Historical Background on the Gospels. 1 st century Palestine : (The social, political, historical, and religious climate of the time.). Major areas of study. Timeline of key events leading up to the appearance of Jesus on the scene Definition of Gospel Nature of 1 st century Judaism
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1st century Palestine:
(The social, political, historical, and religious climate of the time.)
BC 332Alexander the Great of Greece conquers Palestine and begins a process of Hellenizing the area
BC 63 Romans take control of the region
BC 37Herod (son of Antipater) takes Jerusalem; dies in 4 BC, and kingdom is divided between his 4 sons
BC 323 Alexander dies and his kingdom is divided.
BC 323-170 Constant struggles between Egypt and Syria for control of region
a. “Christ died for our sins”: this is the Gospel
b. Emphasizes the crucifixion and resurrection
(God is “not like us”)
4. Problem: If God was all of these things, and the people were obeying His Law, then why were they an occupied country?
“Be holy as I am holy” (Leviticus) Torah, Temple,and purity