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The Würzburg School. Who were they?. Oswald Külpe (1862-1915) Karl Marbe (1869-1953) Founded an Institute of Psychology in Würzburg in 1896 to study THOUGHT PROCESSES (as opposed to thought content. Thought processes?. For example: Judgment Knowing Understanding Interpreting

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who were they
Who were they?
  • Oswald Külpe (1862-1915)
  • Karl Marbe (1869-1953)
  • Founded an Institute of Psychology in Würzburg in 1896 to study THOUGHT PROCESSES (as opposed to thought content
thought processes
Thought processes?
  • For example:
    • Judgment
    • Knowing
    • Understanding
    • Interpreting
  • What is the process of this like?
  • As opposed to: what is the content of this like?
some of k lpe students
Some of Külpe students
  • Max Wertheimer
  • Kurt Koffka
  • Richard Pauli
  • Albert Michotte
  • Basically the who 's who of the gestalt movement
an experiment by albert michotte
An experiment by Albert Michotte
  • Here is a demonstration of one of Michotte's experiments
  • In what ways do those experiments deal with thought process rather than thought content?
  • (note : these are Gestalt experiments)
karl marbe s method
Karl Marbe's method
  • Uses the method of SYSTEMATIC SELF OBSERVATION (spoken reflection) to get at the process of thought.
  • For example. Solve the following riddle:
  • Sisters and brothers have I none, but that man's father is my father's son. How is this possible? And as you work at solving it, keep track of your thinking process.
  • How is this different from introspection?
other members of the w rzburg school 1
Other members of the Würzburg school (1)
  • Karl Bühler(1879-1963)
  • His wife is Charlotte Bühler, a well known developmentalist
  • Some famous students were Konrad Lorenz (etology), Neal Miller and Edward Tolman (cognitive behaviorism)
other members of the w rzburg school 2
Other members of the Würzburg school (2)
  • Narziss Kaspar Ach (1871-1946)
  • Introduces the concept of "determining tendencies".
  • How does a person's behavior change from random to determined?
other members of the w rzburg school 3
Other members of the Würzburg school (3)
  • Otto Selz (1881-1943) (died in Auschwitz)
  • The notion of "schematic anticipation", leads to the concept of AI
  • For example: what should go in the missing places?
what did wundt think of this
What did Wundt think of this?
  • Too phenomenological
  • Too qualitative
  • What do you think?