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Academy of Finland 2010

Academy of Finland 2010

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Academy of Finland 2010

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  1. Academy of Finland 2010 Academy of Finland 2010 R&D activities Academy of Finland Funding opportunities Application procedure and processing of applications Funding decisions

  2. Public R&D funding actors Public research funding in Finland

  3. R&D in Finland R&D in Finland • Employed some 80,000 people • R&D funding €6.9 billion • Business companies accounted for 73% • R&D input 3.9% of GDP • Public R&D funding 1.02% of GDP • 17 universities and 27 polytechnics • More than 1,500 doctoral graduates a year

  4. R&D expenditure 1991–2009 R&D expenditure in Finland 1991–2009, by sector Total €6.9 billion

  5. R&D investment in OECD R&D investment in selected OECD countries, and in China and Russia (% of GPD) Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators 2009 Statistics Finland, 2010

  6. Number of publications 1995-2008 Number of publications from Finland and precentage of world publications in 1985–2008 Source: Thomson Reuters, Web of Sciences databases, Swedish Research Council 2009 The State and Quality of Scientific Research in Finland 2009, Academy of Finland 2009

  7. Government research expenditure 2010 Government research expenditure 2010 Total €2.05 billion

  8. Academy of Finland Academy of Finland • Duties: • To foster scientific research and its utilisation • To promote international scientific cooperation • To serve as an expert organ in science policy questions • To grant funding for scientific research, researcher training and the development of research capabilities • To execute other science policy expert tasks laid down in the Government Decree or assigned to it by the Ministry of Education (Act on the Academy of Finland 2009) • Four Research Councils, whose operations cover all scientific disciplines • In 2010, the Academy will make funding decisions worth €314 million for high-level scientific research • Each year, some 5,000 people benefit from Academy research funding

  9. Academy of Finland Strategy Academy of Finland Strategy • Scientific research and the practical application of its results are vital to the development and welfare of society • The Academy is committed to strengthening its role as the prime funding agency for scientific research and as a major force in the Finnish research system • The Academy has the ability to • identify the most promising researchers and research projects • raise the quality of research and improve the application of innovation potential and research results • create new potential for the international engagement of research and researchers

  10. Strategic means The strategic means of the Academy

  11. Expertise The Academy as a science and science policy expert • Science policy definitions and statements, active participant in science policy debate • Review of applications • Evaluation of research • evaluation of research programmes • evaluation of research, science and disciplines • Science and research foresighting and impact analysis • Contribution to science policy in a European and Nordic context

  12. Organisation (brief) Organisation

  13. Organisation (large) Organisation

  14. Milestones Milestones

  15. Evaluation activities Evaluation activities

  16. Academy research funding Academy research funding • Funding granted in larger sums • Internationality, mobility, equality und breakthrough research are an integral part of all research funding • In making funding decisions, the Academy applies the following: • the document 'Criteria for research funding decisions' • independent and competent review • open and transparent decision-making • equal treatment of applicants • criteria, procedures and decisions available on the Academy's website • Funding instruments will be reformed in 2010

  17. Application Application for Academy research funding • Open competition • Targeted at the best researchers and the most promising young researchers • Funding decisions are based on a scientific peer review of the research plan and the applicant as well as on research and science policy strategies • In 2009, the Academy received applications worth a total of €1.6 billion • The Research Councils process some 4,500 applications a year • The success rate of applications 10–15% • In 2010, the Academy will make funding decisions worth a total of €314 million • Fixed-term funding

  18. Funding opportunities The Academy's reformed funding instruments

  19. Internationalisation and researcher mobility Internationalisation and support for researcher mobility Included in all funding instruments: • Finland Distinguished Professor Programme (FiDiPro) • General research grants • Academy Research Fellows and Postdoctoral Researchers • Grants for researcher training at the EUI and Postdoctoral Researcher at the EUI • ERA-NET calls • Researcher mobility and other contractual bilateral cooperation • International joint project calls with foreign funding agencies • Preparation of international joint projects (until 1 Oct 2010) • Research programmes and Centre of Excellence programmes: joint calls and networking

  20. Academy projects Academy projects • Single largest funding opportunity of the Academy • The aim is to promote the diversity of research and its capacity for renewal by providing an opportunity to take on scientifically ambitious research. • The funding is granted to top-level researchers and research teams • primarily to research teams that comprise researchers who have already earned their doctorate • for salaries • for acquisition of material and equipment • for travel and seminar costs • for international collaboration

  21. Research programmes Research programmes • Are a cluster of research projects with a coordinated management, focused on a defined thematic area or problem and funded for a fixed period • Generate added value in comparison to project-based separate funding • Have special science policy objectives, such as • to raise the scientific level of a research field important in terms of science or society • to develop a field of research or science • to piece together scattered research capacities • to promote multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity • to increase cooperation between researchers, funding agencies and end-users of research results • Promote international cooperation • through the international networking of programmes • by means of co-funded international programmes • by opening up programmes or programme elements

  22. Ongoing Research programmes ongoing in 2010 • Nanoscience, FinNano (2006–2010) • Sustainable Production and Products, KETJU (2006–2010) • Nutrition, Food and Health, ELVIRA (2007–2010) • Power and Society in Finland, VALTA (2007–2010) • Substance Use and Addictions, ADDIKTIO (2007–2010) • Sustainable Energy, SusEn (2008–2011) • The Future of Work and Well-being, WORK (2008–2011) • Responding to Public Health Challenges, SALVE (2009–2012) • Ubiquitous Computing and Diversity of Communication, MOTIVE (2009–2012) • Photonics and Modern Imaging Techniques, PHOTONICS (2010–2013) • Computational Science Research Programme, LASTU (2010–2015) • Research Programme on the Health and Welfare of Children and Young People, SKIDI-KIDS (2010–2013) Open for application: Research Programme on Climate Change, FICCA (2011–2014) The Academy also participates in the joint European Baltic Sea Research Programme (2010–2016)

  23. National strategy National Centres of Excellence in Research Objectives: • To raise the quality standards of research • To improve the international competitiveness of research and raise its visibility and status • To integrate cutting-edge research as part of research, education and technology policy • To develop high-level, innovative and efficient research and researcher training environments Requirements: • Consists of one or more top-level research teams • Is at the international cutting edge of research in its field • Has distinct and common research objectives and a common management Four CoE programmes as of 2000: • 2000–2005 (26 CoE units); 2002–2007 (16 units); 2006–2011 (23 CoE units); 2008–2013 (18 units) • Upcoming: CoE programme for 2012–2017

  24. Centre of Exellence A Centre of Excellence (CoE) • Is a research and researcher training community that is already at the international cutting edge of research in its field • May consist of one or more cutting-edge research teams working closely together, based at a university, research institute or spread across several different organisations. A CoE may also have collaboration with private sector companies. • Combines international cutting-edge research and the promotion of high-level research careers • Renews scientific research and expertise • Is a professionally led entity with a clear and challenging research vision. • Is competitive in its efforts to apply for international research funding. • May be an important part of a Strategic Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation.

  25. Centre of Excellence Programmes Centre of Excellence Programmes • Create operating potential for consortia of research teams • Facilitate scientific breakthroughs at the interface of different disciplines and fields of research • Enhance the use of research infrastructures • Network Centres of Excellence nationally and internationally • Develop and support research collaboration with the best international researchers and research teams • Promote the societal impact of research • Have a favourable impact on the Finnish research and innovation system • Improve compatibility of the strategies of a Centre of Excellence and its host organisations • Raise the quality standards and international competitiveness, visibility and status of Finnish research

  26. CoEs 2006-2011 Finnish Programme for Centres of Excellence 2006–2011

  27. CoEs 2008-2013 Finnish Programme for Centres of Excellence 2008–2013

  28. Academy Professors and Academy Research Fellows Academy Professors and Academy Research Fellows • Academy Professors (41) are top researchers who • Contribute to the progress of research within their field of research • Carry out their own research plan and lead their own research team • Provide supervision to junior researchers and teaching in context with the research • Are appointed for a maximum term of five years at a time • Academy Research Fellows (280) • Are given a fixed-term opportunity to qualify for advanced research tasks or other expert tasks • Have been successfully engaged in scientific research and publication after earning their doctorate • Carry out independent scientific work as laid down in the research plan • Provide teaching and supervision in context with the research • Are appointed for a maximum term of five years at a time

  29. Postdoctoral Researcher Postdoctoral Researcher • Have recently earned their doctorate and are gaining qualifications as a professional researcher • Are appointed for 0–4 years after earning a doctorate • Carry out their own research plan and provide supervision and teaching • Funding is granted towards the applicant's salary and research costs • Three-year funding term

  30. Doctoral programmes Doctoral programmes • The Finnish doctoral system was established in 1995. As of 2008, the Academy of Finland is in charge of • allocating doctoral programme positions • development and monitoring of the doctoral programme • 112 doctoral programme: • 15% operate mainly at one university; 85% are networked nationally • 1,600 doctoral programme positions funded by the Ministry of Education and about 4,800 matching funds student positions funded from other sources • 16% of all doctoral candidates are international • 50% of new PhDs graduate from doctoral programmes • Four-year doctoral programme funding – calls at two-year intervals • Ministry of Education: some €46 million/year (doctoral programme postions) • Academy of Finland: some €5 million/year (operating funds for doctoral programme) • Part of the Academy's project funding is targeted at doctoral training • Host universities are in charge of the required infrastructure, and supervisor and teacher resources

  31. Doctoral training Doctoral training strategies and development goals • To make doctoral training more systematic and to raise quality • To reduce the time needed to complete a doctoral degree • To improve supervision and to ensure that good doctoral programme practices are adopted • To intensify cooperation and networking on a national and international level and between different sectors, and to boost mobility • To raise the percentage of doctoral candidates from outside Finland to 20% • To enhance the career planning and mentoring of doctoral candidates • To encourage the structural development of the doctoral programmes • To make research careers more attractive • To support the research strategies and profiling of host universities • To raise the percentage of PhDs to 20% of the research community • To increase the number of PhDs working outside the university sector

  32. Four-tiered research career Four-tiered research career • Academy Professor / Professor / Research Director These positions involve extremely wide-ranging responsibilities and the most demanding research and teaching duties. Persons appointed are the scientific and academic leaders of the field concerned. Academy Professors are also expected to contribute to the advancement of science within their own discipline. Most professorship appointments are for an indefinite period. • Academy Research Fellow / Team leader Academy Research Fellows are fully fledged professionals in research and education who are well prepared to take on academic leadership roles. They are expected to be able to work independently and successfully at the highest level of science. Appointments are for a fixed or indefinite term. • Postdoctoral Researcher Successful candidates are required to have recently completed their doctorate. Appointments are usually for a fixed term (3–5 years) and they offer considerable independence. • Early stage researcher / Researcher training Successful candidates are usually required to hold a Master’s degree. Appointments are for a fixed term (about 4 years), and most of the time will be dedicated to researching and writing the doctoral thesis.

  33. FiDiPro Finland Distinguished Professor Programme (FiDiPro) • Joint funding programme of the Academy and Tekes for recruiting non-Finnish or expatriate Finnish top researchers to Finland • Objective: • to strengthen Finnish scientific and technological know-how • to bring a more international element to the Finnish research system • to generate added value for the national innovation system • to support research-driven profiling of universities and research institutes • Recruited for scientifically, technologically and industrially significant fields • The applicant is a Finnish university or research institute • Funding is competition-based and fixed-term • The Academy funds 28 and Tekes 17 visiting professors

  34. Processing Processing of applications

  35. Evaluation criteria Evaluation criteria applied by the Academy • Scientific quality and innovativeness of the research plan • Competence of the applicant/research team • Feasibility of the research plan • Research contacts • Significance of the research project for the promotion of professional careers in research and for researcher training • Other research policy objectives adopted by the Academy

  36. Factors affecting funding decisions Factors affecting funding decisions The Academy's research policy objectives • To advance the research careers of women and young people • To promote gender equality in research • To promote multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity in research • To develop innovative research environments • To work for the internationalisation of research • To implement larger research entities • To promote researcher mobility • To promote research that serves Strategic Centres for Science, Technology and Innovation Funding instrument-specific objectives • The special objectives set for research programmes • To provision of support for Centres of Excellence in research Other factors • Quality of the research environment • Funding received from the Academy or from other sources • Applicants' ability to manage research funds • Good scientific practice (incl. ethical issues) and IPR issues

  37. Decisions 1995–2009 Academy funding decisions 1995–2009

  38. Decisions 2009 Academy research funding in 2009 Total €304.2 million

  39. Funding decisions by Research Council in 2009 Funding decisions by Research Council in 2009

  40. Decisions 1995–2009 among Research Councils' fields Breakdown of funding decisions by Research Council 1995–2009

  41. Decisions 2009 by site of research Academy funding decisions in 2009, by site of research Total €304.2 million

  42. Decisions 2005-2009 by university Academy funding decisions 2005–2009*, by university * The ten Finnish universities that received most funding (ranked according to funding received in 2009)

  43. Success rate of funding applications Success rate of funding applications (using calls for general research grants 2000–2009 as an example)

  44. The Academy of Finland in Brief The Academy of Finland works for the best interests of science More information: • www.aka.fi/eng • www.research.fi/en • www.euraxess.fi Thank you!