of white blood cells in urine Pyuria with 5 or more cells per microscopic high-power field: reliable indicator of UTI
high-power field: reliable indicator of UTI
enterobacteria (Proteus spp., Klebsiella spp.,
Enterobacter spp.) are also encountered.
pathogen, but other enterobacteria and
Enterococcus spp. are more commonly
frequency of Pseudomonas spp., Enterococcus
spp., coagulase-negative staphylococci and
Candida spp. is encountered.
mirabilis should search for staghorn calculus.
culture should be search for intravascular cannula infections, endocarditis, osteomyelitis and pneumonia.
1. Intravenous antimicrobial therapy
2. Percutaneous drainage (ultrasound
or CT guidance)
3. Incision and drainage
1. Atmospheric gas introduced during
diagnostic procedures or during trauma.
2. As a result of a fistula with a hollow organ.
3. From multiplying, gas-producing organism
such as enterobacteria or anaerobes.
characteristic by gas formation in the renal
parenchyma and surrounding tissues.