LEARNING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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LEARNING
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LEARNING

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  1. LEARNING HABITUATION MATURATION MEMORY

  2. LEARNING • RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR THAT RESULTS FROM EXPERIENCE. • HUMANS ARE BORN WITH THE “ABILITY” TO LEARN, BUT LEARNING TAKES PLACE ONLY WITH EXPERIENCE. • BABIES LEARN FROM WHAT THEY SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, AND TOUCH. • LEARNING IS AN ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT.

  3. MATURATION • THE UNFOLDING OF PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR IN A BIOLOGICALLY DETERMINED AGE-RELATED SEQUENCE. • PROGRAMMED IN THE GENES. • EXAMPLE: • VISUAL CLIFF

  4. HABITUATION • INFANTS GET “BORED” AND PAY LESS ATTENTION TO A STIMULUS AFTER THEY HAVE SEEN IT FOR A WHILE. • PROCESS BY WHICH REPEATED EXPOSURE TO A PARTICULAR STIMULUS RESULTS IN A REDUCED RESPONSE TO THE STIMULUS. • HABITUATION IS INDICATIVE OF AN INFANT’S MATURITY AND WELL-BEING. • INFANTS WITH BRAIN DAMAGE DO NOT HABITUATE WELL AND MAY HAVE DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS LATER.

  5. DISHABITUATION • INFANTS RENEWED INTEREST IN A STIMULUS; IF A STIMULUS IS CHANGED AND THE INFANT CAN DETECT THAT CHANGE, THE INFANT BECOMES MORE ATTENTIVE TO THAT STIMULUS

  6. MEMORY • INVOLVES RETAINING INFORMATION OVER TIME • MEMORY DEVELOPS EARLIER IN INFANCY THAN WAS PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT • INFANTS AS YOUNG AS 2 1/2 MONTHS OF AGE ARE ABLE TO REMEMBER SOME INFORMATION.