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What You Should Know About . TB. Tuberculosis:. Not Just a Disease from the Past. What is TB (Tuberculosis)?. A disease caused by bacteria Usually affects the lungs. What is TB (Tuberculosis)?. Spread in the air Can be cured with medicine. Latent TB Infection. TB Disease.

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Not Just a

Disease from

the Past

what is tb tuberculosis
What is TB (Tuberculosis)?
  • A disease caused by bacteria
  • Usually affects the lungs
what is tb tuberculosis4
What is TB (Tuberculosis)?
  • Spread in the air
  • Can be cured with medicine
latent tb infection
Latent TB Infection
  • You have breathed in TB germs
  • You feel fine, and are not sick
  • You cannot spread TB germs to others
latent tb infection8
Latent TB Infection

A person with latent TB infection:

  • Has a positive skin test
  • Has a normalchest x-ray
latent tb infection9
Latent TB Infection

TB germs can stay in your body without making you sick

Your body’s defenses are able to keep the germs from hurting you



tb infection positive skin test is very common
TB Infection/Positive Skin Test is Very Common…

About 1 out of every 3 people in the world is infected with TB germs

hiv and latent tb infection
HIV and Latent TB Infection

Latent TB + HIV=

very high risk for

TB Disease


The risk of getting TB Disease is

800 times greater

for a person with HIV infection

who should get a tb skin test
Who Should Get a TB Skin Test?
  • Everyone should have a TB skin test at least once
  • You should also be tested if there is any chance you have been around a person who has TB disease or if someone in your family has TB disease
if you have hiv infection
If You Have HIV Infection

Get tested for TB atleast

once a year

you should be tested if you
You Should be Tested if You…
  • have diabetes
  • have certain lung diseases
  • are undergoing treatment with drugs that affect the body’s immune system
you should be tested if you19
You Should be Tested if You…
  • are from a country where TB disease is very common
  • do not get regular medical care, especially if you live in a low-income community or are homeless
  • work in or are a resident of a long-term care facility such as a nursing home
  • work in or have served time in a prison
you should be tested if you20
You Should be Tested if You…
  • are underweight
  • are an alcoholic or you use illegal drugs
  • are a healthcare worker
tb skin test
TB Skin Test

A skin test is an easy way to tell if you have TB infection

tb skin test22
TB Skin Test
  • Two or three days after your skin test, a healthcare worker will need to check to see if there is a reaction to the test
  • The healthcare worker will look for and measure any bump that may appear at the place on your arm where the test was given
when you have tb disease
When You Have TB Disease
  • You have a positive skin test
  • You have a bad chest x-ray
  • You feel sick
  • You can spread TB germs to others
tb disease
TB Disease

TB disease can be cured with medicine!!

how tb germs are spread
How TB Germs are Spread

When a person with TB disease

  • Coughs
  • Sneezes
  • Shouts
  • Sings

They send TB germs into the air

you get tb from
You Get TB From:
  • Being in very close contact with someone who is sick with

TB disease


You cannot get TB from someone with latent TB infection!!

tb germs are not spread by sharing
TB Germs are NOT Spread by Sharing:
  • Spoons and forks
  • Drinking glasses
  • Bathrooms
tb germs are not spread by handling
TB germs are NOT spread by handling:
  • Bedding
  • Trash
  • Clothes or towels
  • Food
tb prevention protection
TB Prevention & Protection

6 tips for you and your family

1 know the signs and symptoms of tb disease
Persistent Cough

Constant tiredness

Weight loss

Night sweats

Loss of appetite


Chest pain

Spitting up blood

1. Know the Signs and Symptoms of TB Disease
2 know risk factors for tb disease
HIV infection

Substance abuse

Recent TB infection


Low body weight

Cancer of head and neck

2. Know Risk Factors forTB Disease
3 tb chest x ray
3. TB Chest X-ray:
  • If you have a positive skin test (TB infection), get a chest x-ray and make sure you do not have TB disease
4 treatment for latent tb infection preventive
4. Treatment for Latent TB Infection (Preventive)
  • If you have a positive skin test(latent TB infection)a doctor can give you medicine to prevent you from gettingTB Diseasein the future
why take my medications


Why Take My Medications?
  • TB can kill you
  • Taking your medicine can save your life!
  • You will probably feel better after the first few weeks of treatment, but you must KEEP taking your medicine until your doctor tells you to stop
why take my medications36


Why Take My Medications?
  • TB can Kill you! If you stop taking your medicine too soon, the TB can come back; it can make you very sick
  • Taking your medicine can keep you from spreading TB to your family, friends and others you have close contact with
how long do i have to take medicine
How Long Do I Have to Take Medicine?
  • Most people with TB have to take medicine regularly for at least 6 months or even longer
  • Your doctor will tell you when to stop
if you stop the medicine


If You Stop the Medicine
  • If you stop taking the medicine, the germs will come back
  • These germs will be even stronger
  • Medication may not work on these stronger germs
5 fresh air is best
5. Fresh Air is Best
  • TB cannot spread in fresh air
  • Open windows or use fans to circulate air
6 live healthy
6. Live Healthy:
  • Eat right
  • Get enough sleep
  • Keep your immune system strong

Only people who are sick with TB disease can spread TB

TB is a disease that can be prevented and cured

where to get tested
Where to Get Tested

Sedgwick County Health Department Tuberculosis Skin Testing, Diagnosis and Treatment



Developed by Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Division:

Sedgwick County Health Department

  • Facts About the TB Skin Test, American Lung Association, 2/95
  • Tuberculosis Fact Sheet, American Lung Association, November 2003
  • Tuberculosis: General Information, CDC, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, August 5, 1999