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The National Science and Technology Potential Survey. I Definition. STP, Organized resources a country has for the application of S&T Involving Human resources Financial resources Informational resources Material resources Efficiently managed to achieve maximum benefits.

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The National Science and Technology Potential Survey

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i definition
I Definition
  • STP, Organized resources a country has for the application of S&T
  • Involving
          • Human resources
          • Financial resources
          • Informational resources
          • Material resources
  • Efficiently managed to achieve maximum benefits
ii usefulness of stp survey
II. Usefulness of STP Survey
  • STPs primarily a policy making and management tool in R&D and STS
  • Monitor the evolving scientific and technological potential at the institutional or individual R&D unit
  • Gathers information at micro level and thereby supply accurate information for policy makers
Explore the characteristics of the national scientific and technological potential
  • The flow of national S&T budget from the sources
  • The scientific research activities
  • The requirements for scientific and technological research based on priority objectives
  • The coherence of research activities in r/n to socioeconomic development
  • The production of R&D and STS units
iii stp users
  • Primarily specialists or government bodies responsible for S&T
  • National statistics organizations
  • International organization responsible for promoting scientific and technological cooperation eg. UNESCO
  • R&D or STS units (for managing scientific and technological activities)
  • Development planners for consultation in the application of new scientific and technological knowledge
data on resources of r d and sts units
Data on resources of R&D and STS Units
  • Data to be collected at the unit level
  • Level of R&D projects and STS activities
  • 4.1 Human Resources
  • Scientists and engineers
      • Completed education at the third level (awarded degree)
      • Received third level non university education but nationally recognized
      • Acquired professional experiences that is nationally recognized
      • Students preparing doctoral thesis
  • Technicians
      • Received vocational or technical educations (diploma)
      • Two years specialized technical studies
Auxiliary Personnel
    • Persons whose work is directly associated with the performance of S&T
  • The human resources measured in
    • Number of persons engaged in R&D

-The Volume of working time devoted to R&D

    • Full time equivalent
Utilization of data on HR
      • Classification by diplomas or degrees obtained
      • Classification by scientific/technological fields
      • Classification by age, sex and organizations

4.2 Financial resources

      • Classification by type of expenditures
        • Current expenditures
        • Labor expenditures
        • Capital expenditures
      • Classification by source of funds
        • Government
        • Foreign grant
        • Foreign loan
        • Own fund
        • Endowment fund
      • Classification by type of R&D activity
        • Fundamental research
        • Applied research
        • Experimental development
4.3 Material resources
      • buildings, land, experimental stations and major equipment
      • Major equipment - apparatus, machinery and equipment of significant value (>$5,000)

4.4 Informational resources

      • Scientific and technological documentation (books, periodicals, microfiches etc)
      • No of R&D or STS units possessing their own library
      • No of subscriptions in R&D
  • S&T Indicators
      • Assess scientific and technological capacity
      • Monitor the progress, evaluate the performance
      • Forecast the future trends
      • International comparisons among different countries
      • Rate of change for any given country
        • The number of scientists and engineers (per million population, Nigeria 15 (1987) and South Africa 1031 (1993)
        • Distribution among different functions R&D, educational, public and private
        • Students enrollment in higher education
  • Expenditure
        • Total expenditure on S&T
        • Expenditure per discipline
        • Expenditure by sector
        • Rate of growth in expenditure overtime
  • Bibliometric indicators
        • Number of publications
        • Publications by disciplines
        • Number of publishing authors
Process of the Survey
  • Questionnaires and Guidelines developed
  • Project Proposal Prepared
      • Birr 98,000
  • 7 graduates contracted
  • ST Institutions identified
      • 9 Universities
      • 15 Research Institutes
  • 1997 Considered as Survey Reference Years
  • Trips Organized
      • North, South, EAST, West, Central.
  • Data Collection, & Compilation

Note: Information obtained from only one directorate


*Data obtained from departments of psychiatry & Micro biology, Immunology & parasitology.

  • **Not available to obtain the information
output of the survey
Output of the Survey
  • Baseline information collected
  • Preparation of Institutional and lab equipment Profiles
  • Submission of S&T information to UNESCO
  • Awareness creation


  • Unavailability of well organized & documented information
  • Unavailability of responsible unit in some University
  • Lack of willingness
  • Shortage of time devoted to undertake the survey
  • Inconvenient time to undertake the survey
  • Response to the questionnaire at universities
the way forward
The Way forward
  • Inclusion of Dev’t institutions, Private sector, NGOs.
  • Regular budget allocation
  • Employing professionals on permanent basis
  • Updating the information regularly