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DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) ADVANCES. Prepared by, Pow Jun Jiang (EE 071271). What is DSL???. A modem technology that uses existing twisted-pair telephone lines to transport high-bandwidth data

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digital subscriber line dsl advances


Prepared by,

Pow Jun Jiang (EE 071271)

what is dsl
What is DSL???
  • A modem technology that uses existing twisted-pair telephone lines to transport high-bandwidth data
  • Run on regular copper phone wires which is a direct dedicated connection between PC and the phone company central office
  • Make use of previously unused bandwidth on the phone line
basic requirements
Basic Requirements
  • Require 10BaseT Ethernet card
  • Basic home DSL lines can connect to regular analog phones to RJ-11 jacks
  • POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) splitter can also be used.
  • Fast
  • Doesn’t tie up to phone line
  • Always on
  • Reliable
  • Use the phone line
  • A router, with DSL modem, allows up to eight computers to access the Internet over a single DSL line.
Far cheaper
  • Flexible and scalable, ideal for growing business computer networks
  • Enable users to work from home, listen to streaming audio or watch streaming video while working on your computer.
  • DSL connection works better when user is closer to the provider's central office
  • The connection is faster for receiving data than it is for sending data over the Internet
  • The service is not available everywhere
network access provider benefits
Network Access Provider Benefits
  • Do not need to install more copper or lay down miles of expensive fiber
  • Eliminate providers' need to constantly upgrade their pricey Class 5 switch installations
  • DSL bypasses the Class 5 switch for data-only calls, so access providers can accept more traffic without investing in a huge switch upgrade
  • Voice and data paths are separated
By keeping costs low, service providers can make money off the traditionally low-margin business of providing Internet access.
dsl user benefits
DSL User Benefits
  • Can experience high-speed Web browsing and can send and receive large documents
  • Provide a cost-effective way for telecommuters and branch offices to access the corporate network, provisioned via secure virtual private network services
  • Improve the quality and reduce the cost of communications among employees via videoconferencing
types of dsl
Types of DSL

Asymmetrical DSL (ADSL)

  • offers high-speed digital service and analog voice service over a local loop.
  • An ADSL line is for the exclusive use of each customer so there is no contention for bandwidth on that loop.
  • ADSL transfers data as far as 18,000 feet over copper wire at a rate of 7 Mbps on the downlink and 1 Mbps on the uplink.
High Bit Rate DSL (HDSL)
  • Provide for T1 service on copper wire.
  • Deliver T1 service at a DS1 rate over a four-wire loop of two twisted pairs.
  • Most established DSL technologies
  • Offer full duplex speeds at a DS1 (1.544 Mbps) rate or 2Mbps over 3 phone lines.
  • Transfer data up to 12,000 feet (can be longer if repeatered).
High Bit-Rate DSL II (HDSL II)
  • Offer the same performance as HDSL, but over a single phone line.


  • Hybrid of DSL and ISDN technologies
  • Used for long duration Internet and remote Local Area Network (LAN) access.
  • Dedicated to data – does not support switched voice service.
  • Same data encoding technique as of ISDN devices
Offers full duplex speed of 128 Kbps.
  • Transfer data up to 18,000 feet.

Symmetric DSL (SDSL)

  • Non standard version of HDSL with Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS).
  • Forerunner to HDSL II.
  • Can be done using only one phone line
  • Full duplex rates are limited to 384 Kbps for an 18,000-foot loop. DS1 speeds can be reached on a shorter (10,000-foot) loop.
Very high bit-rate DSL (VDSL)
  • Faster cousin of ADSL. VDSL provides for the transmission over copper of both digital data and analog voice.
  • Currently fastest DSL technology
  • Currently in its experimental phase.
  • VDSL works at speeds as high as 52 Mbps down and 1.5 to 2.3 Mbps up.
  • VDSL operates over much shorter distances, achieving top speed over only 1000 feet of copper wire.
Rate Adaptive Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (RADSL)
  • Operates at the same bandwidths as ADSL.
  • Additional capability of adjusting bandwidth to the quality of the phone line during the data transmission, instead of just once at the start of the connection.
  • Up to 7Mbps downstream and up to 1.5 Mbps upstream.
asymmetric dsl adsl
Asymmetric DSL (ADSL)
  • ADSL is a new broadband communication technology that creates high-speed access to the Internet and remote networks using the phone lines that are already present in your home. ADSL is superior to analog modems in many respects.
dsl s speed
DSL’s Speed
  • Full-rate ADSL has the potential to deliver data at speeds up to 8 Megabits per second
  • G.Lite ADSL can deliver up to 1.5 Megabits per second during downloads. This is 25 times faster than a 56K modem, and 50 times faster than a 28.8K modem!
  • Service providers will also offer slower rates (from 256 Kbps and up) at lower costs
types of adsl
Types of ADSL
  • Full-rate ADSL
  • Universal ADSL (G.lite)
full rate adsl
Full-rate ADSL
  • Data rates ranging from 1.5 to 8 Mbps “downstream” from the Internet
  • “Upstream” data rates from PC to the Internet are as high as 1 Mbps
  • Potential data rates decrease with increased distance from the phone company’s CO (central office)
  • Costs for the service are more expensive than “G.Lite” ADSL
g lite adsl
  • G.Lite ADSL is a scaled-down version that delivers up to 1.5 Mbps downstream and 384 Kbps up
  • Service providers will offer slower rates for lower prices
  • Less expensive than full-rate ADSL
  • Easier to install
splitter vs splitterless
Splitter vs. Splitterless
  • Full-rate ADSL requires that a device, known as a splitter, be installed on the phone line where it enters a home in order to separate the voice service from the data service
  • G.Lite ADSL will not usually require a splitter, although some homes with problematic wiring or certain types of telephones will require one.
dsl in malaysia
DSL In Malaysia
  • "tmnet streamyx" service is supported by DSL
  • Types of DSL technology chosen to support tmnet streamyx are ADSL, SDSL and GLite DSL
  • An ADSL system basically consists of two parts i.e. the Central Office (CO) which is located at the exchange building and the other, Remote Termination Unit (RTU) at subscriber's premise which are connected via an existing pair of copper telephone lines.
The Central Office (CO) for ADSL consists of two types of chassis.
  • The first chassis is the ADSL unit for modem cards and control card while the second chassis is for the POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service) splitter.
  • The Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) for ADSL also consists of POTS splitter and ADSL modem.
  • ADSL provides a new way to use existing phone lines.
  • It’s faster!
  • It’s always on!
  • Voice and data on one line at the same time!
  • ADSL is the best way to get online!