Unit 2 IDEALISM. Idealism. Most diverse Different kinds of Idealism Many different views. Idealism: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07634a.htm http://www.coping.org/control/idealism.htm http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761575556/Idealism.html.
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Idealism • Most diverse • Different kinds of Idealism • Many different views Idealism: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07634a.htm http://www.coping.org/control/idealism.htm http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761575556/Idealism.html
Plato - Founding Father of Idealism • The apparent world - The world in which we live; Flawed; Changes • Real World – World of ideas; Somewhere where there is absolute perfection, beauty & loveliness; Standard of perfection; Static Plato: http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/plat.htm
Doctrine of Reminiscence Click • Knowledge is innate; sometimes is vaguely remembered; latent or dormant • Need to help people remember this lost knowledge • Spend all our lives searching for Truth • Thoughts come from the Real World Immanuel Kant: http://www.friesian.com/kant.htm
Religious Idealists • Real World – Heaven • Supreme Being – Perfection • We must search out and develop the perfection of that Supreme Being • We have to look inside to find Perfection • Mission is to emulate the Absolute
Dialectic – Critical Thinking • Thesis – a main theme, or point War is evil; Knowledge is power • Antithesis – (or opposite of thesis) – War is good; Power corrupts; Absolute power corrupts absolutely • Synthesis – Resolve the two War is evil and war is good Knowledge corrupts
Metaphysics of Idealist • Nothing is real here—only in Real World • Apparent world is a reflection • Search for Ultimate Truths; want to know what is perfect • Ideas Click
Epistemology • Ways of knowing • Major concern is how you and I can communicate with the Real World “Self” Communicates with “Absolute self”
Epistemology: Coherence Theory • Is it harmonious with what you already believe? • If you believe it coheres with your concept of truth and the universe, then coherent and acceptable • If yes, then it coheres • If no, they you should reject the statement
Epistemology:Introspection • Look inside yourself • The more you find out what is inside yourself the more you find out about the Real World • Prayer – communicate with Supreme Being • Intuition – a flashback to the Real World
Introspection • Revelation – something which is revealed to us • Reasoning – advocates of the dialectic, reason things out
Axiology - morals • Categorical Imperatives – Kant’s universal moral laws - “G” • If you don’t follow the rules, you get guilt • How do you know the moral laws? Reason out, and make harmonious with the “Real World” • The values are already there See Civic Idealism: http://www.iscv.org/
Axiology - aesthetics See Larger • What is beautiful? The ideal! • What is good art & literature? Those things which have stood the test of time Artist make love, death, beauty go overboard perhaps better than it is. • What is good taste? Classic literature, clothes, music, etc. Perspectives on Idealistic Art: http://www.painterskeys.com/getquotes.asp?fname=fl&ID=138
Idealism • Idealism is interested in those things that have stood the test of time • “What exists or has being is not matter; it is Spirit, Idea, or God” • The existence of anything being dependent upon a perceiving mind. • Heavy dose of literature and history • Science is at the secondary level Other thoughts on Idealism: http://www.annabelle.net/topics/idealism.php
American Idealism • Norman Rockwell Freedom of Speech Illustration for The Saturday Evening Post, February 20, 1943