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Identifica ción y descripción de personas. Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10. How much Spanish do you know?. Cognates. You may know more Spanish than you think!

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Identifica ci n y descripci n de personas l.jpg

Identificación y descripción de personas

Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10



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Cognates

  • You may know more Spanish than you think!

  • For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called “cognates.”

  • Examples: pizza (pizza), restaurante (restaurant), pasaporte (passport).


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Cognates (cont.)

  • Malena is studying Spanish.

  • Can you help her translate Spanish cognates into English?

  • First, we will learn cognates that use the same form for both masculine and feminine gender.


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Modelo 1:

arrogante

=

arrogant


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Modelo 2:

competente

=

competent


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As you see, Spanish words that end in –ante or –ente correspond to English words that end in –ant or –ent:

importante = important

independiente= independent



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eficiente to these Spanish words.

elegante

inteligente

valiente


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eficiente = efficient to these Spanish words.

elegante = elegant

inteligente = intelligent

valiente = valiant


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Some words are a bit different… to these Spanish words.

paciente

interesante


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Some words are a bit different… to these Spanish words.

paciente = patient

interesante = interesting


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Spanish words ending in –ista to these Spanish words.

=

English words ending in –istic / -ist:

idealista = idealistic

perfeccionista= perfectionist



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materialista to these Spanish words

pesimista

optimista


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materialista = materialistic to these Spanish words

pesimista = pessimistic

optimista = optimistic


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Spanish words ending in -cial to these Spanish words

correspond to

English words ending in –tial:

(im)parcial = (im)partial


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Spanish words ending in -cional to these Spanish words

correspond to

English words ending in –tional:

tradicional = traditional


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In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar:

rebelde = rebel

responsable = responsible


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In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation:

popular = popular

terrible = terrible

sentimental = sentimental



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David es… Malena:

extrovertido

romántico

tranquilo


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David es… Malena:

extrovertido= extroverted

romántico= romantic

tranquilo= tranquil


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David tambi Malena: én (also) es…

atlético

moderno

tímido


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David tambi Malena: én (also) es…

atlético= athletic

moderna= modern

tímico= timid


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David tambi Malena: én (also) es…

dinámico

generoso

religioso


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David tambi Malena: én (also) es…

dinámico= dynamic

generoso= generous

religioso= religious



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John es… Malena:

atractivo

ambicioso

lógico


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John es… Malena:

atractivo= attractive

ambicioso= ambitious

lógico= logical


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John tambi Malena: én es…

pasivo

serio

agresivo


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John tambi Malena: én es…

pasivo= passive

serio= serious

agresivo= aggressive


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John tambi Malena: én es…

cómico

impulsivo

creativo


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John tambi Malena: én es…

cómico= comical

impulsivo= impulsive

creativo= creative



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False Malena: cognates

However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages.

These are called “false cognates.”


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False Malena: cognates (cont.)

Examples:

Lectura looks like lecture but means reading.

Éxito looks like exit but means success.

Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.


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¡Buen trabajo! Malena:

Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificación y descripción de personas.


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