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Roman Art

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  1. Roman Arts Architecture Sculpture

  2. Architecture • Throughout Roman Empire • Builders of buildings, roads, aqueducts… • Buildings: • Domestic, public, religious, commemorative • Borrowed heavily from Greeks

  3. Borrowed from Greeks: Columns style Borrowed from Etruscans arch Roman Architecture Roman: Stronger concrete Domes Therefore, larger buildings

  4. Domestic buildings • Domus • “domain” • Insula • Middle, lower class, tenement house, concrete • Villa • Upper class Hadrian’s Villa

  5. Hadrian’s Villa Pictures from Great Buildings online

  6. Public Buildings • Forum • Basilica • Markets • Baths • Colosseum/Coliseum • Circus • Aqueducts Baths at Ostia

  7. Coliseum • Amphitheater • Seating for 50,000 • 80 entrances • 6 acres large • 615ft X 510ft • Complex set of room below floor • Staged spectacles Coliseum interior

  8. Coliseum • 3 tiers of arches and an attic story • 1st level: Doric • 2nd level: Ionic • 3rd level: Corinthian • 158 ft tall (about 12-15 stories tall

  9. Religious: Temples • Portico: porch • 3 rows of 8 Corinthian columns • Great bronze doors • Dome spans 142 ft. • Largest dome until 1420 Pantheon

  10. Pantheon • Dome constructed on steeped rings of solid concrete which diminish in thickness as it moves upward • Very center of dome open allowing for natural light

  11. Pantheon

  12. Commemorative • Triumphal Arch • Column • Monument

  13. Sculpture • Portraits • Busts • In-the-Round • Equestrian • The gesture Marcus Aurelius

  14. Paintings • Murals (frescos) • Most gone • The gesture