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Deposit-refund Systems Thomas Lindhqvist IIIEE MESPOM Waste Policies March 2006 Refund Deposit Systems Natural deposits - the economic value of the discarded product motivates the refund

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slide1

Deposit-refund Systems

Thomas Lindhqvist

IIIEE

MESPOM

Waste Policies

March 2006

refund deposit systems
Refund Deposit Systems
  • Natural deposits - the economic value of the discarded product motivates the refund
  • Artificial deposits - the economic value of the discarded product (material) is lower than the cost of the system
refund deposit system in sweden
Refund Deposit System in Sweden
  • Return in shops
  • Use of automatic vending machines
which are the revenues in a deposit refund system
Which are the revenues in a deposit refund system
  • Unclaimed deposits
  • Interest on capital
  • Revenue from selling the material or product
  • Artificial fees
aluminium can recycling in sweden

Can

manufacturer

Recycling at

aluminium

smelting plant

Brewery

Returpack

Brewery

depot

Trade

Consumer

Trade

Anti-litter

campaigns

Aluminium Can Recycling in Sweden
economy and fees in the swedish al can recycling
Economy and feesin the Swedish Al-can Recycling
  • Deposit including VAT - 50 öre
  • Administration fee - 6 öre
  • Scrap income - approx. 10 öre
  • Handling fee (brewery) - 6 öre
  • Handling fee (retailer) - 14 öre
  • Transportation and administration fee - 2 öre
slide9
Aluminium Cans for Beer and Soft DrinksSweden - return rates and relative increases of the deposit size 1983-2004
slide13
Bottles for wine and liquor with depositSweden - return rates and relative increases of the deposit size 1970-89
germany refillable bottles
Germany - Refillable bottles
  • Protection of refillable systems through mandatory deposits
  • In particular for beverages:
  • Beer, mineral and spring water, table, drinking and therapeutic water, carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks, fruit juice, fruit nectar, vegetable juice, wine
  • Exemption if part of dual system and market share for refillables above 72%
  • Retraction of exemption if below level in two consecutive years
  • The retraction applies only to those types of beverage that are below their specific quota:- 82.16% for beer- 91.33% for mineral water- 28.63% for wine- 73.72% for carbonated soft drinks- etc.
germany deposit refund
Germany – Deposit-refund

Mandatory deposits for beer, mineral water, carbonated soft drinks

Exemptions: beverage cartons and pouches, and wine, spirits and dietary foods

Deposit level:

Euro 0.25 <= 1.5 litres

Euro 0.50 > 1.5 litres

Island-solutions