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Oil Infrastructure Requirements Constraints & Solutions. Dr. S. N. A. Zaidi General Manager (Operations) Pakistan State Oil Company Limited. Pakistan Energy Mix. Natural Gas Sector-wise Consumption. 27.5 MTOE. Future Gas Shortfall. Pakistan Power Sector Capacity Breakdown.

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oil infrastructure requirements constraints solutions

Oil Infrastructure RequirementsConstraints & Solutions

Dr. S. N. A. Zaidi

General Manager (Operations)

Pakistan State Oil Company Limited

refined product sourcing import handling
Refined Product Sourcing & Import Handling

Import Handling

Sourcing

12.4 MMT

20.5 MMT

omcs in pakistan
OMCs in Pakistan
  • Currently there are 12 OMCs operating in Pakistan
  • The 5 major OMCs* have combined market share of around 96%
  • APL, BYCO, TPPL have refinery backup
  • HSD & FO contribute 85% of country’s oil products demand

* PSO, SPL, CPL, APL & TOTAL

slide12

OMCs Market Shares

+8%

18.1 MMT

Source: OCAC

port utilization
Port Utilization

Unit: MMT

Non-POL at Keamari

48% Utilization

110% Utilization

pol forecast scenario i
POL Forecast – Scenario-I

Unit: MMT

25.0

24.3

23.7

23.1

21.3

Source: OCAC

pol forecast scenario ii
POL Forecast – Scenario-II

Unit: MMT

18.3

25.0

16.9

24.3

23.7

23.1

15.9

21.3

13.7

13.3

slide17

HSFO DEMAND / LOCAL AVAILABILITY STATUS

TRL & BOPL

full production

& PRL partial

reduction

TRL & BOPL

Partial

production

PRL reduced

production

challenges to oil industry
Challenges to Oil Industry

Supply Chain Constraints

  • Port
  • Logistics
  • Storages
slide20

Supply Constraints

  • Limited average refinery production of max 250,000 MT/month
  • Increase reliance on imports
  • Jetty constraints at FOTCO (Existing capacity 750,000 M.Tons or15 Cargos
  • Expected Cargo arrival at FOTCO in future is as under:
port constraints
Port Constraints
  • By 2016, POL demand expected to touch 25 MMT
  • Despite BYCO refinery project coming on-stream, deficit imports will be more than 14 MMT
  • With KPT OP-I planned maintenance in 2013, the port capacity will be reduced to 16 MMT for 2 years
  • With Crude, FO & HSD imports and Export prospects (in view of new refinery), following options will have to be explored:
    • SBM at HUB connecting the Bosicor refineries for crude imports
    • Pipeline link between strategic ports for effective utilization of KPT oil piers and also as a contingency measure in case of port shutdown
    • 2nd berth at FOTCO to handle probable FO demand surge in view of gas supplies depletion
logistics
Logistics
  • With increased product demand in future, there will be an imbalance in points-of-input and points-of-consumption
  • 70:30 is the FO demand in Southern and Central region (respectively)
  • Initially, Pakistan Railway (PR) moved more than 2.5 million tons of product nationwide. This has declined to <0.5 million last year
  • As railways is a more efficient and cost effective mode of transport, the PR infrastructure needs to be reinforced through local & foreign equity
  • Currently more than 10,000 Tank Lorries are being used to transport petroleum products
  • Road infrastructure be further developed to handle this movement in safe manner
storages
Storages
  • At present no major investment is required in storage development.
  • 1.15 Million Mt storages at Power Sector is empty due lack of funds for purchase of Fuel Oil.
  • There is a serious need of strategic storage development to build up country reserves of crude and finished product.
  • The potential of Gwadar as a bunkering hub is huge due to proximity to strait of Hormez, the oil industry needs to develop oil depots at the point of consumption to cater for this demand