Average: 80.3. The Prisoners’ Dilemma and the Liberal Tragedy. Lecture 9. The Liberal Vision: International Politics as Tragedy. All Countries Lose From War. Therefore, All Countries Would Gain If All Would Prepare Less for and Engage in Fewer Wars.
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2,2 (Arms Race)
4,1 (India Advantage)
1,4 (Pakistan Advantage)
3,3 (Stable Balance)
Tit-For-Tat StrategiesDecentralized Enforcement Mechanism.
Alters Calculation of Payoffs
Single Play: One Time Payoff
Repeated Play: Stream of Payoffs Over Time
Stream of Payoffs > One Time Payoff
Becomes Rational To Play a Cooperative Strategy
International Organizations Help Promote Transformation.
Provide Rule-Based Structure for Interaction.
Provide High Quality and Potentially Unbiased Information About Behavior of Others.
Help Ensure that Retaliation/ Enforcement is Proportional.
Prevent Vicious CyclesIs There a Way to Escape The Dilemma?