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Science Alignment. Are Science Standards Enough? Student Lesson Alignment (SLA). Presentation to OSPI Summer Institutes Summer, 2005 Washington State. Eric B. Wuersten Science Curriculum Program Supervisor Administrator, Title II B, Mathematics and Science Partnerships.

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Are science standards enough student lesson alignment sla
Are Science Standards Enough? Student Lesson Alignment(SLA)

Presentation to

OSPI Summer Institutes

Summer, 2005

Washington State

Eric B. Wuersten

Science Curriculum Program Supervisor

Administrator, Title II B,

Mathematics and Science Partnerships


A time of change
A Time of Change…

  • NCLB… All students

  • Accountability… measuring achievement of all

  • Navigational Tools for uncharted waters


Summary
Summary

Purpose:

  • Learning communities transform school culture

  • Engage practitioners with science standards

  • Standards as guides for educators to assure all students opportunities.


Standards based education
Standards Based Education

  • Content authority shift

  • Standards identify content not Instructional materials


What is deep alignment
What is Deep Alignment?

In terms of :

Content

Cognition

Context

Congruence among:

  • Standards

  • Assessments

  • Instructional Strategies


Science alignment

  • “…science educators have directed their attention to developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

    Roger W. Bybee (2004)


Science alignment

  • Science for all… developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”


Science alignment

Our first steps… developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

“When a teacher by reason of inspiration or good training, brings to her children the right thing, they respond so freely and fully, that half in ecstasy and half in despair she exclaims, “Why can they not always be like this?” If they could, the millennium would indeed be here ushered in by an army of perfect teachers.”

John Dewey, 1905


The learning triangle

Standards developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Curriculum Documents

based on EALRs/GLEs

Assessment

Multiple measures of learning

Instruction

Instructional Strategies and use of instructional resources

The Learning Triangle


The science symbol
The Science Symbol developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”


Science literacy a vision for all students
Science Literacy: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”A Vision for All Students

  • Rigor

  • Relevance

  • Relationship

  • Resources

  • All Students K-10

    Washington State Grade level Expectations, pp 4-5. (2005)


Developing the three ealr themes

Now if we just move this… developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

A Systems theme emerges as a way to …

Developing the three EALR themes


Working together
Working together… developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”


Curriculum for student achievement
Curriculum for Student Achievement developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Content Standards

What

How well

How

Instruction

Assessments


Deep alignment of science lessons
Deep Alignment of Science Lessons developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Content

  • Cognition

  • Context


Importance of aligned lessons assure opportunity
Importance of Aligned Lessons: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Assure Opportunity

  • Improve student performance

  • Increase knowledge transfer

  • Evidence of learning aligned


Achieving alignment
Achieving developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Alignment

  • Understanding by Design

    • Step 1 Learning targets

    • Step 2 Assessments

    • Step 3 Lesson design

  • Context of Learning Communities


Science alignment

1 developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

OSPI

3

2

An Aligned Curriculum

School

Curiculum

GLE

PIC

W

ASL

Step 1 = Grade Level Expectations, Learning Targets

Step 2 Assessments and Tested Curriculum

Step 3 Instructional Strategies and Materials


Science alignment

1 developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

OSPI

3

2

Aligning Student Lessons

Instructional Materials

Content

Cognition

Context

School

Curiculum

GLE

PIC

W

ASL

Step 1 = Grade Level Expectations, Learning Targets

Step 2 Assessments and Tested Curriculum

Step 3 Instructional Strategies and Materials


Science alignment

1 developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

OSPI

3

2

A Non- Aligned Curriculum with Gaps

School

Curiculum

GLE

PIC

W

ASL

Step 1 = Grade Level Expectations, Learning Targets

Step 2 Assessments and Tested Curriculum

Step 3 Instructional Strategies and Materials


Lesson alignment
Lesson Alignment developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Using existing materials to teach to concepts in the standards

  • Teaching the concepts not facts


Science alignment

Instructional Units: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Aligned Connections

Sun

1.2.2

Light

1.1.3

1.1.4

System

1.2.1

Meaning-making is accomplished when mental connections are made between experiences to create networks of conceptual understanding

Energy

1.1.4

1.2.2

Careers

3.2.3

Air

1.1.5

1.3.6

1.2.4

Food

1.1.4

1.3.8

Soil

1.1.5

1.2.3

1.3.4

Ecology

1.3.10

3.2.4


Gles and evidence of learning

Guide developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Lead To

Informs

Provide

GLEs and Evidence of Learning

GradeLevelExpectations

Opportunities

to

Learn

Opportunities

to

Learn

Evidence of Learning

can be

Assessmentof Learning

Evidence ofLearning


Aligning curriculum assessment
Aligning Curriculum & Assessment developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Grade Level Expectation: IN03 Explaining

Grades 3-5 : Understand how to construct a reasonable explanation using evidence.

Evidence of Learning

WASL and Classroom:

Given a description of a scientific investigation, items may ask…

  • Identify or write a conclusion, including supporting data, which answers the investigative question or …

  • Identify or describe a reason for a given conclusion using evidence from an investigation.

    c. and d.


What is a learning community
What is a learning community? developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Professional Learning Communitieshttp://www.ascd.org/publications/ed_lead/200205/dufour.html

  • Lesson Study

    http://www.rmccorp.com/MASE/

  • Action Research (Many sites)

  • Critical Friends Groups

    http://www.nsrfharmony.org/glossary.html#Critical_Friends_Groups


Knowledge of science standards
Knowledge of Science Standards developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Essential Academic Learning Requirements

    http://www.k12.wa.us/curriculumInstruct/science/ealrs.aspx

  • Grade Level Expectations

    http://www.k12.wa.us/CurriculumInstruct/Science/default.aspx

  • Science Safetyhttp://www.k12.wa.us/CurriculumInstruct/Science/default.aspx


Understanding of science concepts
Understanding of Science Concepts developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Physical Systems: Resource Essential Science for Teachers Physical Science

  • Earth/Space Systems: Resource Essential Science for Teachers Earth and Space Science_files

  • Living Systems: Essential Science for Teachers Life Science.htm


Alignment with pedagogical standards
Alignment with developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Pedagogical Standards

  • Personal Capacity Tools

  • STAR Classroom Observation Protocols

  • OSPI Cultural Competence

    • Cultural Competence


Knowledge of science wasl
Knowledge of Science WASL developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Test and Item Specifications

  • Released Items

  • Powerful Classroom Assessment


Knowledge of pedagogical standards
Knowledge of developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Pedagogical Standards

  • Positive Impact Criteria

  • STAR Classroom Observation Protocols


Building teacher capacity
Building Teacher Capacity developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Content: Professional Growth

  • Pedagogy: Powerful Teaching and Learning

    • Empirical: Jeffrey Fouts, Duane Baker

    • Research: Marilyn Simpson

  • Cultural Competence


Start from scratch
Start from Scratch developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.” ?

  • NO

  • Degrees of congruence

    • Modifying/Emphasizing

    • Reorganizing

  • Identify gaps


Getting started
Getting Started developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Create Learning Communities

  • Summer Institute workshops


Instructional alignment
Instructional Alignment developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Using existing materials to teach to concepts in the standards

  • Teaching the concepts not facts


Selecting lessons from adopted instructional materials
Selecting Lessons from Adopted Instructional Materials developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Familiar and used:

  • Review or conduct sample from Grade 2:

    • FOSS: Solids and Liquids Part 1 (Appendix)

  • Use Lesson Alignment Tool (p. 12)


Part 1
Part 1 developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Science Content: FOSS

    • Solids are one state of matter.

    • Solid materials have properties that separate them from other states of matter.

    • We use our senses to observe the properties of solids.

  • Identify GLEs


Lesson plan learning targets
Lesson Plan: Learning Targets developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Established Goals (Science GLEs +)

  • Understandings:

  • Essential Questions:

  • Cultural Competencies:


Administrative support for standards based lessons
Administrative Support for Standards –Based Lessons developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Teacher posts the standards and are in lesson objectives

  • Student products are described in lesson objectives

  • Students use academic language

  • Printed materials target standards based objectives


Lesson plan assessments
Lesson Plan: Assessments developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Performance Tasks: Powerful Classroom Assessment (PCAs).

  • Other Evidence: Notebooks, Lab reports, and other classroom based formative assessments.


Learning activities
Learning Activities developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

Content:

  • Use GLEs to faithfully implement research based curricula.

  • Use PICs to ensure high performance by all students.

  • Assure Cultural Competency


Future work unit concept maps with vocabulary

Future work: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.” Unit Concept Maps with vocabulary


Future work unit concept maps with vocabulary1

Future work: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.” Unit Concept Maps with vocabulary


Conceptual maps
Conceptual Maps developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Identify linchpin unit activities.

  • Identify targeted concepts and skills .

  • Identify critical vocabulary


Focus on learning ensuring opportunities
Focus on Learning: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Ensuring opportunities

  • Evidence that students understand systems of the natural world using concepts and principles of science

  • Evidence that students explore through inquiry

  • Evidence that students apply with design in societal contexts


Web based gles
Web Based GLEs developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”


Challenges
Challenges… developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

  • Fitting science in to the Instructional day

  • WASL as a context for learning

  • Moving to standards based science instruction: Conceptual Teaching and Learning


Alignment of professional development
Alignment of developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Professional Development

  • Powerful Teaching and Learning

    • Content

    • Cognition

    • Context

  • Powerful Classroom Assessment


Inspire and care
Inspire and Care developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

“There shall be wings! If the accomplishment be not me, ‘tis for some other. The spirit cannot die; and man, who shall know all and shall have wings…”

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)


Science alignment

Application: developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”Solutions to Human Problems

Human Powered Flight


Science alignment

To accomplish great things, developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”

we must not only act,

but also dream;

not only plan,

but also believe… Anatole France

that All can achieve…


Science alignment

Science Standards developing standards, … Are the standards and benchmarks enough? …[Now] The even more difficult tasks of using standards and benchmarks to improve school programs and classroom practices are ahead.”