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JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS

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JEREMIAH & LAMENTATIONS. JEREMIAH. AUTHOR. Jeremiah; name means “The Lord throws” 626 BC-586 BC Death: Uncertain; may have been stoned Commanded not to marry or have kids (16:1-4) Prophet of Doom; Only had a few friends. Secretary: Baruch (36:4-32)

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Presentation Transcript
author
AUTHOR
  • Jeremiah; name means “The Lord throws”
  • 626 BC-586 BC
  • Death: Uncertain; may have been stoned
  • Commanded not to marry or have kids (16:1-4)
  • Prophet of Doom; Only had a few friends.
  • Secretary: Baruch (36:4-32)
  • Self-critical; timid by nature (1:6; 10:24)
  • Confesses; often makes startling statements (12:1; 15:18)
background
BACKGROUND
  • Time of storm and stress for nations
  • Nabopolassar of Babylon took up rule in 626 (year of Jeremiah’s call)
  • King Josiah (Jeremiah’s friend) dies in battle in 609 BC.
  • New king Jehoiakim hates Jeremiah: sent to prison and persecution
  • Later, the king Zedekiah also mistreated Jeremiah at times; though at end of Z. life, made treaty with Jeremiah (38:14-27)
  • Jeremiah under house arrest until 586 (38:28)
  • Over 70, joins those who fled to Egypt (43:4-7)
  • Thus called the “weeping prophet”
theological themes and message
THEOLOGICAL THEMES AND MESSAGE
  • Shows contempt for false prophets
  • Prophesied against own people, though loved them and prayed for them
  • Judgment—pervasive theme; though offered “repentance” as answer
  • Called Judah to submit to Babylon; seen as a traitor (but actually a patriot)
  • God as ultimate
  • God is concerned about individuals
  • God’s judgment would not be the final word. Mercy and covenant faithfulness would win. God wold make new covenant with his people (31:31-34)
literary features
LITERARY FEATURES
  • Longest book in the Bible (by words)
  • Prose: lofty and lyrical
  • Repetition: “sword, famine, and plague”
  • Use of symbolism
author date
AUTHOR & DATE
  • Anonymous
  • Written while in Exile
  • If by Jeremiah, at the very end of his life (586-516)
literary features9
LITERARY FEATURES
  • Poetic
  • 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 5th laments all have 22 verses (reflecting Hebrew Alphabet)
  • 3rd lament—33 line units, each beginning with the successive Hebrew letter
items of interest
ITEMS OF INTEREST
  • Only Bible book that consists solely of Laments
  • Orthodox Jews read it aloud every 9th day of Ab (destruction of Temple)
  • Many read it each week at the Western Wall in Jerusalem
  • Roman Catholics read it on the last 3 days of Holy Week
themes and theology
THEMES AND THEOLOGY
  • Recites horrors of devastation:
    • Wholesale devastations and slaughter against kings and commoners alike
    • Starving mothers reduced to cannibalism
    • Ceremony and Worship came to an end
  • Wrestles with nature and ways of God:
    • Humans only instruments; God destroyed the city
    • Due to sin and covenant-breaking
    • Must acknowledge sin (in midst of weeping)
    • Ends with appeal for restoration
    • Middle of book: focuses on Goodness of God (3:21f)
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