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Renaissance Art. Italian Early and High Renaissance Art. Art and Patronage. Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. Italian banking & international trade interests had the money.

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renaissance art

Renaissance Art

Italian Early and High Renaissance Art

slide2

Art and Patronage

  • Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art.
    • Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values.
    • Italian banking & international trade interests had the money.
  • Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds.

Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status!

realism expression
Realism & Expression
  • Expulsion fromthe Garden
  • Masaccio
  • 1427
  • First nudes sinceclassical times.
2 perspective
2. Perspective

First use of linear perspective!

  • The Trinity
  • Masaccio
  • 1427
3 classicism
3. Classicism
  • Greco-Roman influence.
  • Secularism.
  • Humanism.
  • Individualism  free standing figures.
  • Symmetry/Balance

The “Classical Pose”Medici “Venus”

5 geometrical arrangement of figures
5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures
  • The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • 1469
  • The figure as architecture!
6 artists as personalities celebrities
6. Artists as Personalities/Celebrities
  • Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, andArchitects
  • Giorgio Vasari
  • 1550
early renaissance

Early Renaissance

The First Three

Hall-of-Famers

masaccio 1401 1428
Masaccio1401-1428
  • Founder of early Renaissance Painting
  • Painted human figure as a real human being

(3D)

  • Used perspective
  • Consistent source of light (accurate shadows)
2 donatello 1386 1466
#2 Donatello 1386-1466
  • The sculptor’s Masaccio
  • David (1430-32)
    • First free standing, life-size nude since Classical period
    • Contrapposto
    • Sense of Underlying skeletal structure
slide15

The Penitent Magdalen (Donatello) real gaunt

“Speak, speak or the plague take

you!”

3 boticelli
#3 Boticelli
  • 1482
  • Rebirth of Classical mythology
  • Fully Pagan
  • THE BIRTH OF VENUS
the italian renaissance
The Italian Renaissance
  • Leonardo
  • Michelangelo
  • Raphael
  • Titian
the last supper
The Last Supper
  • Emotions
  • Response
michelangelo
Michelangelo
  • David
  • MichelangeloBuonarotti
  • 1504
  • Marble
slide24

Da Vinci

Raphael

Michelangelo

slide25

Plato:looks to theheavens [or the IDEALrealm].

Aristotle:looks to thisearth [thehere andnow].

slide27

Ptolemy

Euclid

titian
Titian
  • Dazzling contrasting colors
  • Ample female forms
  • Asymmetric compositions
  • Bacchanal of the Adrians 1518
slide30

A Portrait of Savonarola

  • By Fra Bartolomeo, 1498.
  • Dominican friar who decried money and power.
  • Anti-humanist  he saw humanism as too secular, hedonistic, and corrupting.
  • The “Bonfire of the Vanities,” 1497.
    • Burned books, artwork, jewelry, and other luxury goods in public.
    • Even Botticelli put some of his paintings on the fire!!