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More than just Potato and Potahto:

More than just Potato and Potahto:

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  1. More than just Potato and Potahto: Differences in Educational Environments and Philosophies around the World Angie Jones, University of Central Florida John King, University of Central Florida

  2. Objectives and Overview • Purpose • Survey (Pre-Study) • Advisor-Survivor

  3. Purpose • To give an overview of educational philosophies from around the world to benefit general advisors in the areas of awareness, cultural programming, and developmental advising

  4. THAILAND • Intro to Thai culture • History of Education

  5. Thailand – Intro to Culture • Monarchy • Hierarchy • Buddhism

  6. Thailand – Intro to Culture • Collectivism • Sanuk (fun) • Conflict Avoidance • Kreng Jai • Land of Smiles

  7. Thailand – Intro to Culture • Polite smile for someone you barely know • Stiff smile “I should laugh at the joke though it’s not funny” • Evil ideas smile • I’m impressed smile • Lighten the mood smile • “Sorry I screwed up” smile • “My situation is so bad I might as well smile”

  8. Thai Universities – School Uniforms

  9. Thailand Rigid rules, red tape Exams more rigorous and graded more difficultly Lack of critical analysis Rote learning focused United States Many exceptions to rules Exams often include points for efforts, extra chances Critical analysis important Participatory learning Thailand vs. United States in Higher Ed

  10. Thailand Strong mentoring between students Voicing non-popular opinion considered disrespectful Disagreeing with professor on academic subjects considered disrespectful Aware of social class and hierarchy United States No cultural precedence for peer mentorship Okay to voice non-popular opinion if provide a valid argument Okay to disagree with many professors on academic subjects Less aware of social class and hierarchy Thailand vs. United States in Higher Ed

  11. SAUDI ARABIA • History of Education • General System of Education • Curriculum/Texts • Assessment • Culture in Education • Saudi Arabia vs. United States

  12. Saudi Arabia – History of Education • Islam focused – goal of spreading and honoring Muslim values • Kuttab schools focusing on Islamic studies, reading, writing • Simple agrarian society oil rich (1938)  education focus on resources • 1953 – Ministry of Education – centralized & modern reformed • 1970- Modern movement revisited: learn in a correct and comprehensive manner, Muslim values teaching and ideals, skills and knowledge to contribute to the development of the Saudi Arabian society ; economically, socially, and culturally

  13. Saudi Arabia – History of Education • 1957: King Saud University founded; 1st class had 21 students • 1961: Women admitted as external students in Colleges or Arts and Administrative Sciences • Today: 50,000 students

  14. Saudi Arabia – History of Education • 1970: 7000 students enrolled in colleges/universities • 2004: 200,000 students enrolled

  15. System of Education • Three levels: • Primary (six grades; ages 6-12) • Intermediate (three grades; ages 12-15) • Secondary (three grades; ages 15-18) • School Hours  5 days a week, Saturday to Wednesday • Seven periods of instruction (45 minutes each) • 20 minutes for lunch • 30 minutes devoted to noon prayers • Four Main Authorities of Education: • Ministry of Education • Presidency of Girl’s education (Eliminated in 2003) • Ministry of Higher Education • General Organization on Technological Education & Vocational Training

  16. Curriculum • Centralized & Academic: Developed by Ministry of Education • No flexibility of Electives • Teachers not involved in Curriculum Development • Specifics: • Primary: 9 hours a week for Arabic Lessons, 12 hours for other subjects • Intermediate: 8 hours/week for Arabic, 19 hours for other subjects • Secondary: Same as Intermediate; 11th – divided into science and arts (60% students must enter science track)

  17. Texts • One textbook per grade: teachers must stick to book • Censored to not include sex or female images • Teacher outlines text on board: Note-taking ? • Ignores students needs and abilities • Rote learning (Islamic Tradition) – move toward critical thinking skills

  18. Grading System

  19. Culture in Education • Respect and Dignity held high • Hospitality – guest first • Friendships – system of favors, rude to refuse help • Separation of grades from age seven • Voice opinion (sign of excellence) – loud voice marks a degree of seriousness

  20. Culture in Education • Student can help friend answer teacher’s question • Not cheating – communal learning, sharing • Student/Teacher relationship formal • Relationship between students is close and non-competitive • People more important than rules (negotiation) • Casual dress not encouraged in classroom • Inappropriate to ask about female members of a man’s family

  21. SAUDI ARABIA Rote Learning Focus Lessons do not conflict with Islamic principles Negotiation of grades More Individual Work Expressing opinion in loud voice symbol of learning Friendship/Family high importance Separation by gender UNITED STATES Critical Analysis Lessons usually no religious parameters Grades often non-negotiable Group Work focused Expressing opinion in loud voice symbol of aggression/disrespect Individuality/Self-Reliance No separation by gender Saudi Arabia vs. United States

  22. Sources • Al-Faisal, T. (2006). Saudi Education in the Global Economy Vital. Speeches of the Day 4/15/06, 72 (1), 414-416 • Al-Saden, I.A (March 2000). Educational Assessment in Saudi Arabian Schools Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy, & Practice, 7(1), 143-156. • El-Sanabary, N. (1994). Female Education in Saudi Arabia and the reproduction of Gender Division, Gender & Education, 6(2). • Flaitz, J., Kosel, L. Kalaydijan, K., Miranda, A., Mitchell, D., Mohamed, A., Smith-Palinkas, B., York, J., Zollner, E. (2003). Understanding Your International Students: An Educational, Cultural and Linguistic Guide, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. • Miller-Rosser, K., Chapman, Y., & Francis, K. (2006). Historical, Cultural, and Contemporary Influences on the status of Women in Nursing in Saudi Arabia. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing; 11( 3),1-15. • Ministry of Education, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. www.moe.gov.sa. • Ministry of Education (Thailand). National Report 2004. International Conference on Education. Geneva: Sept 8-11 2004.

  23. Sources (Continued) • Mulder, Niels. Inside Thai Society. Amsterdam: The Peppin Press, 1996. • Mulder, Niels. Thai Images: The Culture of the Public World. Chiang Mai: Silk Worm Books, 1997 • National Identity Board. Thailand into the 2000’s. Office of the Prime Minister (Kingdom of Thailand). Bangkok, 2000. • Prokop, Michaela(2003). Saudi Arabia: the politics of education, International Affairs, 79, 77-89. • Teay Shawyun and Krisda Tanchaisak. “A Better Understanding of the Core Values of Thai Undergraduates.” 2005. • www.into-asia.com • www.chula.ac.th • www.tu.ac.th

  24. OUTWIT OUTPLAY SURVIVOR ADVISOR OUTLAST

  25. In France, is it acceptable for students to arrive tardy to class?

  26. In France, is it acceptable for students to arrive tardy to class? NO

  27. In Thailand, can students discuss the current government?

  28. In Thailand, can students discuss the current government? NO

  29. In most schools in Jordan, can male and female students study in the same classroom?

  30. In most schools in Jordan, can male and female students study in the same classroom? YES

  31. Can students in Korea wear sleeveless shirts to class?

  32. Can students in Korea wear sleeveless shirts to class? YES

  33. Does the government in China pay all tuition fees?

  34. Does the government in China pay all tuition fees? NO

  35. Are students in China required to live in dormitories?

  36. Are undergraduates in China required to live in dormitories? YES

  37. What country has the famous university known as the Sorbonne?

  38. What country has the famous university known as the Sorbonne? France

  39. In Venezuela, can students leave the classroom without permission?

  40. In Venezuela, can students leave the classroom without permission? NO

  41. In Belarus, how many days per week must students attend class? Four Days Five Days Six Days

  42. In Belarus, how many days per week must students attend class? (C) Six Days

  43. In Turkey, is it acceptable for students to disagree with their professors in class?

  44. In Turkey, is it acceptable for students to disagree with their professors in class? YES

  45. In Romania, are there rules prohibiting the consumption of alcohol on college campuses?

  46. In Romania, are there rules prohibiting the consumption of alcohol on college campuses? NO

  47. Scenario: You do not have a lot of time to write a term paper that is due in 2 days. What did Korean students say they would do? (A) Ask a friend to write the paper for them. (B) Find an article and copy word for word or paraphrase. Spend many hours working on the term paper to submit something original. (D) Turn in the paper late.

  48. Scenario: You do not have a lot of time to write a term paper that is due in 2 days. What did Korean students say they would do? (C) Spend many hours working on the term paper to submit something original.

  49. In Japan, is there a daily cleaning period where students must clean the school (IN HIGH SCHOOL)?