The Human Genome Project. What is the Human Genome Project?. U.S. govt. project coordinated by the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health, launched in 1986 by Charles DeLisi. Definition: GENOME – the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA.
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Definition: GENOME – the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA.
- to identify the approximate 100,000 genes in the human DNA.
- determine the sequences of the 3 billion bases that make up human DNA.
- store this information in databases.
- develop tools for data analysis.
- address the ethical, legal, and social issues that arise from genome research.
- improvements in medicine.
- microbial genome research for fuel and environmental cleanup.
- DNA forensics.
- improved agriculture and livestock.
- better understanding of evolution and human migration.
- more accurate risk assessment.
- Risk assessment: reduce the likelihood of heritable mutations.
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