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Jönköping Region - a center for SME development Swedens most SME-rich region A living laboratory for SME-development >60% of mechanical industry within 200 km An extensive network of subcontractors A network of development centers for SME’s Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se Where is Jönköping?

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slide1

Jönköping Region - a center for SME development

Swedens most SME-rich region

A living laboratory for SME-development

>60% of mechanical industry within 200 km

An extensive network of subcontractors

A network of development centers for SME’s

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide2

Where is Jönköping?

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

j nk ping university
Jönköping University
  • Four schools Engineering, Business, Learning and Health
  • Focus on entrepreneurship and development processes
  • Joint research programme with 3 perspectives:
  • Technology, Organisation and Learning

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

development processes in smes and sme networks
Development processes in SMEs and SME-networks

Three perspectives

Technology Organisation Learning

Three technology domains (computer and mechanical)

Product life cycle Network life cycle Knowledge supply

Network formation

Matching skills Regional linkage Interregional linkage

Web infrastructure University networks Student teams

Some practical cases

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

three ict technology domains product life cycle knowledge supply network life cycle
Three ICT-technology domains ¤ Product life cycle¤ Knowledge supply¤ Network life cycle
  • ICT Technology Team
  • Jönköping University (Computing & Mechanical)
  • Fraunhofer ISST, Berlin
  • Computas, Oslo
  • SPIIRAS, St Petersburg
  • Universidad Complutense Madrid

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

product life cycle

CAD

MIS

CAM

CRM

SCM

ERP

Product life cycle

Product

Design

Market

Requirements

Production

Planning

After

Sales

Logistics

Sales &

Fulfillment

Manufacturing

Distribution

  • specialised solutions for SMEs
  • integration of different systems
  • integration of modeling, execution
  • integration of business strategy, corporate knowledge and IT infrastructure

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

knowledge supply in sme networks
Knowledge Supply in SME-Networks

Supplier A

Supplier C

Co-operation

Process

Manufacturer

Customer

Supplier D

  • complex co-operation process
  • need for optimized knowledge supply
  • intransparency w.r.t. knowledge sources
  • no common language

Supplier B

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

knowledge sources in smes
Knowledge Sources in SMEs

Personal competences of the employees

Corporate competences of the enterprise

  • Electronically stored comptence objects:
  • Documents (design rules, reports)
  • CAD drawings
  • Simulation routines
  • Requirement specifications
  • Etc.

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide9

Research: Lifecycle of SME networks

Community

Building

Matching skills

Regional linkage

Interregional linkage

Formation

Community

Dissolvement

Integration

Dis-

continuation

Operation

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide10

Network Formation web support

Structure of products/services

Matching

Structure of competences/skills

Gap analysis

Negociation

Learning

Formation

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide11

The host company concept

¤ Combining theory and practice The students have during the first study years a host company where the students combine theory and practice in small curriculum related studies

¤ All students are given a host company The students can choose from about 500 host companies and the study project are related to the companies business and industrial processes

¤ A springboard to employment The sequence host >diploma work>employment is common. Emloyment of engineers in SMEs is facilitated.

¤ Strong links between university and regional industry The university has a good contact and knowledge of the regional industry. Students convey knowledge to SMEsbbb

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide12

Year 1

Year 2

Selection students

SWMulti

8 universities

EU & Latin America

Start of student project

Information to

SME’s

SME-selection

Student admin

Student-SME interviews

SME Data base

1 SME at UNI 1

1 SME at UNI 2

2 students from UNI 1

2 students from UNI 2

Selection students

SWMulti

Linking SME’s and students from UNI 1 & 2

Information to

SME’s

Student admin

Student-SME interviews

Start of student project

Hand-

book

package

SME Database

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide13

Value chain

Pulp

Process

Paper

Plantation

Mainten.

Harvest

Saw-mill

Process

Component

Board

Process

Component

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

some practical cases
Some practical cases

¤ ALFA project SME-chains Student exchange projects between SMEs in Chile and SMEs in Germany, Spain and Sweden. 1 with Germany, 2 with Spain and 4 with Sweden. Projects are formulated as diploma works, but have potential to lead to continued cooperation.

¤ Chambers of Commerce Jönköping – Montevideo Student exchange based on cooperation between two Chamber of Commerce and two e-learning SMEs. The concept starts from a Swedish educational programme to promote e-business in SMEs and to transfer some of the concept to Uruguay, in particular industries involved in export.

¤ Antioquia Wood Cluster in Colombia The project is financed by SIDA the Swedish Aid Agency. A survey of regional value chain including R&D and education, on a web-portal supports interregional linkage. Starting from reforestation plans of the Antioquia wood cluster consequencies on further processing and logistics are considered

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide15

Observations

  • The SME interest in the exchange depends on possible benefits of establishing commercial relations and the capacity to receive students.
  • The matching of SMEs is supported by web-tools and an exellent tool for awareness, but finally the mediating of the university coordinators close the deal.
  • Economically weak regions have a stronger interest to establish relations with strong regions and vice versa. An advantage if SME on one side is rather large.
  • Between economically unequal regions an institutional and funded cooperation between regions is better, e.g Chambers of Commerce or AID organisations.
  • It is easy to motivate students from idealistic reasons and for valuable international experience, at the same time meeting requirements from students and participating universities on valid diploma works for the students.
  • The possibilities to find interested SME exchange partners reflects the situation in different countries.

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

future plans
Future plans
  • Basic R&D in the areas of common terminologies and ontologies, database structuring and search based on value chain, links to project planning and management based on Logical Framework.
  • University student and diploma work exchange based on interregional industrial cooperation especially as regards SME’s and SME-networks.
  • Concepts for promoting less developed regions through interregional cooperation and provide new planning tools for International Aid Agencies. Of special importance is the role of SMEs in the integration of the economies of the 10 new EU member states

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se

slide17

Effects from

Effects from

Effects from

Effects from

Requirements on

Requirements on

Requirements on

Requirements on

major investments in the supply chain

technology trends and changes

infrastructure changes

competition and market

“Value chain” – “Time” diagrams

Value chain (to)

1

Value chain (t1)

2

Value chain (t2)

3

Value chain (t3)

4

Bengt.Henoch@ing.hj.se