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What we can learn from Asia Pacific War. The Significance of Peace and Human Solidarity. Koji Nakamura, Professor of International Education, Konan University, Japan: [email protected]
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Japan’s long periods of peace:
American Mirror, Japan (1948) by Dr. Helen Mears
The Rise of Modern Japan 2003 (University of Hawaii)
5 The only way Japan could survive as a world power was to invade the Indonesia and take over its oil fields. Because this action was certain to provoke an American counterattack, the Japanese military believed that Japan had to attack America first so as to gain a strategic advantage.
6. Japanese people became nationalistic obsessed by the illusion of Great East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere in order to justify their invasion
Give back father, give back mother,Give back grandpa, give back grandma,Give back boys, give back girls.
Give me back myself, give me back men Linked to me.
As long as men live as men,Give back peace, Peace that never crumbles.
by Sankichi TogeJapan (1917-1953)
１９４０ to 1996
1 Step= A Democratic Society
2 Step= A Pluralistic Society
3 Step= An Open Society
4 Step= A Solidaric Society
Supranational and Transnational bodies to protect human security.
The more we accept the differences, the more united we become.
1 Cultural literacy(basic cultural competence and skills to live in one’s home culture with her/his cultural identity)
2Cross-cultural literacy(competence and skills to adjust between one’s home culture and a target culture)
3Multi-cultural literacy(cultural sensitivity and skills to live responsibly in cultural diversity, reconciling cultural differences and integrating opposing cultural values in a multicultural and interdependent world)
4 Delicate balance of one’s personal, cultural, national and global identifications and roles
(competence to accept and balance pluralistic/dual/multiple identities)
5 Communicative competence in EIL for global communication
(communication skills to create a peaceful and
6Awareness as a global citizen to participate in solving global and human problems
(awareness of global village concern for equitable participation and problem-solving competence as a new reframing global concept)