New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services Property Crime and UCR New York State Crime Reporting Program - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services Property Crime and UCR New York State Crime Reporting Program

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  1. New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services Property Crime and UCRNew York State Crime Reporting Program

  2. TOPICS TO BE COVERED • Introduction to Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) • Part I Offenses involving stolen property • Reporting stolen property by offense type, property type, and dollar value • Robbery • Larceny • Motor Vehicle Theft • Minimizing errors • Resources available for crime reporting

  3. UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING (UCR) : INTRODUCTION • National UCR Summary Reporting began in 1930 UCR established to measure and compare crime throughout the United States UCR uses a national classification system so that all states’ laws can be compared despite differences in crime definition (e.g., Assault, Battery) • New York participates in this national program, by state law • The UCR Summary Crime Report is a monthly list of reported offenses Usually one offense per incident Only the most serious offense per incident

  4. UCR : INTRODUCTION – cont’d UCR Collects: • Offenses Known to Police • Return A - Part I crimes • Return A - Part II crimes • Return A Property Supplement • Domestic Violence Victim Data • Supplementary Reports • Homicide, Arson, LEOKA, Hate Crime, Personnel • Arrest Reports • Age, Sex, Race, Ethnicity of persons arrested

  5. UCR : INTRODUCTION – cont’d Return A – Part I Crimes • Murder (including negligent manslaughter) • Rape • Robbery • Aggravated Assault • Burglary • Larceny • Motor Vehicle Theft

  6. PART I OFFENSES AND THEFT Stolen property is associated with six of the seven Part I offenses • Murder • Rape • Robbery (requires property report) • Aggravated Assault • Burglary • Larceny (requires property report) • Motor Vehicle Theft (requires property report)

  7. OFFENSES AND STOLEN PROPERTY VALUE UCR collects information on three aspects of Part I crime involving property theft: • The number of crimes reported • The dollar value of the stolen property • by offense type • by property type • The type of property that was stolen (in dollars)

  8. FOCUS ON STOLEN PROPERTY OFFENSES • Reporting stolen property by offense type, property type, and dollar value • Robbery • Larceny • Motor Vehicle Theft

  9. Stolen Property andRobbery

  10. ROBBERY • Robbery - the taking or attempting to take anything of value from another person: by force, by threat of force or violence, or by putting the victim in fear • Robbery includes motor vehiclesstolen by force or threat, such as car-jacking • Robbery count is reported on Return A, page 1

  11. A convenience store clerk was held up by a young man with a revolver. The assailant fled the store with three cartons of cigarettes worth $150 and two cases of beer worth $50. Property: Cigarettes and Beer Value: $200 Offense Classification: Convenience store robbery w/ handgun ROBBERY Example

  12. PROPERTY STOLEN BY ROBBERY TYPE • Enter the dollar values by Robbery type on page 4 of theReturn A Property:Cigarettes and Beer Value: $200

  13. PROPERTY STOLEN BY ROBBERY TYPE • Enter the dollar values by Robbery type on page 4 of theReturn A Property:Cigarettes and Beer Value: $200

  14. PROPERTY STOLEN BY PROPERTY TYPE • On page 5 of the Return A, find the type of property that was stolen during the robbery • Enter the dollar value of the loss • Also record the value of any property that was recovered on page 5

  15. Stolen Property andLarceny

  16. LARCENY • Larceny - the unlawful taking or attempting to take another’s property by theft or stealth • The theft may or may not be committed in the immediate presence of the victim • Larceny does not include the following offenses,which are counted in separately in other categories: Theft of motor vehicles Theft by fraud, forgery, or embezzlement (Part II crimes)

  17. LARCENY AND MONETARY VALUES Larceny counts are recorded by two offense categories, shown on page 2 of the Return A: Value Type (Under $50, $50-$199, $200 and Over) Larceny Type (Pocket-Picking, Purse-Snatching, Shoplifting, etc) Monetary values are reported for both of these categories, on page 4 of the Return A And Losses in property types are reported as dollar amounts on page 5 of the Return A

  18. LARCENY Example 1 A woman reported the theft of a shopping bag. She had set it down against the store counter while she made another purchase. The bag contained a bottle of perfume just bought for $37. Property: Bottle of Perfume Value: $37 Classification of Theft: All Other

  19. LARCENY Example 2 Another woman at the same mall complained that someone stole dry- cleaned clothing from the back of her car while she was shopping. Her husband’s suit and top coat, plus her own suit and two sweaters, amounted to an $1100 loss. Property: Dry-cleaned clothing Value: $1100 Classification of Theft: From Motor Vehicle

  20. LARCENY Example 3 A boy found that someone had stolen his second-hand bicycle from the bike rack at the library. He had bought it at a police auction for $45. Property: Bicycle Value: $45 Classification of Theft: Bicycles

  21. LARCENYExample 4 A discount store reported the theft of MP3s, with a wholesale cost of $3600. Property: MP3 Players Value: $3600 Classification of Theft: Shoplifting

  22. LARCENY Example 5 A college student’s new $179 spare tire was stolen from his 8-year-old car. Property: Tire Value: $179 Classification of Theft: Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories

  23. LARCENY Example 6 A man reported his billfold, with 4 credit cards and $148 in it, taken from a restaurant coat rack while he had dinner. Another patron’s coat on the same rack lost $250. Property: Wallet, Credit Cards, Cash Value: $402 Classification of Theft: AllOther

  24. LARCENY Example 7 A 5-year-old’s bike, complete with training wheels, was taken overnight from the side yard, a monetary loss of $90. It was later recovered. Property: Bicycle Value: $90 Classification of Theft: Bicycles 3 2 2

  25. LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BYVALUE TYPE • Enter the dollar values for value types on page 4 of the Return A Value types of property stolen in Larceny-Theft examples $200 and Over: dry cleaning ($1100) + MP3s ($3600) + wallet, CCs, and cash ($402) = $5102 $50 to $199: bike ($90) + tire ($179) = $269 Under $50: bike ($45) + perfume ($37) = $82

  26. LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BYVALUE TYPE • Enter the dollar values for value types on page 4 of the Return A Value types of property stolen in Larceny-Theft examples $200 and Over: dry cleaning ($1100) + MP3s ($3600) + wallet, CCs, and cash ($402) = $5102 $50 to $199: bike ($90) + tire ($179) = $269 Under $50: bike ($45) + perfume ($37) = $82

  27. LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BYLARCENY TYPE • Enter the dollar values by Larceny Type on page 4 of the Return A • For each type of theft, add the estimated dollar losses and enter the totals as shown

  28. LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BYPROPERTY TYPE • Enter the dollar values by type of stolen property on page 5 of the Return A • Total the estimated value of the stolen property by type • Any property that was recovered is also recorded on page 5

  29. Stolen Property andMotor Vehicle Theft

  30. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT • Motor Vehicle Theft - the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle • Motor vehicles are self-propelled vehicles that run on land and not rails • Personal property within stolen vehicle is added to the value of vehicle • Motor Vehicle Theft does not include farm equipment, water craft, construction equipment, or airplanes (these are reported as Larceny – All Other)

  31. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT AND MONETARY VALUES • The Motor Vehicle Theft count is reported on page 2 of the Return A • Personal property reported stolen with the vehicle is recorded two ways • By offense type (motor vehicle value + content value) on page 4 of the Return A • By Property Type Stolen – Vehicle and content are separately reported by type on page 5 of the Return A

  32. A woman left her car running in the driveway while she finished getting ready for work. Upon leaving her house, she found her car had been stolen from the driveway. The woman also reported that her compact disc collection worth $200 was in the car. Property: Auto and compact disc collection Value: $9000 + $200 = $9,200 Classification of Theft: All Other MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT Example

  33. PROPERTY STOLEN BY OFFENSE TYPE • The dollar values for the stolen car and the CD collection inside it are entered on page 4 of the Return A Property: Automobile and CD collection Value: $9,000 (car) + $200 (CDs) = $9,200

  34. PROPERTY STOLEN BY PROPERTY TYPE • The dollar values by type of stolen property are entered on page 5 of the Return A • Total the estimated value of the stolen property by type • Any property that was recovered is also recorded on page 5

  35. MOTOR VEHICLES RECOVERED • Enter the number of motor vehicles recovered – locally or elsewhere – which were initially stolen in your jurisdiction or elsewhere • Do not enter dollar values

  36. REVIEW OF STOLEN-PROPERTY REPORTING • Crime counts by offense type are entered on pages 1 and 2 of the Return A(number of robberies, number of larcenies, etc) • Monetary values are reported by offense on page 4 • Murder, Rape, Burglary may include property stolen • Robbery, Larceny, and Motor Vehicle Theft must have stolen property reported or a note of explanation • Larceny values are reported by Value Type and Larceny Type • Contents of stolen vehicle are added to the value of vehicle • The property type of stolen (and recovered) property is reported in dollars on page 5 • Value of stolen vehicle and contents are reported separately

  37. MINIMIZING ERRORS • Cross checks help to verify that all offenses and stolen property have been recorded properly • Larceny value types and monetary value rules of thumb: “$200 AND OVER” total: multiply $200 times the number of crimes at this level on page 2. The result is the MINIMUM expected dollar amount in the $200 and Over line on page 4 “$50 TO $199” requires monetary values on page 4 to be no less than $50 times the number of crimes at this level, and no more than $199 times that crime number “UNDER $50” total in dollars, divided by the crime count at this level, cannot be more than $49 • The two Larceny sections within the “Property Stolen by Classification” report on page 4 must be equal to each other • Total value of all property stolen on page 4 must equal the total value of stolen property on page 5 Example

  38. UCR RESOURCES • UCR Handbook (FBI publication), latest edition 2004 • New York State Resources • NYS Supplement to the UCR Handbook • New York State UCR Forms and Instructions • DCJS Law Section Reference Table • UCR Law Cross-Reference Table • NYS Coded Law File • eJusticeNY account • UCR e-mail: infonysucr@dcjs.state.ny.us • Call DCJS Crime Reporting Unit at 518.457-8381 or DCJS Customer Service at 1-800.262-3257 http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us