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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) . Blood Pressure. Top number (systolic) - measures the force of blood on arteries when the heart beats 120 / 80 Bottom number (diastolic) - measures force of blood on arteries between beats. What Is High Blood Pressure?.

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blood pressure
Blood Pressure

Top number (systolic)

-measures the force of blood on arteries when the heart beats


Bottom number (diastolic)

- measures force of blood on arteries between beats

what is high blood pressure
What Is High Blood Pressure?
  • Blood pressure that stays elevated
    • more than 140/90
    • more than 130/80 if you have:
      • diabetes
      • mild kidney disease
      • heart disease
signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms
  • Called the “silent killer” because most people have no signs or symptoms
  • Headaches, nosebleeds, and dizziness don’t occur until blood pressure is dangerously high
causes of high blood pressure
Causes of High Blood Pressure
  • Usually unknown
  • Narrowing of the arteries
  • Fast heart rate
  • Kidney disease
  • Medications
  • Thyroid disease
who gets high blood pressure
Who Gets High Blood Pressure?
  • African Americans more than whites
  • People who:
    • are older
    • are overweight
    • have high blood pressure in the family
how do you know if you have high blood pressure
How Do You Know If You Have High Blood Pressure?
  • Have your blood pressure checked at least every two years
  • Blood pressure varies during the day
  • At least 3 readings on different days are needed to diagnose high blood pressure
controlling your blood pressure
Controlling Your Blood Pressure
  • Lifestyle Changes
    • Healthy eating plan
    • Limit sodium
    • Achieve a healthy weight
    • Exercise/physical activity
      • even without weight loss
controlling your blood pressure11
Controlling Your Blood Pressure
  • Lifestyle Changes
    • Don’t smoke
    • Limit alcohol
    • Manage stress
follow a healthy eating plan
Follow a Healthy Eating Plan
  • Eat more fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy foods
  • Include whole grains, poultry, fish and nuts
  • Eat less fat, red meat, sweets and sugared beverages
limit sodium and salt
Limit Sodium and Salt
  • Research shows that eating less

sodium and salt lowers blood pressure

  • Lower your sodium intake by:
    • Eating out less often
    • Buying fresh, frozen or unsalted canned foods
    • Choosing foods with less than 400 mg/serving
    • Buying low- or reduced-sodium, or no salt added foods
    • Using less salt
get enough potassium
Get Enough Potassium
  • Potassium helps lower blood pressure
    • Helps balance the amount of sodium in your body
    • If you don’t get enough potassium, you can accumulate too much sodium
  • Foods high in potassium include:
    • Fruits, vegetables, dairy foods, and fish
lose weight if overweight
Lose Weight if Overweight
  • Bigger people need more blood to supply nutrients to the body
  • Losing even 10 pounds can lower blood pressure
be physically active
Be Physically Active
  • Inactivity increases your risk of being overweight
  • Heart muscles have to work harder with each contraction, increasing the force on the arteries
  • Walking 30 minutes a day helps lower blood pressure
stop smoking
Stop Smoking
  • Smoking damages blood vessel walls and causes early hardening of the arteries
  • Nicotine narrows your blood vessels and forces your heart to work harder
limit alcohol
Limit Alcohol
  • Heavy drinking (3 or more drinks/day) can damage your heart muscle
  • Cutting back to a moderate level of drinking can lower your blood pressure
    • no more than 2 drinks a day for men
    • no more than 1 drink a day for women
manage stress
Manage Stress
  • High levels of stress can temporarily cause a dramatic increase in blood pressure
  • Develop relaxation techniques to deal with stress
blood pressure medications
Blood Pressure Medications
  • Lower blood pressure in many different ways
  • More than one type may be needed
    • diuretics
    • beta-blockers
    • ACE-inhibitors
    • calcium channel blockers
points to remember
Points to Remember
  • Lifestyle changes that can prevent and control high blood pressure include:
    • Healthy eating - emphasizing fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy foods
    • Choosing and preparing foods with less salt and sodium
    • Losing weight if overweight
    • Increasing physical activity
    • Drinking in moderation if you drink alcoholic beverages
list alternatives for these high sodium foods

Hardee’s Sausage and Cheese Biscuit


Smoked turkey and American cheese sandwich

Canned vegetable soup

Potato chips


Rotisserie chicken

Canned green beans with cream of mushroom soup and onion rings

Instant mashed potatoes


List alternatives for these high-sodium foods