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Academy of Finland 2010 Academy of Finland 2010 R&D activities Academy of Finland Funding opportunities Application procedure and processing of applications Funding decisions Public R&D funding actors Public research funding in Finland R&D in Finland R&D in Finland

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academy of finland 2010
Academy of Finland 2010

Academy of Finland 2010

R&D activities

Academy of Finland

Funding opportunities

Application procedure and processing of applications

Funding decisions

public r d funding actors
Public R&D funding actors

Public research funding in Finland

r d in finland
R&D in Finland

R&D in Finland

• Employed some 80,000 people

• R&D funding €6.9 billion

• Business companies accounted for 73%

• R&D input 3.9% of GDP

• Public R&D funding 1.02% of GDP

• 17 universities and 27 polytechnics

• More than 1,500 doctoral graduates a year

r d expenditure 1991 2009
R&D expenditure 1991–2009

R&D expenditure in Finland 1991–2009, by sector

Total €6.9 billion

r d investment in oecd
R&D investment in OECD

R&D investment in selected OECD countries,

and in China and Russia (% of GPD)

Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators 2009

Statistics Finland, 2010

number of publications 1995 2008
Number of publications 1995-2008

Number of publications from Finland and precentage of world publications

in 1985–2008

Source: Thomson Reuters, Web of Sciences databases, Swedish Research Council 2009

The State and Quality of Scientific Research in Finland 2009, Academy of Finland 2009

government research expenditure 2010
Government research expenditure 2010

Government research expenditure 2010

Total €2.05 billion

academy of finland
Academy of Finland

Academy of Finland

• Duties:

• To foster scientific research and its utilisation

• To promote international scientific cooperation

• To serve as an expert organ in science policy questions

• To grant funding for scientific research, researcher training and

the development of research capabilities

• To execute other science policy expert tasks laid down in

the Government Decree or assigned to it by the Ministry of Education

(Act on the Academy of Finland 2009)

• Four Research Councils, whose operations cover all scientific disciplines

• In 2010, the Academy will make funding decisions worth €314 million

for high-level scientific research

• Each year, some 5,000 people benefit from Academy research funding

academy of finland strategy
Academy of Finland Strategy

Academy of Finland Strategy

• Scientific research and the practical application of

its results are vital to the development and

welfare of society

• The Academy is committed to strengthening its role

as the prime funding agency for scientific research

and as a major force in the Finnish research

system

• The Academy has the ability to

• identify the most promising researchers and

research projects

• raise the quality of research and improve

the application of innovation potential and

research results

• create new potential for the international

engagement of research and researchers

strategic means
Strategic means

The strategic means of the Academy

expertise
Expertise

The Academy as a science and science policy expert

• Science policy definitions and statements,

active participant in science policy debate

• Review of applications

• Evaluation of research

• evaluation of research programmes

• evaluation of research, science and disciplines

• Science and research foresighting and

impact analysis

• Contribution to science policy in a European and

Nordic context

milestones
Milestones

Milestones

evaluation activities
Evaluation activities

Evaluation activities

academy research funding
Academy research funding

Academy research funding

• Funding granted in larger sums

• Internationality, mobility, equality und breakthrough

research are an integral part of all research funding

• In making funding decisions, the Academy applies

the following:

• the document 'Criteria for research funding

decisions'

• independent and competent review

• open and transparent decision-making

• equal treatment of applicants

• criteria, procedures and decisions available

on the Academy's website

• Funding instruments will be reformed in 2010

application
Application

Application for Academy research funding

• Open competition

• Targeted at the best researchers and the most promising young researchers

• Funding decisions are based on a scientific peer review of the research plan and

the applicant as well as on research and science policy strategies

• In 2009, the Academy received applications worth a total of €1.6 billion

• The Research Councils process some 4,500 applications a year

• The success rate of applications 10–15%

• In 2010, the Academy will make funding decisions worth a total of €314 million

• Fixed-term funding

funding opportunities
Funding opportunities

The Academy's reformed funding instruments

internationalisation and researcher mobility
Internationalisation and researcher mobility

Internationalisation and support for researcher mobility

Included in all funding instruments:

• Finland Distinguished Professor Programme (FiDiPro)

• General research grants

• Academy Research Fellows and Postdoctoral Researchers

• Grants for researcher training at the EUI and

Postdoctoral Researcher at the EUI

• ERA-NET calls

• Researcher mobility and other contractual bilateral

cooperation

• International joint project calls with foreign funding agencies

• Preparation of international joint projects (until 1 Oct 2010)

• Research programmes and Centre of Excellence

programmes: joint calls and networking

academy projects
Academy projects

Academy projects

• Single largest funding opportunity of the Academy

• The aim is to promote the diversity of research and

its capacity for renewal by providing an opportunity

to take on scientifically ambitious research.

• The funding is granted to top-level researchers and

research teams

• primarily to research teams that comprise

researchers who have already earned their

doctorate

• for salaries

• for acquisition of material and equipment

• for travel and seminar costs

• for international collaboration

research programmes
Research programmes

Research programmes

• Are a cluster of research projects with a coordinated management,

focused on a defined thematic area or problem and funded for a fixed period

• Generate added value in comparison to project-based separate funding

• Have special science policy objectives, such as

• to raise the scientific level of a research field important in terms of

science or society

• to develop a field of research or science

• to piece together scattered research capacities

• to promote multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity

• to increase cooperation between researchers, funding agencies and

end-users of research results

• Promote international cooperation

• through the international networking of programmes

• by means of co-funded international programmes

• by opening up programmes or programme elements

ongoing
Ongoing

Research programmes ongoing in 2010

• Nanoscience, FinNano (2006–2010)

• Sustainable Production and Products, KETJU (2006–2010)

• Nutrition, Food and Health, ELVIRA (2007–2010)

• Power and Society in Finland, VALTA (2007–2010)

• Substance Use and Addictions, ADDIKTIO (2007–2010)

• Sustainable Energy, SusEn (2008–2011)

• The Future of Work and Well-being, WORK (2008–2011)

• Responding to Public Health Challenges, SALVE (2009–2012)

• Ubiquitous Computing and Diversity of Communication, MOTIVE (2009–2012)

• Photonics and Modern Imaging Techniques, PHOTONICS (2010–2013)

• Computational Science Research Programme, LASTU (2010–2015)

• Research Programme on the Health and Welfare of Children and Young People,

SKIDI-KIDS (2010–2013)

Open for application: Research Programme on Climate Change, FICCA (2011–2014)

The Academy also participates in the joint European Baltic Sea Research Programme (2010–2016)

national strategy
National strategy

National Centres of Excellence in Research

Objectives:

• To raise the quality standards of research

• To improve the international competitiveness of research and raise its visibility

and status

• To integrate cutting-edge research as part of research, education and

technology policy

• To develop high-level, innovative and efficient research and researcher training

environments

Requirements:

• Consists of one or more top-level research teams

• Is at the international cutting edge of research in its field

• Has distinct and common research objectives and a common management

Four CoE programmes as of 2000:

• 2000–2005 (26 CoE units); 2002–2007 (16 units);

2006–2011 (23 CoE units); 2008–2013 (18 units)

• Upcoming: CoE programme for 2012–2017

centre of exellence
Centre of Exellence

A Centre of Excellence (CoE)

• Is a research and researcher training community that is already at

the international cutting edge of research in its field

• May consist of one or more cutting-edge research teams working closely

together, based at a university, research institute or spread across several

different organisations. A CoE may also have collaboration with private

sector companies.

• Combines international cutting-edge research and the promotion of

high-level research careers

• Renews scientific research and expertise

• Is a professionally led entity with a clear and challenging research vision.

• Is competitive in its efforts to apply for international research funding.

• May be an important part of a Strategic Centre for Science, Technology and

Innovation.

centre of excellence programmes
Centre of Excellence Programmes

Centre of Excellence Programmes

• Create operating potential for consortia of research teams

• Facilitate scientific breakthroughs at the interface of different disciplines and

fields of research

• Enhance the use of research infrastructures

• Network Centres of Excellence nationally and internationally

• Develop and support research collaboration with the best international

researchers and research teams

• Promote the societal impact of research

• Have a favourable impact on the Finnish research and innovation system

• Improve compatibility of the strategies of a Centre of Excellence and

its host organisations

• Raise the quality standards and international competitiveness, visibility and

status of Finnish research

coes 2006 2011
CoEs 2006-2011

Finnish Programme for Centres of Excellence 2006–2011

coes 2008 2013
CoEs 2008-2013

Finnish Programme for Centres of Excellence 2008–2013

academy professors and academy research fellows
Academy Professors and Academy Research Fellows

Academy Professors and Academy Research Fellows

• Academy Professors (41) are top researchers who

• Contribute to the progress of research within their field of research

• Carry out their own research plan and lead their own research team

• Provide supervision to junior researchers and teaching in context with

the research

• Are appointed for a maximum term of five years at a time

• Academy Research Fellows (280)

• Are given a fixed-term opportunity to qualify for advanced research tasks or

other expert tasks

• Have been successfully engaged in scientific research and publication after

earning their doctorate

• Carry out independent scientific work as laid down in the research plan

• Provide teaching and supervision in context with the research

• Are appointed for a maximum term of five years at a time

postdoctoral researcher
Postdoctoral Researcher

Postdoctoral Researcher

• Have recently earned their doctorate and are

gaining qualifications as a professional researcher

• Are appointed for 0–4 years after earning

a doctorate

• Carry out their own research plan and provide

supervision and teaching

• Funding is granted towards the applicant's salary

and research costs

• Three-year funding term

doctoral programmes
Doctoral programmes

Doctoral programmes

• The Finnish doctoral system was established in 1995. As of 2008,

the Academy of Finland is in charge of

• allocating doctoral programme positions

• development and monitoring of the doctoral programme

• 112 doctoral programme:

• 15% operate mainly at one university; 85% are networked nationally

• 1,600 doctoral programme positions funded by the Ministry of Education and

about 4,800 matching funds student positions funded from other sources

• 16% of all doctoral candidates are international

• 50% of new PhDs graduate from doctoral programmes

• Four-year doctoral programme funding – calls at two-year intervals

• Ministry of Education: some €46 million/year (doctoral programme postions)

• Academy of Finland: some €5 million/year (operating funds for doctoral programme)

• Part of the Academy's project funding is targeted at doctoral training

• Host universities are in charge of the required infrastructure, and supervisor

and teacher resources

doctoral training
Doctoral training

Doctoral training strategies and development goals

• To make doctoral training more systematic and to raise quality

• To reduce the time needed to complete a doctoral degree

• To improve supervision and to ensure that good doctoral programme practices

are adopted

• To intensify cooperation and networking on a national and international level and

between different sectors, and to boost mobility

• To raise the percentage of doctoral candidates from outside Finland to 20%

• To enhance the career planning and mentoring of doctoral candidates

• To encourage the structural development of the doctoral programmes

• To make research careers more attractive

• To support the research strategies and profiling of host universities

• To raise the percentage of PhDs to 20% of the research community

• To increase the number of PhDs working outside the university sector

four tiered research career
Four-tiered research career

Four-tiered research career

• Academy Professor / Professor / Research Director

These positions involve extremely wide-ranging responsibilities and the most demanding research and teaching duties. Persons appointed are the scientific and academic leaders of the field concerned. Academy Professors are also expected to contribute to the advancement of science within their own discipline. Most professorship appointments are for an indefinite period.

• Academy Research Fellow / Team leader

Academy Research Fellows are fully fledged professionals in research and education who are well prepared to take on academic leadership roles. They are

expected to be able to work independently and successfully at the highest level of science. Appointments are for a fixed or indefinite term.

• Postdoctoral Researcher

Successful candidates are required to have recently completed their doctorate. Appointments are usually for a fixed term (3–5 years) and they offer considerable independence.

• Early stage researcher / Researcher training

Successful candidates are usually required to hold a Master’s degree. Appointments are for a fixed term (about 4 years), and most of the time will be dedicated to researching and writing the doctoral thesis.

fidipro
FiDiPro

Finland Distinguished Professor Programme (FiDiPro)

• Joint funding programme of the Academy and Tekes for recruiting non-Finnish or

expatriate Finnish top researchers to Finland

• Objective:

• to strengthen Finnish scientific and technological know-how

• to bring a more international element to the Finnish research system

• to generate added value for the national innovation system

• to support research-driven profiling of universities and research institutes

• Recruited for scientifically, technologically and industrially significant fields

• The applicant is a Finnish university or research institute

• Funding is competition-based and fixed-term

• The Academy funds 28 and Tekes 17 visiting professors

processing
Processing

Processing of applications

evaluation criteria
Evaluation criteria

Evaluation criteria applied by the Academy

• Scientific quality and innovativeness of

the research plan

• Competence of the applicant/research team

• Feasibility of the research plan

• Research contacts

• Significance of the research project for

the promotion of professional careers in research

and for researcher training

• Other research policy objectives adopted by

the Academy

factors affecting funding decisions
Factors affecting funding decisions

Factors affecting funding decisions

The Academy's research policy objectives

• To advance the research careers of women and young people

• To promote gender equality in research

• To promote multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity in research

• To develop innovative research environments

• To work for the internationalisation of research

• To implement larger research entities

• To promote researcher mobility

• To promote research that serves Strategic Centres for Science, Technology and

Innovation

Funding instrument-specific objectives

• The special objectives set for research programmes

• To provision of support for Centres of Excellence in research

Other factors

• Quality of the research environment

• Funding received from the Academy or from other sources

• Applicants' ability to manage research funds

• Good scientific practice (incl. ethical issues) and IPR issues

decisions 1995 2009
Decisions 1995–2009

Academy funding decisions 1995–2009

decisions 2009
Decisions 2009

Academy research funding in 2009

Total €304.2 million

funding decisions by research council in 2009
Funding decisions by Research Council in 2009

Funding decisions by Research Council in 2009

decisions 1995 2009 among research councils fields
Decisions 1995–2009 among Research Councils' fields

Breakdown of funding decisions by Research Council 1995–2009

decisions 2009 by site of research
Decisions 2009 by site of research

Academy funding decisions in 2009, by site of research

Total €304.2 million

decisions 2005 2009 by university
Decisions 2005-2009 by university

Academy funding decisions 2005–2009*, by university

* The ten Finnish universities that received most funding

(ranked according to funding received in 2009)

success rate of funding applications
Success rate of funding applications

Success rate of funding applications

(using calls for general research grants 2000–2009 as an example)

the academy of finland in brief
The Academy of Finland in Brief

The Academy of Finland works for the best interests of science

More information:

• www.aka.fi/eng

• www.research.fi/en

• www.euraxess.fi

Thank you!