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Introduction. Adapted Physical Education. What is Physical Education?. Demonstrates competency motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities

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Adapted Physical Education

Introduction to APE

what is physical education

What is Physical Education?

Introduction to APE

naspe national content standards for physical education
Demonstrates competency motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities

Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.

Participates regularly in physical activity.

NASPE National Content Standards for Physical Education*

Introduction to APE

naspe definition continued
Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.

Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction.

* From NASPE (2004). Moving into the future: National Standards forPhysical Education (2nd ed.) (p. 1). Reston, VA: AAHPERD Publications.

NASPE Definition* (continued)

Introduction to APE

characteristics of a quality physical education program
Characteristics of a Quality Physical Education Program*
  • Organized around content standards that are directly related to instruction and evaluation.
  • Student centered on developmental level, characteristics, and interests of students.
  • Physical activity and motor-skill development is core of program.
  • Teach management skills and self-discipline.

Introduction to APE

characteristics continued
Characteristics (continued)*
  • Emphasize inclusion of all students.
  • Instruction focused on process of learning skills rather than outcome of performance.
  • Teaches lifetime activities that promote lifetime activity, health, and wellness.
  • Teaches cooperation and responsibility and helps students develop sensitivity to diversity and gender issues.

* Pangrazi, R.P. (2004). Dynamic physical education for elementary school children (14th ed.). San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings. (p. 19)

Introduction to APE

legal definition pl 108 446 idea
Legal Definition (PL 108-446, IDEA)
  • Development of:
    • Physical and motor fitness
    • Fundamental motor skills and patterns
    • Skills in aquatics and dance
    • Skills in individual and group games and sports (including intramurals and lifetime sports)

Introduction to APE

simple definition 1
Simple Definition #1*
  • “APE programs are those that have the same objectives as the regular PE programs, but in which adjustments are made in the regular offerings to meet the needs and abilities of exceptional children.”

*Dunn (1997). Special physical education, p. 3). Madison, WI: Brown & Benchmark.

Introduction to APE

simple definition 2
Simple Definition #2*
  • “APE is an individualized program of physical and motor fitness, fundamental motor skills and patterns, and skills in aquatics, dance, and individual and group games and sports designed to meet the unique needs of individuals” (Winnick, 2005, p. 4)

Introduction to APE

definition continued
Definition (continued)*
  • Individually determined modifications of:
    • Objectives
    • Activities
    • Methods
  • Individually determined program to:
    • Correct
    • Habilitate
    • Remediate

* Winnick, 2005). An Introduction to APE and Sport (4th. Ed). In J. Winnick (Ed.), APE and Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Introduction to APE

legal definition of ape idea 04
Legal Definition of APE (IDEA ’04)
  • The term physical education includes special physical education, adapted physical education, movement education, and motor development.
  • Special physical education – if specially designed physical education is prescribed in a child’s IEP, the public agency responsible for the education of that child shall provide the services directly, or make arrangements for it to be provided through other public or private programs.

Introduction to APE

characteristics of ape programs
Characteristics of APE Programs*
    • F = federally mandated
    • A = assessment
    • M = multidisciplinary
    • I = inclusive of infancy and post-secondary
    • L = low or different psychomotor ability
    • Y = yes, sports training and competition

Introduction to APE

characteristics of ape programs14
Characteristics of APE Programs*
    • S = service emphasis (continuum of services)
    • E – Ecological orientation
    • A = accountability
    • Z = Zero reject

* Sherrill, C. (2004). Adapted Physical Activity, Recreation, and Sport (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Introduction to APE

collaborative team approach

Collaborative Team Approach

Do you honestly think you can do it all by yourself?

Introduction to APE

collaborative team
Collaborative Team
  • Interaction and sharing of information and responsibilities among team members (Rainforth & York-Barr, ’97)
  • Members of the Collaborative Team

GPE PT Vision Specialist

APE OT Orientation/Mobility

SPED RT Paraprofessional

Principal Speech Parents

Nurse Audiologist Student w/ disability

Introduction to APE

characteristics of collaborative team
Characteristics of Collaborative Team*
  • Equal participation by family members and school personnel
  • Equal participation by all service providers
  • Consensus decision making in IEP development, priorities, amounts of supports, etc..
  • Role release

* Rainforth & York-Barr (1997)

Introduction to APE

characteristics continued19
Characteristics (continued)
  • Attention to motor, communication, and other embedded skills throughout the education program.
  • Infusion of knowledge and skills from different disciplines into the design of educational methods and intervention.
  • Collaborative problem solving and share responsibility across entire program.

Introduction to APE