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LEARNING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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LEARNING. HABITUATION MATURATION MEMORY. LEARNING. RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR THAT RESULTS FROM EXPERIENCE. HUMANS ARE BORN WITH THE “ABILITY” TO LEARN, BUT LEARNING TAKES PLACE ONLY WITH EXPERIENCE. BABIES LEARN FROM WHAT THEY SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, AND TOUCH.

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Presentation Transcript
learning

LEARNING

HABITUATION

MATURATION

MEMORY

learning2
LEARNING
  • RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR THAT RESULTS FROM EXPERIENCE.
  • HUMANS ARE BORN WITH THE “ABILITY” TO LEARN, BUT LEARNING TAKES PLACE ONLY WITH EXPERIENCE.
  • BABIES LEARN FROM WHAT THEY SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, AND TOUCH.
  • LEARNING IS AN ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT.
maturation
MATURATION
  • THE UNFOLDING OF PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR IN A BIOLOGICALLY DETERMINED AGE-RELATED SEQUENCE.
  • PROGRAMMED IN THE GENES.
      • EXAMPLE:
        • VISUAL CLIFF
habituation
HABITUATION
  • INFANTS GET “BORED” AND PAY LESS ATTENTION TO A STIMULUS AFTER THEY HAVE SEEN IT FOR A WHILE.
  • PROCESS BY WHICH REPEATED EXPOSURE TO A PARTICULAR STIMULUS RESULTS IN A REDUCED RESPONSE TO THE STIMULUS.
  • HABITUATION IS INDICATIVE OF AN INFANT’S MATURITY AND WELL-BEING.
  • INFANTS WITH BRAIN DAMAGE DO NOT HABITUATE WELL AND MAY HAVE DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS LATER.
dishabituation
DISHABITUATION
  • INFANTS RENEWED INTEREST IN A STIMULUS; IF A STIMULUS IS CHANGED AND THE INFANT CAN DETECT THAT CHANGE, THE INFANT BECOMES MORE ATTENTIVE TO THAT STIMULUS
memory
MEMORY
  • INVOLVES RETAINING INFORMATION OVER TIME
  • MEMORY DEVELOPS EARLIER IN INFANCY THAN WAS PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT
  • INFANTS AS YOUNG AS 2 1/2 MONTHS OF AGE ARE ABLE TO REMEMBER SOME INFORMATION.