cloud enabling technology n.
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Cloud-Enabling Technology

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Cloud-Enabling Technology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Sophia
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Cloud-Enabling Technology

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  1. Cloud-Enabling Technology

  2. Enabling technologies • Broadband networks and internet architecture • Data center technology • Virtualization technology • Web technology • Multitenant technology

  3. 1. Broadband networks & Internet architecture • All clouds must be connected to a network • Internet’s largest backbone networks, established and deployed by ISPs, are interconnected by core routers • ISP: internet service provider

  4. Internet connecting provider and consumer

  5. Two fundamental components • Connectionless packet switching • End-to-end (sender-receiver pair) data flows are divided into packets of a limited size • Packets are processed through network switches and routers, then queued and forwarded from one intermediary node to the next • Router-based interconnectivity • A router is a device that is connected to multiple networks through which it forwards packets • Each packet is individually processed • Use multiple alternative network routes

  6. Packets travelling through Internet

  7. Internet reference model (5 layers)

  8. 2. Data Center Technology • A data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems • Virtualization • Standardization and Modularity • Automation • Remote Operation and Management

  9. Virtualization • Hypervisor • A hypervisor or virtual machine monitor (VMM) is computer software, firmware, or hardware, that creates and runs virtual machines. • VIM • Virtualization infrastructure management

  10. Standardization and Modularity • Data centers are built upon standardized commodity hardware and designed with modular architecture.

  11. Data Centers

  12. Computer Rack

  13. Rackmount computer chassis (case)

  14. Inside the chassis

  15. Supercomputer vs. data center • Handouts

  16. 3. Virtualization technology • Virtualization is a process of converting a physical IT resource into a virtual IT resource • Server • A physical server can be abstracted into a virtual server • Virtual server ↔ virtual machine • Storage • A physical storage device can be abstracted into a virtual storage device or a virtual disk • Network • Physical routers and switches can be abstracted into logical network fabrics • Power • A physical UPS and power distribution units can be abstracted into what are commonly referred to as virtual UPSs

  17. Creating a new virtual server • Allocation of physical IT resources • Installation of an operating system, i.e., guest operating system

  18. Hardware based virtualization • Reduce the overhead • May introduce compatibility issue

  19. 4. Web technology • Cloud computing relies on internet. • Web technology is generally used as both the implementation medium and the management interface for cloud services

  20. Basic web technology • Uniform resource locator (URL) • Commonly informally referred to as a web address • a reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it • Example: http://www.example.com/index.html • Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) • Primary communication protocol used to exchange content • Markup languages (HTML, XML) • Express Web-centric data and metadata

  21. Web applications • Applications running in a web browser • Rely on web browsers for the presentation of user-interfaces

  22. 5. Multitenant technology • Enable multiple users (tenants) to access the same application simultaneously • Multitenant applications ensure that tenants do not have access to data and configuration information that is not their own

  23. A simple example