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Welcome to SEASON TWO Four - Season 2 SALT SALT Session 4 Four - Season 2 JESUS AS TEACHER AND HEALER “and some seed fell on rich soil and produced fruit.” Mark 4:8 Welcome, Gather Four - Season 2 Opening Prayer

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welcome to season two

Welcome toSEASON TWO

Four - Season 2

SALT

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

salt session 4

SALT Session 4

Four - Season 2

JESUS AS TEACHER AND HEALER

“and some seed fell on rich soil and produced fruit.” Mark 4:8

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

welcome gather

Welcome, Gather

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

opening prayer

Opening Prayer

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

goals
Goals
  • Text: Understand Mark’s interpretation of Jesus as teacher and healer
  • Spiritual: Explore the meaning of miracle stories and parables as invitation to faith
  • Action: Recognize our need to respond to Jesus as teacher and healer

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

leadership focus
Leadership Focus
  • Concerns, tasks, means and leadership
    • Member
    • Facilitators
      • Evaluation of the facilitating team
  • Hospitality Tasks
    • Next Week
  • Prayer Tasks
  • Facilitator/ Recorder Tasks
      • 10 minute evaluation with Facilitators/Recorders

Four - Season 2

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

small group
Small Group

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

break
Break

10 Minutes

Remember Purchase Fair Trade Coffee: Justice in Every Cup

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

review session 3
Review Session 3
  • Elements Develop Mark’s Narrative
  • The Drama Builds
  • Power Struggle (1:1-13)
  • Messianic Secret (a misnomer)
  • Story Types
  • Myth in Mark/Parable
  • Who is Jesus?

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

mark 1 14 8 21
Mark 1:14-8:21
  • Parables
  • Miracles
    • Announce that the Reign of God is at hand
    • Reflect the universal mission of Jesus
    • Show us Mark’s Christology

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

jesus speaks in parables
Jesus Speaks in Parables
  • Jesus was a skilled teacher, speaker
  • Used literary forms from prophetic/wisdom tradition
    • Parable used most frequently (as did Ezekiel)
    • Favored Rabbinic storytelling method
      • Parables often puzzling sayings, strong images
        • Purpose is to confront not clarify

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

parable literary form
Parable: Literary Form
  • Greek parabole: root meaning from placing two items side by side to compare them
  • Hebrew masai (pl. masalim): which covers a much wider variety of literary forms (metaphors, similes, allegories, riddles)
    • Objective: not literal comparison, not comparison of details of the story, but of the situation as a whole

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

recent scholarship re parables
Recent Scholarship re: Parables
  • Reflection of daily lives of ordinary First Century people living in Palestine
  • Shows how the form developed
  • Poetic as much as rhetorical (prose)
  • Narrative (when read as stories)
  • Drama

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

mark s use of parables
Mark’s Use of Parables
  • Six parables, plus parable-like sayings
  • All, except the parable of the seed, are found in Mark and Luke
  • Characteristics of Mark’s parables:
    • Rural conditions, village life, farming, nature
    • Only 12:1-11, Parable of the Tenants/Wicked Husbandmen, has interaction of persons, placed apart from others

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

parables in mark
Parables In Mark
  • 4:3-9 Sower
  • 4:26-29 Seed growing secretly: Kingdom
  • 4:30-32 Mustard seed: Kingdom
  • 12:1-11 Wicked husbandmen
  • 13:28-29 Fig tree
  • 13:34-37 Doorkeeper

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

parable like sayings of mark
Parable like sayings of Mark:
  • 2:19-20 Guests of the bridegroom
  • 2:21-22 Patched garment, old wineskins
  • 3:23-27 Beelzebub parables
  • 4:21-25 The Sayings of Mark
  • 7:1-23 Riddle on things that defile

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

church interprets parables
Church Interprets Parables
  • Meaning often illusive
    • changes with audience
  • Exegesis may determine boundaries of incorrect interpretation:
    • still leaves broad field for valid interpretation / application by individuals & communities

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

what is a miracle
What Is A Miracle?
  • Gospels take miracles for granted
  • Definition in Scripture differs from popular
  • Jesus cautions people 13:22-23
  • Modern scientific view different
  • In Scripture, God works directly in creation
  • Scripture has no conception of unified system of natural law as in Greek world or modern theology

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

etymology
Etymology
  • Latin: miraculum, something to be wondered atappears nowhere in Christian Scriptures or LatinVulgate
  • Hebrew: translated into English Bibles as “miracles”
      • Hebrew has no word for nature and no word corresponding with miracle
  • Greek: dynamis in the Synoptics, act of power
      • Translated into English as Miracle

Semeion: sign rather than miracle: evidence of intervention of God

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

miracles as literary form
Miracles As Literary Form
  • Common form of stories from antiquity
  • Scholars distinguish
      • between nature and healing
  • Doubt
  • Apologetic purpose/reputation of Jesus

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

hebrew scripture early church
Hebrew Scripture/Early Church
  • Miracles in Hebrew Scripture
      • For individuals are rare except Elijah/Elisha
      • Jesus called another Elijah, even Elisha
  • Miracles in the early church
      • Part of oldest known Christian sources
          • “Q” and the Petrine “kerygma”
      • Taken for granted as characteristic of the Church by Paul 1 Cor. 12:28

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

miracles in mark
Miracles in Mark
  • 1:29-31 Cure of Peter’s mother-in law
  • 1:40-45 Cure of leper
  • 2:1-12 Cure of paralytic
  • 3:1-6 Man with withered hand
  • 4:35-41 Calming of the storm
  • 5:1-20 Healing of Geresene demoniac
  • 6:31-44 First Miracle of the loaves

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

miracles continued
Miracles, continued
  • 6:45-52 Jesus walks on water
  • 7:24-30 Cure of Canaanite’s daughter
  • 7:31-37 Healing of a deaf man
  • 8:1-10 Second miracle of loaves
  • 8:22-26 Cure of blind man at Bethsaida
  • 9:14-29 Cure of epileptic demoniac boy
  • 10:46-52 Cure of two blind men at Jericho

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

reign of god announced
Reign of God Announced
  • Miracles/Parables announce Reign at hand - becomes invitation to discipleship
  • Open ended invitation waits for response
  • Miracles are sign of God’s care

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

universal mission of jesus
Universal Mission of Jesus
  • Miracles show Jesus’
    • Power
    • Universality of his mission

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

christology who is jesus
Christology: Who is Jesus?
  • First parables,3:23-27
      • Show Jesus as herald who overcomes Satan
  • Parables of chapter 4, the seed parables:
      • Promote Mark’s theme of Messianic secret:

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

discipleship then now
Discipleship Then & Now
  • Discipleship entails preaching the “Good News”
      • In the time of Jesus
      • Now, we are “Good News” when we work on healing old hurts and relationships in our lives
  • Discipleship entails an inclusive attitude:
      • Recognizing the universality of Jesus’ mission
      • Developing an inclusive attitude in our hearts
  • Discipleship means continually asking:
      • “Who is Jesus?”

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

dare to dream
Dare to Dream
  • God is in our midst
    • Most scholars understand the reign of God as a “tentative metaphor”

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

action
ACTION
  • Recognize our need to respond to Jesus as teacher and healer
  • For next week
    • Read Mark 8:22 – 10:52

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

closing prayer
Closing Prayer

SALT - Scripture and Leadership Training Office of Evangelization & Worship

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