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Presentation skills. Presenting information to people verbally is a significant part of being a kinesiologist and hence in your degree we require you to practice this skill. Given are the main skills for verbal presentation and use of power-point and overheads. . Preparation/practice.

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Presentation Transcript
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Presentation skills

  • Presenting information to people verbally is a significant part of being a kinesiologist and hence in your degree we require you to practice this skill.

  • Given are the main skills for verbal presentation and use of power-point and overheads.


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Preparation/practice

  • Know the needs of your audience and match your contents to their needs.

  • Know your material thoroughly.

  • Put what you have to say in a logical sequence

  • Ensure your speech will be captivating to your audience as well as worth their time and attention.


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Preparation/practice

  • Practice and rehearse your speech at home.

  • Practice on your family, friends or colleagues.

  • Use a tape-recorder and listen to yourself.

  • Videotape your presentation and analyze it.


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Introduction

  • Begin with something clear and engaging.

  • When you are presenting in front of an audience, how you are being perceived is very important.

  • Dress appropriately for the occasion.

  • Be solemn if your topic is serious.

  • Present the desired image to your audience. Look pleasant, enthusiastic, and confident.


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General presentation points

  • Speak slowly, enunciate clearly, and show appropriate emotion and feeling relating to your topic.

  • Establish rapport with your audience.

  • Speak to the person farthest away from you to ensure your voice is loud enough to project to the back of the room.

  • Vary the tone of your voice and dramatize if necessary.


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Presenting using power point

  • Our brain can not absorb information verbally and visually at the same time.

  • Therefore, either listen or view but do not do both simultaneously.

  • A suggestion is use the slides for pictures that complement your presentation but while you are speaking, change to blank slides


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Effective PowerPoint Presentations

  • Fonts

  • Graphics and Design

  • Colour

  • General Presentation


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Fonts

  • Select sans-serif fonts such as Arial or Helvetica. Avoid serif fonts such as Times New Roman or Palatino as they are sometimes more difficult to read.

  • Use no font size smaller than 24 point.

  • Clearly label each screen. Use a larger font (35-45 points) or different color for the title.

  • Use a single sans-serif font for most of the presentation. Use different colors, sizes and styles (bold, underline) for impact.


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Fonts

  • Avoid italicized fonts as they are difficult to read quickly.

  • No more than 6-8 words per line

  • For bullet points, use the 6 x 6 Rule. One thought per line with no more than 6 words per line and no more than 6 lines per slide

  • Use dark text on light background or light text on dark background. However, dark backgrounds sometimes make it difficult for some people to read the text.

  • Do not use all caps except for titles.

  • To test the font, stand back six feet from the monitor and see if you can read the slide.


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Graphics and Design

  • Keep the background consistent and subtle.

  • Use only enough text when using charts or graphs to explain clearly label the graphic.

  • Keep the design clean and uncluttered. Leave empty space around the text and graphics

  • Use quality clipart and use it sparingly. The graphic should relate to and enhance the topic of the slide.


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Graphics and Design

  • Try to use the same style graphics throughout the presentation (e.g. cartoon, photographs)

  • Limit the number of graphics on each slide.

  • Check all graphics on a projection screen before the actual presentation.

  • Avoid flashy graphics and noisy animation effects unless they relate directly to the slide.

  • Limit the number of transitions used. It is often better to use only one so the audience knows what to expect.


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Colours

  • Limit the number of colours on a single screen.

  • Bright colours make small objects and thin lines stand out. However, some vibrant colours are difficult to read when projected.

  • Use no more than four colours on one chart.

  • Check all colours on a projection screen before the actual presentation. They may project differently than what appears on the monitor.


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General Presentation

  • Check the spelling and grammar.

  • Do not read the presentation. Practice the presentation so you can speak from bullet points. The text should be a cue for the presenter rather than a message for the viewer.

  • Give a brief overview at the start. Then present the information. Finally review important points.

  • It is often more effective to have bulleted points appear one at a time so the audience listens to the presenter rather than reading the screen.


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General Presentation

  • Use a wireless mouse or pick up the wired mouse so you can move around as you speak.

  • If sound effects are used, wait until the sound has finished before speaking.

  • If the content is complex, print out the slides so the audience can take notes.

  • Do not turn your back on the audience. Try to position the monitor so you can speak from it.