Bipolar disorder
1 / 11

BIPOLAR DISORDER - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

BIPOLAR DISORDER. Designed by Debra Caywood-Rukas 7/02. Bipolar. Disorder. What is Bipolar Disorder? “Manic-Depression”. A brain disorder affecting moods and energy that effects over 2 million in the U.S.A.*

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BIPOLAR DISORDER' - Sophia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Bipolar disorder



Debra Caywood-Rukas




What is bipolar disorder manic depression
What is Bipolar Disorder? “Manic-Depression”

  • A brain disorder affecting moods and energy that effects over 2 million in the U.S.A.*

  • Emotions, thoughts and moods are distorted resulting in mood swings that are overly “high” to extremely sad and hopeless

  • Defined as having one or more manic or mixed episodes and depression episodes lasting most of the day, every day for 2 weeks or more

  • A long-term illness that typically develops in adolescence or early adulthood but symptoms often seen in childhood

  • Often misdiagnosed as ADHD, OCD, OD, CD and depression and sometimes schizophrenia

  • Often leads to suicidal thoughts

  • Can be treated and lead full productive lives

Signs and symptoms


Feelings of grandiosity or very high self-esteem, euphoric

Extreme talkativeness, racing thoughts

Decreased need for sleep

Highly distractible

Engaged excessively with pleasurable activities, often recklessly


Ongoing sad, anxious or empty mood

Lack of energy and ability to concentrate

Sleeping too much or too little

Lacks interest in others and activities, irritable, feeling hopeless and worthless

Thoughts of death or suicide

Signs and Symptoms


    • Poor sleep and night terrors

    • High activity level

    • Easily startled

    • Bedwetting

    • Oppositional behavior

Range of mood and emotion
Range of Mood and Emotion

severe mania

mild to moderate mania (hypomania)

normal-balanced mood

mild to moderate depression

severe depression


  • Just like long-term illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease, bipolar disorder is an illness that requires medication to improve quality of life

  • Not all medications work for every person

  • Severity of moods and side effects must be weighed

  • Medical management by a psychiatrist is best

  • A combination of medication and talk therapy is most effective, specifically cognitive behavior and family therapy

  • Long-term management of symptoms reduces risk of suicide

    ** suicide rate 10-15%, NIMH



Medicine combinations

Lithiumreduces manic episodes and aggression. Eskalith, Lithobid, Lithonate

  • Side effects: upset stomach, tremors, headache, weight gain, tiredness and difficulty with memory.

    Anticonvulsants/Antiepileptics reduce seizures, mania, aggression. Side effects include upset stomach and drowsiness.

  • Tegretol Carbamazepine: nausea, irritability and agitation

  • Depakene &, Depakote Valproic: hand tremors and loss of hair

  • Neurontin/Gabapentin, Lamictal/lamotrigine, Topamax/topiramate and Gabitriltiagabine are the newest medications. Side effects are similar with the addition of rash, nausea & dry mouth

School accommodations
School Accommodations

  • Inform teacher how disorder is manifested and alert to side effects of medication

  • Is there an IEP? If so, accommodations, modifications and interventions are written along with goals

  • Counseling with school psychologist or social worker

  • Reduced work load due to level of concentration and fatigue

  • Provide clear instructions to alleviate/prevent frustration

  • Offer instruction, corrections and feedback in a calm, positive manner

  • Prearrange an area in and/or outside the classroom for the student to retreat to when needed and a discrete cue

  • Allow extra time to complete assignments

  • Mutually choose a peer mentor to assist when needed

  • Consult with the school psychologist for additional information

  • Employ effective classroom management programs

Family issues and interventions
Family Issues and Interventions

  • Attend to behavior such as rage with therapeutic hold, quiet retreat area and pick your battles, behavior modification does not work well

  • Siblings relationships and marriages often become strained

  • Get family therapy

  • Don’t ignore signs of suicide ideation or extreme hopelessness

  • Educate family on disorder and how to deal with mood swings

  • Seek support groups and parent resources



National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Excellent brochure and other pertinent information 

National research of mental health , booklet. Articles

Northern County Psychiatric Association (Maryland)

articles, links on disorder, meds, suicide, etc

Pediatric Psychiatry Pamphlets

definition, case studies, treatment, side effects

Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation (CABF): Wilmette, IL

Phone: (847) 256-8525

National Mental Health Associatopn (NMHA)

Pediatrician Guide to Health and Safety

Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE); Special education information, IEP



RX Drugs:


National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)  Bethesda, MD 20892-9663 Phone: (301) 443-4513

Depression and Related Affective Disorders Association (DRADA) Johns Hopkins HospitalBaltimore, MD 21287-7381 Phone: (410) 955-4647 or (202) 955-5800

 National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI)  Arlington, VA 22201  Toll-Free: 1-800-950-NAMI (6264)  Web site:

 National Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association (NDMDA)  730 North Franklin Street, Suite 501  Chicago, IL 60610 Toll-Free: 1-800-826-3632 :

 National Mental Health Association (NMHA)  Alexandria, VA 22314-2971  Toll-Free: 1-800-969-NMHA (6642)   E-mail: [email protected]; Web site:

BOOKS: The Bipolar Child by Demitri F. Papolos M.D.

The Explosive Child byRoss W. Green Ph.D.



*National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

** Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)

Thank you
Thank You

The End