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ATTITUDES OF SEVERAL COHORTS OF PARENTS ABOUT WAR AND PEACE. Judith Myers-Walls, Ph.D. Larissa V. Frias Soo-Young Hong Child Development and Family Studies Purdue University. Abstract.
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Judith Myers-Walls, Ph.D.
Larissa V. Frias
Child Development and Family Studies
The attitudes of 140 parents about war and peace were surveyed using a Likert scale in the Parents, Children, War, Peace and Terrorism Questionnaire. Four cohorts
of parents, who experienced different threats of war and
conflicts (Gulf war, Kosovo war, 9/11 attacks, and the
Korean nuclear threat) included samples of US parents
in 1991, 1999 to 2000, 2002 and a sample of Korean
parents in 2003. Results showed that the parents
generally leaned towards peace and non-violence.
There were also significant differences in their attitudes
towards war and peace. When parents were more
exposed to the war itself or its threat, they may be
more likely to support peaceful approaches.
(Frias, Myers-Walls, and Khosravi, 2004)
Four factors that emerged again after factor analysis:
Factor 1: War is not a good solution to international problems (Sometimes war is the best solution to international problems*; There is nothing an individual person can do to stop a large-scale war*; The best way to avoid war is through military strength and mutual deterrence*; The best way to avoid war is through disarmament)
Factor 2: War and taking lives are not justified (All wars are sin/evil; Sometimes killing is justified*; The lives of all persons are equally valuable)
Factor 3: A nuclear war will not happen in their or their child’s lifetime (There probably will be a nuclear war in my lifetime*; There probably will be a nuclear war in my child’s lifetime*)
Factor 4: Disagreement on U.S. military action against terrorism (Military retaliation against terrorism is a big mistake and the conflict should be handled in other ways; I think U.S. military action in the Middle East is the best way to deal with the situation*; I think it’s a big mistake to use U.S. military action to deal with terrorism; I think we should use military force until Osama Bin Laden’s power and all terrorists are completely destroyed*)
(* Items mentioned are from the 2001 Parent Attitude Scale)
M= 3.224 SD=.867
M= 3.477 SD=1.073
M= 3.360 SD=.943
M= 3.134 SD=.705