The Swedish Energy Foresight . Energy supply and use in Sweden 2001, TWh. Use of electricity in Sweden 1970–2001. Electricity production in Sweden 1970–2001. Energy supplies to district heating 1970–2001.
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Source: UN Global Compact
Oil & coal
Export share %
Knowledge content (”price per kilo”)
Energy use one-family houses
- availability of fuel cell vehicles
Source: Toyota trial calculations
Decreased use of energy in the Residental sector will compensate for increased use in Industry and Transport
1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030
Blueparts of the bars show costs after futureadd-ons (taxes and emission rights) and deductions ("green”certificates and wind power bonuses).
Development of total estimated cost (separation, transport and storage)
with further developed
Climate – one factor among others– other issues surface
Climate in focus– requires joint European actions
European co-ordination of the energy field
Diverging European development in the energy field
Level European playing field – yields an oligopoly situation – few large actors with similar business
Different playing fields – different business opportunities – multitude of actors of different size
Half nuclear phased out
Large scale introduction ofnatural gas
Weak incentives for energy efficiency
Diverging European energy market
Climate in focus
No change in nuclear
Limited use of natural gas
Strong incentives for energy efficiency
Co-ordinated European energy marketSweden 2020?