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Marudhar Arts Floor & Real - Time Live Auction #23

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  1. Marudhar Arts® India’s Leading Numismatic Auction House New Showroom : # 85 M. G. Road, Bangalore 560 001 Regd. Office : 1st floor, 120, Dr. D. V. G. Road, Basavangudi (Gandhi Bazar) Bangalore 560 004. Auction Venue Shikshak Sadan Antique License No.01 Opp.Kaveri Bhavan,K.G.Road, Bangalore -560002. World's 1st Numismatic & Philatelic Auction House to offer In House Realtime Audio-Visual Live Internet Bidding. No need of any 3rd party registration or support Register once and stay connected forever! Bid with peace and confidence On the most secure Auction Portal. www.MarudharArts.com

  2. Lot Viewing at our M.G Road office With prior appointment from 15th - 20th February between 11:00 am to 5:00 pm At the Venue Friday, 23th February, 11:00 am Onwards Bidding Methods: • • • • +91- 92431- 45999, +91- 90084 - 90014 or +91- 99800 - 20666 • Provided that you PRE Register for this on or before 23th Feb 2018 with Lot No's. Email your bids to info@MarudharArts.com Bid on our website by logging in with user Id and Password Mail your bids on the bidding form to our M.G Road address before 20th Feb 2018. SMS/WhatsApp your bids to any of these mobile numbers Phone bids could be arranged on special request for Lots valuing above 1 Lac minimum. Live Internet Bidding During the auction we will be using our own developed audio-visual live online bidding system at www.MarudharArts.com from this auction onwards. This system will let you follow the bidding on the days of the auction, and will also allow you to place bids as if you were attending in person on the bidding floor. Bid in the Auction from the comfort of your Home or Office. Control your bids as if you were in the room personally. Listen & Watch the auctioneer in real time. Register Now at www.MarudharArts.com in order to participate in live bidding using your Desktop or Laptop computers only Please note : You need to register on the site 24 hours before the auction and get approved for bidding. 100% Transparency in Book Bidding is the hallmark of our Auctions

  3. Marudhar Arts Auction No. 23 In Conjunction with 9th National Numismatic Exhibition 23rd - 25th February 2018 Bibliography • • • • • • • • • • • • • • A Catalog of The Indian Coins in the British Museum By John Allan Kushan Coins: By Gobl Living without Silver, John S. Deyell, Oxford University Press 1999 Michael Mitchiner :– The Coinage and History of Southern India Karnataka-Andhra Part I, 1998 Michael Mitchiner :– Oriental Coins & Their values, The Ancient & Classical world Part I&II 1978 Michael Mitchiner :– The Coinage and History of Southern India Tamilnadu-Kerala part II 1998 South Asian Coins and Paper Money Indian Edition – 2013. By Rajender Maru South India Coins By K. Ganesh & Dr. M Girijapati The Coinage and History of Vijayanagara Empire By Dr. M. Girijapathi The Coins of The British Commonwealth of Nation - Part 3 & 4 By F. Pridmore The Coins Of The Indian Sultanates By Mr. Stan Goron & Mr. J.P. Goenka The Gupta Gold Coins of Bayana Hoard, Prof. A.S. Altekar NSI Varanasi 1954 Ancient Indian Coins Revisited - Wilfred Pieper The Coins of the East India Co. Presidency Series by Paul Steven Antique License No. : 01 | TIN : 29570625106 | Service Tax No. ACLPM3367RSD001 | GST No. 29ACLPM3367R1ZL Banking Details Buyer's Premium is 12.5% plus GST of 18% a total of 14.75% on the Hammer Price. Additionally, 5% GST onNumismatic Coins (Chp 9705, Sr. #262, pg.42) of 12% on items of Numismatic Interest other than Nu- mismatic coins (Chp 9705, Sr. #239, pg.79) is payable, as per the"Rate on GST of Goods" booklet. Current Account Name: Marudhar Arts SBI Bank, Church Street, Bangalore A/C No : 31823905540 RTGS / NEFT IFSC: SBIN0007987 HDFC, Gandhi Bazar, Bangalore A/C No: 04462020001066 RTGS / NEFT IFSC: HDFC0000446 Price : INR 750 / 15 USD

  4. Marudhar Arts Auction No. 23 In Conjunction with 9th National Numismatic Exhibition 23th - 25th February 2018 Session I at 3:30 pm, Saturday, February 24th, 2018. Order of Sale Coins of Ancient India Lot No. 1 to 86 Coins of Hindu Medieval Lot No. 87 to 102 Coins of Sultanate of India Lot No. 103 to 159 Coins of Mughal Emperors of India Coins of Indian Independent Kingdom Coins of Indian Princely States Lot No. 160 to 282 Lot No. 283 to 318 Lot No. 319 to 378 Coins of European Enclaves in India Lot No. 379 to 391 Coins of Presidencies of India Lot No. 392 to 425 Coins of British India Lot No. 426 to 518 Coins of Republic India Lot No. 519 to 541 Coins of Worldwide Lot No. 542 to 551 Medals/Tokens/Badges/Books Lot No. 552 to 562 Paper Money Lot No. 563 to 570 Error Paper Money & Coins Lot No. 571 to 585 Session II at 11:30 am, Sunday, February 25th, 2018. Order of Sale Coins of Ancient India Lot No. 586 to 661 Coins of Hindu Medieval Lot No. 662 to 687 Coins of Sultanate of India Lot No. 688 to 734 Coins of Mughal Emperors of India Coins of Indian Independent Kingdom Coins of Indian Princely States Lot No. 735 to 865 Lot No. 866 to 927 Lot No. 928 to 995 Coins of European Enclaves in India Lot No. 996 to 1006 Coins of Presidencies of India Lot No. 1007 to 1037 Coins of British India Lot No. 1038 to 1195 Coins of Republic India Lot No. 1196 to 1218 Coins of Worldwide Lot No. 1219 to 1242 Medals/Tokens/Badges/Books Lot No. 1243 to 1266 Paper Money Lot No. 1267 to 1277 Error Paper Money & Coins Lot No. 1278 to 1309 Autographs Lot No. 1310 to 1314

  5. Terms and Conditions Auctioneer and Auction ? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? with the Antique License from the Archaeological Department of India & the Under License No 1. The Auction is conducted under these Terms and Conditions of Auction and it is applicable to the Indian Law. Auctioneer reserves the right to include its own item(s) in this ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? employees. Auctioneer also reserves the rights: 1. To reject/cancel any bid at any time on any lot. 2. To withdraw any item from the auction. 3. To place the bids on behalf of the consigner up to the amount of reserves price established by the consigner. Auctioneer will not accept a reserve price from a consigner above the high estimate shown in the catalogs for auction. Bidders 1. Any person participating or registering for the Floor and Online Auction to buy any item ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? that person is referred as “Bidder”. 2. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? entity agrees to personally guarantee payment for any successful bid. Bidding 1. The Auction is conducted in Indian Rupees Currency. 2. ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? sure that every bid is entered correctly. Auctioneer will also not be responsible for Internet bids submitted after the published closing time; nor for any Internet delay from the bidder’s end. 3.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????? 4.??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 5.Marudhar Arts does not subscribe to the theory of hidden and undeclared reserve prices. Our ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? item is the genuine starting price. 6.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? these conditions and shall be bound by them. 7.Those bidders who are new to the Auctioneer may be required to furnish trade references of may pay a refundable deposit. 8.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? percent (2½ %) interest per month. If the Auctioneer refers any ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? other collection costs incurred by Auctioneer. 5. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? than auctioneer is not liable to give the delivery if the said lot/lots. 6.Those bidders who have not paid their previous bills and also the bidders who are not ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????? 7. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? by government or semi government authorities 8. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? bids which are less than the lower estimate will not be consider by the auctioneer. 9.???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? be bound by them Genuineness/Guarantee Marudhar Arts???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Arts will not be responsible for same). Insurance Optional transit insurance is available for the lots only at the cost of 2% on billed invoice. Payment 1. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????? Payment is due immediately upon the close of the auction. Payment is delinquent 2. ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Auctioneer reserves all the rights to sell the lot(s) to any other bidders in the Auction that the ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 3. A defaulting Bidder agrees to pay for the reasonable costs of resale (including a 12.5% ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????? Shipping/Handling Charges Delivery Delivery of the lot(s) will be done only once the full payments are received. Buyer is responsible for shipping and handling charges. Lots won will be shipped within 7 days time after the full payment is received. International Bidders shall provide written ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? to be delivered outside India. International Buyer have to pay their countries Custom Duty if any applicable. A standard charge of Rs.200 for Domestic &Rs.400 for International shipment will be charged on every lot. Grading/Description/Photos/Weight 1.? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? and descriptions are subjective. Please note that Marudhar Arts does not warrant the accuracy ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? complaints shall be entertained after bidding. NOTE: 1. Final value of the item shall be the item’(s) closing price + Buyer’s Premium+ VAT*+ shipping charges + insurance**. All shipping charges will be borne by the successful Bidder. 2. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? days of shipment by the buyer. 3. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? payment by any Bidder will result in the bidder being banned for life from participating in future auctions and the defaulting bidders name & complete details will be advertised to all other auctioneers’ across India and on all social media. Please Bid thoughtfully after assessing your credibility yourself. * As applicable. ** Optional. 2.? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? the auctioneer nor the seller is liable for any fault or error of description. All statements as to ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? and return the same to the auctioneer within seven (7) days from the day of the sale. Under no ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Buyers Premium A winning bidder has to pay Buyer's Premium whichis 12.5% plus GST of 18% a total of General 1. The auctioneer acts solely as an agent and shall not be responsible for any default/error by either the buyer or the seller or for any action or claim which may arise in respect of any lot. 2. Buyers must satisfy themselves as to the accuracy of their purchases at the time of delivery. The auctioneer cannot be held responsible for any discrepancy which might be discovered after the lots have been removed from either the auction room or the auctioneer’s premises. 3. The auctioneer is not responsible for the safe custody of any lots left beyond seven (7) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 4.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? balance will bear interest at the highest rate permitted by law 14.75% on the Hammer Price. Additionally, 5% GST onNumismatic Coins (Chp 9705, Sr. #262, pg.42) of 12% on items of Numismatic Interest other than Numismatic coins (Chp 9705, Sr. #239, pg.79) is payable, as per the"Rate on GST of Goods" booklet. Please note that 1.Marudhar arts (auctioneer) holds the right to revise, edit or make any necessary changes on a system generated invoice in case of any discrepancy found. 2.Marudhar Arts will not be responsible for any technical issue you may face at your end. Subject to Bangalore jurisdiction.

  6. Auction – 23 Session – 1 Coins of Ancient India Punch-Marked Coins 1. Gandhara J anapada (600-300 BC), Silver Bentbar (Satamana), Obv:2 six petaled flower each end of the bar with three different counter marks,Rev: uni- face, 11.36g, 40.96x8.99mm, (W. Pieper # 9), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 1 2. Maghada J anapada (600-300 BC), Bihar Region, Silver 1/2 Satamana (50 Rattis), Series 0, Obv:six armed symbol in the centre of field surrrounded by the banker marks sun, leaf, dot surrounded grains and damru symbol, Rev: uni- face, 5.3g, 28.83mm,Unlisted type, about extremely fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 2 3. Maghada J anapada (600-300 BC), Silver Karshapana, Obv: five symbols consisting 2xsun, six armed symbol, elephant, bull and tree, Rev:banker marks, 3.32g, 23.93x23.49mm, (Raj. Series-12 # 226), about very fine+, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 3 4. Maghada J anapada (600-300 BC), Silver Karshapana, Obv: five punch- es consisting sun, six armed symbol, six pointed star with centre dot, taurine sym- bol surrounded by dots and bow and arrow symbol, Rev:banker mark rectangu- lar box dots inside, 3.28g, 26.48mm, (MACW # 3898), about very fine+, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 3500-4500 5. Maghada J anapada (600-300 BC), Silver Karshapana, Obv: five punch- es consisting sun, six armed symbol, wheel, tree, plough and other symbols, Rev:several banker marks, 3.37g, 26.92mm, about very fine+, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 4 6. Maghada J anapada (600-300 BC), Silver Karshapana, Obv:five punches con- sisting sun, six armed symbol, rabbit on the arched hill, bull and a standard with tau- rines, Rev:counterstrike symbols,3.38g, 21.06x14.56mm, about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 5 7. Archaic , Shakya J anapada (600-500 BC), Narhan hoard (Pentagon) type, Silver 5 Shana, Obv: single symbol of a square with a dot in the center and ancillary sym- bols around, Rev: uniface and scyphate, 6.51g, 22.14mm, about very fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 6 8. South-Vidarbha J anapada (400-300 BC), Painganga River system, Silver 1/2 Karshapana, ABCC type, Obv: configuration of four symbols including el- ephant to right, river turtle and dots, 2xcircle with dots and crescents, Rev: trac- es of origional symbols, 1.55g, 19.83mm, Unlisted type, about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 9. Kosala J anapada (525-465 BC), Silver Karshapana, Obv:punches consisting six point- ed star with central dot, trishkele, dot surrounded by english word S type triangular symbol, flower and other symbols, Rev: various banker marks, 2.60g, 24.84mm, about very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 7 10. Kosala J anapada (525-465 BC), Silver Karshapana, Obv:four symbols consisting trishkele, dot surrounded by english word S type triangular symbol, bull, six pointed star with dots, Rev: various banker marks, 2.9g, 18.93mm, (Raj. Series-64#1003), about very fine+, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 6000-7000 8 10 9 1

  7. Coins of Ancient India 11. Vatsa J anapada (500-410 BC), Kashi Region, Silver Karshapana, ABCC type, Obv:four punches consisting vatsa royal mark of scorpion, elephant, pair of geomatrical symbols with lines field,Rev:banker marks,3.1g, 28.65x21.94mm, Unlisted type, about UNC,Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 12. Kalinga J anapada (500-260 BC), Silver Karshapana, ABCC type, Obv: four punch- es consisting candelebrum, scorprio and 2xelephant standing facing left with two taurines, Rev: banker marks,3.1g, 22.09mm, Unlisted type, about extremely fine, Extremely Rare. Very unusual combination for the type. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 11 13. Erikachha, Sahasasena (300-200 BC), Copper Unit, Obv:brahmi legend “Rajno Sa ha sa se na sa” in two lines divided by a counter marked palm tree on hill symbol/supta, Rev:uni- face, 1.59g, 12.09x11.22mm, (Variant of W. Pieper # 517), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 1200-1500 12 14. Ujjaini Region (200 BC), Copper Unit, Obv: an array of symbols, tree in railing, fishes in a pond, wheel with arrowed spokes, triangle-headed standard, river below, ujjaini symbol,Rev:bold double orbed ujjaini symbol,5.22g, 18.54mm, (W. Pieper # 379-380), about very fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 13 Kuninda Dynasty 15. Amoghbuti (200 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv: a deer standing facing right, crowned by two cobras & a square box with parasol, railed yupa shown on a two-box platform un- der the deer, goddess lakshmi standing facing to the right of the deer, dotted lotus hovering above her head and brahmi legend around “Rajna Kunindasya Amoghbutisya Mahara- jasya”, (Great King Amoghbuti, of The Kunindas),Rev: a six arched hill with parasol river below surmounted by the nandipada (buddhist triratna) surrounded by a swastika, an indradhvaja, a tree in railing and kharoshthi legend around “Rana Kunindasa Amoghbu- tisa Maharajasa”, (Great King Amogh, of the Kunindas), 2.02g, 17.13mm,(Variant of W. Pieper # 1143), reverse doublestrucked, about very fine, Extremely Rare. 14 2x This would be the second instance of the appearance of a yupa in railing on a coin of the Kunindas, the first example of this type listed in W. Pieper Collection. In the ob- verse goddess legs are slightly bent to right, an unusual specimen for the type. Estimated Price: 12,000-15,000 16. Amoghbuti (200 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv: a deer standing facing right, crowned by two cobras& a square box with parasol,six arched hill with parasol un- der the deer,goddess lakshmi standing facing to the right of the deer, dotted lotus hovering above her head and brahmi legend around “ Rajnah Kunindasya Amogh- butisya Maharajasya”, (Great King Amoghbuti, of The Kunindas),Rev: a six arched hill with parasol river below surmounted by the nandipada (buddhist trirat- na) surrounded by a swastika, an indradhvaja and a tree in railing, kharoshthi leg- end around “Rana Kunindasa Amoghbutisa Maharajasa”, (Great King Amogh, of the Kunindas), 2.05g, 18.07mm, (W. Pieper # 1137), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 3500-4500 15 17. Amoghbuti (200 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv: a deer standing facing right, crowned by two cobras& a square box with parasol, triangle box with parasol under the deer,god- dess lakshmi standing facing to the right of the deer, dotted lotus hovering above her head and brahmi legend around “Rajnah Kunindasya Amoghbutisya Maharajasya”, (Great king Amoghbuti, of The Kunindas),Rev: a six arched hill with parasol river below sur- mounted by the nandipada (buddhist triratna) surrounded by a swastika, an indradhvaja, a tree in railing and kharoshthi legend around “Rana Kunindasa Amoghbutisa Maharaja- sa”, (Great King Amogh, of the Kunindas), 2.13g, 17.48mm, Unlisted type, about extreme- ly fine, Extremely Rare. 16 In the obverse the symbol we are seeing between the legs of deer triangle box with para- sol type is extremely rare for a type. Also the flower is held by goddess type is unusual in this specimen. Probably first coin to be offered in sale. Estimated Price: 7000-8000 17 2

  8. Auction – 23 Session – 1 18. City State ofShuktimati (100 BC), Cast Copper Unit, Obv: horse walking to left, taurine upside down infront, brahmi legend top “Sutimati”, Rev:elephant walking to left, triangular headed infront, taurine & ujjaini symbol top, 1.9g, 13.12x13.00mm,about extremely fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 18 19. Audumbara Dynasty, Mahadeva (100 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv: elephant standing on platform facing to left, front of trident, around brahmi legend, “....va ta ma ha de va”, Rev: humped bull facing right, with a dotted circle in front and legend in kharoshti, “Bhagavata Mahadevasa Rajaraja”,2.13g, 21.52mm, (MACW # 4436), about very fine,Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 18,000-22,000 20. Sebakas of Vidarbha, Sebak (100 BC), Square Copper Unit, Obv: bull facing to right, river below with fishes, tree railing infront, brahmi legend on top “(Ra no) Se ba (ka sa)”,Rev: counter marked srivatsa symbol, 5.25g, 21.71x23.15mm, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 3500-4000 19 Satvahana Dynasty 21. Satkarni I (100 BC), Potin Unit, Northern Deccan-Vidarbha Region, Obv: triangu- lar headed bold nandipada (taurine) in the centre, an animal (elephant ?), ujjaini sym- bol beside and brahmi legend at top “Rajno Siri”,Rev: double trees in railing, 3.86g, 23.06x18.61mm, about extremely fine, Rare. 20 The coin is of re-struck type with the undertype of the similar coin which is visible. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 22. Sri Satakarni (17-107 AD), (Sati Counter Stuck by Satkarni Vidarabha?), Copper Unit, Obv: ujjain symbol and brahmi legend below “Si ri Sa ta ka ni sa”,Rev:tree in railing, 1.9g, 13.75x12.70mm, about very fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 3500-4000 21 23. Kochiputra/Kausikiputra Siri Satakarni, Nasik Region, Potin Unit, Obv:elephant walking to right, trunk upraised, 4-orbed ujjain symbol and a sacred pot (kumbh) above, brahmi legend around “Rajno Kochiputasa Siri Sa(takanisa)”,Rev: tree in railing with broad leaves within circle, 5.68g, 19.83mm, (Coinage of Satavahana Empire, Pl.VII#B20), about very fine+,Scarce. 22 This type with a rotund elephant was issued at Nashik by Kochiputra. An attractive speci- men with lovely patina. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 24. Vasisthiputra Sri Satakarni (200 AD), Silver Dramma, Portrait type, Obv: bust of king to right wearing large earings, brahmi legend around “Sri Sa- takarnisa Rano Vasithiputasa”,Rev:sun and six-arched hill, ujjaini symbol with reiver below, tamil legend in brahmi script “Arasanaku Vasitti makanaku Tiru Satakaniko”, 2.20g, 15.31mm, (W.Pieper # 687), about very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 23 24 25. Copper Square Unit, Lion/Elephant type, Obv: lion to right with indradhvaja and swastika above, tree in railing on right, with ujjaini symbol above, Rev: elephant to right with taurine and swastika above, 4.9g, 17.20x17.57mm, (W.Pieper # 717), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-6000 25 Yaudheyas of Rohtak 26. Bahudhanayaka (100 BC), Billon Karshapana (32 Rattis), Obv:humped bull stand- ing right with railed lingam on right, brahmi legend “Yaudheyanam Bahudhanyake”, Rev:elephant to right, nandipada symbol above, 3.51g, 19.0mm,about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 26 27. Bahudhanayaka (100 BC), Billon Karshapana (32 Rattis), Obv:humped bull standing right with railed lingam on right, brahmi legend “Yaudheyanam Bahudha- nyake”,Rev:elephant to right on the street, nandipada symbol above,3.41g, 18.30mm, (Handa. Pl. XL # 5), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 27 The Position of the legs of bull are different in both of the above coins. 3

  9. Coins of Ancient India Panchala Dynasty 28. Suryamitra (10 BC-1AD), Copper Double Karshapana, Obv:pecu- liar panchala symbols, brahmi legend below“Suryamitasa”, Rev:railed tree and hill symbol, 11.23g, 21.16mm, (MACW # 4548), about very fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 15,000-20,000 28 29. Bhanumitra (1-20 AD), Copper 1/2 Karshapana, Obv:goddess lakshmi facing, flanked by eight-arched hill and stylized fire altar with serrated line below, brahmi leg- end “Rajno Bhanumitrasya” above, Rev:tree in railing,3.46g, 14.16mm, Unlisted type, choice very fine+, Exceedingly Rare. This rare series is known only from a hoard discovered a few years ago that contained the coins of Bhanumitra, recently in an article by the Wil- fred Pieper he mentioned that he believes that the deity is Mansadevi. Estimated Price: 15,000-18,000 30. Bhanumitra (1-20 AD), Copper Karshapana, Obv:goddess lakshmi facing, flanked by eight-arched hill and stylized fire altar with serrated line below, brahmi legend (“Rajno Bhanumitrasya”) above, Rev: tree in railing,8.36g, 20.85mm, Unlisted type, choice ex- tremely fine+, Extremely Rare. 1.5x This rare series is known only from a hoard discovered a few years ago that contained the coins of Bhanumitra, recently in an article by the Wilfred Pieper he mentioned that he believes that the deity is Mansadevi. 29 Estimated Price: 18,000-22,000 Maharathis of Andhra (100 AD) Maharathi was one of the titles that adorned the feudal rulers during the Satavahana pe- riod. Other feudal titles used were Mahagramikas, Mahabhojas, Mahasenapathis, Maha- talvaras etc.. The word Maharathi is perhaps derived from the word Rathikas who were a specific geographic group of people in the present day Maharashtra. The Rathikas infact find mention in Ashokan inscriptions along with another group of people called the Bho- jakas. This suggests that the Maharathi title predates the Satavahana period. Satavahanas as a major power in the Deccan is by now sufficiently clear from the fact that coins such as those of the Kuras and coins with the appelation Maharathi both precede and overlap with satavahana coins in stratigraphic contexts. This stratigraphic position is now further confirmed by excavation at Veerapuram (Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh) where coins of local Maharathis first merge with uninscribed coins and then occur with few Satavahana pieces. Dr Shailen Bhandare has published in his thesis a hitherto unknown Maharathi issue bearing the legend ‘Maharathisa Chulavarunisa’. 30 31. Chulavaruni, During theSatavahana Era, Copper Unit, Obv: lion standing in centre facing to right, brahmi legend “Ma ha ra thi sa chu la va ru na sa”,Rev: tree railing, yupa and circular object, 6.34g, 18.67mm, about extremely fine,Extremely Rare. Superb bold strike, shows the complete details on the obverse with full legends visibility. Estimated Price: 30,000-40,000 31 32. Chulavaruni, During theSatavahana Era, Copper Unit, Obv: lion standing in centre facing to right, brahmi legend “Ma ha ra thi sa(chu la va ru na)sa”,pair of triangu- lar headed symbol, swastika and circular symbol (sun or moon) is visible, Rev: elephant standing in centre, brahmi legends around “Mahara. . . . nasa”, 6.67g, 20.02mm, about extremely fine,Extremely Rare. Stunning example from this series with the extra symbols of swastika, triangular headed symbol, sun or moon and elephant are visible hence there are chances of overstrike on some other coin. Estimated Price: 40,000-50,000 32 4

  10. Auction – 23 Session – 1 Indo Scythians 33. Maues (90-57 BC), Copper Hemi-Obol, Obv: head of elephant right, wearing bell, reel and pellet border,Rev: caduceus, kohat monogram in the centre and greek legend be- sides ‘ BAΣIΛEΩΣ MAVOY’,7.97g, 26.43mm, (MACW # 2196), about very fine,Scarce. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 33 34. Azes I (57-35 BC), Copper Penta Chalkon, Obv: king holding spear, mounted on horse walking right, greek legend around ‘BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY / AZOY’, Rev: humped bull facing right, control mark above, kharoshthi legend around ‘mahara- jasa rajarajasa mahatasa / ayasa’, 10.70g, 19.88x21.88mm, about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 35. Azes I (57-35 BC), Copper Tetradrachma, Obv:king mounted on horse walking right, holding spear, greek legend around ‘BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY / AZOY’,Rev: humped bull standing right, hazara monogram above, kharoshthi legend around ‘maharajasa rajara- jasa mahatasa ayasa’, 21.60g, 36.23mm, (Mitch.Vol.6 # Type 754), about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 34 36. Azes II (35-12 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv:king mounted on horse walking right & holding whip, greek legend around ‘BAIE BAIEN MEAOY / AZOY’,Rev:pal- las standing facing with right arm raised and shield by left side long spear behind her, monograms at left and right, kharoshthi legend around ‘maharajasa rajara- sa mahatasa ayasa’, 2.25g, 15.33mm, (MACW # 2306), about extremely fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 6000-7000 Greeks and Indo-Greeks 37 . Euthydemos I (230-190 BC), Silver Tetradrachma, Obv: diademed head of king facing right, within dotted border, Rev: hercules seated left on a pile rocks, holding a club in right hand which he rests on another pile of rocks, greek legend BAΣIΛEΩΣ EYΘYΔHMOY, mono- gram in lower right field, 16.52g, 28.83mm, (MACW # 1624), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 60,000-65,000 35 38. Eucratides I (170-145 BC), Silver Obol, Obv: diademed bust of king facing right, dot- ted border around, Rev: caps and palms of the dioscuri, greek legend besides ‘BAΣIΛEΩΣ EYKPATIΔOY’ (of King Eucratides), 0.63g, 11.24mm, (Mitch. Vol.1 # type 180), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 36 39. Eucratides I (170-145 BC), Silver Obol, Obv: diademed, helmeted and draped bust of king facing right, dotted border around, Rev: caps and palms of the dioscuri, monogram below, greek legend besides ‘BAΣIΛEΩΣ EYKPATIΔOY’ (of King Eucratides), 0.55g, 11.0mm, (Mitch. Vol.1# type 181), choice extremely fine, Very Rare in this condition. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 37 39 38 5

  11. Coins of Ancient India 40. Menander I (155 - 130 BC), Pushkalavati Mint, Copper Square Unit, Obv: elephant head right, trunk raised, bellsuspended from neck, with legend around BAIE THPO MENANPO, Rev:kharoshthi legend, ‘maharajasa tratara- sa menandrasa’ (Great King Savior Menander), club of herakles, vertical, han- dle down, monogram left, A right, 2.81g,14.26x13.96mm, about very fine,Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 40 41. Menander I (155-130 BC), Bronze Octuple (Bilingual Obol), Obv: head of bull facing, greek legend on three sides ‘BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENANΔPOY’,Rev: tripod, monogram at right, kharoshthi legend on three sides ‘maharajasa tratarasa menam- drasa’,19.93g, 22.12x21.52mm, (Mitch. Vol.2 # type 233), about very fine+,Rare. Estimated Price: 12,000-15,000 41 42. Menender I (155-130 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv: diademed bust of king left, hold- ing spear in thrust position in right hand, aegies on left shoulder, greek legend around ‘BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ // MENANΔPOY’ (of saviour king menender), Rev: athena alk- idemos standing right, holding aegis on outstretched left arm, hurling thunderbolt with right hand, taxila mark at left, kharoshthi legend around ‘maharajasa tratarasa // menamdrasa’ (saviour king menender), 2.04g, 16.90mm, (MACW # 1788), about very fine+,Scarce. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 42 43. Antialcidas (145-135 BC), Silver Drachma, Obv: bust of king wearing a hel- met, with greek legend around ‘BASILEOS NIKEPHOROU ANTIALKIDOU’ (of vic- torious king antialcidas), Rev: seated zeus holding sceptre, with nike on his extended arm, holding out a wreath to a baby elephant with bell, kharoshthi legend ‘maharaja- sa jayadharasa antialcitasa’,2.3g, 17.38mm, (MACW # 1843), about very fine+,Rare. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 43 44. Seleukid Kings of Syria, Philip I Philedelphus (92-83 BC), Silver Tetradrachma, Obv:diademed head of philip I to right, Rev: zeus seated left, holding nike in his right hand and long sceptre with his left, all within laurel-wreath, 16.05g, 26.53mm,about very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 44 Roman Empire 45. Tiberius (14-37 AD), Silver Denarius, Obv: laureate head right, legend around ‘TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS’,Rev: livia, as pax seated right on throne with ornate legs holding olive branch and sceptre, triple line below, leg- end around ‘PONTIF MAXIM’, 3.65g, 18.54mm, (RIC # 28), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 45 46. Vespasian (69-79 AD), Silver Denarius, Obv: laureate head left, legend around ‘IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG’,Rev: eagle standing left, wings spread, legend around ‘COS VI’, 3.10g, 19.02mm, (RIC # 89), about very fine, Rare. Laureate head to left is rare in this type. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 46 47. Faustina I, Senior (138-141 AD), Silver Denarius, Obv:draped bust right, hair elaborately waved in several loops around head, braided, drawn up and coiled on top, legend around ‘DIVA FAVSTINA’, Rev: vesta, standing left, sceptre in left hand, palladium in right,, legend around ‘VES TA’, 3.09g, 16.18mm, (RIC # 400), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 7000-9000 47 48. Faustina II, J unior (147-176 AD), Silver Denarius, Obv:draped bust right, legend around ‘FAVSTINA AVGVSTA’,Rev: fecunditas standing left be- tween two children, holding two more in arms, legend around ‘FECVND AVGVSTAE’, 3.36g, 16.27mm, (BMC # 89/RIC # 676), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4500-5500 48 49. Geta (198-200 AD), Silver Denarius, Obv:draped bust right, legend around ‘P SEPT GETA CAES PONT’,Rev: nobilitas standing right, holding sceptre and palladium, legend around ‘NOBILITAS’,3.46g, 17.82mm, (RIC # 13a), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 49 6

  12. Auction – 23 Session – 1 50. Severus Alexander (222-235 AD),Rome Mint, Copper Drachma, Obv:laureate draped bust , legend around ‘IMP M [...] ƧEV ALEXANDER’,Rev: providentia stand- ing facing, altar at left, lettering T E, 7.30g, 17.11mm, about very fine, Rare & Scarce. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 50 Kushan Dynasty 51. Vima Takhto, Billon Di-Chalkon, Obv:bull standing right, illegible Greek legend around,Rev: bactrian camel standing right, kharoshthi legend “Maharajaasa Rajadira- jasa Devaputrasa Vima Takha”,4.3g, 14.83mm, (Var. MACW # 2896), about very fine+, Very Rare. 51 This coin is showing Vima Takha’s name from about 4 o’clock to about 2 o’clock on the reverse. Mitchiner assigned & listed the coins of this type issued by Kujula Kadphises. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 2x 52 52. Vima Kadphises (113-127 AD), Gold 1/4 Dinar, Obv: crowned and diademed head of vima kadphises right, within window, Rev: totem of Shiva, composite trident-rudder with axe and goat skin on shaft; to left, tamgha to right, buddhist triratana (three jewels), kharoshthi legend, 1.69g, 12.02mm, (MK # 9), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 60,000-80,000 53. Vima Kadphises (95-127 AD), Gold Dinar, Obv:crowned, diademed half-length bust on clouds facing left, holding club and elephant goad, tamgha behind, greek leg- end around “King Vima Kadphises”, Rev: shiva standing facing, with head turned to left, holding trident, club and deer skin, tamgha to left, nandipada symbol to right, khar- oshthi legend “Maharajasa Rajadirajasa sarvaloga isvarasa mahisvarasa Vima Kath- phishasa tratara”, 8.0g, 20.29mm, (Gobl # 19.4), about very fine+, ExtremelyRare. Estimated Price: 3,50,000-4,50,000 53 54. Kanishka I (127-140 AD), Gold Dinar, Oesho (Shiva) type, Obv:crowned, diademed king standing facing left, holding spear and sacrificing at fire altar left, bactrian legend around ‘ÞAONANOÞAO KA-NHÞKI KOÞANO(King of kings’,Rev:four armed lord shiva standing facing towards left, hair in topknot wears dhoti, holds titled water-pot and holding damru (vajra) in extended lower right hand, thunderbolt in upper left hand, and an animal by horns (buck) with lower left hand on hip, tamgha to left, dotted border, bactrian legend to right ‘ OhÞO’ (Oesho), 7.85g, 16.6mm, (Variant of Gobl # 37), about very fine+, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 1,00,000-1,25,000 55. Huvishka (160-190 AD), Gold Dinar, Ardoksho type, Obv:diademed and crowned half-length bust left on clouds, holding mace-sceptre in one hand and the hilt of his sword with the other and bactrian legend around ‘þAONANOþAO OOηþKI KOþANO (King of Kings Huvishka Kushan)’, Rev: goddess ardok- sho standing, extending cornucopia with both hand, bactrian legend “APΔOX- þO” (Ardoksho) at left, tamgha at right, 7.82g, 20.04mm, about very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 70,000-80,000 56. Vasudeva I (190-230 AD), Kushano-Sassanian, Gold 1/4 Dinar, Oesho (Shiva) type, Obv: king nimbate standing facing left, wearing pointed headdress, holding trident and sacrificing over fire altar and holding a trident, filtered trident to left, bactrian legend around, Rev:ithyphallic shiva standing facing, holding garland and trident, the nandi bull behind with annulet on rump, standing left, tamgha to upper left field, triple pellets below nandi’s head, bactrian legend ‘Ohpo’(Oesho) in right margin within dotted border, 2.08g, 16.10mm, about very fine+, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 1,25,000-1,50,000 54 56 55 7

  13. Coins of Ancient India 57. Vasudeva I (190-230 AD), Gold Dinar, OESHO (Shiva) Type, Obv:crowned, dia- demed king standing facing, nimbate, holding trident and sacrificing at altar at left, second trident above fire altar, bactrian legend around ‘þAONONOþAO BA .. ZΔOηO KOþANO (King of Kings Bazodeo Kushan)’, Rev:lord shiva standing facing, holding trident and wreath, the bull nandi standing behind facing the left side with bactrian legend at left ‘OηþO ‘(Oesho)and tamgha at left,7.98g, 19.94mm, (Variant of Gobl # 504), about extremely fine+, fully struck on fairly generous flan, complete details with lusterous condition, Rare. Estimated Price: 70,000-90,000 57 58. Kanishka III (250-300 AD), Gold Dinar, Oesho (Shiva) type, Obv: king helmeted, stand- ing facing left, flames on shoulder, sacrificing over altar and holding trident, brahmi letter ‘Va’ under the king’s arm, holding trident and ‘Su’in the field beyond the trident and another brahmi letter ‘Thi’ between king’s feet,Rev:shiva nimbate, standing facing, holding trident and diadem, bull (Nandi) standing behind to left, bactrian legend ‘OηþO (Oesho)’ in the right field, with tamgha to upper left, 8.0g, 20.44mm, (Gobl #626), about very fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 45,000-55,000 58 59. Vasudeva II (275-310 AD), Gold Dinar, Ardoksho type, Obv:crowned, dia- demed king standing facing left, holding trident in right hand sacrificing over al- tar at left, garlanded trident above altar, brahmi letter ‘Bha’ at feet to left, ‘Ga’ be- low left arm, ‘Vasu’ to outer right,Rev:goddess of plenty ardochsho enthroned facing, holding diadem and cornucopia, bactrian legend right “APOXO”, tamgha in upper left field, 7.80g, 18.76mm, (MK # 577), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 59 60. Shaka I (325-345 AD), Gold Dinar, Obv: king standilng left, holding a tri- dent in right hand, making an offering at an altar with his left hand, garland- ed trident above alter, brahmi initials,’Vi ‘near legs and sita below the hand, Rev: ardoksho enthroned facing, holding cornucopia, tamgha in upper left field, bactri- an legend at right “APΔOXþO”,7.78g, 18.41mm, about extremely fine,Scarce. Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 60 61. Magra (Rebel), Gold Dinar, Ardoksho Type, Obv: king standing facing, nimbate, holding staff topped with chakra (wheel), sacrificing over altar to left, trident with ribbon to left, blundered bactrian legend around, uncertain brahmi legend “Ma sha (Magra)” at right, ‘Ga’ below the king’s arm, Rev:goddess of plenty ardoksho enthroned facing, holding investiture garland and cornucopia, bactrian legend at right “APΔOXþO”, tamgha to upper left, 7.72g, 18.80mm,(Gobl # 578), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 1,10,000-1,30,000 61 Post-Kushan 62. Rudrabala (300 AD), Copper Unit, Obv: recumbant bull left, brahmi let- ter ‘Ru’ below and dotted border around, Rev:kota symbol flanked by brah- mi letters‘dra/ba (la)’,4.61g, 18.10mm,about very fine, Rare & Scarce. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 62 Western Kshatrapas 63. J ayadaman, Potin Unit,Obv; humped bull standing right, axe upright to the right, cor- rupt greek inscriptions above, wavy line with dots in a dotted border, Rev:six-arched hill, crescent left, sun right, in dotted border brahmi inscription, “Rajno KsaTraPaSa Svami JayaDaMaSa” , 0.95g, 12.41x10.86mm, (A.M Fishman # type 17.2), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 63 64. Kardamaka Family, Rudrasena I (200-222 AD), Silver Drachma, SE 124/202 AD, Obv: bust of king facing right, date behind, corrupt greek legend around, Rev: three arched hill with crescent in center, moon to left and sun to right, wavy line below, brahmi legend in “Rajno Mahakshatrapasa Rudrasihasaputra- sa Rajno Mahakshatrapa(sa Ru)drasenasa”,1.8g, 15.07mm,about very fine+. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 64 8

  14. Auction – 23 Session – 1 Gupta Empire 65. Samudragupta (335-370 AD), Gold Dinar, Sceptre (Standard) type, Obv:king stand- ing left, holding the royal sceptre (rajadanda) adorned with pataka in left hand , garuda standard at left, brahmi legend under arm, “Samudra”,circular brahmi legend,Rev:god- dess lakshmi seated on throne holding diadem and corcucopia with tamgha to left, brahmi legend “Parakramah” and inverted triangle with dot in the right field,7.21g, 19.59mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. III-11, Unlisted tamgha type), about very fine,Scarce. Estimated Price: 65,000-75,000 65 66 66. Samudragupta (345-375 AD), Gold Dinar, ‘Ashwamedha’ type, Obv:sacrificial horse standing left,Yupa (sacrificial post) in its front, yupa has an ornamental pedestral in two steps, slightly bent in the centre, crescent behind the haunch of the horse, and string of beads above the head and back, brahmi legend (“Rajadhiraja Pri....vata dava jayatyahri” )(King of Kings, who conquered the earth, Restorer of Ashwamedha), around, brahmi letter ‘Si’ (Siddam)on top of a pedestal placed on the platform under the horse belly, Rev: chief queen in the guise of a goddess, standing left pedestal carrying a fly-whisk in her flexed hand, placed on her shoulder and holding towel in left hand, brahmi legend“Ashwamed- ha Parakramah”in the right field and ritual needle or Soochi in the left, 7.37g, 21.59mm, Unlisted Soochi type, (Variant of Altekar. Bayana Hoard # Pl.V-5), choice extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 4,00,000-6,00,000 67 Kritantaparashu 67. Samudragupta (335-370AD), Gold Dinar,“Battle Axe”Type,Obv:king standing facing left, wearing a close-fitted cap, tailed coat and trousers, there is a dagger hanging on his left side, the king holds a Battle Axe (Parashu) in left hand, right hand resting on waist, dwarf at- tendant (Vamana) at left, facing right and holding crescent-topped standard, brahmi legend below the left hand of the king “Samudra” and partly visible circular legend reads “Kritantaparshurjaya (tyajita rajjetajitah”)Rev:goddess lakshmi enthroned facing on a throne, feets of goddess are resting on lotus, holding diadem in her right hand and cornucopia in left, tamgha to left, complete brahmi legend “Kritantaparashu” (Battle axe),7.72g, 20.50mm, Unlisted type (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. V-6-14), choice extremely fine+, Extremely Rare. The dwarf (Vamana) is of tall height type which is generally not offered in the sales, the general types are seen. This specimen is struck remarkably efficient with aesthetic designs, and the jewels worn by king and goddess are fully visible. Impressive striking and immaculate condition which is missing from all the major collections. Estimated Price: 7,00,000-9,00,000 9

  15. Coins of Ancient India 68 68. Samudragupta (335-370 AD), Gold Dinar, “Lyrist” Type, Obv: king seated upright facing left on a high-backed throne, wearing pearled crown (cap) and only dhoti (bare bodied), playing a veena (lute) that rests on his knees and brahmi character ‘Si’ for Siddham (luck) on foot- stool, circular brahmi legend“Maharajadhiraja Shri...(Samudra) guptah”, the letter ‘ptah’ appears between the lute and the king’s head Rev: goddess lakshmi, nimbate seated left on a wicker stool, holding a diadem fillet in her right hand and a cornucopia in the left, the feets are resting on the carpet, brahmi legend “Samudraguptah” in the right margin, 7.5g, 22.22mm, Unlisted type, obverse is slightly doublestrucked, choice extremely fine, Extremely Rare. This specimen is of very high artistic details and designs where the corrnucopia held by goddess is distinct of all those types listed by Altekar and in BMC collection. Tamgha which is always seen in front of the Goddess is absent on this specimen. Another important point to notice here that there is no carpet under the feet of goddess. Estimated Price: 5,50,000-7,50,000 69. Samudragupta (335-370 AD), Gold Dinar, Kacha Type, Obv:king nimbate stand- ing to left, holding a chakradhvaja (wheel-headed standard) in his left hand and sacri- ficing at altar, brahmi legend “Kacho Gamavajatya (Divam Karma bhiruttamair jaya- ti)” (having conquered the earth, kacha wins the heaven by excellent deeds) and ‘Kacha’ written vertically below the kings elbow,Rev:goddess lakshmi standing to left, nimbate, holding a cornucopia, lotus in outstretched right hand and tamgha below, brahmi leg- end “Sarvarajochchhetta” (exterminator of all kings) in the right field, no carpet un- der feet, 7.56g, 19.31mm, (Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. VII-4), well centre struck, about very fine+,Very Rare. King in this specimen is seen without diadem with complete readable legends on the reverse. Complete visible details of jewels worn by King are visible. Estimated Price: 85,000-1,00,000 69 70. Samudragupta (335-370 AD), Gold Dinar, Kacha Type, Obv:king nimbate standing to left, holding a chakradhvaja (wheel-headed standard) in his left hand and sacrificing at altar, brahmi legend “Kacho Gamavajatya (Divam Kar mabhiruttamair jayati”)(having conquered the earth, kacha wins the heaven by excellent deeds) and ‘Kacha’ written verti- cally below the kings elbow,Rev:goddess lakshmi standing to left, nimbate, a cornucopia in her left hand, holding a lotus in right hand bent up and tamgha below, brahmi leg- end “ Sarvarajochchhetta” (exterminator of all kings) in the right field , no carpet under feet,7.55g, 19.78mm, (Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. VII-10), obverse doublestrucked, about very fine+,Extremely Rare. The important noticeable point is the lotus held by the goddess is rare with the tamgha type at reverse is first time offered, brahmi legends are complete at the reverse within in the specimen. The king is wearing a diadem (ribbons behind the head) is an important feature at obverse. Estimated Price: 80,000-1,00,000 70 10

  16. Auction – 23 Session – 1 71. Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya) (375-415 AD), Gold Dinar, Archer Type, Obv: king standing left holding bow in his left hand arrow in right hand, wearing a chaloka and short tuckled dhoti, a sash whip tied to his waist. brahmi legend “ Chandra” below arm, garuda standard at left, king wearing a sash, Rev: goddess lakshmi seated facing on a lotus in padmasana, holding diadem in her right hand and lotus in left, tamgha to left with brahmi legend “Sri Vikramah”,8.19g, 18.53mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XII-4-6), about extremely fine, Rare. Coins with this form of circular tamgha in the Numismatic Circular (#173, 2013, pp.177-8) and suggested that they may be issues of Chandragupta III. Their apparent gold purity, heavier weight and the fact that only a few coins with this symbol are known from the time of Kumaragupta, suggest that this might be a tamgha that was first used late in the reign of Kumaragupta and continued into the time of Chandragupta III. He concluded that it was too early to draw firm conclusions, and it may be the fact that this tamgha was used sporadically in all three reigns. 71 Estimated Price: 65,000-75,000 72 72. Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya II) (375-415 AD), Gold Dinar, “Lion Slayer” Type, Obv: armored king wearing dhoti slaying the lion and trampling the lion on the belly by left leg, holding bow in left hand with right hand shown as having released the bow string, lion is falling backwards with arrow in its mouth, circular brahmi legend “Narendra.....(Chandra prathitano rane..”) Rev: nimbate goddess lakshmi (durga) with skull cap seated in a riding posture facing straight with high neck on the roaring lion seated with high postured neck, goddess holding diadem in her right hand and left hand resting on the body of the lion, brahmi legend at right“Simhavikrama”, 7.73g, 18.20mm, Unlisted type, about extremely fine, Extremely Rare. This specimen is very alluring because of the goddess riding on a lion. The important noticeable point is the unusual pose of the goddess on the reverse where she has seen seated in the riding posture on the lion as if she is riding a horse (usually it is observed that the goddess has the front facing seated pose). The lion appears to be charging towards the left with its mouth agape in a ferocious roar. Goddess holding diadem instead of lotus is a variant of Altekar. Bayana Hoard # Pl. XVIII-6 and the king’s posture is dynamic where he is leaning forward and trampling the lion under his foot rather than standing straight. Estimated Price: 5,00,000-6,00,000 73. Kumaragupta I (Mahendraditya) (415-455 AD), Gold Dinar, Archer Type, Without ‘Ku’ Obv:king standing left holding bow in his left hand arrow in right hand, garuda standard at left, without a brahmi letter under his arm, circular brahmi legend (“Para- maraja, Sra-Kumaragupta”),with the letter ‘Gu’ being above the king’s right hand and ‘Pta’ above garuda,Rev:goddess lakshmi seated facing on lotus, holding diadem in her right hand and long-stemmed lotus in left, brahmi legend “Sri Mahendra” in the right field, tamgha to left, 7.97g,17.53mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. X-7), about extremely fine, Rare. . In this variety obverse is not having brahmi legend ‘Ku’ under the king’s arm. The lotus held by goddess is bloomed with petals. Interesting Specimen! Estimated Price: 70,000-80,000 73 11

  17. Coins of Ancient India 74. Kumaragupta I (Mahendraditya) (415-455 AD), Gold Dinar, Archer Type, With ‘Ku’, Obv: king standing left holding bow in his left hand arrow in right hand, garu- da standard at left, brahmi letter‘Ku’under the arm that hold the bow, brahmi legend (“Vijitavaniravanipatih Kumaragupto divam jayati”), Rev: goddess lakshmi seated facing, holding diadem in her right hand and long-stemmed lotus in left, brahmi legend “Sri Mahendra”in the right field, tamgha in the right field, 8.07g,18.68mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XX-6), obverse is doublestrucked, about very fine+, Rare. In this variety, the obverse is having brahmi legend ‘Ku’ under the king’s arm. king’s legs & diadem held by queen are unusual in this specimen. 74 Estimated Price: 1,00,000-1,50,000 75 75. Kumaragupta I (Mahendraditya) (415-455 AD), Gold Dinar, “Lion-Slayer” Type, Obv: king, nimbate standing facing left, wearing waist cloth with sash flying behind, necklace, armlets and jewellery, legs wide spread, holding a bow turning to draw in a “parthian shot” at a lion which sprawls over backward, circular brahmi legend incomplete (“Kumaragupto jayata)ajita”, Rev: goddess durga, nimbate seated fac- ing on recumbent lion right, holding a lotus and an uncertain object (Mundamala) and an unusual five-point tamgha (like shivalingam) in the left field, brahmi legend “Simha-Mahendrah”at right 8.2g, 19.05mm, Unlisted type, (Variant of Altekar. Bayana Hoard # Pl. XXIX. 11-15), about extremely fine+, Extremely Rare. Altekar in his Bayana hoard catalogue has described the object in Durga’s hand as a ‘Garland’ but when he produced his corpus a few years later he offered the suggestion that the object was a Mundamala, popularly known as necklace of skulls worn by Shiva or Kali. So the goddess Durga here could be an avatar of the goddess Kali and such depiction of Mundamala is the possible example of Shivaite depiction on the gupta coinage. Estimated Price: 4,50,000-5,50,000 76. Kumaragupta I (Mahendraditya) (415-455 AD), Gold Dinar, Horseman - Right Type. Obv:king without nimbus riding caparisoned horse to right, bare headed wearing necklace, armlets, coat with buttons, waist-band some-times flying behind, carrying no weapons, circular brahmi legend “Priti vitalambarasasi Kumaragupto jayatyajitah”,the first two letters of the legend ‘Pri ti’are between the head of the king & the horse,Rev: goddess lakshmi nimbate seated left on a wicker stool, holding lotus with a long stalk with leaves and buds in the right hand, left hand resting on waist, brahmi legend “Ajitamahen- dra” in the right field, 8.3g, 19.11mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XXII-2/ BMC # Pl. XIII-1), about extremely fine+,Extremely Rare. The reverse depicts the Goddess holding the lotus with long stem is distinct, complete and detailed strike shows the full detailed version of the jewels worn by Goddess and King are clearly visible, the reverse is exceptional. An artistic coin showing the plaited hair of the horse which is beautifully ornated. This type is missing from various collections of Gupta coinage. Estimated Price: 3,50,000-4,50,000 76 12

  18. Auction – 23 Session – 1 77. Kumaragupta I (Mahendraditya) (415-455 AD), Gold Dinar, Horseman - Right Type, Obv:king nimbus riding a adorned horse to right, holding bow, seated on high step- ping horse, brahmi legend around “Guptkulvyomshahsi (jayatyajeyo jita) mahendrah”,, Rev: goddess lakshmi nimbate seated facing left on wicker stool, left hand of the goddess rests on waist, holding a lotus with long stalk with leaves and buds, feeding grapes to a peacock at left, with brahmi legend “Ajitamahendra” in the right field, 8.04g, 18.64mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XXIII-15/Variant of BMC # Pl.XIII-14), obverse is doublestrucked, about extremely fine+,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 1,60,000-1,80,000 78. Kumaragupta I (Mahendraditya) (415-455 AD), Gold Dinar, ‘Horseman-Left’ type, Obv:king without nimbus riding horse to right, bare headed wearing necklace, arm- lets waist-band some-times flying behind, brahmi legend “Guptakulama...chadra maha.. kamajata jayati”, the first two letters of the legend are between the head of the king the horse, Rev: goddess lakshmi without nimbus seated left on a draped stool holding lotus with a long stalk, left hand resting on waist and she offering to peacock some fruits hanging from a twig in her right hand, brahmi legend “Ajitamahe(ndra”)in the right field, 7.95g, 19.70mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XXIV-3/Variant of BMC # Pl. XIII-17), about very fine, Very Rare. 77 Estimated Price: 1,25,000-1,50,000 79. Skandagupta (455-467 AD), Gold Heavy Dinar, Archer type, Obv: king nimbate standing to left wearing long sash, holding an indian long bow in his left hand and arrow in his right hand, garuda standard behind right hand, under left arm brahmi legend ‘Skan- da’, circular legend“jayati (mahatalam”), Rev:goddess lakshmi, nimbate, seated on a lotus in padmasana holding diadem in right hand and lotus in left hand, blurred brahmi legend at right “Sri Skandaguptah”, blossom/tamgha & cluster of eight dots at left, 9.19g, 18.35mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XIX -4), about very fine, Rare 78 There is no tamgha in left field, its a conch shell and cluster of nine dots which are called Nav Nidhi symbol. Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 80. Skandagupta (455-467 AD), Gold Heavy Dinar, Archer type, Obv: king nimbate standing to left wearing long sash, holding an indian long bow in his left hand and arrow in his right hand, garuda standard behind right hand, under left arm brahmi legend ‘Skan- da’, Rev:goddess lakshmi, nimbate, seated on a lotus in padmasana holding cornucopia in right hand and lotus in the left, blurred brahmi legend at right “Sri Skandaguptah”, tamgha & cluster of eight dots at left,9.1g, 19.11mm, (Variant of Altekar, Bayana Hoard # Pl. XIX -5), about fine, Rare. 79 There is no tamgha in left field, its a conch shell and cluster of nine dots which are called Nav Nidhi symbol. Estimated Price: 1,25,000-1,50,000 Post-Guptas, Samatata Region 81. Bhaskarvarman (620-650 AD), Sri Kumara, Gold Dinar,Obv:stylized representa- tion of without nimbate ‘archer’ type king standing with head left, holding a bow in one hand and arrow in the other, standard with conch shell in left field, beneath the king’s left arm ‘Sri ku ma ra’ in brahmi, flaemes at the four cardinal points symbol in between the conch shell and the king’s head, Rev:goddess lakshmi standing right, illegible inscription in right field, hold- ing an object in her hand,5.53g, 19.41mm, (Sam # 12.3b), about extremely fine, Very Rare. 80 Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 81 13

  19. www.MarudharArts.com 82. Sridharanarata (664-675 AD), Gold Dinar, Obv: stylized representation of a nim- bate ‘archer’ type king, holding bow in one hand and arrow in the other, with a crude- ly executed ‘shanka’ in the backdrop, letter ‘Sri’ in brahmi beneath the king’s left arm & top left, Rev: goddess lakshmi standing to right, illegible inscription in right field, holding an object in her hand, 5.34g, 19.91mm, (Sam # 15.1), about very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 40,000-50,000 82 83. Sridharanarata (664-675 AD), Gold Dinar,Obv:stylized representation of a nimbate ‘archer’ type king standing with head left, holding a bow in one hand and ar- row in the other, standard with conch shell in left field, letter ‘Sri’ in brahmi beneath the king’s left arm and top left, brahmi letters in between two legs of the king ‘Sri Dha’, Rev:goddess lakshmi standing right, illegible inscription in right field, hold- ing an object in her hand,5.66g, 20.59mm, (Sam # 15.3c), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 60,000-70,000 83 84. Sridharanarata (664-675 AD), Gold Dinar,Obv:stylized representation of a nimbate ‘archer’ type king standing with head left, holding a bow in one hand and arrow in the oth- er, standard in field left with forked finial, letter ‘Sri’ in upper field left & another ‘Sri’ in brahmi below right arm of king, Rev:goddess lakshmi standing right, illegible inscription in right field, holding an object in her hand, 5.54g, 18.94mm,about extremely fine, Rare. Obverse shows standard held by the king, seems to be different where it is listed in the Reference Catalogues. 84 Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 85. Samatata Region (630 AD), Gold Dinar, Obv: king facing left holding bow and arrow with right hand, standard with conch shell in left field with ‘Pra’ in brahmi under right ar of the king, Rev:goddess lakshmi standing right, illegible inscription in right field, holding an object in her hand, 5.33g,19.45mm, (Sam # 7.1), about very fine+. Estimated Price: 60,000-70,000 85 86. Samatata Region, Anonymous issue, Gold Dinar, Obv:stylized representation of ‘ar- cher’ type king standing left in tribhanga position, holding bow in left hand and arrow in other hand, conch-shell standard in the backdrop, border of dots, Rev: goddess standing right within an inner circle, holding a object it looks like the infant ganesha, with his trunk raised, but trunk of ganesha is actually the last letter in the legend and curvilinear drapes behind her back, crude unread legend in the right field, 5.66g, 20.48mm,Unlisted type, about extremely fine, Very Rare. 86 In this specimen curling line is missing where it extends from right waistband of king’s, unlisted in major reference catalogues & this type 1st time offered in any auction. Estimated Price: 60,000-70,000 Coins of Hindu Medieval 87 Arakan Region of Eastern Bengal 87. Chandra Dynasty, Bhumichandra (468-475 AD), Silver 24 Rattis, Obv:re- cumbent humped bull facing left, with garland around neck, brahmi legend above “Bhu mi cha ndra”, ‘ndra’ of ‘Chandra’ is written in second line, Rev: bold sri- vatsa flanked by stylized leaf tendrils, sun and moon above, dotted border around, 3.06g, 18.35mm, (Variant of SK &NN, HA # 6.2), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 15,000-20,000 88. Lalitakara (800 AD), Silver 60 Rattis,Obv:recumbant bull seated facing left, two horns and ears and mouth are represented by dots, legend “La li ta ka ra” above, dot- ted & linear border around, Rev: ornate shrivatsa symbol flanked by stylized leaf ten- drils, surrounded by beaded garlands, crescent moon and sun above, dotted & lin- ear border around, 8.09g, 30.55mm,(SK &NN, HC # 2.1), about very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-7000 88 14

  20. Auction – 23 Session – 1 89. Harikela (750-850 AD), Silver Unit, Obv:recumbant bull seated facing left, two horns and ears and mouth are represented by dots, no garland around the neck and tail pointing up- ward, legend “Harikela” above, ‘Ke’ is in later form, Rev: ornate shrivatsa symbol flanked by stylized leaf tendrils, surrounded by beaded garlands, crescent moon and sun above, dot- ted & linear border around, 5.84g, 29.60mm, (SK &NN, HD # 2.5), about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2000-2500 90. Harikela (750-850 AD), Silver Unit, Obv:recumbant bull seated facing left, two horns and ears and mouth are represented by dots, no garland around the neck and tail pointing upward, legend “Harikela” above, ‘Ke’is in later form, Rev: tripartite sym- bol with crescent on left and sun on right,5.50g, 30.40mm, about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 89 Chalukyas of Kalyani 91. Gold Pagoda, Obv: a well designed square form with pellets in each cor- ners and minute orientations in each sides of the square, Rev: a traditional tem- ple formed by lines on dots, 4.39g, 15.12mm, Unlisted type, about fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 60,000-80,000 90 92. Vikramaditya VI (1076-1116 AD), Gold Fanam, Lion type, Obv:styl- ized lion (Sardula) walking to right, Rev:stylized representation of a pea- cock, 0.38g, 6.0mm, Unlisted type, Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 fine, Very Rare. choice extremely 91 93. Somesvara IV (1181-1184), Gold Pagoda, Obv: garuda with a prominent beak, run- ning right,a characteristic feature is the fold of clothing that hangs down in a V shape between the legs, Rev:three line kannada legend with rules between the lines “dasa- pa murari”,3.82g, 11.35mm, (Mitch.K&A # 282), choice extremely fine,Rare. Dasa- pa Murari - He who scattered Murari, The coins issued by the king, (Sri) Raja, who destroyed the kalachuris and resorted the chalukyas, namely Somesvara Chalukya. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 Hoysala Dynasty 94.Gold 1/4 Fanam, Obv:lion (Sardula) to right with fore leg raised, Rev: deity/vishnu standing facing, crescent with dot, 0.10g, 4.73mm, Unlisted type, choice extremely fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 2x 92 95. Gold 1/2 Fanam, ‘Sri Lakshmi’ type, Obv: goddess lakshmi seat- ed facing, Rev: uncertain legend, 0.15g, 10.51mm, about very fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 93 96. Gold 1/2 Fanam, Obv:roaring lion (Sardula) to left, Rev: deity/warrior standing, 0.18g, 4.35mm, about extremely fine, Rare. Complete details on such a small coin is rare to get. Estimated Price: 12,000-15,000 3x Kalachuris of Tripuri 94 97. Gangeya Deva (1015-1040 AD), Gold 4½ Masha, Obv: ornated goddess lakshmi seated facing within dotted border,Rev:nagari legend“Srimat Ga/ngeya De/vah”,in three lines within dotted border, 3.94g, 18.70mm, (Deyell #119a), about very fine+, Scarce. 2x Beautiful portrait of goddess lakshmi with complete details on both sides. 95 Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 3x 97 96 15

  21. www.MarudharArts.com Paramaras of Malwa 98. Nara Varman (1094-1133 AD),Gold Masha,Obv:seated goddess lakshmi fac- ing, Rev:nagari legend“sriman na/ra vamma/deva”in three lines,3.98g, 20.15mm, about extremely fine, Rare. An attractive coin of lovely depiction of goddess lakshmi. 98 Estimated Price: 30,000-35,000 Yadavas of Devagiri 2x 99. Ramachandra (1270-1311 AD), Silver Dramma, Obv: stylized lion stand- ing facing left with paw raised,Rev: nagari legend“Sri Rama devah”in two lines, a sword below, 0.94g, 8.37mm, (K. Ganesh # 7.23), about very fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2000-2500 99 Vijayanagar Empire 100. Tuluva Dynasty, Krishnadevaraya (1509-1530 AD), Copper J ital, Obv: garuda to left with beaked face wearing tall kirita or crown , hands joined in breast in the attitude of devotion. he kneels on his knee with the virasana or heroic posture, small wings are spread out behind the Arms. conch and disus in field near head,Rev: three line nagari legend “Sri pra/tapa ka shna/ra ya”,3.63g, 15.62mm, (K.Ganesh # 125), choice extremely fine, Scarce. Full details and complete strike. Estimated Price: 1500-2000 100 101. Harihara II (1377-1404 AD), Gold 1/2 Varaha, Obv: shiva seated in pad- masana with consort parvati on his thigh, shiva’s left hand holds a trident and the other is around his consort’s waist, one right hand holds a battle axe while the other is in abhayamudra, the goddess has joined her hands, near shiva’s head are the sun and moon, Rev: three line nagari legend in interlinear rules, “sri- pra/tapa Hari/Hara”, 1.6g, 8.83mm, (Girijapathi # 53), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 7000-9000 2x 101 102. Krishnadevaraya (1509-1529), Gold 1/2 Varaha, Obv: balakrishna seated facing accosted by counch (right) and discus (left),the right hand holds a lump of butter, head is crown of peacock feather, Rev: three line nagari legend in interlinear rules “sri pra/tapa Krishna/raya”, 1.6g, 9.85mm, (Mitch. K&A # 641), choice extremely fine with central struck, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 2x 102 Coins of Sultanates of India 103 Bahmani Sultanate 103. Muhammad Shah I (AH 760-777/1359-1375 AD), Silver 1/6 Tan- ka, Obv: banah din ullah(builder of the faith of god), Rev: abu’l muzaffar mu- hammad shah, 1.82g, 12.08mm, (G&G # BH 31), about exrtemely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 104. Muhammad Shah I (AH 760-777/1359-1375 AD), Hadrat Ahsanabad Mint, Sil- ver Tanka, AH 76x, Obv: sultan al- ‘ahd wa’l zaman hami millate rasul al-rahman, Rev: abu’l muzaffar muhammad shah bin bahman shah al-sultan, mint name at right & hijri date in margin, 10.89g, 26.42mm, (G&G # BH27), about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price:5000-7000 104 16

  22. Auction – 23 Session – 1 105. Shams-ud-din Da’ud Shah II (AH 799-800/1397 AD), Copper Falus, Obv: al-mu ‘ayyad bi-nasr allah, Rev:da ‘ud shah, date in margin,5.4g, 16.85mm, (G&G # BH58), about very fine, Rare. Shams ud-din Da’ud Shah II was the 7th Empire of Bahmanid, he was the son of Mo- hammad Shah II, who ruled from 14th June 1397 – 15th Nov 1397. Daud was a very young when he ascended the throne and he was installed on the throne by Taghalchin, a Turk noble of low origin. Later seeing a threat in two members of the royal family, Taghalchin tried to persuade Shams ud din to imprison Firoz Shah and Ahmad Shah and asked the king’s mother to have them executed. The two brothers learned the conspiracy and fled quickly to Sagar and then they attacked the Gulbarga (Bahmanid Sultanate) and killed Taghalchin, the Prime Minister and his son. Daud was blinded and imprisoned until the end of his days, and then Firoz become the Sultan and Ahmad the Prime Minister. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 105 106. Shams-ud-din Muhammad Shah III (AH 867- 887/1463 -1482 AD), Had- rat Muhammadabad Mint (Off flan), Silver Tanka, AH 87X, Obv: al mutasim bil- lah abul muzaffar shams al dunya wal din muhammad shah bin humayun shah al sultan khallada mulkahu, Rev: muhammad shah bin humayun shah al sultan and flower mint mark, 10.8g, 23.52mm, (G&G # BH 112), about extremely fine.Scarce. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 106 107. Shams-ud-din Muhammad Shah III (AH 867-887/1463-1482 AD), Mint off flan, Gold Tanka, AH 87X, Obv: al-mua’tasim billah abul muzaffar shams al-dunya wa’l din, Rev: muhammad shah bin humayun shah al-sultan, khuld mulkahu, AH date 87X & mint name off flan in margin, 11. 02g, 18.73mm, (G&G # BH110), about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 107 108. Ghiyath-ud-din I’wad (AH 609/610-624/1213-1227 AD), Silver Tanka, AH 616, Obv:kalima shahadain circle,around hijri date in arabic words,Rev: al-sul- tan al-mu’azzam ghiyath-ud-dunya wa’l din abu’l fath iwad bin al-husain nasir amir al-mu’minin, 10.16g, 27.00mm, (G&G # B27), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 25,000-30,000 Bengal Sultanate 109. Ghiyath-ud-din I’wad( 2nd Series AH 622/1225 AD), Silver Tanka, AH 62X, Broad flan, In the name of Shams-ud-din Itutmish, Obv:kalima shahada with al nasir lidinullah amir al mominin within circle, hijri date in arabic words at margin,Rev:al-sultan al-mu’azzam sham-ud-dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar iltutmish al-sultani yamin khalifat allah nasir amir al mominin,10.64g, 30.00mm, (G&G # B39), about very fine traces of ex-mount, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 18,000-22,000 108 110. Shahr Sunargaon(Bengal)Mint, Silver Tanka, In the name ofMuhammad Bin Tughluq,Obv:kalima shahada around four khalifas,Rev: al-mujahid fi sabil allah muhammad bin tughluq shah,11.10g, 21.20mm, (G&G # B125), about very fine,Rare. Estimated Price: 6000-8000 111. Satgaon Mint (Delhi Type), Gold Dinar (Heavy), In the name of Mu- hammad bin Tughluq, Obv:kalima shahada in circle, mint name & date around, Rev:duriba fi zaman al-’abd al-raji rahmat allah muhammad bin tughluq, 12.70g, 20.32mm, (G&G # B118), about very fine, VeryRare. Estimated Price: 70,000-80,000 109 112. Saif-ud-din Hamzah Shah (AH 813-815/1410-1412 AD), Satgaon Mint, Sil- ver Tanka,Obv: saif-ud-dunya wa’l din abu’l mujahid hamzah shah bin a’zamshah al-sultan in square, al-mu’ayyad bi-ta’yid al-rahman in margin, Rev: nasir amir al- mu’minin ghawth al-islam wa’l muslimin khuld mulkahu in circle, mint name in mar- gin, 10.3g, 29.00mm, (G&G # B270), about fine, with multiple counter marks,Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-15,000 110 112 111 17

  23. Coins Of Sultanates of India Danujamardana Deva, the first hindu ruler also known as ‘Raja Ganesha’ sat on the throne of Bengal Sultanate in the Saka era 1339 (AH819/1416 AD). He established Hindu rule in Bengal and assumed the title as ‘Danujamardana Deva’. He was bold enough to depose and stand in Bengal prominence. Raja Ganesha was a Hindu landlord of Bhaturia in North Bengal. He came to serve in Ilyas’ court at the time of Ghiyas-ud-din Azam Shah. He continued to serve the succeeding Sul- tans of Bengal and later seized control over Bengal soon after the death of Sultan Bayazid. He took advantage of the weakness of the Ilyas Shahi dynasty, which ruled before him, to come to the power. Some have argued against this identification of ‘Raja Ganesha’ as ‘Danujamardana Deva’. But the fact remains that this ruler was able to strike coins in Pandua (Firuzabad), Sunarga- on and Chatgaon during his reign and thus had control of a large area of Bengal. The only person to be in that postion to our knowledge is Raja Ganesha, and the dates fit. He is the first ruler who issued coins in Bengali script and language and they are dated in Saka era. 113. Danujamardana Deva (Saka 1339-1340/AH 819-821/1416-1418 AD), Chati- grama(Chatgaon) Mint, Silver Tanka, SK 1339, Obv:sri sri danuja marddana deva with- in double hexagon, Rev: sri chandi charana parayana within scalloped circle, 10.52g, 28.91mm, (G&G # B315), about very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 1,25,000-1,50,000 113 114. Danujamardana Deva (Saka 1339-1340/AH 819-821/1416-1418 AD), Chati- grama(Chatgaon) Mint,Silver Tanka, Obv:sri sri danuja mardana deva with- in double hexagon, Rev: sri chandi charana parayana within scalloped circle,10.44g, 28.75mm, (G&G # B315), choice extremely fine with original patina, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 2,00,000-2,50,000 Mahendra Deva, the son of Raja Ganesha (Danujamardana Deva) revolted against the usurper, converted to Islam under the adopted name Jalal-ud-din Muhammad, and then himself mounted the throne as sultan of Bengal. It is said that jadu (the Hindu name of Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Shah) had embraced Islam with such fervour that he did not wish to regain a Hindu throne after the death of Danuja mardana Deva. For Ganesh’s son Jadu did not reign as a Hindu raja; nor was he installed with any of the appropriate symbols of Hindu kingship. Rather, in what appears to have been a compro- mise formula worked out between political brokers for the Bengali and Turkish factions, he converted to Islam, was renamed Sultan Jalal-ud-din Muhammad, and was then allowed to reign as a Muslim king. Immediately upon his accession to power in 1415, the new sultan minted coins in his Islamic name. That these coins were issued simultaneously from Pandua and the provincial cities of Chittagong, Sonargaon, and Satgaon suggests a calcu- lated attempt by Raja Ganesh to ensure the acceptance of his son’s accession to power as legitimate over all of Bengal. 114 The two successive Hindu kings, Danujamardana Deva and his son Mahendra Deva, minted coins during precisely that period from Chittagong, Sonargaon, and “Pāndunagara,” an apparent reference to Chhota Pandua in south western Bengal. 115. Mahendra Deva (Saka 1340/AH 820/1418 AD), Pandunagar (Pandua) Mint, Sil- ver Tanka, Obv:sri sri mahenra devasya within scalloped circle, Rev:sri chandi charana parayana within square,10.56g, 29.91mm, (G&G # B323), choice very fine with counter marks, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 5,00,000-7,00,000 115 115 18

  24. Auction – 23 Session – 1 116. J alal-ud-din Muhammad (2nd Reign AH 821-836/7/1418-1432/3 AD), Arsah Chat- gaon Mint, Silver Tanka, AH 832, Obv:jalal ud dunya wal din abul muzaffar muham- mad shah al-sultan, Rev:khalifat allah nasir al islam wa’l muslimin, arsah chatgaon and date, 10.55g, 31.29mm, (G&G # B365), about extremely fine, with counter marks, Scarce. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 117. J alal-ud-din Muhammad Shah (2nd Reign AH 821-836/7 / AD 1418- 1432/3), Sliver Tanka, Obv:jalal ud dunya wal din abul muzaffar muham- mad shah al-sultan, Rev:nasir al islam wal muslimin, 10.38g, 26.56mm, (G&G # B370), choice extremely fine, with tughra style calligraphy on both sides, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-15,000 116 118. J alal-ud-din Muhammad (Second Reign AH 821-836/7/1418-1432/3 AD), Silver Tanka, Lion Type, Obv:lion to right, short arabic legend above bin gane- sha ibtad (son of the founder, Ganesha),Rev: jalal ud dunya wa’l din abu’l mu- zaffar muhammad shah al sultan within ornated border, 10.8g, 30.0mm, (G&G # B342), choice very fine with crude strike & multiple counter marks,Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 1,25,000-1,50,000 117 119. Nasir-ud-din Mahmud, (AH 837-864/ 1433/4-1459 AD), Arsah Chat- gaon Mint, Silver Tanka, AH 839, Obv: kalima shahada in circle, mint name & hijri date in margin, Rev: al sultan al ghazi nasir ud dunya wa’l din abu’l mujahid mahmud shah al sultan,10.7g, 30.61mm, (G&G # B430), about ex- tremely fine with testing marks & counter mark ‘ba’ in bengali,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-15,000 120. Rukn-ud-din Barbak (AH 864-879/1459-1474 AD) J annatabad Mint, Silver Tanka, AH 873, Obv: kalima shahada within circle,Rev:sultan al adal al a’zam barbak shah sultan ibn mahmud shah sultan khuld allahu mulkahu, mint name and date at bot- tom, 10.58g, 27.28mm, (Variant of G&G # B528, small flan is unlisted), about very fine, Extremely Rare. Listed as Extremely Rare in Goron & Goenka. Estimated Price: 10,000-15,000 121. Ala-ud-din Husain Shah (AH 899-925/1493-1519 AD), Khazana Mint, Sil- ver Tanka, AH 899, Obv: kalima shahada on top in two lines, zarb & hijri at bottom, Rev: ala ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar husain shah al-sultan khuld allahu mulka- hu wa sultanahu, 10.74g, 25mm, (G&G # B707), almost UNC with toning, Scarce. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 118 122. Chittagong Region Trade,Silver Tanka, AH (9)59,In the name of Ghi- yath-ud-din Bahadur, Obv: shahada and al-sultan bin al-sultan, four caliphs in margins, Rev: bahadur shah sultan ibn mahmud shah sultan khuld allahu mulka- hu wa sultanahu, 10.4g, 23.68mm, (G&G # B1010), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-7000 119 123. Chittagong Governors, Hilal Shah, Silver Tanka, BE 959, In the name of Islam Shah, Obv: shahada in arabic on top in two lines, benga- li legend sri sri ichalam saha (the most exalted Islam shah), Rev: arakanese leg- end, naradibbati tha daw anauk bha wa shin ( royal son of Naradibbati, King of the west), 10.36g, 24mm (G&G # CG2), choice extremely fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 30,000-40,000 120 124 Rajas of Arakan & Governors of Chittagong, Waradhamma Raja / Husain Shah (BE 974-984/1612-1622 AD), Silver Tanka, BE 974, Obv: arabic & bengali legend: sa- hib(a)l-fil(al-a)byad (al-)malik (a)l-adil husain shah sultan (lord of the white elephant the just king husain shah sultan) & dhavala gajeswara sri sri dhama raja huchana saha, Rev: arkanese legend: hsin byu shi waradhamma raza ushaung shah (lord of the white elephant waradhamma raja husain shah), 10.24g, 28mm, (G&G # RA4), about very fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 15,000-20, 000 121 122 124 123 19

  25. Coins Of Sultanates of India 125. Arakanese, Silver Tanka,In the name of Ilyas Shah (Gazapati), Obv: shahada with khuld allahu mulkahu, Rev: (a)l-sultan bin(a)l-sultan ilyas(s) shah sahib fil sultan bin sikandar, 9.80g, 29mm, (G&G # B1025), about very fine, Very Rare. It is known that one of the Arakanese kings assumed the name Ilyas Shah but which one is not certain. This issue to Gazapati who ruled 1513-1517 AD. The Arabic title sahib fil means Lord of the Elephant. Estimated Price: 12,000-15,000 125 126. Anonymous(AH 641- 644), Lakhnauti Mint, Silver Tanka, Obv: kali- ma shahada in kufic style,Rev: fi ahd al imam al mustansir amir al mominin with- in double square in kufic style, around mint name partly visible & hijri date off flan in margin, 9.4g, 28.00mm, (G&G # B65), about very fine, ExtremelyRare. Strucked during the time of the governor Tamar Khan Qiran. Estimated Price:20,000-25,000 Bijapur Sultanate 126 127. Ali Adil Shah II (AH 1068-1083/1656-1672 AD), Dabuli Mint, Silver Larin, Obv: sultan ali adil shah, Rev: zarb lari dabuli sanah, 4.8g, 53.16 X 3.68mm, (G&G # BJ37), aboutextremely fine. Estimated Price:3000-3500 Delhi Sultanate 128. Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (AH 607-633/1210-1235 AD), Budaun Mint, Silver Tan- ka, In the name of Caliph al-Nasir, Obv:kalima shahada & al nasir lidinullah amir al muminin within circle, around hijri date in arabic words, Rev: al-sultan al-a’zam shams- ud-dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar iltutmish al-sultan with nasir amir al-mu’minin, 10.80g, 25.17mm, (G&G # D31), about very fine, Very Rare. 128 As per the G&G, the calligraphy style of this coin has similarities to that on the Budaun Mint coins, thus struck from Budaun. Estimated Price:20,000-25,000 129. Turk Dynasty,Rukn-ud-din Firuz (AH 633-634/1235 AD), Delhi Mint, Sil- ver Tanka, Obv: kalima shahada with al mustansir billah amir al-mominin with- in double square, Rev: al-sultan al-a’zam rukn ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaf- far firuz shah bin sultan, 10.20g, 28.00mm, (G&G # D92), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:8000-10,000 129 130. Turk Dynasty, J alalat-ud-din Radiyya (AH 634-637/1236-1240 AD), Dehli (Mint off flan), Silver Tanka, AH XX5, In the name ofherfather Iltutmish, Obv: al-sultan al-a’zam shams ud dunya wa’l din iltutmish al-sultan nusra amir al mu’minin in double square, hijri date and mint name in margin, Rev: fi ahd imam ul mustansir amir ul mo- minin in double square, hijri date and mint name in margin, 10.81g, 29.53mm, (G&G # D100), almost uncirculated, Extremely Rare in this condition. Superb strike and stunning example!!!! Estimated Price:40,000-60,000 130 131. Turk Dynasty, Mu’izz-ud-din Bahram Shah (AH 637-639/1240-1242 AD), Had- rat Delhi Mint, Silver Tanka, Obv: al-sultan al-a’zam mu’izz ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar bahram shah bin al-sultan within double square, in margin mint name & hijri date off flan,Rev: fi ahd al imam al mustansir amir al mominin within double square, in margin mint name visible & hijri date off flan, 10.34g, 27.00mm, (G&G # D111), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:12,000-15,000 131 132. Turk Dynasty, Ala-ud-din Mas’ud (AH 639-644/1242-1246 AD), Had- rat Dehli Mint (off flan), Silver Tanka, Obv:al-sultan al-a’zam ‘ala’ ud-dun- ya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar mas’ud shah bin al-sultan, Rev: fi ahd al imam al mus- tasim amir al mominin, 10.94g, 27.48mm, (G&G # D121), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:3000-4000 127 132 20

  26. Auction – 23 Session – 1 133. Turk Dynasty, Nasir-ud-din Mahmud (AH 644-664/1246-1266 AD), Hadrat Delhi Mint (offlan), Silver Tanka, AH 75X, Obv: sultan al azam nasir ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar mahmud ibn al sultan, Rev:fi ahd al imam al must’asim amir al muminin, mint name & date in margin, 10.91g, 25.63mm, (G&G # D137), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:4000-6000 134. J alal-ud-din Firuz (AH 689-698/1290-1296 AD), Silver 1/12 Tanka, Obv: al-sul- tan al-a ‘zam,Rev:jalal al-dunya wa ‘l din, 0.88g, 10.03mm, (G&G # D198), choice extremely fine. Very Rare. Estimated Price:8000-10,000 133 135. J alal-ud-din Firuz (AH 689-695/1290-1296 AD), Mint offlan, Gold Tanka, AH 690, Large flan, Obv: al-sultan al-a’zam jalal ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar firuz shah al-sultan, Rev: al-imam al-must’asim amir al mominin within circle, mint name and hijri date in arabic words in margin, 10.92g, 32.59mm, (Variant of G&G # D196, legends arrangement on bothsides is different), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:45,000-55,000 2X 134 136. Khilji Dynasty, Ala-ud-din Muhammad Khilji (AH 695-715/1296-1316 AD), Hadrat Delhi Mint, Gold Tanka, AH 711, Obv: al-sultan al-a’zam ‘ala’ ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar muhammad shah al-sultan,Rev: sikandar al-thani yamin al khilafa nasir amir ul mu’minin, with mint & date in margin, 11.0g, 25mm, (G&G # D221), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:45,000-50,000 137. Khilji Dynasty, Ala-ud-din Muhammad Khilji (AH 695-715/1296-1316 AD), Hadrat Delhi Mint, Gold Tanka, AH 713, Obv: al-sultan al-a’zam ‘ala’ ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaf- far muhammad shah al-sultan,Rev: sikandar al-thani yamin al khilafa nasir amir ul mu’minin, with mint & date in margin, 10.97g, 24.86mm, (G&G # D221), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:45,000-50,000 135 138. Khilji Dynasty, Ala-ud-din Muhammad Khilji (AH 695-715/1296-1316 AD), Qila Deogir Mint, Gold Tanka, Obv : al-sultan al-azam ala ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar muhammad shah al sultan, Rev: sikandar al-thani yamin al khilafa nasir amir al mu’minin, mint name in margin, 11.0g, 25.12mm, (G&G # D222), choice extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:45,000-55,000 136 139. K hilji Dynasty, Qutb ud-din Mubarak (AH 716-720/1316-1320 AD), Hadrat Dar-ul-Khilafa Mint, Silver Square Tanka, AH 707, Broad flan with complete details in margin, Obv: al-imam al-a’zam khalifa rabb al- al- amin qutb al-dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar mubarakshah, Rev: al-sultan ibn al-sultan al-wathiq billah amir al-mu’minin, in margin mint name & hi- jir date, 10.83g, 24.07 X 24.05mm, (G&G # D261), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:20,000-25,000 137 140. Tughluq Dynasty, Muhammad bin Tughluq (AH725-752/1325-1351 AD), Mulk-i-Tilang Mint, Silver Tanka, In the name of his father Ghiyath-ud-din Tugh- luq, Obv: al-sultan al-sa ‘id al-shahid al-ghazi ghiyath al-dunya wa’l din, Rev: abu’l muzaffar tughluq shah al-sultan anara allah burhanahu, mint name partly visible and date offlan in margin,11.1g, 26.17mm, (G&G # D326), choice very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:22,000-25,000 138 Tughluq Dynasty, Muhammad bin Tughluq 141. 1351 AD), Hadrat Delhi Mint, Gold Dinar (Heavy), AH 727, Obv: ash- had an la illaha ilallahu wa ashhad anna muhammad abduhu wa rasu- luhu,Rev:al-wathiq bi-ta’yid al-rahman, muhammad shah al-sultan, around hijri year & mint name, 12.82g, 23.72mm, (G&G # D331), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:60,000-65,000 (AH 725-752/1325- 139 141 140 21

  27. Coins Of Sultanates India 142. Tughluq Dynasty, Muhammad bin Tughluq (AH 725-752/1325-1351 AD), Shahr Sultanpur Mint, Gold Dinar (Heavy), Obv: ashhad an la illaha ilallahu wa ashhad anna muhammad abduhu wa rasuluhu, Rev: al-wathiq bi-ta’yid al-rahman, muhammad shah al-sultan, around mint name & hijri year offlan in margin, 12.78g, 20.38mm (G&G # D333), choice very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:85,000-95,000 142 143. Tughluq Dynasty, Firuz Shah Tughluq (AH 752-790/1351-1388 AD), Silver Tan- ka, AH 786 (Holy date), Obv: firuz shah sultani, Rev: naib amir al-mu’minin, holly date 786 at bottom, 10.19g, 24.36mm, (G&G # D471), choice very fine, Extremely Rare. The Arabic/Urdu letters of the opening phrase of the Quran “Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim’ (In the name of Allah, the most merciful, the most beneficient) sum up to the numerical value ‘786’, therefore some people believe that 786 is a substitute to the name of Allah. Thus this hijri date 786 on the coin makes it special and interesting. Estimated Price:1,10,000-1,15,000 144. Tughluq Dynasty, Firuz Shah Tughluq (AH 752-790/1351-1388 AD), Gold Tanka, AH 757, Obv:al sultan al a’zam saif amir al-mu’minin abu’l mu- zaffar firuz shah al sultani khuldat mulkahu, Rev: fi zaman al-imam amir al-mu’minin abu’l fath khuldat khilafatuhu within circle, hijri date in arabic words in margin, 11.00g, 23.23mm, (G&G # D462, Date unlisted),about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:45,000-50,000 143 145. Tughluq Dynasty, Firuz Shah Tughluq (AH 752-790/1351-1388 AD), Gold Tan- ka, Obv:al sultan al a’zam saif amir al-mu’minin abu’l muzaffar firuz shah al sultani khuldat mulkahu, Rev: fi zaman al-imam amir al-mu’minin abu’l fath khuldat khilafatuhu within circle, hijri date offlan in margin, 10.96g, 21.54mm, Unlisted Type,about very fine, VeryRare. Estimated Price:65,000-85,000 144 146. Suri Dynasty, Sher Shah Suri (AH 945-952/1538-1545 AD), Fathabad Mint, Silver Rupee, Obv: kalima shahada & sultan ul adil at bottom within square , four caliphs name in margin,Rev: in square sher shah sultan khuld allahu mulkahu, at bottom nagari legend ‘sri ser sah’, in margin farid ud dunya wal din abu’l muzaffar, 11.30g, 26.36mm, (G&G # D779), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:5000-5500 145 147. Suri Dynasty, Sher Shah Suri (AH945-952/1538-1545AD), Satgaon Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 958 (Instead of date 948, 958 is engraved thus date in error), Obv:kalima shahada in two lines on top, below sultan ul adil, in margin four khali- fas name, Rev: sher shah sultan khuld allahu mulkahu, at bottom ‘sri ser sah’ in nagari legend within square, farid ud duniya wa’l din abul muzaffar in margin, 11.30g, 25.79mm, (G&G # D816), about very fine, with test marks on bothsides, Scarce. Estimated Price:6000-8000 148. Suri Dynasty, Sher Shah Suri(AH 945-952/1538-1545 AD), Pandua Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 947, Obv:kalima shahada on top in two lines, at bottom sultan ul adil within square, in margin four khalifas name,Rev:sher shah sultan khuldallahu mulkahu, date and nagari legend “sri ser sah” within square, farid ud dunya wal din abul muzaffar in margins,11.45g, 25.46mm, (G&G # D789), about very fine with testing marks,Very Rare. Estimated Price:10,000-12,000 146 149. Suri Dynasty, Islam Shah Suri (AH 952-960/1545-1552 AD), Biana Mint, Silver Rupee, Obv:kalima shahada in square, four khalifas name in margin,Rev:islam shah bin sher shah sultan khuld allahu mulkahu and nagari legend ‘sri islam sah’ within square, at bottom mint name biana completely visible, al-sultan bin al-sultan jalal ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar in margin, 11.2g, 26mm, (G&G # D956), about very fine with test marks on bothsides, Very Rare. Estimated Price:8000-10,000 147 149 148 22

  28. Auction – 23 Session – 1 150. Suri Dynasty, Islam Shah Suri (AH 952-960/1545-1552 AD), Qila Raisen Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 952, Obv:kalima shahada in square, four caliphs name & mint name partly visible in margins, Rev:in square: islam shah bin sher shah sul- tan khuld allahu mulkahu sultanahu & swastik symbol, in margin: jalal ud dun- ya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar, ‘sri islam sah’ in nagari & hijri date, 11.31g, 28.51mm, (G&G # D966), choice very fine, Extremely Rare. Listed as RRR in the G&G. Estimated Price:22,000-25,000 150 151. Suri Dynasty, Muhammad Adil Shah (AH 960-964/1552-1556 AD) Shergarh Bak- kar Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 961, Obv:kalima shahada in square & four khalifas name in margin,Rev: al-sultan al-adil mubariz al-duniya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar in margin, muhammad shah sultan khuld allahu mulkahu within square, ‘sri mahamad sah’ in nagari at bottom, 11.48g, 26.92mm, (G&G # D1103), about very fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 20,000-21,000 152. Suri Dynasty, Sikandar Shah Suri (AH 961?-962/1554?-1555 AD), Lahore Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 962, Obv: kalima shahada in square, around four khalifas name in margin, Rev: sultan sikandar isma’il sur within square, in margin al-mutawakkil ala allah khuld allahu mulkahu and mint name at bottom, 11.3g, 27mm (Variant of G&G # D1150, mint mark is variant), choice very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price:70,000-90,000 151 J aunpur Sultanate 153. Shams-ud-din Ibrahim Shah (AH 804-844/1402-1440 AD), Gold Tanka, AH 832, Obv:al-sultan al-a’zam shams ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar ibrahim shah al-sultani khuldat mamlakatahu, Rev:fi zaman al-imam amir al-mominin abu’l fath khuldat khila- fatahu within circle, hijri date in arabic words in margin, 11.39g, 22.01mm, (G&G # J2), choice very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price:90,000-95,000 152 Kashmir Sultante 153 154. Muhammad Ghazi Shah (AH 962-970/1555-1562 AD), Silver Sasnu, In the name of theMughal Emperor Akbar, Obv:a’zam jalal-ud-din muhammad akbar, Rev:mint kashmir, 6.27g, 17.16 x 16.35mm,(G&G # K151), about very fine,Scarce. Estimated Price:4000-5000 154 Malwa Sultanate 155. Ala-ud-din Mahmud Shah I (AH 839-873/1436-1469 AD), Mint offlan, Silver Tanka, Obv: al sultan al a’zam ala ud dunya wa’l din abu’l muzaffar mahmud shah khilji, khuldat kh- ilafatahu at bottom, Rev: sikandar al thani yamin al khilafa nasir amir al mominin, mint name and hijri date offlan in margin,9.95g, 22.61mm, (G&G # M27), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:10,000-12,000 155 156. Ghiyath Shah (AH 873-906/1469-1500 AD), Gold Square Tanka, AH 881, Large flan, Obv: al-wathiq bi’l malik al-multaji abu’l fath ghiyath shah, Rev:bin mah- mud shah al-khilji al-sultan khuld allahu mulkahu,11.0g,21.23 x 21.33mm, (Vari- ant of G&G # M66, zabar on khuld & two nuktas below date at bottom line is of dif- ferent style), choice extremely fine with complete legends on bothsides, Very Rare. Estimated Price:70,000-80,000 156 157. Ranas of Mewar, Rana Sanga, Copper Falus, Obv: ‘sri sangrama saha’ in nagari, Rev: garbled arabic inscription, 8.18g, 17.15 x 17.14mm, Unlisted Type, choice very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:5000-7000 157 158. Copper Falus, In the name of Rana Sangram of Mewar, Obv: sa(n)gram shah si- sodya in persian, Rev:al sultan bin al-sultan in persian, 7.95g, 16.39 x 14.90mm, (G&G # M202), choice very fine,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-7000 158 Sindh & Punjab 159. J ams of Sind, J am Firuz Shah Bin J am Nizam ud din (AH 914-929/1508-1523 AD), Copper Falus, Obv: jam firuz shah, Rev:bin nizam shah sultan, 4.78g, 17.00mm, Unlisted, about very fine, Rare. Same design of falus reduced but less weight. Estimated Price: 5000-7000 159 23

  29. Coins of Mughal India Coins of Mughal India Humayun (Ist Reign AH 937-947/1530-1540) 160. Mint off flan, Silver Tanka, Fathabad type, Obv: kalima shahada with allahu yurzaq main yasha’a ba ghair hisab within circle and four khalifas name with radi allahu an hum at margin, Rev:sultan ul azam khaqan al mukarram, khuld allahu mulkahu wa sultanahu, mint name in margin, in circle muhammad humayun ghazi, 10.5g, 23.93mm, (Variant of G&G # B956), about very fine, Very Rare. 160 Babur, Humayun and Akbar(during the first three years of the reign) issued silver ‘Shah Rukhi’, which were introduced by the Timur ruler Shah Rukh in early 15th cen.A.D. Huma- yun had also issued the Sharukhis following the similar concept but had also issued some heavier silver coins, which may be identified as ‘Rupee’. 161 Humayun concerned about the growing strength of the Afghans in Bihar and parts of Ben- gal under Sher Khan Suri marched eastwards and captured Chunar, occupied Lakhnauti and stayed in Bengal for nine months. He issued silver coins of two different standards the lighter Tanka standard and the heavier Rupee standard. Estimated Price:70,000-80,000 162 Akbar J alal-Ud-Din Muhammad (AH 963-1014/1556-1605 AD) 161. No Mint, Copper Dam, AH (9)66, Obv: kalima shahada, Rev: “swastik mark” in centre, around jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi,20.0g, 18.14mm, (Old KM # 7.5, Type-8), about very fine,Rare. Estimated Price:7000-9000 163 162. Lahore Mint, Silver 1/16 Rupee (Kala), Month Isfandarmuz, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: elahi month & mint name, 0.7g,10.00mm, Unlisted in major catalogues, choice very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:25,000-30,000 164 163. Lahore Mint, Silver Square 1/2 Rupee, 37 RY, Month Bahman, Obv:jalla jallala- hu allahu akbar, Rev: elahi month, date and mint name, 5.65g, 14.60 x 14.65mm, (KM # 62.2), about extremely fine. Estimated Price:4000-5000 165 164. Silver Square 1/2 Rupee, Elahi: 35, Month Shahrewar, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: elahi date and persian month, 5.40g, 14.0x14.0mm, (Liddle # Type S-67), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:4000-5000 165. Kabul Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, RY 46, Obv:jala jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: persian month, ialhi date & zarb,5.65g, 18.15mm,(KM # 66.2), about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price:3000-4000 166 166. Lahore Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, 43 RY, Month Azar, Obv:jalla jalalahu allahu ak- barRev:ilahi date, month and mint name, 5.70g, 18.21mm, (KM # 66.3),about very fine. Estimated Price:5000-6000 167. Lahore Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, 47 RY, Month Di, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev:elahi month, date & zarb at bottom, 5.60g, 16.59mm, (KM # 66.3), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:3500-4500 167 168. Patna Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, 43 RY, Month Ardibihisht, Obv: “allahu akbar” on the top,“jalle jalalahu” at the bottom, Rev: ilahi month on the top, hirji year and mint name at the bottom,5.49g,16.36mm, (Liddle Type S # 53), choice extremely fine,with no testing marks & no patinated, Rare. Estimated Price:5000-6000 169. Ujjain Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, Malwa issue, Obv: kalima shahada,Rev: akbar bad- shah ghazi, 6.77g, 18.09mm, (KM # 75.1),about very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price:8000-10,000 168 169 24

  30. Auction – 23 Session – 1 170. Mint out off flan, Silver 1/2 Rupee, Malwa Province, Obv: kalima shahada, Rev: jalal ud din muhammadakbar badshah ghazi, 6.97g, 18.08mm, choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:1500-2000 171. Ahmadabad Dar-ul-SultanatMint, Silver Square Rupee, AH 996, Obv:kalima sha- hada around four khalifas name, Rev: jalal uddin muhammadakbar badshah ghazi and mint name at bottom,11.5g, 18.14x18.09mm, (KM # 82.1), about extremely fine. Estimated Price:1500-2000 170 172. Bang Mint (off flan), Silver Square Rupee, AH 991, Broad Flan, Obv: kalima sha- hada with jhar mark, Rev: jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi,11.5g, 18.29 x 18.68mm, (KM # A82.1), choice extremely fine with tiny test mark, Rare. Estimated Price:4500-5500 171 173. Bang Mint, Silver Square Rupee, AH 1000(Alf)/ 39 RY, Broad Flan, Superb Strike, Obv: kalima shahada, Rev: jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi & persian letter ‘ha’ on right, mint name off flan, 11.28g, 19.71 x 19.32mm, Unlisted Type, about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:4000-5000 174. Patna Mint, Silver Square Rupee, AH 988, Broad Flan, Obv: kalima shahada, Rev: jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi, 11.38g, 18 x 17.5mm, (Liddle # Type S-35), choice very fine with test marks Rare. Estimated Price:3000-3500 172 173 175. Surat Mint, Silver Square Rupee, Month Aban, Obv: jalle jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: ilahi month and mint name surat written with letter “swad & waw”,10.87g, 16.64 x 17.21mm, (Liddle # Type S-48), about very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price:25,000-30,000 176. Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint, Silver Square Rupee, AH 1000(Alf), Obv:kalima shaha- da & in margins four khalifas name, Rev: jalal uddin muhammad akbar badshah ghazi, khuld allahu ta’ala mulkahu on top and mint name at bottom,11.33g, 20.03x19.45mm, (KM # 82.8), choice extremely fine with bold & sharp strike, Scarce in this Condition. Estimated Price:4000-6000 174 177. Agra Mint, Silver Rupee, Ilahi 50, Month Shahrwar, Obv:jalla jalalahu allahu ak- bar within eight petaled flower, Rev: elahi month shahrwar, date & zarb agra within eight petaled flower, 11.35g, 21.77mm, (KM # 95.1, Liddle # Type S-58), choice very fine with beautiful star and floral arrangement on both sides, Extremely Rare. 175 Overall attractive specimen with alluring eight petaled lotus flower, none of such quality specimen was offered in past few years !!! Estimated Price:1,25,000-1,75,000 176 178. Ahmadabad Mint, Silver Rupee, Month Tir, Obv: jallajalalahu allahu akbar, Rev:persian month, zarb and date, 11.45g, 20.09mm, (KM # 93.2), choice very fine. Estimated Price:1800-2000 179. Ahmadabad Mint, Silver Rupee, Elahi 47, Month Azar, Obv: jallajalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: month, zarb and date, 11.31g, 20.44mm, (KM # 93.2), about exrtemely fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price:2500-3000 177 180. Allahabad Mint, Silver Rupee, Rebellion Coin, Obv & Rev:“bagharb-o-sharq” couplet,11.24g, 23.24mm, (KM # 97.1), about very fine, test mark on both sides. Estimated Price:3000-3500 179 180 178 25

  31. Coins of Mughal India 181. Berar Mint, Silver Rupee, Elahi 42, Month Mihr, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: elahi date, month and mint name, 11.44g, 20.00mm, (KM # 93.6), choice extremely fine with star motifs on both sides with no testing marks, Scarce. Estimated Price:2500-3000 182. Burhanpur Mint, Silver Rupee, 49 RY, Month Aban, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu ak- bar, Rev:ilahi month, date & zarb burhanpur, well decorated on both the sides with floral designs, 11.35g, 19.44mm, ( KM # 93.7), about very fine. Estimated Price:3000-3500 183. Gwalior Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 967, Obv:kalima shahada around four khalifas name with flower mark,Rev:jalal ud-din muhammad, akbar badshah ghazi and hijiri date within square, ruler’s title & mint name in margin,11.32g, 24.98mm, Unlisted Type, about very fine,Rare. Estimated Price:20,000-25,000 184. Lahore Mint, Silver Rupee, Elahi 44 RY, Month Ardibihisht, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev:elahi month & zarb at bottom, 11.22g, 23.38mm, (KM # 93.11), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:2500-3500 181 182 183 185. Malpur Dar-ul-Khilafa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 984, Obv: kalima shahada in dot- ted square,Rev: akbar badshah ghazi in dotted square, 11.31g, 23.55mm, (KM # 80.14), about very fine, Very Rare Mint. Estimated Price:12,000-15,000 186. Narnol Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 970, Obv: kalima shahada with four khalifas name, Rev: jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi and mint name off flan in margin, 11.38g, 23.72mm, (Liddle # Type S-1), about very fine with test marks. Very Rare. Estimated Price:11,000-1,000 184 187. Patna Mint, Silver Rupee, Elahi 42, Month Di, Obv: jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: elahi month, date & mint name, 10.8g, 20.55mm, (KM # 93.14), choice very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:3000-4000 185 188. Sitapur Mint, Silver Rupee, Elahi 49, Month Mihr, Obv: jalla jalaluhu allahu akbar within dotted border, Rev:mint name, ilahi date and persian month within dotted border, deeply hammered, 11.5g, 19.80mm, (KM # 94.4), choice very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:4000-5000 189. Srinagar Mint, Sliver Rupee, Obv:jalla jalalahu allahu akbar, Rev: elahi month and mint srinagar completely visible, 11.32g, 20.65mm, (KM # 93.15), choice very fine with no test marks, Rare. Estimated Price:6000-7000 190. Agra Dar-ul Khilafa Mint (off flan), Silver Rupee, AH 977, Obv:kalima shahada, four khalifas name around,Rev:jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi, in margin titles & mint name, 11.11g, 25.73mm (Similar to Liddle # Type S-11), about very fine, Very Rare. 186 187 In this specimen on top of the reverse persian letter ‘he’ of “ghazi” at the end in its ‘lazy’ or Majhool form thus it creates an attractive calligraphical divider. Estimated Price:5000-7000 188 191. Agra Mint, Gold Mohur, AH 971, Obv: kalima shahada in pentafoil (islamic affir- mation of faith) four khalifas name in margin, Rev: jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi in centre, on top al-sultan al azam khuld allahu, at bottom taala mulkahu wa sultana- hu,10.39g, 26.5mm, (Liddle # Type G-3, Plate I), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:75,000-95,000 189 191 190 26

  32. Auction – 23 Session – 1 192. Agra dar-ul-khilafa Mint, Gold Mohur, AH 982, Obv: kalima shahada within dotted square, four khalifas name in margin, Rev: jalal ud din muhammad akbar badshah ghazi within dotted lines, on top khuld allahu taala, at bottom mint name with epithet, 10.4g, 24.23mm, (Variant of Liddle # G6, flower bud like mint mark is unlisted), about very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price:80,000-1,00,000 192 193. Patna Mint, Gold Mohur, AH 985, Obv:kalima shahada in dotted square around four khalifas name,Rev:jalaluddin muhammad akbar badshah ghazi in center, khuldalla- hu on top & zarb off flan at bottom,10.80g, 20.5mm, (Liddle # Type G-6), choice extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:60,000-70,000 193 194 194. Gold Mohur (Heavy), Mintless, Elahi countermarked in numerical(30), Obv: jalla jalalahu (glorified be his glory) within double square and at bottom elahi countermarked 30, Rev: allahu akbar(allah is great) within double square, legends on both sides within ornate border comprising of a double square, wavy lines and a dotted border. 12.00g, 19.0mm, (Liddle # Type G-27), choice extremely fine, Exceedingly Rare. Akbar started the Ilahi type of coinage in the 30th year of his reign. The above coin is the earliest variant of Ilahi type Gold Heavy Mohur in the series, the countermarked year ‘30’ is the earliest reference to the Ilahi reckoning system which subsequently became a major feature of Akbar’s coinage. Akbar promulgated the Ilahi Era in AH 992/1584 AD. It was reckoned from Akbar’s accession in AH 963/1556 AD, so ‘30’ would corre- spond to the year in which the era was launched. An ‘Ilahi’ year began at the Vernal Equinox every year, with the celebration of the Iranian festival of Nowruz. The calendar had twelve Persian months and was devised by Fathullah Shirazi, a Persian/Indian polymath. Soon after the coins were minted, the mistake of not putting a date was noticed and the available mohurs were counter-struck with the Year 30 stamp. Estimated Price:12,00,000-15,00,000 27

  33. Coins of Mughal India J ahangir Nur-Ud-Din Muhammad (AH 1014-1037/1605 AD) 195. Agra Mint, Silver Nisar (1/20 Rupee), AH 1034, Obv: noor afshan, Rev:mint name agra & complete hijri date AH 1034 at bottom, 0.49g, 9.49mm, (KM # 165.1), about very fine, Extremely Rare. 2x 195 The word ‘Noorafshan’ literally means light scattering in persian. Jahangir would use them for scattering during processions. Estimated Price:55,000-60,000 196. Patna Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, Month Aban, Obv: nur ud din jahangir shah, akbar shah, Rev: elahi month and mint name,5.55g, 16.22mm, (KM # 136.1), about very fine. Estimated Price:7000-9000 196 197 197. Agra Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1020/6 RY, Azar Month, Obv:nur-ud-din jahangir shah akbar shah, within ornate angled frame with mihrabs, Rev: elahi month azar, ah 1020, RY6 & zarb agra,within the ornate lozenge, beautifully decorated on both sides with flower motifs, 11.36g, 24.40mm,(Liddle # S-62/KM # 145.1), choice extremely fine, with tiny test mark, Exceedingly Rare. The esthetic mehrab with decorative foil enclosure and also the complete details on the coin makes it an exceptional specimen from the Jahangir coinage, introduced after the period of Jahangiri and Sawai rupees at Agra (AH1014-1020), issued for about 18 months, always stating the month and with a different design each month! Azar is the ninth month of Islamic calendar. The Agra mint issued Rupees in both square and round shapes alternating the shape of the coin between even and odd months. Estimated Price:3,00,000-4,00,000 198. Agra Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1021/7 RY, Month Khurdad, Obv: noor ud din jah- angir shah akbar shah,Rev: elahi month khurdad (Gemini), mint name agra with regnal year 7 and hijri date 1021 at bottom, floral motifs and scroll design with dotted border on both sides, 11.39g, 23.94mm, Unlisted in KM & Liddle, (Variant of KM # 145.1), choice extremely fine with sharp strike & alluring patterns, Very Rare. Estimated Price:40,000-50,000 198 199. Agra Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1027/12, Month Ilahi Bahman,Obv:nur-ud din jah- angir shah akbar shah, Rev:ilahi month bahman (Aquarius) with regnal year 12 and hirji date 1027 at bottom, floral motifs and scroll design with dotted border on both sides, floral motifs and scroll design with dotted border on both sides, 11.4g, 22.23mm, (Variant of KM # 145.1, Floral design is different), choice extremely fine with tiny testing mark, Very Rare. Estimated Price:40,000-45,000 200. Agra Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1033/18 RY, Obverse & Reverse: “yaft “couplet, yaft dar agra ruye zar zewar az jahangir shah,shahe akbar, 11.23g, 20.18mm, (KM # 149.1), about extremely fine. Estimated Price:10,000-12,000 199 201. Akbarnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, Month: Farwardin, AH 1021, Obv: nur-ud-din-ja- hangir shah akbar shah, Rev: elahi month, date & mint name,11.41g, 21.03mm,(Liddle # Type S-36), about extremely fine with the ornamental borders on both sides, Rare. Estimated Price:10,000-12,000 202. Akbarnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, Month Amardad, AH 1023, Obv: nur-ud din jah- angir shah akbar shah, Rev: ilahi month, date & mint name, decorated on both sides with ornamental border and band containing circles with dots 11.4g, 20.98mm, (KM # 145.4/ Liddle # Type S37), about extremely fine, Rare. This reverse type is not found often in this series. Estimated Price:8000-10,000 200 201 202 28

  34. Auction – 23 Session – 1 203. Akbarnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, 19 RY, Month Isfandarmuz, Obv:nur-ud din muhammad jahangir shah akbar shah,Rev: ilahi month and mint name with sword, 11.4g, 20.10mm, Unlisted Sword mark, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:10,000-12,000 203 204. Kabul Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1027, Month Shahrewar, Obv: nur-ud din jahangir ibn akbar badshah, knot like mint mark in letter ‘nun’ of din, Rev: kabulmint name (knot like mint mark in ‘lam’ of Kabul) and elahi month shahrewar,11.3g, 21.08mm, (KM # 145.9), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price:5000-6000 205. Kabul Mint, Silver Rupee, 9 RY,Obverse & Reverse: “noordah” couplet, tazand az namme jahangir shah, sikka buwad noor dahe mehr-o-mah, on the reverse mihr is writ- ten with “Do-Chashmi He”, followed with zarb name kabul in the bottom line, 11.35g, 22.42mm, (Unlisted in KM/Liddle # type S-117), choice very fine with beautiful dotted motifs and floral design on both sides, Very Rare. 204 Occurence of “Do-Chasmi He” with any persian legend is hardly found on the coins of Jahangir. Estimated Price:8000-10,000 206. Lahore Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1034/19 RY, Obverse & Reverse: “abre ruye” couplet, 11.36g, 21.64mm, (KM # 149.16), about extremely fine with toning. Estimated Price:2500-3000 205 207. Patna Mint, Silver Rupee, Month Isfandarmuz, AH 1026, Obv:nur-ud-din jahan- gir shah akbar shah,Rev:elahi month, mint name & hijri date,11.29g, 17.30mm, (KM # 145.12), about extremely fine with no test mark. Estimated Price:3000-3500 208. PatnaMint, Silver Rupee, Month Khurdad, AH 1030/ 16 RY, Obv:nur-ud-din jahangir shah akbar shah, Rev: elahi month and hijri date at bottom, dotted and floral mo- tifs on both sides with legends within the dotted circle, 11.32g, 19.02mm, (KM # 145.12), choice extremely fine with bold strike, Rare in this condition. Estimated Price:6000-8000 206 209. Qandahar Mint, Silver Rupee, AH (10)24/10 RY, Month Bahman,Obv:nur-ud din jahangir shah akbar shah,Rev: elahi month & zarb,11.43g, 21.95mm, (KM # 145.13), about extremely fine with sharp strike. Estimated Price:5000-6000 207 210. Qandahar Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1027/ 13 RY, Obv erse & Reverse: “dil khwah” couplet, sikka-e-qandhar shud dil-khah az jahangir shah shah akbar, 11.33g, 20.75mm, (KM # 142.2), about extremely fine, with deep hammered & floral design, Scarce. Estimated Price:2000-2500 211. Surat Mint, Silver Rupee, AH (10)32, Obv:nuruddin jahangir badshah,Rev: mint name surat completely visible in second line, floral scroll on both the sides,11.5g, 19.37mm, (KM # 148.1), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:5000-7000 208 212. Double Mint (Agra & Lahore), Silver Rupee (Mule), AH 1030/16 RY, Obv: ze nam shah jahangir shah akbar noor with AH date 1030,Rev: az jahangir shah akbar shah with RY 16, 11.03g, 20.69mm,(mule of KM # 149.1 and 149.14), choice very fine, Very Rare. In this mule specimen, two different obverse dies were used which is of Agra and Lahore Mint listed under the KM#149.1 and KM#149.14 respectively. Unusual example under the coinage of Jahangir. Estimated Price:70,000-75,000 209 211 210 212 29

  35. Coins of Mughal India 213. Lahore Mint, Silver Sawai Rupee (Heavy Weight), AH (10)18/5RY, Obverse & Reverse:“ta falak” couplet, bud har bad rawan ta falak bood dar dawwr, sikka lahore ba naam shah jahangir,14.18g, 23.40mm, (KM # 158.5), choice extremely fine with heavily decorated floral designs on both sides, Very Rare. Estimated Price:80,000-1,00,000 213 Nurjahan (AH 1033-1037/1623-1627 AD) 214. Agra Mint, Silve Rupee, AH 1037, Obv:ze hukam shah jahangir yaft sad zewar, Rev: ba naam e nur jahan badshah begum zar, 11.23g, 20.15mm, (KM # 168.1), about extremely fine,heavily and beautifully decorated with test mark on both sides, Very Rare. Estimated Price:10,000-15,000 214 215. Ahmadabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1037, Obverse & Reverse: “ sad zewar” cou- plet ‘ze hukam shahe jahangir yaft sad zewar, ba naame noorjahan badshah begum zar’, 10.8g, 19.01mm, (KM # 168.2), about very fine,Rare. Estimated Price:8000-12000 215 216 216. Lahore Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1035/ 21 RY, “Fuzodah’’ Couplet, Obv:za naame shahe jahangir tashuda purnoor,with regnal year 21 in centre, Rev: fuzodah noorjahan, ruye sikka e lahore, with complete zarb lahore and AH 1035 in the bottom line,11.40g, 21.86mm, (KM # 169.1/ Liddle # S-151), almost uncirculated with no test marks, heavily decorated with the floral motifs and alluring festooned patterns on both sides, Exceedingly Rare. The couplet states that from the name of Jahangir the face of the coin of Lahore has become full of light, it has been increased by the name of Nur Jahan. This is the best specimen so far offered in any auction in India and extremely rare to appear at all, missing from various advanced collections. Superb rarity !! Estimated Price:3,00,000-3,50,000 217. Surat Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1035, “Sad zewar” Couplet,Obv:ze hukum jah- angir yaft sad zewar banam nurjahan badshah begum zar,Rev:ah year and zarb surat, 11.1g, 20.66mm, (KM # 168.6), about very fine with test marks on both sides, Scarce. Estimated Price:7000-9000 217 Shahjahan, Shihab-ud-din Muhammad (AH 1037-1068/1628-1658 AD) 218. Surat Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, Obv: kalima shahada in square & four khalifas name in margin, Rev: “saheb-e-qiran sani”, shahjahan badshah ghazi in square, 5.9g, 18.67mm, (KM # 218.8), almost UNC. Estimated Price:4000-6000 218 219. Agra Dar-ul-Khilafa Mint, Silver Rupee, Ahad RY, Month Bahman, Broad Flan, Obv:kalima shahada, at bottom complete mint name with epithet is visible, Rev:shihab ud din muhammad saheb e qiran sani shahjahan badshah ghazi,11.3g, 23.36mm, (KM # 222.1), about extremely fine with toning, Scarce. Estimated Price:3000-4000 220. AhmadabadMint, Silver Rupee,Month Isfandarmuz,AH (10)41/4 RY, Obv: kali- ma shahada with month & mint name at bottom, Rev: sahib-e-qiran sani shihab-ud –din muhammad shahajahan badshah ghazi, 11.41g,20.26mm, (KM 224.1), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price:3000-4000 219 220 30

  36. Auction – 23 Session – 1 221. Ahmadabad Mint, Silver Rupee, Ardibihisht Month, Obv:kalima shahada, mint name & month at bottom, Rev: saheb-e-qiran sani shihab ud din muhammad shahjahan badshah ghazi, 11.32g, 19.75mm, (KM # 224.1), choice extremely fine with no test mark Estimated Price:3000-3500 222. Akbarabad Mint, Sliver Rupee, AH 1043, Obv: kalima shahada in square around four khalifas name,Rev: sahab-e-qiran sani shahjahan badshah ghazi,11.3g, 21.27mm, (KM # 235.3 variant in border), choice very fine, with testing mark and beautifully deco- rated with dotted motifs on both the sides. Estimated Price:4000-5000 221 223. Akbarnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, 4 RY, Month Bahman,Obv: kalima shahada on top, mint name akbarnagar & bahman month at bottom, Rev: saheb e qiran sani shihab ud din muhammad shahjahan badshah ghazi,11.4g, 22.34mm, (KM # 224.5), about extreme- ly fine with no testing mark. Estimated Price:3000-3500 222 224. Daulatabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1068, Obv: kalima shahada around four khal- ifas name,Rev:saheb-e-qiran sani shihab ud din muhammad, mint name in margins and shahjahan badshah ghazi in centre, 11.55g, 23.16mm, (KM # 232.1), about extremely fine withno testing mark. Estimated Price:4000-6000 223 225. Golkonda Mint, Silver Rupee, Obv:kalima shahada and mint name, Rev:saheb- e-qiran sani shihab uddin muhammad shahjahan badshah ghazi and unusual sun mint mark, 11.4g, 21.38mm, (Similar to KM # 223.1, sun mint mark is variant), choice very fine with toning & heavily decorated floral motifs,Very Rare. Estimated Price:3000-3500 226. J ahangirnagarMint, Silver Rupee, AH 1041, Month Ardibihisht, Four lines type, Obv:kalima shahada on top in two lines, mint name & month at bottom, Rev: saheb-e- qiran sani shihab uddin muhammad shahjahan badshah ghazi,11.31g, 24.25mm,(KM # 224.10), about very fine, without testing mark, partially doublestrucked, Scarce. Estimated Price:3000-3500 224 227. Lakhnau Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1052/16 RY, Obv: kalima shahada in square, around four khalifas name,Rev:shihab ud din muhammad saheb-e-qiran sani, shahjahan badshah ghazi and mint name at bottom,11.35g, 21.69mm, (Variant of Liddle # Type S-55, Date unlisted), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:10,000-12,000 225 228. Multan Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1041/4 RY, Obv: kalima shahada in circle, four khalifas name around, Rev:sahib-e-qiran sani shihab ud din muhammad shahjahan badshah ghazi and mint name visible at bottom, 11.41g, 21.64mm, (KM # 227.8), about extremely fine. Estimated Price:3000-3500 226 229. Qandahar Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1048/12 RY, Obv: kalima shahada in circle, around four khalifas name,Rev: shahjahan badshah ghazi in circle, shihab ud din mu- hammad saheb-e-qiran sani and mint name in margin,11.4g, 21.40mm, (KM # 228.3), choice extremely fine with sharp strike, toning & no testing mark, Scarce in this condition. Estimated Price:4000-5000 227 230. Qandahar Mint, Silver Rupee, 17 RY, Obv: kalima shahada with in square, knots at corners, Rev:shahjahan badshah ghazi, shihab ud-din muhammad saheb-e-qiran sani & mint name, 11.4g, 21.57mm, (KM # 235.22), choice extremely fine with toning & no testing mark, Scarce. Estimated Price:2500-3000 231. Surat Mint,Silver Rupee, AH 1067/ 31 RY, Obv: kalima shahada in circle, Rev: saheb-e-qiran sani shihab uddin muhammad shahjahan badshah ghazi, 11.6g, 24.21mm, (KM # 228.51), choice extremely fine, with no testing mark. Estimated Price:2500-3000 228 229 230 231 31

  37. Coins of Mughal India 232. Patna Mint, Gold Mohur, 8 RY, Obv:kalima shahada in square & four khalifas name in margin, Rev:saheb-e-qiran sanishihab-ud-din muhammad in margins, shahjah- an badshah ghazi in square & mint name in margin left, 10.88g, 20.10mm,(KM # 260.14), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:1,00,000-1,20,000 232 233. Surat Mint, Gold Mohur, 2 RY, Month Azar,Obv: kalima shahada on top in two lines, mint name surat & elahi month azar at bottom with dotted motifs, Rev: “saheb-e- qiran sani”, shihab uddin muhammad shahajahan badshah ghazi in four lines,10.94g, 23.37mm, (KM # 255.6), choice extremely fine+ with dotted border on both sides, Very Rare. Estimated Price:1,00,000-1,25,000 233 Murad Bakhsh (AH 1068/1658 AAD) 234. Ahmadabad Mint, Silver Rupee,Obv:kalima shahada & four khalifas name around, Rev: abul muzaffarmurawwij-ud-din in margins, muhammad murad bakhsh bad- shah ghazi within square and mint name at left margin, 11.51g, 22.13mm, (KM # 272.1), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price:3000-4000 234 235. Surat Mint, Silver Rupee, Ahad RY, Obv: kalima shahada in square, four khalifas name in margin,Rev: abul muzaffar muhammad murad bakhsh badshah ghazi,complete mint surat at left is visible, 11.47g, 23.63mm, (KM# 272.3), about fine with testing mark. Estimated Price:3000-3500 236. Khambayat Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1068/Ahad RY, Obv: kalima shahada around four khalifas,Rev: muhammad murad baksh badshah ghazi in square, abul muzaffar in margin & zarb at bottom, 11.55g, 21.7mm, (KM # A272.2), choice extremely fine, VeryRare. 235 Murad Bakhsh was the fourth and youngest son of Shah Jahan. He was born in 1624 A.D. and when Shah Jahan died, he was the governor of Gujarat. Being impetuous and impatient, he wished to exclude his eldest brother Dara from the throne. On the death of Shah Jahan, he plundered Surat and proclaimed himself emperor, striking coins in his own name. He was persuaded by Aurangzeb to join forces and partition the empire, but Aurangzeb eventually made him prisoner and he was beheaded in 1661 A.D. 236 Estimated Price : 20,000-25,000 Shah Shuja (AH 1068-1070/1657-1660 AD) 237 237. Akbarnagar Mint,Silver Rupee,Obv:kalima shahada in square, four khalifas name in margins,Rev: muhammad shah shuja on top & badshah ghazi at bottom in square & abul zafar nasr ud din muhammad saheb-e- qiran sani in margins, 11.3g, 20.58mm, (KM # 277.1), about fine, Very Rare. The entire period from AH 1068 - AH 1070 where we find the coins of Shah Shuja, Murad Baksh, Aurangzeb of the same dates is very interesting. Till date it is not confirmed that for how long the Shah Shuja has ruled as a Mughal Ruler because the coins have appeared with the single date. On appointment Shah Shuja posted to Jahangirnagar (Dhaka), the capital of Bengal during his predecessors’s time and he transferred the capital to Akbarnagar (Rajmahal) and might have issued these coins initially from the new mint where in old coins in the name of Shah Jahan were minted for years together. Estimated Price:2,00,000-2,50,000 32

  38. Auction – 23 Session – 1 Aurangzeb Alamgir Muhyyi-ud-din (AH 1068-1118/1658-1707 AD) 238. Ujjain Dar-ul-FathMint, Silver 1/4 Rupee, AH 1086/19 RY, Obv:“badr munir” couplet, sikka zad dar jahan chu badre munir shah aurangzeb alamgir, with AH date 1086 on top, Rev: sana julus, zarb ujjain on top, RY 19 (inverted 9) in seen of julus, 2.9g, 13.70mm, (Variant of KM # 293.5, Date is unlisted), choice very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 35,000-40,000 238 239. Akbarabad Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, AH 1081/31 RY, Obv: shah alamgir badshah ghazi in the square, abdul zafar muhayyi-ud-din muhammad bahadur aurangzeb in the margin, AH 1081, Rev: mint name akbarabad in square, manus memanat sana julus in margin with RY 31 in bottom, 5.64g, 19.58mm,Unlisted, about very fine, Extremely Rare. 239 It is the first time when half rupee of Akbarabad mint of Aurangzeb has come into the light, it is similar to the rupee type standard listed under the KM # 298.1 Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 240. Alamgirpur Mint, Silver Rupee, 37 RY, Obv: “badr munir” couplet, sikka zad dar jahan chu badre munir shah aurangzeb alamgir, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.57g, 23.67mm, (KM # 300.10), about very fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 241. Bhilsa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1074/6 RY, Obverse & Reverse: “mihr munir”cou- plet, ‘sikka zad-dar jahan chu mehre munir, shah aurangzeb alamgir’, mint name bhilsa with do chasmi ‘he’ at bottom, 11.37g, 20.38mm, Unlisted Type, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 240 242. Dicholi Mint, Silver Rupee, Obv: “badr munir”couplet sikka zad dar jahan chu badre munir shah aurangzeb alamgir,,Rev:sana julus zarb dicholi at bottom, 11.42g, 24.08mm, Unlisted, both sides star markchoice very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 40,000-60,000 241 243. Hukeri Mint, Silver Rupee, Obv:“badr munir” couplet, sikka zad dar jahan chu badre munir shah aurangzeb alamgi,Rev:sana julus and mint name hukeri in second line left,11.55g, 23.46mm, (KM # 300.33), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 242 244. Lakhnau Mint, Silver Rupee, 35 RY, Obv:“badr munir”couplet, sikka zad dar jahan chu badre munir shah aurangzeb alamgir,Rev:sana julus zarb lakhnau completely visible at bottom, 11.42g, 23.58mm, Unlisted Type, choice very fine with crisscross border on both sides, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2000-2500 245. Ahmadnagar Mint, Gold Mohur, AH 1100/3X RY, Obv :“mihr munir”couplet, ‘sikka zad-dar jahan chu mehre munir, shah aurangzeb alamgir’, sana hijri,Rev:sana julus, complete zarb ahmadnagar at bottom, 10.90g, 21.83mm, (KM # 315.2), choice very fine with dotted and floral motifs, Rare. Presence of complete mint name is not seen often for this type. Estimated Price: 45,000-50,000 243 246. Akbarnagar Mint, Gold Mohur, 17 RY, Obv:abul zafar muhayyi-ud-din muham- mad aurangzeb alamgir bahadur badshah ghazi, Rev:sana julus zarb at bottom, 10.99g, 18.08mm, (KM # 310.1), about very fine,Rare. Estimated Price: 45,000-50,000 244 247. Golkonda Mint, Gold Mohur, AH (10)86/31(sic), Obv: “mihr munir” couplet, ‘sik- ka zad-dar jahan chu mehre munir, shah aurangzeb alamgir, sana hijri and trident mark within persian gaf at top,Rev:sana julus zarb golkonda at bottom,10.86g, 21.17mm, (Variant KM # 315.18), about very fine, Rare. It is very unusual to see a trident like symbol in the coins of Aurangzeb. Estimated Price: 45,000-50,000 245 247 246 33

  39. Coins of Mughal India Shah Alam Bahadur (AH 1119-1124/1707-1712 AD) 248. Karimabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1121/4 RY, Obv:sikka mubarak shah alam badshah ghazi,Rev: sana julus zarb, 11.36g, 20.21mm, (KM # 347.11), about very fine, Very Scarce. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 248 249. Parenda Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1122/4 RY, Obv:sikka mubarak shah alam ba- hadur badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus, zarb parenda visible at bottom, 11.42g, 22.16mm, (KM # 348.31), about very fine, Very Scarce. Estimated Price: 5000-7000 250. Burhanpur Dar-us-Surur Mint, Gold Mohur, 2 RY, Obv:sikka mubarak shah alam bahadur badshah ghazi,Rev:sana julus zarb burhanpur with epithet,10.93g, 18.45mm, Unlisted Type, choice very fine,Rare. Estimated Price: 40,000-50,000 249 J ahandar Shah (AH 1124/1712 AD) 251. Ahmadabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1124/Ahad RY, Obv: “abul fath” couplet, Rev: sana julus, zarb ahmadabad at bottom,11.51g, 25.39mm, (KM # 363.1), choice ex- tremely fine with toning & testmarks, Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 250 252. Gwalior Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1124/Ahad RY, Obv: “saheb-e-qiran” couplet, Rev: sana julus & zarb at bottom, 11.30g, 24.31mm, (KM # 364.10), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 253. Itawa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1124/Ahad RY, Obv: “saheb-e-qiran”jahandar shah, Rev:sana julus & zarb at bottom, 11.5g, 24.03mm, (KM # 364.12), about extremely fine with dotted motifs on bothsides. Estimated Price: 2200-2500 254. ShahjahanabadDar ul khilafaMint, AH 1124/Ahad RY, Silver Rupee, Obv: bazad barzar sikka chun saheb e qiran,jahandar shah badshah jahan, Rev: mint name with epi- thet dar-ul-khalifa & sana ahad mubarak on top, 11.39g, 23.66mm,Unlisted Type, about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 251 252 255. Shahjahanabad Dar-ul-khilafa Mint,Gold Mohur, AH 1124/ Ahad RY, Obv: “abul fath” couplet,Rev: sana julus zarb on top, 11.0 g, 21.65 mm, (KM # 368.6), about ex- tremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 1,00,000-1,20,000 Farrukhsiyar (AH 1124-1131-1713-1719 AD) 253 256. Murshidabad Mint (off flan), Silver 1/8 Rupee, RY 4, Obv: badshah”bahr-o-barr” couplet, sikka zad az fazl-e-haq bar sim-o-zar, badshahe bahr-o-barr faruksiyar, Rev: sana julus, 1.42g, 10.92mm, , about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 257. Arkat Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1130/7 RY, Obv: “badshah bahr-o-barr” couplet, Rev:sana julus zarb arkat complete visible at bottom, 11.4g, 23.83mm, (KM # 377.10), about very fine. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 258. Shahjahanabad Dar-ul-Khilafat Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1128/5 RY, Obv: “bad- shah bahr-o-barr” couplet,Rev:sana julus zarb on top,11.37g, 27.41mm, (Variant of KM # 377.55, Large flan is unlisted), broadflan with toning, dotted and floral motifs on both sides, Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 254 255 256 257 258 34

  40. Auction – 23 Session – 1 259. Shahjahanabad Dar-ul-KhilafaMint, Silver Rupee, AH 1127/4RY, Obv:badshah bahr-o-barr couplet,Rev: sana julus zarb on top,11.26g, 21.25mm, (KM # 377.55), al- most Uncirculated with no test mark. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 Rafi-ud-Darjat (AH 1131/AD 1719) 259 260. Kora Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1131/Ahad RY, Obv: “ba hazaran barkat” couplet, sikka-e-zad bahind, bahazaraan barkaat shahen shahe bahre-o-bar rafiuddarjaat,Rev: sana julus, zarb kora visible at bottom,11.4g, 22.62mm, (KM # 405.12), choice very fine with dotted and floral motifs on both sides, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 Shahjahan II, Rafi-ud-Daula (AH 1131/1719 AD) 260 261. Itawa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH (11)31/ Ahad RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi shahjahan, Rev: sana julus zarb itawa at bottom completely visible,10.44g, 24.45mm, (KM # 415.11), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 Muhammad Shah (AH 1131-1161/1719-1748 AD) 262. Ausa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 113X/12 RY, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah ghazi mu- hammad shah,Rev:sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.12g, 24.30mm, (KM # 436.10), about extremely fine with dotted motifs on bothsides, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 261 263. Farukhabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1157/28 RY, Broad flan, Obv:sikka mubarak saheb-e-qiran sani muhammad shah badshah ghazi, Rev:sana julus zarb, complete mint name farukhabad visible at bottom, 11.24g, 25.21mm, (KM # 437.3), about extremely fine, with dotted motifs and border on both sides, overall attractive specimen, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-6000 262 264. Farukhabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 116X/31 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak saheb-e- qiran sani badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb farukhabad complete visible at bottom, 11.31g, 24.20mm, (KM # 437.3), about extremely fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 265. Islamabad(Mathura) Mint, Silver Rupee, 10 RY, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb on top,10.81g, 22.40mm, (KM # 436.28), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 1500-2000 266. Kora Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1143/13 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb kora complete visible at bottom, 11.29g, 22.60mm, (KM # 436.39), about very fine with toning. Estimated Price: 1500-1800 263 267. Qanauj Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1135/4 RY, Broad flan (Nazarana Like), Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb qanauj completely visible at bottom,11.35g, 30.92mm, Unlisted Type, about extremely fine with dotted motifs on both sides and border on reverse, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 50,000-60,000 268. Zain-ul-Bilad (Ahmedabad), Silver Rupee, AH 1135/4 RY, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah ghazi,Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom,11.55g, 25.47mm, (KM # 436.63), about very fine. Estimated Price: 6000-6500 264 265 267 268 266 35

  41. Coins of Mughal India 269. Itawa Mint, Gold Mohur, AH 1155/25 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi mu- hammad shah, AH date on top,Rev: sana julus zarb itawa at bottom with RY 25 in middle line, 11.0g, 21.91mm, (Variant of KM # 438.10), choice very fine, with dotted motifs on both sides, Very Rare. Hijri & RY is unlisted in KM. Estimated Price: 60,000-70,000 269 270. Shahjahanabad Dar-ul-Khilafa Mint, Gold Mohur, (Nazarana Like large flan), AH 115X/22 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak “saheb-e-qiran sani” muhammad shah badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb on top,10.81g, 24.07mm, (Variant of KM # 439.4), choice extremely fine, large flan, dotted motifs on both sides, Scarce. Estimated Price: 45,000-50,000 Ahmad Shah Bahadur (AH 1161-1167/1748-1754 AD) 270 271. Imtiyazgarh Mint, Silver Rupee, ‘Badshah Ghazi type’, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah ghazi ahmad shah bahadur,Rev:sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.20g, 22.07mm, Unlisted Type, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-4500 272. Kalpi Mint, Silver Rupee, 5 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi ahmad shah bahadur, Rev:sana julus zarb kalpi completely visible at bottom, 11.3g, 22.04mm, (KM # 446.41), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 271 273. Sironj Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1163, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus & complete mint name sironj is visible at bottom, 11.2g, 22.46mm, (KM # 446.35), about very fine. Estimated Price: 4000-4500 Alamgir II, Aziz-ud-din (AH 1167-1173/1754-1759 AD) 272 274. Akbarabad Mustaqir-ul-Khilafa Mint, Silver Rupee, Ahad RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi alamgir, Rev: sana julus zarb completely visible,11.36g, 23.01mm, (KM # 460.2), about very fine with toning, Rare. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 273 275. Akbarabad Mustaqir-ul-KhilafaMint, Silver Rupee, AH 117X/4 RY, Broad flan, double struck on obverse, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.26g, 26.89mm, Unlisted Type,about very fine. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 276. Burhanpur Dar-us-Surur Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1167/Ahad RY, Obv: sikka mubarak alamgir badshah ghazi, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.29g, 22.66mm, (KM # 460.25), about extremely fine. Estimated Price: 4000-6000 274 277. Gwalior Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 11XX/6 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi alamgir, Rev:sana julus zarb at bottom,11.22g, 23.79mm, (KM # 460.28), about very fine. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 278. J ahangirnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, 2 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi alam- gir with sun mark,Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.62g, 22.12mm, (KM # 460.9), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 279. Najibabad Mint, Silver Rupee, 5 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi alamgir, Rev: sana julus zarb, mint name on top,11.37g, 21.04mm, (KM # 460.35), about extreme- ly fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 275 276 278 279 277 36

  42. Auction – 23 Session – 1 Shah Alam II (AH 1174-1221/1759-1806 AD) 280. Gokulgarh Mint, Silver Rupee, AH (11)97/ 25 RY, Local Governor issue strucked by Rajas of Rewari,Obv: “saya-e-fazle elah”, couplet,persian letter “mim”in”lam”of fazle, Rev:sana julus zarb on top,11.08g, 21.02mm, Unlisted Type, about extremely fine, Very Rare. Appearance of persian legend “Mim” in the “Lam” of fazle is unusual and the relevance is unknown. Estimated Price: 10,000-12,000 280 Muhammad Akbar II (AH 1202/13/1788 AD) 281. Shahjahanabad Dar-ul-Khilafa Mint, Silver Rupee (Nazarana like Broad flan), AH 12XX/4 RY, Obv: sikka mubarak sahib-e-qiran sani muhammad akbar shah badshah ghazi with royal umbrella mark,Rev: sana julus zarb on top completely visible, 10.82g, 26.02mm, (KM # 777), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 281 282. Shahjahanabad Dar-ul-Khilafa Mint, Silver Rupee, 4 RY,Obv: sikka mubarak sa- hib-e-qiran sani muhammad akbar shah badshah ghazi with royal umbrella mark, Rev: sana julus zarb, complete mint name with epithet visible on top, beaded flower, 11.12g, 23.49mm, (KM # 777), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 282 Coins of Independent Kingdoms Assam 283. Shiva Simha, Gargaon Mint, Silver Square Rupee, SE 1651/15 RY, With the name of Queen Pramathesvari, Obv: shiva singh shah sikkah zad chu mahr bahm begam pra- mathesvari shah, Rev:maimanat manus sanah 15 jalus, zarb gargaon 1651, lion facing right at lower left,11.2g, 18.83x18.09mm, (KM # 75/RB # 114.2), choice extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 40,000-45,000 283 284. Gaurinatha Simha, Sliver 1/2 Rupee,Obv:assamese legend “sri sri ha/ra gauri pa/da parasya”,Rev: assamese legend “sri sri gau/rinatha simha/nrpasya”,5.63g, 18.30mm, (RB # R64.1), choice extremely fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 1800-2000 285. Gaurinatha Smiha, Sliver Rupee, SE 1708, Obv: assamese legend “sri sri hara / gauri charana ka / mala makaranda / madhukarasya’,Rev:assamese legend “sri srimat sva / rga / deva sri gau / rinathasya / saka 1708”, 11.30g 22.55mm, (RB# R 40.2), choice extremely fine.. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 284 285 Cooch Behar 286. Nara Narayana, Silver Tanka, SE 1477, Broad flan, Obv:benagli legend in four lines “sri sri/ siva charana/ kamala madhu/ karasya”, within circle and dotted border of dots.’si ra na’in second line in nagari legend, Rev: bengali legend in five lines “sri sri / man naranara/ yana bhupala/ sya sake/1477”, wihtin circle and dotted border of dots, 10.21g, 29.01mm, (RB # A-2.5), about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 5000-5500 286 287. Nara Narayana, Silver Tanka (Very Broad flan), SE 1477, Obv: bengali legend “sri sri/siva charana/kamala madhu karasya”,Rev:bengali legend “sri sri/man nara nara/ yana bhupala/sya sake/1477”,10.4g, 36.0mm, (RB # A-7.1), within circle and border of dots around on both sides, choice very fine+, Rare. Estimated Price: 15000-18000 287 37

  43. Coins of Indian Independent Kingdom 288. Raghudeva Narayana, Silver Tanka, SE 1510, Obv: bengali legend in five lines “sri sri/hara gauri/charana kama/la madhu ka/rasya”, within circle and border of dots, Rev:bengali legend in five lines“sri sri/raghudeva na/rayanasya bhupa/lasya sake”, dot with 3 rays at end of first line,105g, 28.45mm, (RB # C(E)-2.2),about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 25,000-30,000 289. Upendra Narayana,Silver ½ Rupee, Obv:nagari legend in four lines part of “sri sri/siva charana/kamala madhu/karasya”, Rev: nagari legend part of “ sri srima/t up- endra nara/yanasya sake”,4.65g, 18.94mm, (RB # H-1-4), about very fine. Estimated Price: 1000-1300 288 Durrani Dynasty 290. Ahmad Shah Durrani, Bareli Mint, Silver Rupee, 14 RY, Obv:“auj mahi ta bamah” couplet, Rev:sana julus and zarb at bottom,11.18g, 21.85mm, (Old KM # 278), about very fine. Estimated Price: 1500-2000 291. Ahmad Shah Durrani, Sehrind Mint, Gold Mohur, 16 RY, Obv: ahmad badshah bar seem-o-zar, Rev: sana julus zarb sehrind at bottom,10.82g, 23.68mm, (Old KM # 755), about very fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 70,000-90,000 289 290 Kachar Kingdom 291 292 292. Megha Narayana (SE 1488-1505/1566-1583 AD), Silver Tanka, Obv:four line nagari legend “Hara Gauri/Charana Para/yana Hacheng/ sa Vamsaja”,within a doublesquare all within a circle and border of beads, Rev:four line nagari legend “Sri Sri Megha/Narayana/Bhupalasya/ Sake 1488”, 9.57g, 27.45mm, (KM # 102/RB # 8.2),with beads in the lunettes both sides,choice very fine+,Very Rare. The Tankas are known of Megha Narayana than those of his predecessor, they were struck from many different dies with variations in legend ar- rangement and ornamentation, so that individual varieties remain very interesting. The legend on this tanka include the epithet Hachengsa Vamsaja, i.e. “belonging to the Ha Tsung Tsa clan.” Estimated Price: 1,60,000-2,00,000 Maratha Confederacy 293 293. Chhatrapati Shivaji, Copper Paisa, Obv: nagari legend “chhatra/pati”,Rev: nagari legend “shri/raja/shiva”, 10.0g, 19.61mm, (Maheshwari # T5d), with bold strike & dotted motifs,about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 5000-6000 294. Sironj Mint, Silver Rupee,In the name ofAlamgir II, Obv:bazar zad sikka-e-saheb e qiran azizuddin alamgir sani, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom,11.43g, 22.08mm, Unlisted type, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 6000-8000 295. Hardwar Mint, Copper Paisa, 35 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah shah alam, Rev:mint name, regnal year and trident with fish mint mark, 5.9g, 18.36mm, (Maheshwari # T4), about very fine. Estimated Price: 2000-3000 294 295 38

  44. Auction – 23 Session – 1 296. Ravishnagar Sagar Mint, Copper Paisa, 55 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: “saya-e-fazle-elah”couplet, trident and flower mint mark,Rev: manus maimanat sana julus zarb, 15.26g, 23.03mm, Unlisted type, about extremely fine,Rare. Estimated Price: 2000-2500 297. Balwantnagar (J hansi) Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1175/3 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: “saya-e-fazle-elah”couplet with leaf mark,Rev: sana julus zarb at bot- tom & lily flower mark, 11.22g, 22.08mm, (Variant of KM # 322), choice very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 10,000-15,000 296 298. Balwantnagar (J hansi) Mint, Silver Rupee, RY 4, In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv:“saya-e-fazle elah”couplet & trident mark in letter ‘nun’ of deen, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.25g, 22.54mm, Unlisted, about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 297 299. Balanagar Gadha (Mandla) Mint, Silver Rupee, 35 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II,Obv:“saya-e-fazle elah”couplet,trident mint mark, Rev:sana julus zarb at bottom, star mint & RY,11.05g, 20.01mm, Unlisted type, about very fine. Estimated Price: 4000-4500 300. Burhanpur Dar-us-Surur Mint, Silver Rupee, 45 RY, In the name ofShah Alam II, In Obverse couplet arrangement type is different than usual, Obv: “saya-e-fazle-elah” couplet,Rev:sana julus and mint name with epithet, jhar mark,11.54g, 20.55mm, Unlist- ed Type, about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 7000-9000 298 301. Kora Mint, Silver Rupee, 3 RY,In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv:“saya-e-fazle elah”couplet & mint mark trident and patak, Rev: sana julus zarb, 11.3g, 20.8mm, (KM # 278), about very fine. Estimated Price: 1500-1800 302. Saharanpur Dar-us-Surur Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1204/31 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: “saya-e-fazle elah”couplet,Rev: sana julus, zarb saharanpur on top,11.19g, 21.78mm, (Maheshwari # T1c), choice extremely fine with toning, Scarce. Estimated Price: 8000-10,000 299 Mysore Kingdom 303. Mysore Kingdom,Tipu Sultan, Patan (seringpatan) Mint, Silver Rupee (Ima- mi), AM 1217/7 RY, Obv: deen-e-ahmad muhammad dar jahan ast, roshan ze fath haid- ar,saal sarab and sana 1217, Rev: huwas sultan-ul-waheed al adil, julus saal sakh, suwam bahari sana 7 julusi, 11.30g, 25.63mm, (Unlisted type, additional word “muhammad” on top of obverse),choice AUNC with bold strike, Rare. Estimated Price: 16,000-20,000 300 304. Tipu Sultan, Patan (Seringpatan) Mint, Silver Double Rupee (Haidari), AH 1199/3 RY, Rosette Variety, Obv:deen-e-ahmad dar jahan ast, roshan ze fath haidari, mint name, saal jalu and sana hijri, Rev: huwas sultan-ul-waheed al adil, suwem bahari, saal jalu and sana 3 julus, (KM # 22), graded and slabbed by NGC as VF 30,Very Rare. Estimated Price: 1,00,000-1,25,000 301 305. Tipu Sultan, Nagar Mint, Gold Pagoda (Faruqi), AM 1216/6 RY, Rossette vari- ety, Obv: huwas sultan ul-waheed al adil & muhammad on top, Rev: faruqi, nagar, per- sian letter ‘Ha’& sana, 3.43g, 14.45mm, (KM # 129a), choice extremely fine with dotted border on both sides, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 36,000-42,000 302 305 304 303 39

  45. Coins of Indian Independent Kingdom Rohilkhand Kingdom 306. Basauli Mint, Silver Rupee, 10 RY, In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv:“saya-e- fazal elah” couplet,Rev: sana julus zarb, mint name completely visible at bottom, 11.18g, 22.06mm, (KM # 56.2), about very fine. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 307. Itawa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1176/3 RY, Nazarana like large Flan, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv:sikka mubarak basshah ghazi, sword mint mark above he of badshah, Rev:sana julus zarb at bottom, 11.22g, 30.10mm, (KM # 66), choice very fine with sharp strike, Rare. Estimated Price: 7500-8500 308. Itawa Mint, Silver Nazrana Rupee, AH 1182/9 RY, In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv: sword mint mark above “he” of badshah,Rev: sana julus zarb & RY, large flan with complete legend and partial dotted border, 11.18g, 28.49mm, Unlisted Type, about extremely fine,Very Rare. 306 307 Rohila Nazarana issues are very rare and rarely come across in the market. Though the coins from this mint are generally of large size, the extra large planchet of this coin indicate same special occasion for which it was struck. Estimated Price: 5000-5500 309. Mustafabad (Rampur) Mint, Silver Rupee, 12 RY, In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv:sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev:sana julus, zarb on top & star mark,11.09g, 21.82mm, Unlisted Type, about extremely fine,Rare. Estimated Price: 6000-8000 308 310. Mustafabad Mint, Silver Rupee, AH1184/12 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: sikka mubarak badshah ghazi, Rev:sana julus, zarb on top & mint marks 11.1g, 21.27mm, (KM # 126.1), about extremely fine. Estimated Price: 6000-8000 311. Nasrullanagar Mint, Silver Rupee, AH (118)4/ 12 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: “saya-e-fazle elah” couplet, Rev:sana julus and zarb on top,11.2g, 21.31mm, Unlisted Type, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-4500 309 Sikh Empire Khalsa, Military Government, Anandghar Silver Rupee, 312. VS 1841, Obv: “gobind shahi” couplet, deg tegh o fath nusrat be-dirang, yaft az nanak guru gobond singh, Rev:zarb anandghar on top with diffar- ent mint marks,11.42g, 21.67mm, (KM # 30), about very fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-4500 Mint, 313. Ranjit Singh, Amritsar Mint, Silver Rupee, “Nanak Shahi” Couplet, VS 1879, Obv:text, beaded flowers, Rev:mint name, date, leaf, beaded flowers,11.07g, 23.74mm, (Hans Herli # 01.07.04), about very fine. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 310 Madurai Nayaks 314. Copper Kasu, Obv:stylized narasimha,Rev: telugu legend ‘Sri Vi ra’, within dotted border,3.00g, 21.94mm, about very fine, Scarce. Estimated Price: 1500-2000 311 312 313 314 40

  46. Auction – 23 Session – 1 Tripura 315. Ratna Manikya (1464-1489 AD), Silver Tanka, Obv: lion facing right within cir- cle, toothed border, fields,extra dot over head of lion, bengali legend“Sri Du rga”, Rev: “sri sri ra/tna mani/kya deva” within double square and dotted with toothed ornamental border, 10.63g, 27.48mm, (RB PL III#34), choice extremely fine, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 50,000-70,000 315 316 316. Mukut Manikya (1489-1490 AD), Silver Tanka, Undated,With the name of Queen Machtri, Obv: four line nagari legend “Sri Machya/ ndi Charana Cha/ kravarttinyau”, with wave patterns on four sides, Rev: four line nagari legend “Sri Machtri/Mahadevi /Sri Sri Mukut/Ma/nikya devah”, within circle and toothed border, 10.60g, 24.52mm, (KM # 29/RB # 42), about very fine, Extremely Rare. According to Rajamala, Mukut Manikya was a very powerful king, and had a long reign. Two of the coins of Mukut Manikya have the name of his queen’s name. Which has been read as “Sri Machtri”. Estimated Price: 3,00,000-4,00,000 317. Dhanya Manikya, SilverTanka, Obv: lion to right , fish symbol between the legs of lion, Rev: three line nagari legend “sri sri dha/nya mani/kya devah” in double square and dotted with toothed border, 10.53g, 25.49mm, (KM # 37/RB PL IV#46), choice ex- tremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 40,000-60,000 Vijayanagar Kingdom 317 318. Tirmualaraya, Copper Kasu, Obv:two garuda facing each other with a dagger in the center, string of dots under a line in field below,Rev:within two borders of dotted circle and floral design, the nagari legend “(cha)/la ma/ra ya”, between the two lines a discus, vaishnavite mark and conch, 3.58g, 15.54mm, (K.Ganesh # 9.130), about very fine. Estimated Price: 3500-4000 Coins of Indian Princely States 318 Alwar 319. Mangal Singh, Silver Rupee, 1891 AD, Early Proof Restrike,With the name of Queen Victoria, Obv:bust of victoria empress facing left,Rev:maharao raja sawai man- gal singh bahadur, (KM # 46), graded and slabbed by PCGS as PR 64, Proof. Estimated Price: 80,000-1,00,000 Awadh 320. Asafabad Mint off flan, Silver Rupee, 18 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: “saya-e-fazle elah” couplet,Rev: sana julus zarb, floral design with inverted letter‘nun’, 11.2g, 20.38mm, (KM # 16.2), about very fine. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 321. Asafnagar Mint, Silver Rupee, 18 RY, In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv: shah alambadshah ghazi with sword mark, Rev:fish and inverted persian letter “Nun”,11.2g, 21.94mm, (KM # 26.2), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-4500 319 320 321 41

  47. Coins of Indian Princely States 322. Itawa Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1194/22 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv:sik- ka mubarak badshah ghazi, fish and umbrella, mint mark, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom completely visible, 11.02g, 25.19mm, (KM # 76.4), about UNC with dotted border visible on both sides. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 323. Muhammadabad Banaras Mint,Silver Rupee, 4 RY, In the name of Shah Alam II, Obv: “saya-e-fazle elah”couplet, Rev: mint name, sana julus & star in “seen” of julus, 11.24g, 19.88mm, (KM # 36.2), about very fine. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 324. Ghazi-ud-din Haider (As King), Lucknow Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1235/Ahad RY, Obv:“shah-e-zaman”,Rev:crown flanked by rampant lions holding flag, two upright fish below, on top dar-ul-sultanat,11.09g, 25.49mm, (KM # 165.1), about very fine. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 322 323 325. Ghazi-ud-Haidar as a King,Lucknow Mint, Gold Mohur(Ashrafi), AH 1241/7 RY, Obv: sikka zad bar sem-o-zar nist shah-e-zaman, ghazi-ud-din haidarali az fazl zul mubeen within four lines and with rossette motifs, Rev:crown laned by rampant lions holding lag, two upright fish below, (coat of arms), subah awadh, 10.68g, 23.38mm, (KM # 170.2), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price: 80,000-1,00,000 326. Amjad Ali Shah, Lucknow Mint, Silver Rupee, AH1258/Ahad RY, Obv:“batayid elah zille haque” couplet, Rev: mulk awadh dar ul saltana lucknow, parasol above crown and fish, flanked by curved swords, 11.15g, 23.17mm, (KM # 336), about extremely fine, almost UNC, Scarce. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 324 327. Amjad Ali Shah, Lucknow Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1262, Obv:“batayid elah zille haque” couplet,Rev:mulk awadh dar ul saltana lucknow, parasol above crown and fish, flanked by curved swords, 11.01g, 23.70mm, (KM # 336), choice extremely fine+, Scarce. Estimated Price: 4000-6000 328. Wajid Ali Shah, Muhammadabad Banaras Mint, Silver 1/16 Rupee, 26 RY, In the name ofShah Alam II, Obv: ruler’s name, Rev: frozen regnal year, mint mark, 0.70g,11.11mm, (KM # 99), UNC, Extremely Rare. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 325 326 329. Wajid Ali Shah, Lucknow Mint, Silver 1/8 Rupee, AH 1271/9 RY, Obv: “tayid elah zille haq” couplet,Rev: bait-us-sultanat lucknow mulk awadh, akhtar nagar, parasol above crown, sana julus & zarb, flanked by mermaids holding flag, crossed swords below, 1.37g, 12.15mm, (KM # 357.2), about extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 12,000-15,000 330. Wajid Ali Shah, Lucknow Bait-Us-Sultanate Mint, Silver 1/4 Rupee, Obv: “tayid elah zille haq” couplet, Rev: sana julus zarb at bottom, 2.80g, 15.75mm, (KM # 361.2), about extremely fie, Extremely Rare. 327 This specimen was struck from the gold dies of 1/4 Mohur. Gold 1/4 Mohur dies were used to struck few of the 1/4 Rupees of Silver of this type and not much were struck in silver hence this specimen is very important for Awadh collectors as this was struck from gold dies only. Estimated Price: 20,000-25,000 331. Wajid Ali Shah, Lucknow Mint, Gold Mohur ( Ashrafi), AH 1272/9 RY, Obv: “tayid elah zille haque” couplet, Rev:bait-us-sultanat lucknow mulk awadh, akhtar nagar, parasol above crown, sana julus & zarb, flanked by mermaids holding lag, crossed swords below, 10.8g, 22mm, (KM # 378.3), choice extremely fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 1,00,000-1,25,000 328 329 330 331 42

  48. Auction – 23 Session – 1 332. Bajranggarh, J ai singh, Silver Rupee, Obv: nagari legend in five lines the ruler’s name with tilte, regnal year and mint name “yih sikka par chap maharaja jay singh ke 18 jaynagar” border of dots between two linear circles. Rev: nagari legend in four lines “shri raghav partap pavan-putra bal pay-ke” border of dots between two linear circles, 10.61g, 18.42mm,(KM # 6), about very fine. Estimated Price:2500-3000 332 333. Banswara, Laxman Singh, Copper Paisa, Obv:“samba” within legends ends up- ward,Rev:“samba” within legends ends upward, 10.79g, 22.66mm, (KM # 12), about extremely fine. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 Baroda 333 334. Sayaji Rao II, Copper Paisa, AH 1262, Obv:beaded cresent below mint mark, nagari sri with letter sa & ga, and sword mark,Rev:bottom trishul mark, date & value, 6.58g, 22.65mm, Unlisted Type, about extremely fine. Estimated Price:4000-4500 335. Khande Rao, Silver Nazarana Rupee, AH 1287, Obv:sikka mubarak khande rao gayakwad with date & mint at bottom,Rev: sword at centre, around ruler’s name with title in nagari,11.6g, 24.00mm, (KM # Y14.1), about extremely fine, Very Rare. Estimated Price:9000-12,000 336. Sayaji Rao III, Silver 4 Annas, VS 1949, Obv: crowned bust to right,Rev:value, scimitar, date witthin wreath, 2.87g, 19.29mm, (KM Y # 34), choice extremely fine. Estimated Price: 3000-3500 334 337. Sayaji Rao III, Silver Rupee, VS 1953, Obv: bust of king right, wearing jeweled turban, nagari legend around “sri sayaji rao-gaekwad”, Rev:nagari denomination in two lines, ek-rupaya, sword and vs date,11.33g, 27.95mm, (KM Y # 36a), about very fine. Estimated Price:3500-4000 Bharatpur 335 338. Braj Indrapur Mint, Silver Rupee, VS 1917/1851 AD, With the name of Victoria, Obv: malika-e-muazzama farman rawai inglistan,Rev: mint name, mint mark & VS year, 11.10g, 23.32mm, Unlisted Type, about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 7000-8000 Bhopal 336 339. J ahangir Muhammad Khan, Daulatgarh Mint, Silver 1/2 Rupee, 5 RY, In the name ofMuhammad Akbar II,Obv: sahib-e-qiran sani,Rev: sana julus zarb with baja mark, 5.42g, 16.12mm, (KM # C26), about very fine. Estimated Price: 3000-4000 Bikaner 340. Gaj singh, Silver Rupee, 5 RY, In the name of Alamgir II, Obv: sikka mubarak bad- shah ghazi,Rev: sana julus zarb on top, 11.27g, 22.84mm, (KM # 10), about extremely fine, UNC. Estimated Price: 2500-3000 337 Bundi 341. Ram Singh, Silver 1/4 Rupee, VS 1946, With the name ofVictoria, Obv:katar in center english legend around, linear circle on border,Rev:ram singh in nagari and date, 2.62g, 13.92mm, (KM # Y7), about very fine, Rare. Estimated Price: 4000-5000 338 341 340 339 43