introduction to religious studies prof felix just s j l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Introduction to Religious Studies Prof. Felix Just, S.J. PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Introduction to Religious Studies Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Introduction to Religious Studies Prof. Felix Just, S.J. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Introduction to Religious Studies Prof. Felix Just, S.J. Western Religions Overview. Faith and Belief. Nouns: “faith; trust, confidence” Confidence in someone/something: She has faith in her doctor. A belief in a supernatural power: Have faith! He lost his faith.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Introduction to Religious Studies Prof. Felix Just, S.J.' - Sharon_Dale

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
faith and belief
Faith and Belief
  • Nouns: “faith; trust, confidence”
    • Confidence in someone/something:She has faith in her doctor.
    • A belief in a supernatural power:Have faith! He lost his faith.
    • A religious system or institution: The Christian faith. The Jewish faith.
  • Verbs: “to believe; to have faith, to trust” (trans. & intrans.)
    • To accept something as real or true: I believe this story.
    • To affirm a statement or assertion: I believe (that) she will come soon.
    • To grant someone veracity or trust: I believe you; I believe in you.
    • To assert the value of something: I believe in democracy.
    • To have spiritual or religious faith. I believe.
faith and believing
Faith and Believing
  • Word Derivations (from Latin):
    • fides = “faithfulness, firmness”; fidere = “to trust”
      • Cf. English: fidelity; infidel; confident, etc.
    • credere = “to believe”; credo = “I believe”
      • Cf. English: credible, credence, incredulous, credit, etc.
  • Scripture Texts on Faith/Believing:
    • Judaism: Gen 15:5-6; Josh 24:14-15
    • Christianity: Heb 11:1; John 3:16
    • Islam: Qur’an 10:99-100; 8:2-4
types of belief in god s lots of isms
Types of Belief in God(s) – lots of “isms”
  • Theism, Atheism
  • Agnosticism, Gnosticism
  • Deism, Pantheism
  • Polytheism, Paganism/Heathenism
  • Henotheism, Monotheism
  • Trinitarianism (vs.Tri-Theism)
  • Others?
  • Hint:Learn these in pairs or groups of similar terms.
types of belief in god i
Types of Belief in God (I)
  • Theism
    • Belief in the existence of a God or any gods
    • The generic term, of which other –isms are subcategories
  • Atheism
    • The opposite: Belief that God and/or gods do “not exist”
  • Agnosticism
    • “Not knowing” whether God exists; overall non-belief
  • Gnosticism
    • A religious system that believes salvation comes through “knowledge” (Gk. gnosis) of one’s divine origin and destiny
types of belief in god ii
Types of Belief in God (II)
  • Deism
    • Belief that God created the world, but no longer influences it
      • Based on 18th-century rationalism (e.g. Thomas Jefferson)
  • Pantheism
    • Belief that divinity is “everywhere” / in “everything” (Gk. pan)
      • Whole universe is divine; but there is no “God” apart from the world
  • Polytheism
    • Belief in the existence of “many” (Gk. poly) gods
      • Egyptians & Mesopotamians: many gods, often in animal form
      • Greek & Romans: large family of gods, on Mount Olympus
types of belief in god iii
Types of Belief in God (III)
  • Monotheism
    • Belief in the existence of “only one” (Gk. monos) God
      • What others call “gods” are at most spirits, but not divine
    • Jews and Muslims believe in one God:
      • God is an indivisible unity; “no associates or partners”
    • Christians believe in one God, who is a “Trinity”
      • One divine “nature” in three divine “persons”
        • Father (Creator), Son (Jesus), Holy Spirit
      • “Trinitarianism” = “Trinitarian Monotheism”
        • not the same as “Tri-theism” (belief in 3 different gods)
types of belief in god iv
Types of Belief in God (IV)
  • Henotheism
    • Allegiance to “one” (Gk. hen) god over the others
      • All nations have their own “gods”; “Our god is better than your gods”
      • Assumes polytheistic worldview, but monotheistic worship
  • Paganism / Heathenism
    • All religions outside of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
      • Popular connotation is negative: unbelievers, hedonists, etc.
      • Academic meaning is neutral: all non-monotheistic religions
identifying god titles names
Identifying God (Titles & Names):
  • Generic Titles:
    • God / god, Deity, Divine Power, El, Elohim, Allah, etc.
    • Father, Mother, Creator, Lord, King, etc.
  • Proper Names:
    • Jewish: YHWH (Yahweh? Jehovah?); Ya/Ja
    • Mesopotamian: Asherah, Baal; Ishtar, Marduk, Tiamat, etc.
    • Egyptian: Aten, Horus, Isis, Osiris, Ra, Seth, Thoth, etc.
    • Greco-Roman / Olympian: Zeus=Jupiter; Athena=Diana; etc.
talking about god philosophically
Talking about God (Philosophically):
  • God is Absolute (positive & negative):
    • ALL: omnipotent (all powerful); omniscient (all knowing); omnipresent (everywhere); omni-benevolent (all merciful)
    • NOT: invisible (not seen); immutable (unchanging); immortal (not dying); infinite (not limited); etc.
  • Language is Limited (analogies & opposites):
    • God is transcendent (beyond) & immanent (internal)
    • So God-talk is possible, but always analogical / inadequate
    • Both/And Approach:via positiva & via negativa
classifying world religions
Classifying World Religions:
  • Major Categories:
    • “Eastern” & “Western” & “Local” & New” Religions
  • Best term for Judaism, Christianity, Islam:
    • "Religions of the Book"?
    • "Monotheistic Religions"?
    • "Religions of Abrahamic Origin"?
    • "Religions of Judaic Origin"?
    • "Religions of Near Eastern Origin"?
    • Advantages & Drawbacks of each of these?
the three western religions and their sub branches
The Three Western Religions (and their sub-branches)
  • Judaism (ca. 15 Million)
    • Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Reconstructionist
  • Christianity (ca. 2.1 Billion)
    • (Eastern) Orthodox: Greek; Russian; Armenian; etc.
    • (Roman) Catholic: Latin, Byzantine, and other “rites”
    • (Western) Protestant: many “churches/denominations”
  • Islam (ca. 1.3 Billion)
    • Suni; Shi’ite; [ Sufi ]
the three western religions religion members adj book founder leaders
The Three Western Religions(religion / members / adj. // Book // founder, leaders):
  • Judaism / Jews / Jewish
    • TaNaK (Hebrew Bible, esp. Torah)
      • Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel) -- 2nd mill. BC/BCE
      • Moses, David, prophets, priests, kings
  • Christianity / Christians / Christian
    • Bible (Old Testament & New Testament)
      • Christ Jesus -- 1st century AD/CE
      • Peter & Paul, apostles, evangelists, bishops
  • Islam / Moslems / Muslim & Islamic
    • Qur’an (or Koran)
      • Prophet Muhammad -- 7th century AD/CE
      • Caliphs ("successors"), Imams ("leaders")
summary review
Summary / Review
  • Types of Belief in God (“-isms”)
    • Theism vs. Atheism vs. Agnosticism
    • Deism vs. Pantheism
    • Polytheism & Paganism
    • Henotheism vs. Monotheism (and Trinitarianism)
  • Western / Monotheistic Religions:
    • Common Core: Faith/Belief in One God!
    • Differences: Judaism / Christianity / Islam?