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The Water-Energy-Greenhouse Gas Connection. Gary Klein Affiliated International Management and GreenPlumbers USA Email: gsmklein@comcast.net. A Birdseye View… December 13, 2007, 1 PM. Courtesy of: Lana Armstrong Waterfront Sportsman Dale Swiggett Bob Epting Photographs by: Eric Schneider.

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the water energy greenhouse gas connection
TheWater-Energy-Greenhouse Gas Connection

Gary KleinAffiliated International Management andGreenPlumbers USA

Email: gsmklein@comcast.net

a birdseye view december 13 2007 1 pm
A Birdseye View…December 13, 2007, 1 PM

Courtesy of:

  • Lana Armstrong
  • Waterfront Sportsman
  • Dale Swiggett
  • Bob Epting

Photographs by:

  • Eric Schneider
falls lake
Falls Lake

Water level down approximately 20 feet

jordan lake
Jordan Lake

Water level down approximately 10 feet

wastewater treatment
Wastewater Treatment

These are source of water running in the “rivers” shown entering Falls Lake and Jordan Lake

shearon harris nuclear power plant
Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant

Evaporates approximately ½ gallon of potentially potable water per kWh to produce electricity

water use cycle energy intensities kwh mg

Water Use Cycle Boundary

Source

Water

Distribution

Supply & Conveyance

Water Treatment

[100-16,000]

[700-1,200]

[0-16,000]

End-use

Agricultural

Residential

Commercial

Industrial

Recycled Water Distribution

Recycled Water Treatment

[400-1,200]

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Collection

Discharge

[0-400]

[1,100-4,600]

Source

Water Use Cycle Energy Intensities(kWh/MG)

Typical Range = 2,000 to 20,000 kWh/MG

Source: California Energy Commission, 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report

water related energy use ca 2001
Water-Related Energy Use-CA 2001

CO2 e (Million Metric Tons) 56 50

Approximately 25% of the nation’s stationary energy use goes to water in some form.

Source: California Energy Commission, 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report

slide10

California’s Water Supply Systems

Lester Snow, California Department of Water Resources

regional differences

Northern

Southern

California

California

kWh/MG

kWh/MG

Supply & Conveyance

150

8,900

Water Treatment

100

100

Distribution

1,200

1,200

Wastewater Treatment

2,500

2,500

Regional Total

3,950

12,700

Regional Differences

Source: California Energy Commission, 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report

What is the Water-Energy Relationship where you live or work?

slide12
California’s Energy Efficiency Programs’ Resource Value Compared to a Potential Water Use Efficiency (WUE) Program

How do your energy efficiency programs compare to the potential energy savings due to water use efficiency?

water energy relationship synergies
Water-Energy Relationship:Synergies
  • End-User Water and Energy Conservation
    • Saving water can save energy
    • Saving energy can save water
  • Improve Price Signals
    • Time of use water rates and meters
    • Time of use electric rates and meters
  • Water and Wastewater Utility Operational Efficiency
    • Increasing water and wastewater system efficiency reduces energy in the water use cycle
  • Water Storage
    • Increased water storage and more flexible water storage shifts peak energy requirements
    • Pumped storage increases peak electric generation and improves electric system efficiency
  • Renewable Generation by Water and Wastewater Utilities
    • Increase generation from in-conduit hydro and biogas. Add generation from solar and wind.
    • Assist in meeting California’s renewable generation goals

If we did all this,

what would be the combined impact on GHG emissions?

slide15

USA

Climate Care

Caring For Our Water

Solar Hot Water

Water Efficient Technology

Introducing the Future of Plumbing…

slide16

USA

  • The Re-Training and Accreditation of Plumbers
  • GreenPlumbers® training programs are designed to assist plumbers in understanding their role in relation to Environmental & Public Health, and to provide their customers with up to date information and advise on:
        • Latest technology and energy saving appliances
        • Practical appliances & installation knowledge
        • Environmental impacts of plumbing services, appliances and household practices
        • Rebates, incentive programs, and consumer information
        • Energy/water/cost savings (short term and long term cost comparisons and environmental benefits)
slide17

USA

  • 5 Course GreenPlumbers® AccreditationProgram
  • Climate Care
  • Caring for Our Water
  • Solar Hot Water
  • Water Efficient Technology
  • Inspection Report Service
do you know
Do You Know:
  • Anyone who waits a long time to get hot water somewhere in their house? At their job? In their favorite restaurant?
  • Any communities that have building or appliance energy standards or incentive programs? Green building programs?
  • Someone who has ever run out of hot water?
  • Any health inspectors who are enforcing compliance with hot water requirements in kitchens and restrooms?
  • Someone who is thinking about charging their kids for each shower they take?
  • Anyone who is tired of adjusting their lifestyle to the performance of their water heating system?
  • Any communities that have a “you can’t build unless you can guarantee a long term supply of water” ordinance?
  • Anyone who wants instantaneous hot water?
  • Someone who thinks that a tankless water heater is instantaneous?
  • Anyone who would like to learn how to get hot water to every fixture wasting no more than 1 cup waiting for the hot water to arrive?
slide20

A Better Bathroom…

Shower: 2.0 gpmFaucet: 1.0 gpmToilet: 1.28 gallons per flush

the challenge
The Challenge

Deliver hot water

to every fitting or appliance

wasting no more energy

than we currently waste and

wasting no more than 1 cup

waiting for the hot water to arrive.

structured plumbing layout using the cold water trunk line as the return

Pump, Controls and Thermo-sensor under sink in hot water location furthest from the water heater.

Twig

@

Trunk

Hot Water Piping

½ inch

Water Heater

¾ inch

@

@

Hot

Wide Radius Elbows

Locate activation mechanisms in hot water locations - @

Structured Plumbing LayoutUsing the Cold Water Trunk Line as the Return

www.gothotwater.com

structured plumbing layout using a dedicated return line

Pump, Controls and Thermo-sensor (in one of these two locations)

Return

(¾ inch minimum)

Twig

@

Trunk

Hot Water Piping

½ inch

Water Heater

¾ inch

@

@

Hot

Wide Radius Elbows

Locate activation mechanisms in hot water locations - @

Structured Plumbing LayoutUsing a Dedicated Return Line

www.gothotwater.com

slide24

USA

Complete Culture Change For Plumbers

It’s not an option – It’s a necessity

GreenPlumbersUSA GOAL:

To Retrain 15,000 plumbers in California

and 40,000 in the United States

NATIONAL SCOPE:

A Green Army of55,000 Plumbers

Saving Water in 165,000 Houses Per Day

= 33 Million Houses Per Year

slide25

USA

GreenPlumbers® and

Water Agencies and Utilities

A Natural Partnership

Now Seeking Sponsorships for Ongoing Workshops

Contact:

Megan Lehtonen

1-888-929-6207

megan@greenplumbersusa.com

climate change

Climate Change

The World’s Largest Experiment

Do you want to bet on the outcome?

Would you like to buy some insurance?

slide29
The

20300Challenge

Ed Mazria, Inc.

www.2030challenge.org

slide30

Is There Still Time to Avoid

‘Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference’ with Global Climate?

Dr. James E. Hansen

Director, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

December 6, 2005

dr james e hansen continued
Dr. James E. Hansen, continued
  • “Warming of more than 10C above today’s level will make the Earth warmer than it has been in a million years”.
  • “Business-as-usual, with fossil fuel CO2 emissions continuing to increase will mean an additional warming of 20C to 30C this century and will make the Earth a different planet.”
  • “At 20C to 30C the new equilibrium sea level is approximately 25 meters (80 feet) higher than today. Real world data suggest sea level changes in centuries rather than millennia.”
  • “Action must be prompt, otherwise CO2- producing infrastructure will be built within a decade that will make it impractical to keep further warming under 10C”.
  • “I refer especially to the large number of coal-fired power plants that China, the U.S. and India are planning to build…”
slide32

Wilmington

Myrtle Beach

Charleston

Mt. Pleasant

Hilton Head

Savannah

slide33

Wilmington

Myrtle Beach

Charleston

Mt. Pleasant

Hilton Head

Sea Level +1M

Savannah

slide34

Wilmington

Myrtle Beach

Charleston

Mt. Pleasant

Hilton Head

Sea Level +6M

Savannah

adopt these targets
Adopt these Targets
  • All new buildings, developments and major renovations meet a fossil fuel energy-consumption performance standard of 50% of the regional (or country) average for that building type.
  • That at a minimum an equal amount of existing building area be renovated annually to use 50% of the fossil fuel energy they currently consume.
  • Increase Fossil Fuel Reduction Standard to:
    • 2010 – 60%
    • 2015 – 70%
    • 2020 – 80%
    • 2025 – 90%

Goal is to be Carbon Neutral by 2030

No Fossil Fuel to Operate our Buildings

slide36

Global Emergency

Teach - In

“THE 2010 IMPERATIVE”

www.the2010imperative.org

Teach-In was held February 20, 2007

resources
Resources

California Energy Commission

www.energy.ca.gov

2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report,

Chapter 8 Integrating Water and Energy Strategies

http://www.energy.ca.gov/2005publications/CEC-100-2005-007/CEC-100-2005-007-CMF.PDF

California’s Water-Energy Relationship-Final Staff Report

http://www.energy.ca.gov/2005publications/CEC-700-2005-011/CEC-700-2005-011-SF.PDF

resources39
Resources

California Public Utilities Commission

www.cpuc.ca.gov

  • Water Action Plan http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/static/hottopics/3water/water_action_plan_final_12_27_05.pdf
  • Joint Agency Symposium: “The Regulatory Challenge Linking Water and Energy” March 28, 2006. http://energy.ca.gov/process/water/2006-03-28_symposium/index.html
  • Water-Energy Partnership
  • CPUC Rulemaking 06-04-010 on Energy Efficiency –Proceedings

http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/Published/proceedings/R0604010.htm