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Stereotypes. African Americans are more violent than others African Americans are less intelligent than others African Americans are lazy & irresponsible They blame everyone else for their problems Many African Americans are resentful troublemakers. Past Connections. Slavery

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stereotypes
Stereotypes
  • African Americans are more violent than others
  • African Americans are less intelligent than others
  • African Americans are lazy & irresponsible
  • They blame everyone else for their problems
  • Many African Americans are resentful troublemakers
past connections
Past Connections
  • Slavery
    • Kept illiterate and ignorant, stripped of culture & customs, brutalized
  • Post-slavery: Free but Segregated
    • Segregation de facto in North, legal in South
  • Euro-American Rationalizations
    • Denying the humanness of African Americans, supporting the “separate but equal” doctrine, ignoring the issue
  • Movement toward True Equality
    • Non-violent movement led to Civil Rights Act of 1964
current profile
Current Profile
  • 12% of US population
    • 55% live in South
    • 20% live in Midwest
    • 20% live in Northeast
    • 10% live in West
  • African Americans > 25% of population
    • Louisiana, South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, Maryland, and Alabama
three tiers of progress
Three Tiers of Progress
  • Middle-Class
    • Home ownership, education, spiritual
  • Under-Class
    • 23% below poverty line
    • Large African American prison population
    • Racial profiling
    • De-industrialization of America
  • Struggling Between
glass ceiling obstacles
Glass Ceiling Obstacles
  • Hitting the Glass Ceiling, lack of opportunity, & upward mobility
  • Feeling pressured to undermine or drop their African American Identity
  • Having to prove themselves, over & over
  • Dealing with stigma of being an affirmative action hire
  • Coping with ethnic stereotypes
education for careers
Education for Careers
  • High school completion rate rose from 51% in 1980 to 79% in 2000
  • College enrollment increased 1.5x
  • Intellectual Achievement Depends on Income
    • Socioeconomic status - not ethnicity or gender - is the best predictor of both grades and test scores
african american core values
Sharing

Expressing personal style

Being real and genuine

Being assertive

Expressing feelings

Bouncing back

Distrust mainstream establishment

African American Core Values
african american community typical customs
African American Community: Typical Customs
  • Customs in Community Life
    • Church plays a major role in social change
  • Customs in Family Life
    • Extended families - “parents” & key people
    • Strict no-nonsense discipline
barrier 1 breaking out of lowered expectations failure cycle
Barrier #1 Breaking Out of Lowered Expectations - Failure Cycle
  • Others assumption that I’m intellectually inferior>
  • My internalized belief that I’m intellectually inferior>
  • Low self-confidence regarding intellectual tasks>
  • Poor performance on intellectual tasks>
  • Avoidance of such tasks
success cycle
Success Cycle
  • Assumption by leader that I can master intellectual tasks>
  • Internalized belief that I can master intellectual tasks>
  • Self-confidence in my ability to master intellectual tasks>
  • Willingness to put for the effort on intellectual tasks>
  • Development of intellectual skills
barrier 2 breaking through the glass ceiling
Barrier #2 Breaking Through the Glass Ceiling
  • History’s Impact
    • Exclusions, viewed negatively, lack of opportunities
    • Low self-esteem & self confidence
  • Career Issues
    • Hitting glass ceiling, lack of opportunity
    • Pressure to act white, repress ethnicity
  • Coaching Needs & Strategies
    • Need to network & build relationships
    • Monitor & develop career strategies
barrier 3 breaking through blocks at each career phase
Barrier #3 Breaking Through Blocks at Each Career Phase
  • Entry level & Adjustment phase
    • Encounter organizational & personal prejudice
    • Deal with own anger & frustration, need to recapture positive attitude
  • Career Development Phase
    • Find mentors, develop conflict management & management of prejudice skills
  • Mastery Phase
    • Failure is not an option
    • Use protective hesitation
building on african american strengths
Building on African American Strengths
  • Planning, Creating, Problem Solving
    • Asset to teams, creativity, assertive in expressing feelings, direct communication
  • Building Relationships
    • People focus, expression of feelings, sharing
  • Connecting with African American Marketplace