Chile. About twice the size of MontanaPop. of 15 million89% Roman Catholic. The life and times of Pablo Neruda. Born in Parral, Chile in 1904Father was a government railway worker Published poems under a false name. More fun facts about Neruda. Began long career as diplomat in 1927Influenced by Spanish SurrealistsDied of Leukemia in 1973Won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.