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Overview of 1366-2001 Full Use Guide on Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices. Panel Session – How to Define Major Events July 22, 2002 Presented by Cheryl A. Warren. Foundations of the Definition. Purpose is to partition the data into normal and abnormal days.

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overview of 1366 2001 full use guide on electric power distribution reliability indices

Overview of 1366-2001 Full Use Guide on Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices

Panel Session – How to Define Major Events

July 22, 2002

Presented by Cheryl A. Warren

foundations of the definition
Foundations of the Definition
  • Purpose is to partition the data into normal and abnormal days.
  • Rigorously analyze and report on abnormal events above and beyond the normal process.
  • Use normal events for trending, internal goal setting, and Commission mandated targets.
foundations of the definition3
Foundations of the Definition
  • Definition must be understandable by all and easy to apply.
    • Executives and Commissioners must be able to understand and feel comfortable with the approach.
  • Definition must be specific and calculated using the same process for all utilities.
  • Must be fair to all utilities.
    • Large and small, urban and rural….
foundations of the definition4
Foundations of the Definition
  • Definition must be extensible.
    • The approach must address varying levels of data collection.
      • Some utilities have little reliability data. Others have been collecting it with flawed system. Others have very sophisticated systems that track interruptions to the customer level.
process to date
Process To Date
  • Members agreed that the current definition should be reevaluated.
  • A subgroup was formed to further analyze approaches.
    • Jim Bouford , Rich Christie, Dan Kowaleski, John McDaniel, Dave Schepers, Cheri Warren, Charlie Williams & Joe Viglietta
  • Members discussed the options and performed analysis using real data.
  • This panel session will share some of the background behind the current thinking.
summary
Summary
  • The assembled panel will describe
    • the proposed methodology,
    • why one is needed, and
    • potential benefits of the proposed approach.
presenters
Presenters
  • Rich Christie
    • University of Washington
  • Charlie Williams
    • Florida Power Corp A Progress Energy Company
  • Dan Kowalewski
    • Exelon – ComEd
  • Dave Schepers
    • Ameren Energy
  • Jim Bouford
    • National Grid
major reliability events self defining

Major Reliability EventsSelf - Defining?

Charlie Williams, P.E.

Florida Power

Senior Member IEEE

major event definitions
Major Event Definitions
  • P1366 (old)- 10% of customers in a 24 hour period
  • Regulatory Agencies - Severe Storms (Hurricane, Ice Storm, Tornado, Other)
  • P1366 (new) - statistical outlier definition
other major event possibilities
Other Major Event possibilities
  • Severe Lightning Storm
  • Earthquake
  • Dust Storm
  • Other??????
reliability accountability
Reliability Accountability
  • Some events are severe - power systems cannot be reasonably or economically designed to withstand them.
  • What kind of events should the utility design consider?
  • With PBR these issues take on a potential economic impact to the utility and shareholders as well as rate payers.
suncoast lightning storm
Suncoast Lightning Storm
  • Major Event not defined as severe.
  • No definition of severe lightning by NWS
  • Lightning data shows it as a “once in 10 year event”.
  • Outside help required to assist with restoration
self defining
Self Defining?
  • Outage and Reliability statistics clearly show this event as an “outlier”
  • Customer Expectations ???????
new major event definition
New Major Event Definition
  • Statistical process to establish “normal” reliability parameters for daily outage statistics based on historical data
  • Establish limits for major events
  • Review these limits annually
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Statistical Definition is definitive and non-ambiguous
  • Leaves little room for debate on major events.
  • Only excludes events that are of significant impact to the system.
ieee power engineering society summer meeting

IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting

Reliability Surveying Criteria

David J. Schepers, IEEE Member

Manager, Distribution Operating

Ameren - St. Louis, MO

why new survey criteria
Why New Survey Criteria?
  • Desire to Benchmark
    • Utility Companies
    • Regulators
  • Performance-Based Rates
  • Continuous Improvement - Determine what makes a Difference
  • Need for comparative statistics
problems with current surveys
Problems with Current Surveys
  • No Company Identification
  • Issues of Data Accuracy
    • What’s Included/Excluded
    • Storms
  • Diverse Companies
    • Geography
    • Data Collection Capabilities
    • SCADA/DA Implementation
    • AMR Outage Reporting
  • Lack of Common Reporting Standards
major event definition problem
Major Event Definition Problem
  • Storm-excluded indices are most valuable for benchmarking
  • Current published IEEE definition vague
    • Applied by 50% of respondents using 10% customers out, some >24 hours in a region (what’s a region?)
  • Need a definition that puts everyone on a common standard
  • IEEE Working Group on System Designs new definition - Major Events
the oms and connectivity
The OMS And Connectivity
  • Automated vs. Manual OMS
  • Extent Of Connectivity
    • Customer to transformer
    • Transformer to protective device
    • Protective device to upstream protective device
    • Protective device to substation breaker
    • Breaker to bus
  • How many customers are really out?
amr outage reporting
AMR Outage Reporting
  • Accurate maintenance outage records
  • Supplement phone calls for more accurate outage records
    • Number of customers affected
    • Outage start time
outage definition
Outage Definition
  • Sustained vs. momentary
    • Time definition (IEEE 1366: >5 minutes)
    • Human intervention
  • Exclusions
    • Maintenance outages
    • Public-caused outages
    • Different definitions by cause by utility
da scada
DA/Scada
  • Affects CAIDI/SAIDI
  • Opportunity to change sustained interruptions into momentary (SAIFI/MAIFI)
  • Knowing the extent of implementation allows for better comparison
system geography
System Geography
  • Urban/Suburban/Rural
  • Network vs. radial
  • Urban radial (many feeder ties) vs. rural radial (few feeder ties)
  • Circuit length issues
  • Customer density
new questions in eei survey
New Questions In EEI Survey
  • Do you have an automated OMS with Full Connectivity?
  • Percentage of Customers with AMR Outage Reporting
  • Percentage of Customers served by SCADA Substations
  • Percentage of Customers on Distribution Circuits with Automated Switching
  • Urban/Suburban/Rural Geography
  • Does your OMS have Partial Restoration Capability?
  • Will your utility identify itself for others willing to do likewise?
what to report to eei
What to Report to EEI
  • Standard IEEE Indices
    • SAIFI, CAIDI, SAIDI, MAIFI
  • Percentage of Interruptions and Hours by Cause, by System Location
  • Actual & Normalized for Major Events
  • Percentage of Customers with 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or more Normalized Interruptions (CEMI)
data and indices definitions
Data and Indices Definitions
  • Use IEEE 1366 Definitions for Standard Indices
  • Sustained Interruptions >5 minutes
  • No outage types excluded other than Customer Outage caused by Customer Equipment
summary33
Summary
  • Need exists for benchmarking for utilities and regulators alike
  • Current surveys do not allow for accurate comparisons
  • More segmentation is needed and possible
  • EEI Reliability Survey is moving in this direction today
the need to segment exclude abnormal events from the calculation of reliability indices

The Need to Segment (Exclude) Abnormal Events from the Calculation of Reliability Indices

Presented by Jim Bouford

National Grid

i reasons for measuring reliability
I. Reasons for Measuring Reliability
  • Identification of Problems
  • Allocation of Resources
  • Accepted Measure of Customer Service
  • Performance Based Ratemaking
  • Comparison with Other Utilities
ii requirements of measurements
II. Requirements of Measurements
  • Comparable
    • Year-to-Year ( Trends )
    • Utility-to-Utility ( Regulatory )
  • Universally Applicable
  • Correlates Output to Input
iii design and operation realities
III. Design and Operation Realities
  • Systems are NOT built to withstand all contingencies
  • Workforce levels are set to handle routine activities
  • Systems are designed and operated to deal with a defined level of adverse occurrences
  • Abnormal occurrences stress the design and/or the operation of the system and Require Abnormal Operational Response
iv simple truths
IV. Simple Truths
  • Expected Occurrences only Require Normal Response
  • Abnormal Occurrences Require Abnormal Response
  • Abnormal Occurrences Will Distort the Measures; Requirements of Measurement Will Not be Met
v what to do
V. What To Do
  • Separate Abnormal from Normal Occurrences
  • Review the Response to the Abnormal Occurrence
  • Use Normal Occurrences for Measurements